My point is that you test things to find problems and design flaws so finding a problem with the engine during testing is cheaper and easier to fix than putting the aircraft in serial production and the problems only start becoming apparent when you start losing aircraft and aircrews in operational use.
Obviously a tragedy that they lost a test crew because they are highly trained and experienced and more likely to find faults and survive to have them fixed than your average air crew and crash investigation team.
Claiming it was a problem with the engine is unreasonable, even more so to suggest a different engine be used because of this... which engine has never failed through testing and development?
The Soviet Union delegated small aircraft to Warsaw Pact nations. So as a result Russia right now has a lack of component base and working aircraft in this area.
I understand that but by about 2007-2008 it was pretty clear the west didn't want to be friends so they should not have been buying foreign aircraft, or should have been buying them in tiny batches to get up to speed on their design and operation.
The west essentially raped Russia during the 1990s... what chance of a friendship was really possible... and it was pretty clear that eastern europe and former soviet states were being fluffed the same way Japan and West Germany were after WWII... it was obvious there was going to be a cold war round 2.
Hollywood made it clear... Russians went from being scary and drunk but incompetent to just being drunk and incompetent...
The VK-800 engine is supposed to have similar performance. Whenever it enters production.
The engine they are using is related to the engine used in helicopters so spare parts are everywhere and widely available and it is a good reliable engine when the installation is right. It had two fire extinguishers and they were both pointed at the engine.... should have had 6.
Like testing a racing car with the wheel brakes removed and replaced with a log of wood you throw under the wheel to stop.
Of course some issues will still remain for the already existing aircrafts as it is not convenient or practical to replace foreign components in already built aircrafts.
I would say it was a high priority to replace foreign components in existing types as quickly as possible.
As far as a training aircrafts in UZGA Austrian DA-40 (single engine) and DA-42( twin engine) were build since 2013 under licence. I know that already in 2021 they started to produce the fuselage independently, but I do not know what is the status now after the military operation in country 404.
An important part of planning and management is knowing when to change plans.
Austria has not been the most anti Russian country in the block but the most anti Russian countries in Europe will do everything they can to destroy all ties with Russia, so why try to keep holding on to them in the hope they don't try to strangle you with them?
Again, the main problem there was the fact that Russia did not produce engines for this kind of aircrafts (and this was also one of the facts that delayed the drones development).
Well a factory that built helicopters managed to make the Ansat helicopter on its own... maybe these factories that are building foreign planes can revise the designs and make their own planes loosely based on foreign types with the expertise of local aircraft designers?
As you say having the right engines is the key so while they wait they can design their own light aircraft... there were dozens of Russian designs that were cancelled for lack of money in the 90s and 00s... many of which would be well worth another look... a new focus on aircraft families should lead to the companies and factories making the different planes cooperating so the Baikal single engined plane is not radically different from the twin engined larger aircraft that will be built too... not just make them so they only have the engine type in common.
And for the multiengine trainer, the DA-42 is one of the best in its role (also due to efficiency and cost of operation). I do not know if UZGA could do a fully russianised version of it now.
It is a trainer and Russia is an energy exporter so fuel costs are not critical... it would be better to have a Russian design that uses slightly more fuel and all Russian engines... except the new Russian engines seem to be very good and probably wont be inferior to foreign engine types in terms of efficiency and performance and cost.
Of course Russia could design a twin, maybe based on the il-103, but it takes time.
Yak, Ilyusion, Tupolev, Beriev, and quite a few other aircraft design companies in Russia have been designing aircraft for the last 30 years... many of which were rejected because the Russian government thought they could buy the wests love by buying their shit, and probably a few Russians actually thought western stuff was better...
The things stopping the Russian designs was always engines... well now the engines are coming... and more importantly Russian aircraft designs can meet the needs of Russian operators rather better than western aircraft.
Soviet planes often had a cloak room for heavy coats and pants, while western planes did not.
Meant in larger airfields the aircraft had to roll up to a terminal building and passengers walked through airstairs to the building... on smaller airfield passengers just froze...