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    The Ottoman
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    Turkish Economic News

    Post  The Ottoman on Wed Jul 06, 2016 6:03 pm

    Turkish Airlines to increase number of flights to Russia

    6 July 2016 14:14 (UTC+04:00)

    Turkish Airlines will increase the number of flights from Turkey’s resort province of Antalya to Russia, Turkish Hurriyet newspaper reported July 6 citing the head of the company’s representative office in Russia Mefail Deribash as saying.



    Deribash said this decision was made due to the increasing demand for flights to Turkey, as well as the lack of charter flights.

    Turkish Airlines will implement flights from Antalya to Moscow three times a day, he added.


    Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a decree June 30 lifting Russia’s restrictions against Turkey. Putin also instructed the Russian government to take steps aimed at lifting the ban on charter flights between the two countries. He cancelled restrictions on the sale of tours to Turkey.

    http://en.trend.az/business/economy/2554587.html

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    Turkey-China Relations

    Post  The Ottoman on Wed Jul 06, 2016 8:51 pm

    China, Turkey to further economy, to increase investments

    China and Turkey need each other: Beijing tries to revive the Silk Road that ends in Istanbul, while Ankara needs more investments for its rapidly growing economy. The high-speed railway system, nuclear deal and ongoing business will strengthen bilateral relations

    Turkish-Chinese economic relations have been strengthened, and Beijing is making bigger investments to revive the historical Silk Road, making the two countries dependent on each other, as one is the first and the other is the last stop. A high-speed railway system from China to Turkey would provide Beijing with a direct gateway to Europe, while a recently signed nuclear deal contributes to Turkey's defense system in the region. The two countries seem keen to further relations beyond simple trade activities, increase trade budget and allow each other to make billion of dollars in investments. Turkey and China, which have rapidly growing economies, consider each other as an opportunity to increase cooperation.

    The Daily Sabah team, invited by the Chinese Embassy in Ankara, was in Beijing last week to talk to businessmen that want to invest in Turkey and to learn about the high-speed railway plan. China is aware that Turkey is strategically located with connections to the Balkans, the Middle East, the Caucasus, Central Asia and Europe and is a member of several international treaties. Beijing wants Ankara to develop more efficient cooperation and to open the way for bigger investments. In return, Ankara understands that a huge part of the world economy is produced in China, as the country has a giant manufacturing industry, natural resources, a population of 1.3 billion and veto power in the U.N.

    Turkish-Chinese relations have developed in recent years, especially under the rule of the Justice and Development Party (AK Party). When the party took power in 2003, the trade budget between the two countries was around $1 billion. However, in a decade that has increased to $27 billion. Moreover, nearly 10 agreements have been signed in the last decade to improve trade.

    Turkish-Chinese relations can improve due to the establishment of a high-speed railway system between Istanbul and Ankara by a Chinese company. The railway, costing $4.1 billion, cuts the 533-kilometer-long journey between the two cities from a typical seven hours to three-and-a-half. The Turkish State Railways plans to allocate nearly $45 billion to build 10,000 kilometers of new high-speed railways and 4,000 kilometers of new conventional line by 2023. Most of the railway will be built by Chinese companies, at least Beijing wants the companies to be involved in the construction somehow.


    Our team visited the Beijing National Railway Research Company (CRSC), which is involved in construction of the Istanbul-Ankara railway and has built high-speed railways and tubes in several countries, including Iran, Venezuela, and the U.S. The company believes that a high-speed railway system is better than planes because it carries more passengers, is safer and useful for trade transportation. Having built a 19,000-kilometer-long high-speed railway system, almost every part of China is accessible, even the Tibet region where the temperature can drop to minus 40 in winter. Moreover, the company is experienced building a railway system in desert, in windy areas and even on islands. These features make the company more attractive for Turkey, as the landscape changes drastically from west to east and north to south. When the railway is constructed, it'll connect airports, metros or bus terminals, enabling a non-stop journey. As China becomes a center of trade and manufacture, a company like CRSC can increase cooperation with international companies.

    After mentioning Turkey's importance for China and the need to further cooperation, CRSC Deputy General Manager Wang Jinzhou said: "The train system will connect China to Russia, Turkey and Europe. Train and seaways will be connected. While China will have access to the whole world and be a center for trade, Turkey will be one of the most important stops on this circle. It is a win-win situation." Praising improving bilateral relations, he added: "The improvements are not enough as the two countries have greater potential. More investments with bigger money are necessary." China Travel Service (CTS) official Jacky Wan added that Turkey and China must know each other better and see the potential for more investments. He said more Chinese businessmen must visit Turkey, while their Turkish counterparts must more frequently come to China to see what can be done.

    Mehmet Ali Yaşar, senior member of the Turkey-China Friendship Foundation, said that the two countries understand that they need each other, as China wants a gateway to Europe and Turkey has a growing population and economy. "China facilitates investments and loans that are signs of its willingness to invest in Turkey. Moreover, when compared to Western countries, it is easier to cooperate with China. Western countries and their companies pressure Turkey under the pretext of freedom of speech, etc. Their intention is to weaken Turkey, while China wants to see a stronger Turkey for stabilization in the region." "One of the differences between the West and China is that the West does not want the Middle East to become unified and stabilized. But, China is in favor of stabilization and stronger countries, as it wants to sell what it produces."

    The Daily Sabah team was also able to visit Urumqi, one of the major cities in East Turkistan or the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region. China aims to turn Urumqi into a trade hub, as the city is the first station on the high-speed railway and decorated with gigantic buildings. The human rights abuses suffered by Turkic speaking Uighurs and many other Muslim minorities by the Chinese government, such as the ban on fasting in Ramadan for officers and students, have made relations between Turkey and China problematic in the past, but Beijing will create a free trade zone in Urumqi for Turkish investors. Even now, Turkish brands are very popular in bazaars and markets.

    Energy and Natural Resources Minister Berat Albayrak and Chinese National Energy Administration Director Nur Bekri signed a memorandum of understanding regarding cooperation between the two countries in the field of nuclear power last week. Reportedly, the two ministers also reflected on strong cooperation in other energy fields. Albayrak talked about Turkey's investment opportunities in energy, coal and renewable energy, in particular, and invited Chinese firms to invest in Turkey.

    http://www.dailysabah.com/money/2016/07/04/china-turkey-to-further-economy-to-increase-investments?

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    Re: Turkish Economic News

    Post  The Ottoman on Wed Jul 06, 2016 9:05 pm

    Experts: Turkish-Russian normalization to fuel economic relations

    July/05/2016

    Recent moves to normalize ties between Turkey and Russia will benefit both sides’ economy as well as the region’s economy, particularly in the energy, tourism and trade sectors, according to officials and experts.


    A downturn in relations occasioned by Turkey’s downing of a Russian jet last November especially impacted economic and trade ties.

    After roughly nine months of disagreement, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and Russian President Vladimir Putin agreed to revive their stalled bilateral relationship in their first direct contact on June 29, fueling hopes about restoring economic and trade ties.

    Russian Economic Development Minister Alexey Ulyukayev said the trade and investment relations between Turkey and Russia would be rebuilt, according to a TASS report.

    “Trade and investment relations with Turkey will be restored,” he said in an interview with Gazeta.ru, TASS reported July 1.

    An expert from the Energy Markets and Policies Institute (EPPEN) said the improving relations would make the most positive contributions in the energy sector.

    “Russia has heavily invested in Turkey’s energy sector,” said EPPEN’s Volkan Özdemir, as quoted by Anadolu Agency, noting that a possible resolution over gas prices would be significant if both sides can agree.



    Nigyar Masumova, an academic from the World Economy Department of Moscow State International Relations University, said the normalization in ties was some good news during difficult days for the both countries.

    Trade and tourism ties will return to the former levels in a short time, Masumova said, according to Anadolu Agency, while adding that the planned Turkish Stream project could be delayed due to economic problems in Russia.

    “We believe that the sanctions imposed by Russia on fresh fruit and vegetable imports from Turkey will likely be abolished in the autumn,” she added.

    The head of the Agriculturalists Association of Turkey (TZOB), Şemsi Bayraktar, earlier noted that his sector’s losses had reached $290 million over the year due to the political problems with Russia.

    “Russia’s share in our fresh fruit and vegetable exports was 39 percent on an amount basis and 42 percent on a value basis. The sector’s exports have been negatively affected since sanctions were imposed by Russia on Jan. 1. While Turkey made around $368.2 million in revenue in exchange for around 530,000 tons of fresh fruit and vegetable exports to Russia in the first five months of 2015, this figure plunged to around $78.2 million of revenue for some 113,000 tons of exports,” Bayraktar said in a press meeting on July 1.  

    In the first four months of the year, Turkey’s exports to Russia dropped to $484.6 million, a 61.5 percent decrease compared to the same period of 2015.

    http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/turkish-russian-normalization-to-fuel-economic-relations-experts.aspx?pageID=238&nID=101255&NewsCatID=344

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    Re: Turkish Economic News

    Post  The Ottoman on Wed Jul 06, 2016 9:08 pm

    GCC-Turkey investment forum on way


    The Bahrain Chamber of Commerce and Industry (BCCI) in cooperation with the Federation of GCC Chambers (FGCCC) and the Union of Chambers and Commodity Exchange of Turkey (TOBB) is organising the second GCC-Turkey Economic and Investment Forum in Bahrain between first and second November 2016. The event will be held under the patronage of Prime Minister HRH Prince Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa.



    During a press conference held at Bait Altijjar, the head of the Bahraini side of the Bahraini-Turkish Joint Business Council Ahmed Binhindi said, “The forum aims to strengthen economic ties between Turkey and the GCC countries, promote regional integration and diversification, and step-up investment, trade, and business activities”.

    The forum features opening speeches by key participants, and four panel sessions. The first session would discuss the topic “Healthcare and Health Tourism: Indispensable Priority to Benefit Quality Treatment”, while the second session is on “Infrastructure and Technical Consultancy: How to Build a Sound Cooperation?”. The third and fourth session would discuss the topics “Defence Industry: A Prospective Commitment to Region’s Safety, Security and Stability” and “Logistics and Transportation Networks: Building Connectivity of the GCC With the Rest of the World”, respectively.

    Binhindi urged all to take part in the event which also includes B2B meetings. The event would also result in a declaration stating the decisions and recommendations of the forum.

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    Re: Turkish Economic News

    Post  The Ottoman on Sun Jul 24, 2016 2:25 am

    Moscow jump-starts economic cooperation with Ankara

    MOSCOW - Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev on Saturday signed a decree for the continuation of commercial and economic cooperation with Turkey, in another sign of thawing between the two countries.

    The decree will be carried out until 2019 with the Turkish government, according to a statement released Saturday from Russian government's press office. The negotiations for the establishment of a common fund will also resume in order to finance investment projects in both countries, the statement added.

    http://aa.com.tr/en/turkey/moscow-jump-starts-economic-cooperation-with-ankara/613920?

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    Re: Turkish Economic News

    Post  The Ottoman on Sun Jul 31, 2016 11:10 pm

    Turkey Determined to Engage Gambia in Economic Cooperation -Ambassador Soner

    The Turkish Ambassador to The Gambia has affirmed his country’s determination to engage The Gambia more in the fields of trade, education, health and culture, in strengthening the bilateral cooperation between the two countries.

    Ambassador Ergin Soner was speaking recently during a press conference at his Embassy at the Brufut Heights in the wake of the attempted coup in his country.

    “Turkey and The Gambia have been enjoying friendly relations for a very long time. Turkey is one of the first countries in the world which recognised Gambia’s independence back in 1965. After that starting from the early 90s, Turkey and The Gambia were able to develop military cooperation as Turkey’s Armed Forces started organising training programmes for members of The Gambia Armed Forces. I am sure the bilateral cooperation between the two countries will improve a lot more than the present level,” he added.

    According to him, despite the fact they were late to open up their embassy in The Gambia, the bilateral relationships between the two countries over the years have blossomed.

    He indicated that Turkey and The Gambia opened up embassies in each other’s capital in 2011 and 2012 respectively. With the opening of these two embassies, Ambassador Soner maintained that the two countries were able to register gains in various areas.

    The Turkish diplomat indicated that the Turkish Cooperation Agency (TIKAD) has already been having a lot with some state-owned agencies and ministries, but that they are very much eager to attract more Turkish private sector businesses into The Gambian market.

    “With the help of the Turkish private sector so many advantages would be achieved on both sides. First, they will start better economic activities here and they will be able to create new job opportunities for Gambian families. There will be extra financial contribution to the Gambia’s annual budget as well as boost the financial standing of the private sector.”

    In terms of economic relations between the two countries, Ambassador Soner noted that they are looking at a bigger picture than just bilateral relations as they want The Gambia to be a commercial industrial investment base for Turkey in the West Africa region.

    “We have a perfect atmosphere and at the level of political relations between the two countries especially at the governmental level, we are so close to each other. We are supporting each other in almost every effort globally, like international fora and meetings. So all we have to do is turn these already perfect political relations into better economic trade cooperation,” he affirmed.

    by Sheriff Janko

    http://observer.gm/turkey-determined-to-engage-gambia-in-economic-cooperation-ambassador-soner/?

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    Re: Turkish Economic News

    Post  The Ottoman on Tue Aug 02, 2016 1:00 am

    Turkish Stream natural gas talks with Russia restart


    Turkey wants to export 15.7 billion cubic meters of natural gas, Russian Energy Minister Novak says

    29.07.2016 economy

    ANKARA - Russian Energy Minister Aleksandr Novak said that the talks with Turkey have resumed on the Turkish Stream natural gas project on Friday.

    Speaking to Russian news channel Rossiya 24, Novak said that Turkey wants to export 15.7 billion cubic meters of natural gas from Russia via the planned direct route.

    "The talks with Turkey restarted for constructing two pipelines for the Turkish Stream natural gas pipeline project. It is planned that, in the second pipeline, natural gas will be carried to southeast Europe," Novak said.

    The Turkish Stream project aims to transfer Russian natural gas to Europe via the Black Sea and Turkey.

    However, a lack of progress in the project was put down to Russia's non application of the 10.25 percent gas price discount to Turkey's gas contract with Russia which was previously agreed on. After the Russian jet downing last July, both Turkish and Russian officials issued statements about freezing talks on the Turkish Stream project.

    http://aa.com.tr/en/economy/turkish-stream-natural-gas-talks-with-russia-restart/617988?

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    Re: Turkish Economic News

    Post  The Ottoman on Thu Aug 11, 2016 7:34 pm

    Turkish lira firms boosted by restored Russia relations

    Turkish lira rise to 2.9452 against dollar, highest since July 15, and boosted by normalized Turkish-Russian relations

    ANKARA

    Despite opening positive on the daily session, Turkish stocks lost 0.72 percent after the fluctuating price of oil and slow corporate earnings on Wednesday.

    Borsa Istanbul's BIST-100, the country’s benchmark index, was up 0.19 percent (150.06 points), reaching 78,674 at the opening of the daily session on Wednesday in line with the optimistic atmosphere generated by the restoration of Turkish-Russian relations – following a crisis last November, after closing at 0.96 percent on Tuesday.


    But shares in Borsa Istanbul national 100-share index ended the day down with 0.72 percent at 77,955.65 points.

    Shares in Borsa Istanbul's most actively traded stock, Garanti Bank, lost 2.91 percent to 7.67 lira, while heavily-traded Emlak Konut shares rose 1.38 percent to 2.93 lira.

    Shares in Turkey's flag carrier Turkish airlines traded just 2.09 percent lower at 5.61 lira after increasing 6.2 percent on in the previous day.

    The total trading volume was 3.9 billion Turkish liras ($1.31 billion).

    President Recep Tayyip Erdogan on Wednesday urged Turkish lenders to reduce interest rates in order to boost growth and promised not to compromise the country’s fiscal discipline. He referred to the recall of bank loans without sufficient reason as “treason”.

    Looking forward to a time when interest rates come down and credit is expanded, he said: “No bank will be damaged by lower profit.”

    Turkish banking stocks lost 1.78 percent after the president's speech, following 1.6 percent up on Tuesday after Turkey's Central Bank cut its requirement for the reserves banks must hold, as part of an effort to increase the amount of cash available to the economy.

    On Wednesday, state-run Ziraat Bank cut home loan rates following the Central Bank’s decision to trim the overnight lending rate to 8.75 percent, bringing Ziraat’s owner-occupier rate to below 1 percent per month.

    The Borsa Istanbul Gold Exchange index lost 1.68 percent in value on Wednesday, with gold trading at 127,739 Turkish liras per kilogram.

    The Turkish lira rose to 2.9452 against the dollar, the highest since July 15, while the benchmark 10-year government bond yield fell to 9.40 percent from 9.41 percent.

    Russian President Vladimir Putin and Erdogan said Turkish-Russian economic and political ties would be strengthened and more resilient. They also revived economic plans and sought policies for the Syrian conflict on Tuesday.

    Analysts said that the optimistic atmosphere generated by the restoration of Turkish-Russian relations – following a crisis last November – and its effects on the real economy will gain ground in the weeks to come and also help the Turkish lira's recovery against the dollar.

    http://aa.com.tr/en/economy/turkish-lira-firms-boosted-by-restored-russia-relations/626380

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    Re: Turkish Economic News

    Post  The Ottoman on Fri Aug 12, 2016 10:07 am

    Azerbaijan-Turkey-Russia format – beneficial for whole region



    12 August 2016 11:25 (UTC+04:00)

    Baku, Azerbaijan, Aug. 12


    By Rufiz Hafizoglu

    The Azerbaijan-Turkey-Russia cooperation format will be beneficial for the whole region, said the Chairman of the Turkish-Russian Business Council Tuncay Ozilhan, Gazete Vatan newspaper reported Aug. 12.

    Ozilhan also said that this format will open up new opportunities for Turkey.

    “The Azerbaijan-Russia-Turkey format will allow Ankara to enter new and important markets, and companies of the country – to receive contracts for new works,” he noted.

    Earlier, during his meeting with Russia’s President Vladimir Putin Aug. 9 in St. Petersburg, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said that Azerbaijan, Turkey and Russia can create a trilateral mechanism of cooperation.

    Erdogan added that Turkey and Russia have a positive attitude to the creation of a trilateral cooperation mechanism.

    http://en.trend.az/world/turkey/2569331.html

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    Re: Turkish Economic News

    Post  The Ottoman on Mon Nov 07, 2016 1:59 pm

    Gazprom to invest over $595 mln into Turkish Stream project in 2016

    The company’s reviewed investment program for this year stipulates $228 mln to be earmarked for the expansion of the gas pipeline system to provide gas deliveries to the Turkish Stream, and $368 mln - for the implementation of the Turkish Stream project.

    More:
    http://tass.com/economy/910753

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    Re: Turkish Economic News

    Post  Airman on Fri Nov 18, 2016 2:17 pm

    Turkish lira further slumps against US dollar as Fed December rate hike likely

    The Turkish lira extended losses against the U.S. dollar on Thursday as inflation and labor market data from the world's largest economy bolstered expectations for an interest rate hike by the U.S. Federal Reserve in December.

    The lira reached a historic low of 3.35 versus dollar, bringing its losses to nearly 15 percent in the past three months, while last week alone saw lira losing 3.1 percent value against dollar.

    Although nearly all currencies have depreciated over the last couple of months amid strengthening of the dollar, the domestic political tensions and growing discord with the U.S. and Europe also contributed to the decrease in lira.

    In other emerging currencies, Chinese yuan lost 1.1 percent in value against U.S. dollar in the last week, whereas Indian rupee decreased by 1.3 percent, South African rand by 1.3 percent and Polish zloty by 4 percent. Russian ruble recovered by 0.6 percent against dollar last week.

    U.S. consumer prices recorded their biggest increase in six months in October on rising gasoline costs and rents, suggesting a pickup in inflation that potentially clears the way for the Federal Reserve to raise interest rates in December.

    Prospects for a rate hike next month also got a boost from other data on Thursday showing first-time applications for unemployment benefits tumbling to a 43-year low last week and housing starts surging to a nine-year high in October.

    The reports painted an upbeat picture of the economy early in the fourth quarter and came as Fed Chair Janet Yellen said the U.S. central bank could raise borrowing costs "relatively soon."

    The Labor Department said its Consumer Price Index increased 0.4 percent last month after rising 0.3 percent in September. In the 12 months through October, the CPI advanced 1.6 percent, the biggest year-on-year increase since October 2014. The CPI increased 1.5 percent in the year to September.

    Underlying inflation continued to slow last month as healthcare costs moderated after recent hefty gains. But with rents pushing higher, that trend is unlikely to be sustained.

    The so-called core CPI, which strips out food and energy costs, climbed 0.1 percent last month after a similar gain in September. That slowed the year-on-year increase in the core CPI to 2.1 percent from a 2.2 percent rise in September.

    The Fed has a 2 percent inflation target and tracks an inflation measure which is currently at 1.7 percent.

    The dollar pared losses against a basket of currencies after the data, while prices for longer-dated U.S. government bonds fell sharply. U.S. stock index futures rose.

    In another report, the Labor Department said initial claims for state unemployment benefits dropped 19,000 to a seasonally adjusted 235,000 for the week ended Nov. 12, the lowest level since November 1973.

    Claims have now been below 300,000, a threshold associated with a healthy labor market, for 89 straight weeks. That is the longest run since 1970, when the labor market was much smaller.

    US inflation poised to rise

    The firming inflation backdrop and labor market that is approaching full employment are likely to encourage the U.S. central bank to raise borrowing costs at its Dec. 13-14 policy meeting. In prepared remarks to lawmakers on Thursday, Yellen said a rate hike would be appropriate if economic data kept pointing to an improving labor market and rising inflation.

    "Such an increase could well become appropriate relatively soon," Yellen said.

    The Fed this month left interest rates unchanged. The bank lifted its benchmark overnight interest rate last December for the first time in nearly a decade.

    Inflation could push higher in the coming years if president-elect Donald Trump's proposal to boost infrastructure and defense spending is implemented. The fiscal stimulus, against the backdrop of full employment, would entail a much faster pace of interest rate hikes than currently anticipated.

    Last month, gasoline prices jumped 7.0 percent after rising 5.8 percent in September. Gasoline accounted for more than half of the increase in the CPI last month. But households got respite from food prices, which were unchanged for a fourth straight month.

    Food consumed at home declined for a sixth consecutive month. Medical care costs were unchanged for a second month as a rise in hospital services was offset by a decline in the cost of doctor visits. Prescription medicine price increases also moderated from September's strong gain.

    Rents increased 0.4 percent last month after rising 0.3 percent. Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence rose 0.3 percent after gaining 0.4 percent in September. Households also paid more for a range of other goods and services last month, including new motor vehicles, apparel, education and tobacco.

    The firming labor market and rising rents are boosting the housing sector. In a third report, housing starts jumped 25.5 percent to a seasonally adjusted annual pace of 1.32 million units last month, the highest level since August 2007.

    The percent increase was the biggest since July 1982. Starts increased in all four regions last month. Single-family homebuilding, which accounts for the largest share of the residential housing market, jumped 10.7 percent to an 869,000-unit pace in October, the highest in nine years.

    Housing starts for the volatile multi-family segment soared 68.8 percent to a 454,000-unit pace. Starts for buildings with five units or more hit their highest level since June 2015.

    Turkish lira further slumps against US dollar as Fed December rate hike likely

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