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    Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

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    nightcrawler

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    Re: Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

    Post  nightcrawler on Fri Mar 18, 2011 11:46 am

    ^^
    I don't believe it study
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    Cyberspec

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    Russian Military Satellite Development & Launches:

    Post  Cyberspec on Thu Sep 22, 2011 1:03 pm

    Russia resumes launch of Proton-M carrier rocket
    http://news.xinhuanet.com/english2010/sci/2011-09/21/c_131152145.htm


    Said to be a new type of data relay satellite - "Garpun"


    Garpun (Russian: Гарпун, meaning Harpoon), GRAU index 14F136, is a new Russian Military communications satellite for operative relaying of large volumes of digital information between optical and radio survelliance satellites moving in low orbits and a ground receiving stations in real time. Garpun will replace older Potok (Geyzer) satellites which were a part of the Global Space Command and Relay System.

    More info, including video of preparation and launch:  Arrow http://orbiter-forum.com/showthread.php?t=24475
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    GarryB

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    Re: Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

    Post  GarryB on Thu Sep 22, 2011 2:15 pm

    Nice.

    This will is basically the equivelant of ripping out the old network cables and putting in fibre optics.

    It will be the backbone of the C4IR system they are working on.

    Austin

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    Russian military satellites

    Post  Austin on Thu Feb 23, 2012 5:46 pm

    Popovkin: new satellites will detect launches of cruise missiles

    "First of all, 100 new units, which must be received in the armed forces - is, first of all, a new quality of information. New quality of intelligence information over a broadband noise immunity and stable relationship. This detection system not only launches of ballistic missiles and cruise , operational and tactical missiles. This mapping system is to bind high-precision weapons, "- said Popovkin.
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    GarryB

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    Re: Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

    Post  GarryB on Fri Feb 24, 2012 7:49 am

    These satellites will be part of a new network of sensors that combine ground based, air based, and space based sensors including radar and EO sensors monitoring the air and space above Russia and also likely reaching over neighbouring countries and territory too.

    The advantage of space based systems is that they share the ability to look down at low flying threats, yet they are less vulnerable to air defences than aircraft.

    Aircraft are obviously cheaper, but because of the height the satellites operate at they offer broader coverage.

    Austin

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    Re: Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

    Post  Austin on Fri Feb 24, 2012 1:37 pm

    Russia to Launch 100 Military Satellites in Next Decade

    Russia is planning to launch at least 100 military satellites in the next 10 years to boost its reconnaissance and missile detection capabilities, head of Russian Space Agency Roscosmos Vladimir Popovkin said on Wednesday.

    “The new 100 satellites will provide us with better quality intelligence, faster and more reliable communications,” Popovkin said in an interview with Vesti 24 television.


    “This will also enable us to detect the launches and track not only ballistic, but also cruise missiles, theater and tactical missiles,” Popovkin said.


    The expansion of the military satellite cluster will also boost global positioning and mapping capabilities of the Russian military, which is necessary to guide advanced high-precision weapons being developed in Russia.

    Austin

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    Re: Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

    Post  Austin on Fri Feb 24, 2012 1:39 pm

    The ability to track cruise missile and TBM at theatre level is very interesting.

    Hopefully it also has ability to provide Fire Control data to ABM system as American future Satellite will be getting.

    100 is a big number , considering currently they have 60 odd satellites which are military and dual purpose.
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    GarryB

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    Re: Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

    Post  GarryB on Sat Feb 25, 2012 7:24 am

    Communication satellites will make efforts to improve C4IR much easier and extend the reach of UAVs/UCAVs.

    Many satellites will simply be part of the GLONASS constellation, and of course their new satellites to perform the mission of Legenda will add numbers too.

    They will want coverage of Europe and the US and China with IR sensor equipped satellites to detect BM launches too.

    Austin

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    Re: Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

    Post  Austin on Sat Feb 25, 2012 6:55 pm

    GLONASS will take 28 odd satellites in orbit , the rest 70 satellites will be communication and reconnance (C4ISR ) , Early Warning , EO/SAR satellites and special one like Naval ELINT/Submarine Detection etc

    I hope they realise that protection against anti-satellite system , robotic sats , laser that US will deploy early on during conflict are taken care off
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    GarryB

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    Re: Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

    Post  GarryB on Sun Feb 26, 2012 12:13 am

    I have read they want to have a few extra GLONASS satellites in space for backups and spares, so they want about 36... but they already have about 24 or so, which will not be counted amongst the 100 new satellites they want to launch.

    Ironically the short lifespan of previous Russian and Soviet satellites means that Russia has a system in place for short turnarounds in satellite launches, which means if countries start shooting down satellites then the Russians are in the best position to repopulate their satellite network.

    Obviously the problem will be if countries start destroying enemy satellites the debris generated might make putting satellites in orbit a bit of a turkey shoot and we might end up with only a few safe places to put satellites...
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    Russian Patriot

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    Russian Military Satellite

    Post  Russian Patriot on Sat Apr 07, 2012 9:38 pm


    Russian Military Satellite to Splash Down in Pacific

    A defunct Russian military communication satellite, Molniya-1-89, is expected to fall Saturday morning in the Pacific Ocean, Defense Ministry spokesman Col. Alexei Zolotukhin said.

    “Fragments of the Molniya satellite that do not burn up in the upper atmosphere may reach the earth’s surface on Saturday, April 7,” he said.

    The satellite is expected to fall in the Pacific at 63°S 158°E, he added.

    The 1.6-ton satellite is currently at 2,378 km above earth’s surface and is continually monitored by Space Defense Force specialists.

    It was launched in August 1996 from the Plesetsk space center in northern Russia.

    Molniya-1T series satellites were replaced by the Meridian-series in 2006.


    http://www.en.ria.ru/mlitary_news/20120406/172658328.html


    Russian Military Satellite Falls in Pacific


    Fragments of a defunct Russian military communication satellite, Molniya-1-89, fell into the Pacific Ocean on Saturday night, a source from the space agency said.

    “According to preliminary data, fragments of the Molniya satellite that did not burn up in the upper atmosphere reached the earth’s surface on Saturday, April 7 at 3.17 am Moscow time [00:17 GMT] and fell into the Pacific Ocean,” he said.

    According to data provided by the U.S. Strategic Command, fragments of Molniya-1-89 satellite had to enter the Earth’s atmosphere at 4.16 am Moscow time [01:00 GMT] (plus/minus 3 hours). According to the time, the satellite fell in the Pacific at 23.5°S 205.3°E. However, the time range of six hours indicates that the fragments could fall very far from this area.

    Russian military communication satellite Molniya-1-89 was launched in August 1996 from the Plesetsk space center in northern Russia.

    Molniya-1T series satellites were replaced by the Meridian-series in 2006.

    http://www.en.ria.ru/mlitary_news/20120407/172676728.html
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    George1

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    Re: Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

    Post  George1 on Thu May 17, 2012 6:44 pm

    Russia Launches Military Satellite

    Russia’s Space Forces launched on Thursday a Soyuz-U carrier rocket with a Cosmos-series military satellite, SF spokesman Col. Alexey Zolotukhin said.

    The rocket was launched from the Plesetsk space center in northern Russia.

    “The launch has been carried out to expand the cluster of Russian military satellites in orbit,” Zolotukhin said.

    The official did not provide details on the specific nature of the spacecraft but according to NASAspaceflight.com it could be a Kobalt-M spy satellite with advanced reconnaissance and terrain mapping capabilities.

    In this capacity it will join Russia's Oko (Eye) orbital missile early warning network, which consists of about 70 satellites.

    The Soyuz-U rocket is designed to orbit Soyuz and Progress manned and cargo spacecraft, as well as special-purpose satellites such as Cosmos, Resurs-F, Foton and Bion.

    http://en.rian.ru/mlitary_news/20120517/173515051.html
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    Viktor

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    Re: Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

    Post  Viktor on Wed Jan 16, 2013 1:03 am

    Nice start of the year Very Happy Very Happy

    Three military communication satellites are in orbit


    On January 15, 2013 at 20:25 MSK (16:35 UTC) the Space Forces conducted a successful launch of a Rockot space launcher with Briz-KM booster stage from the launch pad No. 3 of the launch complex No. 133 of the Plesetsk test site. The rocket successfully delivered to orbit three military communication satellites of the Rodnik type.

    The satellites received designations Cosmos-2482, Cosmos-2483, and Cosmos-2484 and are likely to get NORAD numbers from 39057 to 39059 and international designations 2013-01A, 2013-01B, and 2013-01C (this will be updated as the information becomes available). Satellites of this type are normally deployed in nearly circular orbits with altitude of about 1500 km, inclination of 82.5 degrees, and orbital period of about 116 minutes.

    Rodnik is a successor of Strela-3 communication satellites. it is sometimes referred to as Strela-3M. The first launch of a Rodnik took place in December 2005.

    http://russianforces.org/blog/2013/01/three_military_communication_s.shtml
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    Russian Patriot

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    Russian Military Satellite Launches:

    Post  Russian Patriot on Fri Jun 07, 2013 11:20 pm

    PLESETSK, June 7 (RIA Novosti) - A Soyuz-2.1B carrier rocket orbited a military satellite on Friday, the defense ministry’s spokesman in charge of Russia's Aerospace Defense Forces said.

    The rocket blasted off from the Plesetsk launch site in Russia’s north at 22:37 Moscow time on Friday.

    "The spacecraft separated from the third stage of the rocket as scheduled,” Col. Dmitry Zenin said.

    According to previous reports, the satellite is the second in the new Persona series of electro-optical reconnaissance satellites based on the Resurs DK remote sensing satellite.

    The first Persona satellite (Kosmos 2441) was launched onto a sun synchronous orbit in July 2008 but reportedly malfunctioned in February 2009 due to a failure in electronic components.

    Russia operates a network of about 60-70 military reconnaissance satellites, featuring updated imaging technology and an extended lifetime of up to seven years, according to open sources.

    http://en.rian.ru/military_news/20130607/181566973.html
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    Viktor

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    Re: Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

    Post  Viktor on Fri Jun 28, 2013 12:51 am

    Russia launches first Kondor satellite


    On June 27, 2013 the Space and Air Defense Forces carried out a successful launch of a Strela space launcher from the silo launch site No. 175 of the Baykonur space launch site. The launch took place at 20:53 MSK (16:53 UTC) (according to one report - at 22:58 Astana time or 16:58 UTC). The satellite that the rocket successfully delivered into orbit is a Kondor imaging satellite.

    The satellite was registered by NORAD as an object 39194, it received international designation 2013-032A. The Russian designation is not known yet. According to the NORAD data, the satellite is deployed in an orbit with perigee of 454 km, apogee of 545 km, and inclination of 74.9 degrees. The orbital period of the satellite is 94.6 min.

    The Strela launcher is a converted UR-100NUTTH/SS-19 missile

    LINK

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    coolieno99

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    Re: Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

    Post  coolieno99 on Tue Jul 09, 2013 2:37 am

    The radar imaging version of the Kondor satellite.



    A Kondor radar imaging satellite of the Russian Defense Ministry launched with a Strela rocket, a conversion from the Soviet RS-18 intercontinental ballistic missile, from the Baikonur space center has reached the target orbit, a Baikonur source said. ...
    Kondor, which is weighs about 1 ton, has a service life of five years, and can transmit images with a resolution of about one meter to the Earth from an altitude of about 500 kilometers.

    http://www.spacedaily.com/reports/Kondor_radar_imaging_satellite_reaches_target_orbit_999.html
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    Viktor

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    Re: Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

    Post  Viktor on Fri Nov 29, 2013 8:31 pm

    Interesting, so:

    - 2013 = 10 military satellites (5 launched and 5 more will be by the end of this year)
    - 2014 = 6 military satellites planed 


    Russia Plans to Launch 11 Military Satellites By 2015
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    Viktor

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    Re: Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

    Post  Viktor on Tue Dec 24, 2013 7:04 pm

    Three military satellites expected tomorow morning - hope it all goes well 

    Russia Set to Launch 3 Military Satellites
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    Viktor

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    Re: Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

    Post  Viktor on Wed Dec 25, 2013 10:35 am

    And success .... three military satelites are in orbit and we are now waiting the last three 

    3 Russian Military Satellites Put Into Orbit

    Rockot launches three communication satellites
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    Viktor

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    Re: Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

    Post  Viktor on Sat Dec 28, 2013 11:03 am

    Very Happy cool 



    They did it after all .... no delay, just launch  russia  Very Happy  Very Happy 

    Russia’s new carrier-rocket Soyuz-2.1v to blast off at 10 am GMT

    and within an hour or few ... three more satellites placed in orbit .... after all Russian military set a task to place 6 military satellites in orbit by the end of 2013 

    and thiese thee are the last ones (so mission accomplished as planned for 2013) - congrats to Russia !!!  cheers  cheers 

    Soyuz-2.1v rocket places satellites into interim orbit - Russian Defense Ministry
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    Viktor

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    Re: Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

    Post  Viktor on Tue May 06, 2014 4:00 pm

    Success  thumbsup 

    Rocket "Soyuz-2.1a" military satellite was successfully launched from Plesetsk
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    gaurav

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    Re: Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

    Post  gaurav on Thu May 08, 2014 6:44 pm

    The persona-2 satellite failed in Orbit.
    The russian space web is upgrading the information.

    persona -2 failed ??


    Persona-2 fails in orbit?

    In July 2013, NII TP design bureau published a press-release stating that Persona No. 2 was undergoing flight testing. The company congratulated its staff with the successful commissioning of the communication gear onboard the satellite. However shortly thereafter, the spacecraft was apparently lost, prompting Russian air and space defense forces, VKO, to take out of retirement a previous-generation Kobalt-M satellite and launch it on May 6, 2014. However, given the short life span of Kobalt-type spacecraft, it would be only a temporary solution to the problem of inadequate high-resolution imaging capabilities available to the Russian military in a midst of the Ukrainian crisis.

    According to Jonathan McDowell, an astrophysicist at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics and a space flight historian, available radar data shows that following its initial orbit correction maneuver on June 9, 2013, the spacecraft conducted very small engine burns on July 9, September 11, October 20 and November 4. Combined they resulted in the reduction of the satellite's perigee by around two kilometers. However after November 4, 2013, any movements of the satellite, if any, were too small to distinguish them from observational errors. The lack of maneuvers does not necessarily means that the satellite was dead, because its orbit as high enough for a stable flight during a prolonged period of time.


    Can some one with details on Russian space program may be on russian forums put some light on this matter.
    This is a serious matter because the satellite itself costs around 300 m usd and the souyuz 2.1 b launch vehicle another 40 m usd.


    This was the costliest launch of Russian space vehicle and it failed second time
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    Viktor

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    Re: Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

    Post  Viktor on Fri May 23, 2014 10:35 am

    Nice  thumbsup 

    From Plesetsk launch vehicle "rumble" with three military satellites
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    Mike E

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    Re: Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

    Post  Mike E on Sat Sep 27, 2014 7:21 am

    Proton ready to return to flight on a cover-up mission

    For the first time since its failure on May 16, a Russian workhorse rocket will try to deliver a payload into space, this time a hush-hush satellite apparently camouflaged as a civilian payload. 

    A very strange secret mission
    The Proton-M rocket with a Briz-M upper stage is scheduled to lift off on Sept. 28, 2014, at 00:23:00 Moscow Time (4:23 p.m. EDT on Sept. 27). The launch vehicle will be carrying a classified payload known as Olymp ("Olympus") as well as Luch ("Beam"), which belongs to the Russian Ministry of Defense. The spacecraft, developed at ISS Reshetnev in Zheleznogorsk, will likely be inserted into a geostationary orbit 36,000 kilometers above the Equator, where it will provide communications for the Russian military. A Moscow-basedKommersant daily claimed that the satellite would also be used for electronic espionage for the Russian security service, FSB, however the report was widely doubted by observers.
    This web site first broke the story about the existence of the Olymp payload in 2013, even though semi-official reports about a planned launch of a military communications satellite, such as an already known Globus-1 series, had circulated earlier. Still, an apparent introduction of the new name could hint a significant upgrade of the Globus-1 spacecraft or even an entirely new design. As it turned out, a number of prominent Russian space industry contractors had previously reported in their public documents delivering components for the Olymp-K satellite. The companies involved in the project included ISS Reshetnev, Geofizika, LOMO and NPO Kvant.
    Given the fact that the new name had surfaced as Russia was gearing up to host Olympics in Sochi, one could speculate that it was assigned quite recently to a new-generation military satellite. The Soviet space history knows a few examples when the vehicle developed under a numeric code would receive a proper name shortly before reaching launch pad. During the post-Soviet period, the Russian Ministry of Defense have routinely declassified names for past and even current military satellites, while keeping most other details about their missions under wraps. In addition, most Russian military payloads would be officially identified after entering orbit as Kosmos with a number. However, in case of Olymp everything was different.
    At the beginning of 2014, to the surprise of many observers, the Russian civilian space agency, Roskosmos, suddenly announced the upcoming mission carrying a Luch satellite. The Luch, of course, are civilian data-relay satellites and all the existing spacecraft in the Luch constellation have been accounted for. As a result, an apparent decision by Roskosmos to give a new public name to the Olymp satellite could be a late and rather clumsy attempt to camouflage a military payload within a civilian constellation, which might or might not have a similar purpose to its unexpected military cousin.
    In any case, the differences between Olymp and Luch are obvious. Civilian Luch satellites were light enough to share a ride on Proton with another payload, while the spacecraft formerly known as Olymp is launched alone, betraying a much larger size! Moreover, numerous images of each Luch satellite during their development and pre-launch processing were released. Obviously, no visuals of the latest payload have been made available so far. Finally, all Luch satellites had numbers, while the latest spacecraft is carrying none.
    Possibly, the Luch cover-up campaign was a response to an accidental disclosure of the name Olymp, even though the code-name in itself provides no practical information on the purpose of its carrier.

    Preparations for launch
    This mission was previously scheduled to lift off at the end of May 2014 and, following the May 16 accident, it was initially postponed to July 8. On August 26, Roskosmos announced that specialists from GKNPTs Khrunichev had been installing thermal protection layers on the Briz-M stage at Site 92-50 in Baikonur, while the center's personnel was configuring launch pad at Site 81 for the upcoming mission. The statement also said that the Luch spacecraft was developed at ISS Reshetnev.
    On Sept. 4, Roskosmos reported that the launch vehicle, the upper stage, the payload fairing and the spacecraft had undergone autonomous checks and were all ready for integration. The assembly was completed by September 19. Two days later, a fully assembled vehicle was moved to a fueling station for loading the upper stage with propellant and pressurized gases. The launch vehicle was then rolled out to the launch pad No. 24 at Site 81 on September 23.
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    Big_Gazza

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    Re: Russian Military Satellites: News & Development

    Post  Big_Gazza on Sat Sep 27, 2014 5:42 pm

    Mike E wrote:In any case, the differences between Olymp and Luch are obvious. Civilian Luch satellites were light enough to share a ride on Proton with another payload, while the spacecraft formerly known as Olymp is launched alone, betraying a much larger size!

    This isn't quite correct.  The original Luch satellites (aka Altair) and the 2nd gen Luch-2 used dedicated Proton launches, but the subsequent Luch-5x series were only half the mass and could therefore share a ride.

    Re this upcoming launch, is this not the same satellite that was originally called Luch-4 and would have had a mass of 3 ton and therefore need to revert to dedicated proton launches? IIRC Luch-4 was cancelled but reconfigured as a testbed for new technologies.  

    Anatoly Zak is fully aware of this past history, yet he deliberately launches into conjecture about military involvement, but it seems reasonable to expect that a new experimental data relay satellite would be kept under tight wraps with little to no public scrutiny?

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