World recognition Skolkovskoye project
Russia has an opportunity to bring to the work of leading scientific power
2010-04-30 / Dmitry Sergeev
Recently, one of the supervisors in innograda Skolkovo became Nobel Laureate in Chemistry Roger Kornberg David. American responded to the invitation of the other winners of the prestigious award - Jaures Alferov, who is supervisor of the project with the Russian side.
Certainly, the involvement of the Nobel Laureate Roger Kornberg David set a precedent, and Skolkovo in the near future be able to attract other scientists of world renown. Moreover, the debate about the future of Russian industrial park is actively in the leading scientific centers abroad.
During his recent visit to Denmark, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev has invited prominent foreign scientists to work in the Moscow Skolkovo.
"If we talk about the new economy of high technologies, and this, as I said, our country is now the number one priority, we would welcome the participation of Danish partners in the formation of a new innovation center in Skolkovo. I do not want to use the comparison. This, of course, Silicon Valley, but in any case, we have the desire to create such a major innovation park, where we invite all the foreign partners and, of course, our Danish friends, "- said the Russian head of state.
Invitation to a key role in the project Nobel laureate David Kornberg, one of the recognized authorities in the world's scientific elite was certainly a precedent and a symbol of what Skolkovo - this is an "open city" (in the broadest sense). A graduate of Harvard, one of the leading professors at Stanford University, a member of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences Kornberg truly unique specialist. The son of Nobel Prize winner in 1959, recognized authority in the field of biochemistry of enzymes, their prize David Kornberg has received a research method copy (transcription) cells of hereditary information. And got his Nobel individually and not with the team of scientists that says a lot about the outstanding qualities of the new academic advisor Skolkov.
"Participation Kornberg in the project - this is the first but very important step in attracting outstanding foreign scientists to participate in our project ... Skolkovo - is an open project, it has a clear mission - to create an innovative environment, but it is very flexible strategy that will determine not officials, and enlisted to participate in the project outstanding scientists, engineers and entrepreneurs. I think that the opinion of Mr. Kornberg will largely determine the strategic line of development of the project "- commented the first deputy head of presidential administration, Vladislav Surkov, Kornberg agreed to work in Russia.
According to Surkov, "Kornberg studies are at the interface of chemistry, genetics, biology, and therefore offer Alferov invited to work in the project Kornberg is logical, since one of the directions of modernization of the Russian economy, identified by the President of Russia, is the development of biomedical technologies. As pointed out by Academician Vladimir Gvozdev, Institute of Molecular Genetics, "Kornberg works are of great importance for the global science and practice of medicine ... To start or stop the action of the gene, it is necessary to influence the nucleosome. Kornberg has created these mechanisms, raising biochemistry to engineering level. That is, he walked away from "pure science" in the applications of laboratory findings.
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This is particularly important in view of the fact that the priority Innovation Centre Skolkovo - that bring research scientists to specific economic products. Here you will experience the way Kornberg, whose extensive ties to Stanford University, around which at one time, the so-called Silicon Valley, famous for its works.
"Competent leadership scholars of world renown is a prerequisite for the success of the project ... Science in this century is closely linked with the economy, with major organizational challenges. If the supervisor is not high name, to solve problems will be difficult "- confirms the Vice-President of RAS, Director of the Physics Institute, Gennady Mesyats.
Until Kornberg in our country has worked only one Nobel Prize winner - American Hermann Muller. Now Russia has an opportunity to draw far greater numbers of scientists with the name. Fortunately, they participate in the work Skolkovo already seems interesting. In particular, the observations of the Month, prospects Skolkovskoye project actively interested scientists engaged in research at CERN, which is under way work on the Large Hadron Collider. It is possible that this interest, as is the case with Kornberg, will also receive a concrete shape.
But not only recognized luminaries interest in the project. Many young scientists are looking at Skolkov. In one of the world's most popular social network Facebook emerged several sites devoted to discussion of the prospects for near Moscow innograda. Among the groups of graduate students the most prestigious universities: Columbia, Stanford, Princeton, Harvard, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, University of Upsole (Sweden), the Sorbonne, and many others.
Evidence of increased interest in Skolkov abroad and are published in prestigious scientific journals. Thus, the magazine of the University of Massachusetts Technology Review quotes a professor of investment banking at Harvard Business School Josh Lerner, commended the work on creating innograda in Skolkovo: "In Russia there is no shortage of smart" techie "with a really strong technological ideas, and this is a plus." With regard to the arguments of skeptics, then, as noted by Lerner, "Remember how in 1991 was no doubt about the creation of Israel Venture Capital and Innovation cluster. The skeptics were wrong. And in this case should not be too dismissive.
Also, the publication noted that the reasons are for our country to create world-class industrial park more than serious: "Russia has lost a lot of scientists and engineers in the 90's. The Russian economy is heavily dependent on exports of natural gas and other resources ... The overall objective of the project Skolkovo - commercialization of technologies generated in the energy, biomedicine, IT, telecommunications, and in the nuclear industry to diversify as a result of Russia's economy, saving her from petroleum dependence. "
To date, we can state: the project of Technopark in Skolkovo provoked a very positive reaction to the foreign academic, scientific and research circles. Russia has clearly an opportunity to bring to work in the new project leading scientific power. Will it be able to seize the chance, will show very soon.