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    PAK DP prospective long-range interceptor

    GarryB
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    Post  GarryB Sun Jul 03, 2022 8:29 am

    I suspect they mean terrible in the sense of not great... carrying four missiles for a plane that has a MTOW approaching the 120 tons of the Tu-22M3 is pathetic... unless they mean 40 missiles and I really don't think they do.

    They are pulling numbers from their asses... but what impression are they trying to create.

    Russia can't make good planes?

    HATO needs a super plane that out performs it in most regards?

    A MiG-21 can carry more than four missiles...

    Seems an odd source to get such a scoop.... would think if the figures were released for real it would be TASS or RT or Sputnik revealing them... and I get the sinking feeling that getting real information about new Russian weapons is going to become harder and harder like it was during the cold war.

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    limb
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    Post  limb Mon Jul 11, 2022 1:36 pm

    Can we bring attention to the YF-12? While we're talking about how hard it would be make a successor to the MiG-31, it seems like the americans developed an interceptor with  superior performance and lower RCS than the MiG-31, the YF-12.
    The only reason it was canceled was hubris that the continental US is inaccessible to soviet aircraft, it being a defensive aircraft while the USAF was an offensive neocolonialist force, and because americans didn't have Hypersonic missiles and ASAT missiles which it could use.

    The YF-12 can reach mach 3.3, while the MiG-31 2.8. It had better energy retention with the delta wings too. Its only disadvantage over the MiG-31 was slightly lower payload and not enough space for a large radome.


    Can't the russians learn from the lessons of it and put into service a similarly designed aircraft, with the same ramjet/turbojet hybrid engines, which the americans managed to build in the dozens even in the 70s? This should be completely doable as long as theres money. A delta winged mach 3.3-3.5 interceptor can have L-Band radars installed on its leading edges too.
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    Post  GarryB Mon Jul 11, 2022 4:01 pm

    Makes you wonder why they stopped making them and didn't bother making any other really fast planes...

    Possibly because the SR-71 and family were so mind bogglingly expensive that even the US couldn't afford to operate them and kept cancelling them and then putting them back into service and then cancelling them.

    If they were paid for out of the USAF budget they wouldn't exist... it is not an accident they were run by the CIA like the U-2 was.

    Developed means putting into service, so no... they didn't develop a better interceptor than the MiG-25 let alone the MiG-31... the F-14 was a frankensteins monster based on the F-111 which as its designation suggests was supposed to be a carrier based fighter but was way too heavy.

    Its radar and heavy long range AAM eventually evolved into the F-14 and Phoenix... the missile was better but the radar was inferior to the set fitted to the MiG-31.

    The YF-12 can reach mach 3.3, while the MiG-31 2.8. It had better energy retention with the delta wings too. Its only disadvantage over the MiG-31 was slightly lower payload and not enough space for a large radome.

    To be fair it was a proposal that never achieved the performance claims attributed to it... had they built it it would have sucked funds from more important projects and not really made the US any safer.

    The Russians will have learned quite a bit from their scramjet experience and the aerodynamics of the plane will be aiming a bit higher than just Mach 3 I suspect.

    The physical shape of the SR-71 seriously limited its height performance capabilities... otherwise it would be an obvious candidate to break some of the records the MiG-31 set regarding ceiling.
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    Post  Hole Mon Jul 11, 2022 5:30 pm

    The absolute maximum speed of the YF-12 was M3,3. The MiG-31´s speed is fixed at M2,8 because it´s a mass produced plane which engines should last longer then a few hours. It can reach higher speeds if neccessary.

    The F-111 was the real predecessor of the F-35 in the way that it was developed for the Air Force and Naval Air Force as interceptors. But then if grew heavier and heavier. The Navy axed it and the Air Force turned it into an bomber.

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    Post  GunshipDemocracy Mon Jul 11, 2022 5:57 pm

    limb wrote:Can we bring attention to the YF-12? While we're talking about how hard it would be make a successor to the MiG-31, it seems like the americans developed an interceptor with  superior performance and lower RCS than the MiG-31, the YF-12.


    dude what RCS are you talking about? in 60-70 STEALTH was only a concept in heads of Soviet physicists not in the USA.

    BTW when your plane is heats up to more then 300 Celsius? you're glowing like a big torch for IRST sensors.



    The only reason it was canceled was hubris that the continental US is inaccessible to soviet aircraft, it being a defensive aircraft while the USAF was an offensive neocolonialist force, and because americans didn't have Hypersonic missiles and ASAT missiles which it could use.

    i doubt that, it sounds like US had hypersonic tech but chosen not to weaponize that  lol1  lol1  lol1
    They didn't do this for the last 20 years.  Russians already combat used in Ukraine to destroy US weapons storage Very Happy





    The YF-12 can reach mach 3.3, while the MiG-31 2.8. It had better energy retention with the delta wings too. Its only disadvantage over the MiG-31 was slightly lower payload and not enough space for a large radome.

    from which sources ? Ma can be 340 m/s till 294m/s  . As for km/h spees

    YF - 12  never exceeded 3660 km/h and Mig 31 BM flies 3400 km/h , so again whos faster? :d

    I never read about YF flying more tnan 24km  Mig 31 flies ~ 22km but dynamis is 30km.


    Can't the russians learn from the lessons of it and put into service a similarly designed aircraft, with the same ramjet/turbojet hybrid engines, which the americans managed to build in the dozens even in the 70s? This should be completely doable as long as theres money. A delta winged mach 3.3-3.5 interceptor can have L-Band radars installed on its leading edges too.

    Why Russians shall learn form someone who is not better in  aerodynamics then they are? Americans built such an advanced in Hollywood for sure. Yet cannot  repeat this in reality after 50 years right?

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    GarryB
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    Post  GarryB Tue Jul 12, 2022 3:59 am

    When US SR-71s flew over flights to snoop they were tracked from takeoff to landing... their near vertical climbs on takeoffs together with their flight speed meant the enemy knew exactly what was coming, and with those aircraft speed was absolutely everything... flying at full speed an SR-71 has a turning radius so big it can't pull a 180 degree turn and remain inside the state of California...

    Its long forward fuselage creates problems at higher altitudes where the long neck does not create enough lift to support the weight and essentially the nose of the aircraft would stall leading to the airplane descending... it holds speed records but no altitude records AFAIK.

    The flight speed of the MiG-31 and MiG-25 were engine limited because they both have the fastest operating turbojets.

    Burt Monroe... a kiwi who modified an Indian motorbike to run at very high speed found conventional tires deform and collapse at very high speeds so they have to be modified because the rotational forces on the tires at top speed are enormous and not something conventional tires were designed to tolerate.

    Jet engines are the same and the rotational speed of the blades inside a jet engine as it travels at mach 2.8 plus create enormous forces on the blades that damage them beyond repair.

    The jet engines in the SR-71 idle at top speed with bypass air getting fuel injected directly into the airflow essentially operating as a ramjet.

    Clever design but not exactly practical because the outer skin formed the fuel tanks and when cold on the ground the gaps between panels you could get your finger into so when it was on the ground fuel pissed out all over the place... it got airborne and refuelled immediately and then climbed and accelerated as fast as it could to seal off the fuel tanks.

    This required a very special fuel with a very high flashpoint so it didn't burst into flames on the ground.

    When it finished its flight it had to do circuits of the airfield at low speed to cool down to avoid injuring the ground crew when it landed.

    Idolised in the west... it wasn't any safer than the MiG-25 in the recon role... ie a MiG-23/F-4 Phantom probably couldn't get either, while a MiG-29/Su-27 or F-15 or F-14 would.

    MiG-25s would eat SR-71s for breakfast... with their IRST they can detect SR-71s at 120 miles or more and a head shot with an R-40T or R-40TD and the SR-71 was dead meat.

    S-300s and even S-200s would probably also bring it down because it was fast enough to be expensive but not fast enough to be safe... most of its work was against third world countries or flying in international airspace along borders looking into the territory it was supposed to be observing.

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    Mig-31BM2 Super Irbis-E


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    Post  Mig-31BM2 Super Irbis-E Wed Jul 13, 2022 2:32 am

    The special operation in Ukraine will move a lot. Russia needs capacity (people and materials) for other programs.

    - SU-57
    - SU-75
    - SU-35
    - SU-30SM2
    -MIG-35/MIG-29MK2
    - MIG X (one engine)
    - SU-25M4 or completely new production (it is the most important aircraft, especially in the war)
    - IL-76 Mass production increase
    -TU-214 with PD14M (MC-21 will become nothing before 2030)

    The MIG-31BM has so much potential, it can be modernized. Drone operator, mini awacs etc.
    12x anti -drone rakente, etc.

    It doesn't need MIG-41. What it takes are further upgrades/updates for the MIG-31BM. More radar range, better radar against drones, link to TOR and Panzir, etc. and more IR Range.

    Save money and Manpower save and more further upgrades!

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    GunshipDemocracy
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    Post  GunshipDemocracy Wed Jul 13, 2022 3:13 am

    Mig-31BM2 Super Irbis-E wrote:
    The MIG-31BM has so much potential, it can be modernized. Drone operator, mini awacs etc.
    12x anti -drone rakente, etc.

    It doesn't need MIG-41. What it takes are further upgrades/updates for the MIG-31BM. More radar range, better radar against drones, link to TOR and Panzir, etc. and more IR Range.

    Save money and Manpower save and more further upgrades!

    I respectfully disagree. MiG 41 is needs even more then before. MiG 31 is great fighter yes has limitations and it was designed almost a half century ago. Now tasks for an interceptor changed. Or I shall say a stratospheric prompt delivery platform.


    The platform to deliver fast hypersonic missiles like ASAT or anti CSG or AA so kill any danger approaching to Russia with missiles or microvalve weapons or blind satellites. Russian MoD/industry reps in interviews mentioned many times "flying in near cosmos", I believe not without the reason.

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    GarryB
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    Post  GarryB Wed Jul 13, 2022 6:30 am

    I think the MiG-41 is needed now more than ever... its higher speed and its improved radar and avionics will expand the number of threats it can deal with and its longer range together with the higher speed will allow it to deal with targets further away from friendly forces.

    The iskander from the ground flies at mach 7 or so and can reach targets 500km away but burns up energy manouvering to evade interceptors on its way to the target.

    An air launched version the Kinzhal benefits from being launched in flight at about mach 2.5 and probably 18km altitude.... this means instead of using energy to start moving and get airborne and climb through the thickest part of the atmosphere the rocket fuel is used to accelerate the missile to higher speeds and higher altitudes meaning it can fly at mach 9 and hit targets 2,000km away.

    Flying at mach 4.2 the very same missile should be able to go even faster and climb higher and therefore go further... without any modification.

    A faster higher flying longer ranged plane extends the performance of existing weapons and makes future weapons even better.

    The MiG-31 wont suddenly become rendered useless, it will continue to operate in places were it makes sense to operate it where the extra speed and range of the MiG-41 don't matter...

    Making MiG-41s for the PVO aerospace defence forces would free up MiG-31s to be used near the front lines for shooting down enemy AWACS and JSTARS and even inflight refuelling aircraft or transport planes at extreme range.

    The new systems and equipment can be tested in the MiG-31s and if successful and an improvement they could be operationally deployed to improve the performance of the fleet.

    The conflict in the Ukraine proved the importance of artillery and CAS aircraft and attack helicopters and also proved armour and helicopters are not dead on the modern battlefield.

    Further experience operating with and against drones will also be valuable experience.

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    PapaDragon
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    Post  PapaDragon Wed Jul 13, 2022 3:37 pm

    Mig-31BM2 Super Irbis-E wrote:...The MIG-31BM has so much potential, it can be modernized. Drone operator, mini awacs etc.
    12x anti -drone rakente, etc.

    It doesn't need MIG-41....

    MiG-31 is no longer in production

    That's all there is to be said about that


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    thegopnik
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    Post  thegopnik Mon Sep 05, 2022 6:12 pm

    interesting engines from paralay forum https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/giperforsirovannye-vozdushno-reaktivnye-dvigateli/viewer

    This paper introduces a thrust augmentation method for super- and hypersonic jet engines by means of applying water at the engine intake. This method expands the use of jet engines with subsonic combustion, allowing velocities up to Mach 8 and altitude up to 45 km. At velocities higher than 3–4 Mach, stagnation temperature of the air is getting higher than the critical temperature of water, which makes the existence of water at the gas turbine engine intake impossible. Water vapour as a working medium of a jet engine creates the so-called inner thermodynamic circle. This phenomenon defines the physics of the thrust augmentation method proposed.

    The author discusses three variants of hyper afterburner application: hyper afterburner turbojet, hyper afterburner ramjet, and hyper afterburner turbo ejecting engine. The presented basic specifications of the hyper afterburner engines qualitatively differ from those of their prototypes (engines without the hyper afterburner thrust augmentation function). The proposed thrust augmentation method of jet engines is of a special interest for the aerospace field, particularly, for creating air launch systems. It is shown that the application of hyper afterburner in turbo ejecting engines can increase  velocity and altitude of the launch aircraft up to Mach 7 and 40 km respectively, thus  opening new avenues in space exploration.

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    GarryB
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    Post  GarryB Mon Sep 05, 2022 11:49 pm

    B-52s have used water injection for takeoffs for almost a century and the MiG-25 had alcohol injection... it was nicknamed Restaurant because of all the alcohol it carried for that purpose...
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    Post  Swgman_BK Tue Sep 06, 2022 5:10 pm

    This has my interest far more than the Su57 or Su75 do. The Mig31 replacement , Pak-DP. Looking at how bad ass the Mig31 is I can imagine what Mikoyan has instore for us with the Pak-DP. Does anyone know anything of value apart from what's already in the media? 

    So far we know its going to use stealth to a greater degree than the Su57. I don't know how true it is but I have read somewhere that Russia has pretty much come up with a new Stealth wrap of some sort that works to great efficiency (the article said almost 80% reduction in RCS from all sides and not the front only).Its not Metal oxide tape BTW. It's something Carbon Based apparently. I have also heard a different kind of Afterburning turbofan is in the works (By Modern day Tumanski/ AMNTK Soyuz and UEC) for the Pak-DP (I thought they would use AL41F1s or Saturn 30s lol). Article that wrote this said anything between 230-250kN or afterburner thrust was expected for the new engines in order to help the jet reach Mach 4. And 170-180kN DRY THRUST to allow the jet to cruise at Mach 2.5-3. I hope all this turns out true because holy hell it would be a beast. 

    Any more info on the Pak-DP?
    lancelot
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    Post  lancelot Tue Sep 06, 2022 6:41 pm

    Nothing concrete. It should be in design right now. Best data on engine is it uses same engine core as Izd. 30 with different cool section.
    I think UAC is focused on Su-75 and PAK-DP is probably in high level design with minimal engineering resources.
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    Post  Swgman_BK Wed Sep 07, 2022 12:41 am

    lancelot wrote:Nothing concrete. It should be in design right now. Best data on engine is it uses same engine core as Izd. 30 with different cool section.
    I think UAC is focused on Su-75 and PAK-DP is probably in high level design with minimal engineering resources.
    Cant someone over at UAC give us a sneak peek 😩

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    Post  lancelot Wed Sep 07, 2022 1:53 am

    UAC not only has Su-75 but also Su-57M in progress. Plus Okhotnik. PAK-DP is lowest priority of all projects I think.

    I doubt more than a dozen people are working on PAK-DP right now. Probably a small team coming up with alternative designs.

    The engines are not ready for sure. And we do not even know which engines it will use. For example UEC has had press releases on pulse detonation engines. And some people think those might be for the PAK-DP. But that is unlikely I think. Most likely is some kind of ramjet based on Izd. 30 engine core. Another alternative is a turbojet with side channels kind of like the SR-71 engine. Who knows.
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    Post  TMA1 Wed Sep 07, 2022 4:38 am

    Of all projects the PAK DP is what I am most excited for. Imagine a combined cycle turbo-ramjet powered fighter 90 feet long, as long as the tu-128, with slender swept back wings. Whatever it is will be glorious. Apparently they want this thing to go nearly into the mesosphere. Personally I'm guessing it will have a ceiling similar to hypersonic weapons so maybe about 40km ceiling, 120000/130000 feet. Mach 4. A monster, essentially, with extremely long range missiles with four smaller homing missiles that detach when near a bogey.

    But frankly I can see why this isnt the primary focus. I also think with discussion of mig31 fighters being upgraded even with new fly by wire system it means a massive upgrade at that and that they will be flying 15 to 20 more years.

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    Post  GarryB Wed Sep 07, 2022 10:49 am

    Not sure this new aircraft is going to be very stealthy... its design requirements of high speed and heavy long range missiles means it needs a huge powerful radar... which is going to make any stealth measures pretty pointless.

    The focus will be speed and range and payload capacity first... high speed means it can fire its missiles at targets further from their targets which makes it more likely it will be shooting down platforms before they release their standoff weapons.

    Range means it can also engage targets further away from their targets and works together with speed to mean you are more likely dealing with aircraft rather than missiles that have already been launched.

    At such flight speeds internal weapons makes sense and that will reduce drag and improve stealth but again for speed and range reducing drag is rather more important than stealth.

    Turbofans can operate fast enough to form the primary propulsion at mach 4 or even mach 3.

    The SR-71s engines run at idle speeds when flying fast, it uses bypass air in the turbofan as a ramjet... those big pointy nose cones sticking out the front of the engines moves at higher speeds forward so the airflow does not go through the turbofan, it goes around the turbofan where the bypass air goes... no spinning blades... just airflow and fuel injection and burning for thrust.

    A good new engine for the PAK DA will be a different type of engine optimised for very high flight speeds that will possibly be a low bypass turbojet for raw thrust, but with a design where air coming in to the engine bypasses the turbo jet at higher speeds and it acts like a ramjet instead.

    Engine power is not critical... a turbojet and a turbofan burn fuel in the airflow at subsonic speeds so the current engine... the air flows in at mach 2.83 when flying at top speed... well that is not true... according to reports the top speed has increased it used to be 3,000km/h but currently it seems to be 3,500km/h due to various improvements so it is probably a mach 3 plane currently, but that has been its limit due to the limits of the rotational speeds of the blades in its jet engines and its design.

    To stop the engines choking on supersonic air the intakes contract at high speed to reduce the airflow and slow it down to subsonic speeds when it goes through the hot section where fuel is added and burned and is directed out the rear with bypass air coming through and burning more fuel in the after burner.

    For a ramjet the airflow needs to be slowed down so the fuel can be burned but with no moving parts there are no problems with blades spinning too fast and breaking.

    With a scramjet engine... even a very small one the airflow is not slowed down... the air goes in and is compressed and heated... fuel is added and burned and it leaves generating thrust.

    The PAK DA might have a small scramjet engine in addition to cheap simple current technology engines, where the standard turbofans or turbojets are for takeoff and landing and climbing and descending and then the ramjet or scramjet is lit accelerating to super high speeds... might even be a single turbofan or turbojet and two ramjets or two scramjets, but obviously it would be more elegant if you can have multimode engines that operate as a turbojet and ramjet...

    It is more about efficiency... a good ramjet is not supercruising in dry thrust but will give much better high speed flight performance than the most amazing turbojet or turbofan engine... because they simply can't operate at mach 4... rotational speeds would rip the blades apart.

    With Scramjet engines or engines that can operate in scramjet mode there would be no supercruising, but the fuel performance would be as good or better than turbojets at lower speeds.... which would mean a huge increase in flight range.

    Currently the MiG-31 has a flight radius of about 720km at mach 2.6, and about 1,500km at subsonic speeds... the core difference is that when flying fast it goes a shorter distance but it reaches 720km in about 13 minutes... at subsonic speed the same distance would likely take 3 times longer, or its new radius would take 6 times longer to reach. In terms of an interceptor flying at full speed means being 6 times faster.

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    Post  GarryB Wed Sep 07, 2022 10:51 am

    But frankly I can see why this isnt the primary focus. I also think with discussion of mig31 fighters being upgraded even with new fly by wire system it means a massive upgrade at that and that they will be flying 15 to 20 more years

    There are things they could test on the MiG-31 that will be for the MIG-41 that could massively improve performance... just with engines and new light weight heat resistant materials...

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    Post  Swgman_BK Sat Sep 10, 2022 8:14 pm

    Not sure this new aircraft is going to be very stealthy... its design requirements of high speed and heavy long range missiles means it needs a huge powerful radar... which is going to make any stealth measures pretty pointless. wrote:


    It definitely will. This was confirmed. This new plane wont be on the same level as the Su57 or Su75. This is designed to be far better. A spokesperson from UAC hinted at some technologies that have never been seen before making a debut in the Pak-DP. I think we are in for a surprise. Russia has basically started using locally made 65nm processors in their SU57 computers (This is a lot better than what the F35 runs which is a 90nm processor). So now that we are back to Cold War Russia , we should see a lot of non western parts in the future of Russian hardware.. That shouldn't disturb the aircraft.

    As for the missiles , so far I have heard after the K77 there's a new class of Mach 6-8 400-600km Air to Air weapons in development. I think these are bieng made for this new jet. Either that or the Yak VTOL carrier aircraft that was supposed to make a debut with the new Russian carrier in development. But I dont think Stealth is something they are going to skimp on. This is Mig31 Part 2. If it excels it could be a hit with India or China. It will definitely have to be larger than a conventional jet but with RAM and stealth shaping , It can achieve a RCS of around -20dBsm or roughly 0.01m² which should be enough to keep it concealed from enemy aircraft. The radar will be huge. You are right on that. Probably might have 2500 T/R modules and 600 T/R modules on the cheek mounted ones and be a 300kw radar😂.
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    Post  GarryB Sat Sep 10, 2022 8:52 pm

    A spokesperson from UAC hinted at some technologies that have never been seen before making a debut in the Pak-DP.

    Things that spring to mind would be internal weapons carriage simply for practical purposes which would improve stealth but also reduce drag, and combined variable cycle engines (ie an engine that can operate as a turbofan and a ramjet) would allow it to be fuel efficient at normal speeds and very high speeds.

    I would assume a very powerful radar or multiple radars including perhaps photonic radar would be valuable to such an aircraft too.

    New generation IR sensors would be useful too.

    As for the missiles , so far I have heard after the K77 there's a new class of Mach 6-8 400-600km Air to Air weapons in development.

    That would be the Article 810 which is a replacement for the R-37M.

    I always thought the active radar homing 9M96 missiles of the S-350 SAM system would be interesting for internal weapon bay use and as an air to air missile... it is very compact and offers very good performance.

    I would think an air launched S-500 and S-550 would be useful for anti satellite use too.

    This is Mig31 Part 2. If it excels it could be a hit with India or China. It will definitely have to be larger than a conventional jet but with RAM and stealth shaping ,

    Its very low drag aerodynamic shape to reduce drag would be very good for stealth, but I don't think they should waste too much effort and money on something that is going to glow on IR sensors and be broadcasting powerful radar signals most of the time.
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    Post  Swgman_BK Sun Sep 11, 2022 1:13 am

    Yeah I guess. The Original Mig31 didnt broadcast a whole lot surprisingly. And it did its job perfectly. It didnt have to get close to enemy jets.. It could do the job from 400km away. It stayed out of enemy radar range and fired its Fire and Forget R37 missiles right up to their target. With Modern tech I expect the missile to be smarter. As well as the jet. Russia will find a way. They always have. I really want to see how crazy its going to be. In terms of stealth.
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    Post  GarryB Sun Sep 11, 2022 8:32 am

    I suspect the real surprise will be some new AAM that carries mini air to air missiles as a payload.

    Think of the R-37M for a minute... 400km range but in a lofted trajectory mode so it is launched at high speed and high altitude.

    Imagine for a second you take away the 60kg HE warhead and replace it with these new 10kg ARH missiles the Russian Army wants to intercept artillery shells and rockets fired at convoys and armoured units... strap 6 of them around the body of the missile in a semi conformal attachment... the main missile still has its nose mounted radar and 400km away you detect a group of B-52s approaching... or maybe you don't, maybe ground based radar detects them and sends you their coordinates... you fire one missile and it is lofted up to 40-60km altitude... maybe even replace the rocket motor with a scramjet motor that scoops air up as it flys so you reduce the fuel load by three quarters because it does not need an oxidiser component any more.

    Flying most of the way at 60km altitude when it gets to 380km away it turns on its radar and drops its nose to a 20-30 degree angle and starts scanning for targets... it detects 8 targets... four might be B-52s and four might be cruise missiles that have already been launched, so the missile immediately assigns four mini missiles to the cruise missiles and releases them and gets locks and they chase down those cruise missiles... falling from 60km altitude and with its own rocket motor and moving at mach 6 plus with the precision of an ARH seeker odds are those missiles are going to get shot down, but the remaining two mini missiles might not have enough HE energy to bring down a B-52 so two of them might be directed at one B-52 and the body of the missile might go for a second B-52... the space and weight freed up by reducing the fuel weight with a scramjet motor means you could probably carry an extra three or four mini missiles, but they will hit what they can hit and transmit their results to the launch platform so it knows how many missiles to launch to follow up.

    You might have different types... one with 10kg missiles with 3kg warheads and ARH precision for direct impact to take out cruise missiles and fighter sized aircraft, but equally you might have some 10kg missiles that are gliders and just fall from altitude with a 6-8kg warhead for taking on heavier aircraft like bombers... one hit should cripple a bomber, but then you might have some 20kg missiles that have 10-15kg warheads that are gliders too for hitting heavy transport planes and bombers and inflight refuelling aircraft and of course AWACS platforms and JSTARS types.

    Being a scramjet it might fly at 40-60km altitude but you could just as easily make it zoom climb as it approaches the expected intercept area and have the mini missiles fall from 80-100km at very high speeds.

    For the target what sort of evasive manouver do you perform when the threat is coming down vertically ... a direction your sensors likely wont cover properly.

    Equally an IIR seeker could be added that looks for targets and threats passively during its entire flight towards the intercept area and if a threat is detected some interceptor missiles can be released early to intercept those too.

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    Post  Swgman_BK Sun Sep 11, 2022 4:50 pm

    I don't think they should waste too much effort and money on something that is going to glow on IR sensors wrote:

    I dont know what they did but the Russians have done something to the T14 such that under IR it doesn't show up. I saw an image of the T14 under IR and the nothing was orange or yellow. There was some faint yellow on the image but otherwise it blended in with the IR imaging of the surrounding stuff which was NOTHING except some trees and concrete boulders 🤔. Its likely the composite materials the T14 has in some of its structure. Whatever it is I imagine the Pak-DP will have something similar. My guess tells me it might be some carbon based composite, The Russians have been studying heat resistant/Electromagnetic energy absorbant/ Sound absorbant properties of composite materials for re-entry vehicles and submarine stealth. Part of the finished Su57s stealth supposedly comes from these composite materials with RAM built into them instead of painted on. And according to Sukhoi , testing in the anechoic chamber showed figures of -10dBsm on AVERAGE. Thats just the average figure from all round. I can imagine what it is from the front. probably closer to -40/-60dBsm maybe. Whatever this wonder material is , It sounds like it works wonders. Sounds like its great at masking heat. We could be seeing another Ufimtsev moment in the making.
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    Post  GarryB Mon Sep 12, 2022 8:56 am

    Everything gives off IR energy.... everything above absolute zero that is... which means everything.

    Hiding your IR signature is not about making it freezing cold, it is about making it the same temperature as the background temperature.

    In Asian countries where the temperature can hover around body temperature for very long periods thermal imagers are not as useful as they are in snow and ice.

    A human being will glow white in a thermal imager because a thermal imager is generally tuned to body temperature... when the ground and trees and stones are the same temperature actually finding a human is very difficult.

    The thermals designed to hunt tanks look for the hotspots of engine exhausts or hot barrels when guns have fired a few rounds... thermal sleeves and layers of rubber over the outside of the tank conceal any real hotspots that might give it away.

    Of course DIRCMs deal with IR and EO seekers by directing laser beams at optical ports to blind the sensor (if not damage it).

    For an aircraft flying at mach 4.2 the air friction heating of the leading edge surfaces means it will be visible on IR sensors... rather than trying to cool those surfaces your best bet is to simply have a DIRCM system on board that dazzles or destroys the optical systems of missiles trying to see it.

    Either that or launch small self defence missiles to shoot them down before they hit you.

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