Russia may send an exploratory mission to the moons of Jupiter - Europe - in the 2020-2021 year, ITAR-TASS. This was reported at the Sixth International Aerospace Congress deputy director of the Institute for Space Research / IKI / Russia Academy of Sciences Oleg Korablev. On Thursday, he spoke on "Planting apparatus on a satellite of Jupiter - Europe.
Korablev reminded that Europe and three more satellites of Jupiter were discovered by Galileo Galilei. Modern views on Europe were formed once flew through the Jovian several U.S. space vehicles. In particular, it was found that Europe is water ice. Based on these data there were different models of the thickness of the ice cover. According Korableva, "all these models, the total" pearl "- under the ice is a liquid water ocean." According Korableva, "Europe sample of the ice world, where life can be."
The representative of SRI said that the research work on the mission to Europe led Lavochkin and ICI. "It is expected that the mission will orbiter and lander - clarified Korablev. - The orbital module will remain in orbit for the European data relay from the lander. In making these modules will be used backlogs of previous missions -" Phobos-Grunt "and" Moon resources. "assumed that the mass of the lander will be 550 kg." Korablev noted that developers are forced to take into account the mission greater restrictions on the radiation, because the powerful radiation belts of Jupiter may adversely affect the on-board equipment.
"Research work on the mission to Europe is scheduled for completion in 2010 - said Korablev. - Estimated launch date - the years of 2020-2021. Under this mission will be used rocket" Proton ". According Korableva, flights to the system of Jupiter and access to Europe would take seven years. lander on the surface of Europe is working 60-90 days.
"The priority mission - to search for traces of extraterrestrial life and study of the structure of Europe - said Korablev. - Flight of Russia's mission will be carried out in parallel with similar missions of the European Space Agency and the U.S. agency NASA. According Korableva, in case of success of these missions following the direction of research distant planets solar system, most likely, will be Saturn.
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