Details of the modernization of the Russian Tu-160 and Tu-95MS
Renowned international aviation journalist Peter Butovo published in the journal «Jane's» correspondence from Moscow, which reported some details about the ongoing modernization programs of the park's strategic bombers Tu-95MS and Tu-160 Russian VKS.
Air-Space Forces (VKS) of Russia for the first time demonstrate their modernized strategic bombers in the air of the Victory Day parade in Moscow on May 9.
At the rehearsal April 13 you could see Tu-160M1 bomber and three Tu-95MS with pylons for external suspension cruise missiles X-101/102, the practice in the span of the capital on the eve of the annual celebration.
Tu-160M1 is a "first stage" of the program of modernization of the Tu-160, without the most expensive elements, such as new radar "Novella-NV1.70" and "glass" cockpit, which are planned for future versions of the Tu-160M. The Tu-160M1 is equipped with a new navigation system K-042K-1 and AFCS autopilot-200-1, while some of the previous system, such as a system of precision bombing, apparently, were removed from the aircraft.
After the prototype "Valentin Bliznyuk" was modified in 2006 (now the aircraft is further modernization of the variants of the Tu-160M), several aircraft have been upgraded on the KAZ [Kazan aviation plant] in Kazan to M1 standard, starting with " Andrei Tupolev ", which was handed back to the VCS configuration in the updated December 19, 2014. Subsequently, it has been renovated and upgraded to M1 standard in Kazan in 2015. "Vasily Reshetnikov," while the last in a row, "Vasily Senko" was returned to service in January 2016. "Vasily Senko" took part in a rehearsal on April 13.
Around since 2011 VCS also carry out the integration of new weapons systems on the Tu-160, including the ability to carry 12 strategic cruise missiles X-101 / X-102, placed on two new six-shot revolver rotating 9A829K3 launchers. Initially, there were problems with insufficient rigidity rotation mechanism, and the launchers were finalized in 2015. November 17, 2015, two Tu-160 ( "Vitaly Kopylov" and "Vladimir Sudets") for the first time took part in the actual combat, to launch 16 cruise missiles X-101 targets in Syria. In the following days, the Tu-160 went on strikes, using both X-101 missiles and X-555.
The rehearsal of the Victory Parade was attended by three Tu-95MS ( "Saratov", "Moscow" and "The Great Novgorod") from an air base Engels. These modernized platforms were equipped to carry eight missiles X-101 / X-102 each, with the adaptation of the main bomb bay to accommodate the missile 7,5 m long, as well as the installation of four underwing pylons.
The first Tu-95MS, modified to carry missiles X-101 / X-102, which has the name "Saratov" was rolled out by the Beriev Aircraft Company [Taganrog Aviation Scientific-Technical Complex] at the beginning of 2015. In the same year the factory "Aviacor" in Samara began overhauls aircraft Tu-95MS with the installation of new pylons for missiles, aircraft rate of three per year. November 18, 2015 the first plane (the "Dubna") was transferred to video conferencing.
Simultaneously with the introduction of new weapons systems being upgraded bombers. The contract for the modernization of the embodiment of the Tu-95MSM was issued by the Ministry of Defense of Russia December 23, 2009.
As with other Russian aircraft modernization carried out in several stages. The first step is to replace navigational equipment; Continuous modernization was launched in 2014. Complete modernization of Tu-95MSM provides replacement radar "Review-MS" on a new radar "Novella-NV1.021", the installation of a new system display SDI-021 information, modernized airborne defense complex "Meteor-HM2", and finally, the modernization of turboprop engines Kuznetsov NK-12MPM and installation of the new propeller AV-60T. The individual elements of modernization is currently being tested.