United Nations (UN) released a progress report of the data sent by Ukraine to the UN Register of Conventional Arms. According to the document, in the past year, our country has sold weapons to more than 20 countries. In comparison with 2007 and 2006, it showed a nearly twofold decrease in sales of heavy weapons and military equipment. Experts explain this gradual depletion of stocks after the collapse of the Soviet Union special, which mostly deals in Ukraine.
The report, sent by Ukraine to the UN Register of Conventional Arms, provides information on the number of tanks, armored combat vehicles, large caliber artillery systems, combat aircraft, missiles and launchers, small arms and light weapons, as well as man-portable air defense systems (MANPADS), sold to Ukraine in 2008 more than 20 states.
Arms Register was established in 1991 by a decision of the UN General Assembly. It is the official database of all major conventional arms in the world: battle tanks, armored combat vehicles (ACV), large caliber artillery systems, combat aircraft, attack helicopters, warships, missiles and launchers (except for missile ground-to-air ). Each year the state to voluntarily provide information on the export or import of weapons in order to increase the transparency of arms trafficking. The first report gave the results of Ukraine 1993.
According to the Register, compared with 2007 and 2006, Ukraine has reduced sales of tanks, armored combat vehicles, artillery systems, combat aircraft, missiles and launchers. In 2008, our government sold 451 vehicles, while in 2007 - 672 units, and in 2006 th - 1118 units. As explained to Kommersant the head of the Verkhovna Rada of the subcommittee on military-industrial complex and military-technical cooperation Anatoly Kinakh (Party of Regions), is due to the fact that Ukraine was selling mostly weapons, preserved after the collapse of the USSR, the stocks are gradually being depleted. "Ukraine has one of the ten exporters of weapons, but we will lose their positions, since virtually no machinery to produce new designs that meet current market requirements," - said Mr. Kinakh.
In 2008, the largest number of heavy weapons Ukraine has sold in the United States, the African republic of Chad and Azerbaijan. In the United States - 172 units of portable missile systems, 1 BMP-3 (infantry fighting vehicles), 1 MiG-29UB aircraft, and 2 Su-27UB (in 2006 the U.S. bought in Ukraine, 295 of MANPADS). As Chad has sold 88 units of BMP-1 and BTR-3E, and 2 helicopters MI-24. Azerbaijan gained in our 32 BTR-70, 18 122-millimeter self-propelled howitzers 2S1 "Carnation", 21 air missile R-27 air-to-air missiles, 10 of MANPADS and 3 missile launchers (a total 84 units). Not less actively Ukraine sold small arms, among other weapons of the First and Second World Wars: machine gun "Maxim", the Soviet pistols, machine guns and American machines PPSH Thompson, who produced in the first half of last century. The greatest number of PPSH bought Austria - 700 pieces. In return, Ukraine has gained in this country of 205 self-loading pistols Glock various modifications.
Notably, the last three years, namely the United States and Azerbaijan are regular consumers of Ukrainian military equipment. In 2006, Azerbaijan has become our 50 tanks, armored combat vehicles, large caliber artillery systems and combat aircraft, and in 2007 - already 103 units. "Azerbaijan wants to be prepared for possible conflict with Armenia, thus trying to strengthen its army," - explained to Kommersant Expert Research Center Army Conversion and Disarmament, Mikhail Samus and added that interest from the Americans, too, caused by the desire to "qualitatively prepare their army." "They are buying all the samples of weapons, so that you can learn more about their opportunities," - said the expert.
According to the Register last year sharply reduced military-technical cooperation with Georgia. For example, in 2007 Ukraine had sold in this state of 99 tanks, armored combat vehicles, artillery systems and aircraft. In the same year, Georgia has been delivered more than 10 thousand units of various small arms. Meanwhile, last year Georgia received from Ukraine only 40 units of BMP-1 and BTR-70. Despite this, yesterday, Secretary of State, Deputy Foreign Minister Grigory Karasin called unfriendly stance taken by the Ukrainian leadership "on the issue of supply of military equipment to Georgia." "We know the countries and firms from Tbilisi weapon - underlined Grigory Karasin .- We collect information on their activities and operate with specific, proven facts. Indeed, among the most active in this regard - Ukraine."
According to Mr. Karasin, Russia reserves the right to "limit the bilateral military-technical and economic cooperation with the States supplying military goods to Georgia. Yesterday, Anatoly Kinakh confirmed that Russia began to curtail military cooperation with Ukraine on a program of modernization of anti-aircraft missile systems S-300 and Buk-M1, as well as the front fighter MiG-29.