“Russia can bombard Europe and the US with X-22 missiles. Take quantity"The West translates the Russian Cyrillic letter X as "Kh" (Kh-29,Kh-31,etc), so I corrected everything to X in the text.Original designations are X-29, X-31, X-55, X-101, etc.
The Pentagon admitted to powerlessness in front of the Soviet X-22 missiles
The Defense News portal, citing a Pentagon source, said that the US Army "will not be able to effectively counter H-22 missiles." "Gazeta.Ru" figured out what frightened the Americans.
The first X-22 Burya missiles were put into service in 1971. Under the "Storm" even the Tu-22 and Tu-95 aircraft were converted from a strategic bomber into a missile carrier.
The original purpose of the X-22 Burya missiles was to destroy enemy aircraft carriers and aircraft carrier strike groups (AUGs) using a nuclear or high-explosive-cumulative warhead.
Hit accuracy is ensured by an active radar homing head. The rocket speed was Mach 3.5, the maximum range of destruction was up to 600 km.
The subsequent version of the X-22 missile, the air-to-ground winged X-32 (known as product 9-A-2362), was adopted by the RF Armed Forces in 2016. The new missile has a modernized engine with increased thrust, which allows to accelerate the new "Storm" to almost Mach 5 (from above - already hypersonic), raise it in flight up to 30 km and hit targets at a distance of up to 1000 km.
“X-22 missiles have never been used for their main purpose, namely as anti-ship missiles,” military expert captain 1st rank of the reserve Vasily Dandykin told Gazeta.Ru. - Their effectiveness was tested only during firing practice at sea and ground targets.
The initial accuracy left much to be desired, especially at extreme distances, when the deviation reached 600 meters, which was compensated by the massive missile attack on the grouping of ships. The optimal distance for the X-22 is considered to be a distance of 300 kilometers, when the accuracy of the defeat increased.
At the same time, the speed of the rocket made it difficult to shoot it down.
Military analyst and publicist Vladislav Shurygin agrees with this point of view.
“The X-22 missile was rarely used against sea targets,” Shurygin told Gazeta.Ru. - There is such a nuance - the plane cannot return with unused ammunition because of the design of the rocket, in which the keels open, capable of hooking the runway during landing.
X-22 "Storm" were used during a special military operation in Ukraine. They destroyed the arsenals with foreign weapons in Kremenchug, attacked the infrastructure of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in the Kiev, Chernigov, Sumy regions.
“Ukrainian media hastened to state that the Russians allegedly ran out of Kalibr and they use anti-ship missiles with low accuracy, and the Armed Forces of Ukraine effectively shoot them down. It's a lie ! Although X-22 missiles are anti-ship, they can find and hit ground targets with no less success. It all depends on the object requiring destruction, for which the appropriate ammunition is selected, ”said Dandykin.
Military expert Boris Dzherelievsky, in turn, believes that the use of the X-22 in Ukraine was "an unpleasant surprise for NATO."
“Until this year, both in the United States and throughout NATO, they were convinced that Russia did not have a wide range of high-precision weapons,” Dzherelievsky told Gazeta.Ru. - The West considered "Kalibrs", "Kinzhals", "Zircons" some kind of Russian myth and refused to believe in their mass production. And they simply forgot about the X-22. The use of these weapons made them look differently at the whole concept of modern warfare. Figuratively speaking, they tried these missiles on themselves and realized that they were not able to resist them in the event of an armed conflict with Russia.”
The expert added that in the situation with the X-22 there is more panic because of their numbers. Officially, the number of missiles is unknown, but according to open sources, their number in warehouses may exceed several thousand units.
“It is, of course, possible to shoot down even such a high-speed missile using American and European missile defense systems, but anti-missiles are much more expensive and their number is smaller. The cost of launching one Patriot PAC-3 MANPADS missile is about $3 million. The price of the X-22 is about ten to fifteen times less. Russia can just throw Europe and the US X-22. Take quantity. This is what scared the Pentagon,” concluded Dzherelievsky.