This shit is so cool it derserves its own thread. https://oko-planet.su/science/sciencehypothesis/501581-russkie-opyat-operedili-vseh-v-rossii-sozdan-antigravitacionnyy-kvantovyy-dvigatel.html
A prototype of a quantum engine ("Gravity has found work"), creating thrust without ejecting reactive mass, caused an incredible stir. Public opinion, as usual, was divided into those who believe in the project and consider it fantastic. As for officials, they probably do not realize the seriousness of the discovery and its practical application.
For a comprehensive discussion of the problem, the Military-Industrial Courier held a round table. It was attended by the former Minister of General Engineering of the USSR, Hero of Socialist Labor Oleg Baklanov, author and developer of the engine, head of the Quanton Group, laureate of the Russian Government Prize in science and technology, Candidate of Technical Sciences Vladimir Leonov, Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Professor of Moscow State University Boris Arbuzov, Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Professor of Moscow State University Eduard Smolyakov, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor of the Military Academy of the Strategic Missile Forces named after Peter the Great Alexander Gnevko, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, former First Deputy General Director for Science of the National Institute of Aviation Technologies Vasily Podkolzin, military expert, head of the ArtAvia OTK Vladimir Gloshkin.
Vladimir Leonov: A quantum engine that operates without ejecting a jet jet questions the foundations of classical mechanics. Paradoxically, the current generation is hammered into the heads that the reactive method of motion in space is the only possible (by the way, Konstantin Tsiolkovsky did not think so), since it corresponds to the law of conservation of momentum of force and amount of motion, formulated by Newton 350 years ago.
But Einstein 100 years ago showed that in the field of relativistic velocities, classical mechanics no longer works and the relativistic impulse no longer corresponds to classical momentum.
In my fundamental work, The Theory of Superunification, which is more than 700 pages long, published in England (Cambridge, 2010), India (2011), and Russia (2017), it is shown that in quantum mechanics the momentum of force behaves in the opposite way compared to the classical momentum. And the theory of superunification is the quantum theory of open quantum-mechanical systems, about which little was previously known. I repeat: the new quantum pulse is used by us in an existing engine to create a thrust force without ejecting reactive mass.
The main thing is that the theory of superunification now has experimental confirmation in the form of a working quantum engine. Physics is primarily an experimental science, and experiment is the basis for a theory. In March 2018, a commission chaired by Oleg Dmitrievich Baklanov measured the specific thrust force of our device. The tests were supervised by the honored tester of space technology Alexander Kubasov (RSC Energia). Their results are published in the journal "Aerospace Sphere", 2019, No. 1 (https://www.ashurbeyli.ru/public/flipboard/vks12019/#page=70). The protocol is posted on the Internet.
- What results have you obtained and how objective are they?
V. L.: Let me remind you that the specific thrust force determines the power consumed by the engine (in kilowatts - kW) to create a unit of thrust force (in newtons - H, 1 kg of force = 9.8 N). According to the test results, a prototype of a quantum engine reliably developed a thrust force of 115 N / kW. This is 165 times more than the best liquid rocket engine (LPR), the specific thrust force of which does not exceed 0.7 N / kW. This means that a spacecraft (LA) with a quantum engine will consume energy 165 times less compared to a modern launch vehicle (LV) on chemical fuel. With such parameters, a space aircraft with a quantum engine will be able to work for a long time both in the atmosphere and in space. This cannot be done in the traditional way.
What is the reason for such a sharp jump in energy savings? The fact is that the quantum engine in comparison with the LPR does not "drown" the atmosphere and space with the products of combustion of chemical fuel. Today, the designers of the LPR are trying to reduce fuel consumption by several percent, and here we have a new engine that is more than 100 times more economical than the LPR. Of course, this causes some people a kind of shock and distrust.
- To dispel the skepticism around your invention and the possible violation of the law of conservation of momentum, we invited to the "round table" two theoretical physicists from Moscow State University: Boris Arbuzov and Eduard Smolyakov, who, independently of Leonov, developed the concept of pulse conservation violation and the creation of non-reactive electromagnetic propulsion for flight in outer space. As well as practitioners - doctors of technical sciences Alexander Gnevko and Vasily Podkolzin, military expert Vladimir Gloshkin.
Boris Arbuzov: Vladimir Semenovich briefly and clearly spoke about this very important problem. As a theoretical physicist, it is important for me to understand how and by what way such results are obtained. I approached the problem of not maintaining the classical momentum back in 1967 (the first publication in the ZHETF), and then in 1974, when it came to cases of manifestation of this effect. I tried to understand whether there are additional contributions in the geometry of our space not only from gravitational, but also from other fields. In particular, electromagnetic. The fact that the gravitational field is based on the electromagnetic field is clearly shown in Leonov's theory of superunification and confirms my conclusions.
Earlier we said that the falling apple is affected by the gravitational force of the Earth. Classical mechanics is based on Lagrange equations of motion. In the electromagnetic field, the Lorentz force acts. New physical effects appear when electromagnetic and gravitational fields interact. The result is an energy gradient and additional force. Its nature should be sought in the manifestation of strong magnetic (electromagnetic) fields, which make an additional contribution to the structure of space-time.
Of course, there is still a lot of unknowns, but the main thing is that there is an experimental effect of the emergence of an additional energy gradient and the creation of a powerful thrust.
- In the last few years, there has been information about unusual effects, the interpretation of which when following standard physical principles seems impossible. This refers to the so-called EmDrive devices. It is argued that the effect consists in the appearance of a force that affects an isolated object without external influence, only due to internal high-frequency electromagnetic processes. Is that right?
B.A.: If there are no unaccounted sources (or a simple experimental error), then such an effect certainly does not mean the preservation of momentum. In a recent NASA paper, a number of authors stated this. In particular, on the measurement of the ratio of thrust to electromagnetic power for a closed radiofrequency cavity with a resonant frequency of 1:937 GHz, which is loaded with a sample from a dielectric. An even more significant effect is presented in the work of our colleagues Leonov, Baklanov, Sautin, Kostin, Kubasov, Altunin and Kulakovsky (Aerospace Sphere, No. 1, 2019 / https://www.ashurbeyli.ru/public/flipboard/vks12019/#page=1).
On the one hand, such results in most physicists cause distrust because of the possibility of contradiction with the preservation of momentum. However, it is quite expedient to ask the question: what consequences can this lead to? In general relativity, a test body moves along a geodesic line (generalization of a straight line), which is determined by the geometry of space. But when using a other method of measurement, a new force arises, which turns out to be associated with electromagnetic fields. It leads to vertical thrust, obtained exclusively due to internal processes in the system.
Further work on the study and application of the considered effects may well lead to the creation of fundamentally new promising engines. It should be noted the undoubted scientific significance of these studies for physics and astrophysics.
Eduard Smolyakov: In support of professor Arbuzov's words, I assert that in a quantum engine from the standpoint of classical mechanics, we really do not observe the conservation of momentum. The fact is that classical mechanics considers the dynamics of body movement. And from the standpoint of quantum theory, a violation of the law of conservation of momentum in a quantum engine is not observed, since it already operates with the concept of a field and particles. As shown in Leonov's theory of superunification, cosmic four-dimensional space-time is quantized (consisting of quantons) and is a global energy field with which the engine interacts. It creates a thrust force, starting from this global field. So that's okay.
In parallel with the work of Leonov's group, giving him priority, I have long been studying the possibility of creating principles of non-reactive motion in space and wrote a number of works ("Theory of the search for exact equations and laws of motion." M., "Russian Encyclopedia", 2012; "Magnetic field flights that provide both a state of weightlessness and accelerated motion." Proceedings of the Institute for System Analysis of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 2014).
Theoretical calculations based on much more general equations than the equations of Maxwell and Newton show the possibility of movement with large accelerations with the help of a powerful controlled magnetic field created on board the aircraft, which provides not only accelerated motion (without the use of jet thrust), hundreds of times higher than the acceleration of free fall on Earth, but also a comfortable state for the crew without inertial overloads.
Moreover, calculations have shown that with the help of a strong magnetic field, it is possible to exit from our space into the dual one through "wormholes", the realities of which were paid attention to by the astrophysicist Stephen Hawking. In this case, the movement is possible in an arbitrarily short time at any distance with the subsequent return to our space for hundreds of light years. It seems fantastic, but theoretical physicists really consider such effects. And what Leonov's group is doing is no longer fiction, but realities confirmed experimentally.
- You seem to have familiarized yourself with Leonov's theory of superunification. What is your opinion?
E.S.: When I got into it, I immediately congratulated Vladimir Semenovich. This, in my opinion, is the most beautiful and harmonious physical theory. Its logic is the key to the fact that it will be the most accurate of all known models of the real world.
By the way, 10 years after the publication of the theory of superunification in the UK (Cambridge), there was no official criticism of it in the world scientific literature. Even the Commission on Pseudoscience of the Russian Academy of Sciences did not officially dare to ostracize it. The theory of superunification is a purely Russian achievement, nothing like this has been created in the West.
Alexander Gnevko: At the Military Academy of the Strategic Missile Forces named after Peter the Great, an initiative group was created to study the non-reactive motion and speed of gravity, which we measured by the action of lunar and solar tides. The materials of the experiments have been published. We live in an age of gravity and antigravity. And in order to calculate the parameters of the antigravity quantum engine, it is necessary to know the speed of propagation of gravity (gravitational wave), which is not measured experimentally by anyone. This is also required in the creation of quantum generators of gravitational waves (grazers), which, compared with lasers, will represent even more powerful beam weapon systems.
I fully support the idea of developing and mastering quantum motors for a new generation of aircraft. This will give a huge leap in the development of technology and new weapons systems. In most cases, my and Leonov's assessments coincide.
Unfortunately, fundamental science is almost not funded, especially in the field of gravity and antigravity, and Americans already receive Nobel Prizes for this. Leonov's group, I believe, made an important breakthrough on one enthusiasm. But this direction should be given a state status. So far, our military industry is holding on to the Soviet reserve, but it is coming to an end. What's next? In theory - the development of antigravity quantum engines for a new generation of aircraft. We will not do it, our potential adversaries will. A future war will begin in space, and we must be prepared for it.
There is another important point. Where is the main source of energy in nature now? Everyone thinks about the atom. But, according to physicists, the main energy is concentrated in the cosmic vacuum, in the so-called dark matter. Leonov managed to uncover the quantized structure of the cosmic vacuum and assess its colossal energy intensity using a quasi-solid-state model. We have to master new types of this colossal cosmic energy.
V. L.: Professor Gnevko's fundamental research in the field of measuring the velocity of gravity deserves the Nobel Prize. But he needs state support, otherwise this work will be intercepted by the Americans, as we have repeatedly observed with other projects in the dashing 90s.
Vasily Podkolzin: When Alexander Fedorovich Mozhaysky created his aircraft, steam engines could not provide it with lift and the necessary flight speed. Moreover, no one believed that a body heavier than air would be able to break away from the ground and make a flight. When internal combustion engines appeared, the world changed radically. But these engines also had their limits. They could not provide the aircraft with a speed of more than 730 kilometers per hour. This turned out to be capable of a jet (turbojet) engine, which can be replaced by a quantum one.
What is Leonov's superunification theory? As a result of the interaction of magnetic, electromagnetic, gravitational fields, a force is born, which is called antigravity. It's about creating an activator that will allow you to bend space and interact with electric, magnetic, gravitational fields, extracting energy from them. Physicist Vladimir Leonov has been working on this theory for 20 years, and has now put his findings into practice.
I have previously stated thoughts about the creation of an engine that works on the principle of reverse gravitational forces. They are activated from time and space, give out energy, I confirm, tens, hundreds of times more than conventional LPR. Therefore, to promote this idea, in my opinion, it is necessary to create a demonstrator in the form of an aircraft. Thus, we will prove that all this is not nonsense. The Chinese, according to some reports, have already launched a quantum engine into space.
V. L.: Our engineers, as well as officials, unfortunately, do not yet know the nature of gravity and antigravity, what are relativistic and quantum pulses, what is their difference from the classical force pulse. It's not their fault – that's how they were taught. But officials make decisions. And our task is to convince them of the need to develop quantum engines for space at the state level. It should be noted that new technologies, in addition to military use, give a huge commercial effect. The profit for the state will be huge. Thus, the low-orbital cellular network we offer will give $ 200 billion, providing reliable communication throughout the country and the planet. To do this, we need relay satellites that can be kept in low orbits with the help of small quantum motors when powered by solar panels.
Vladimir Gloshkin: As a military expert, it should be noted that the concept of a "war of engines" has not been canceled. US President Trump announced to the whole world that space is becoming an arena of hostilities. To maintain military parity, we must rely on new space technologies and gravity weapons. Imagine a device with an anti-gravity quantum engine of the type of flying saucer, equipped with a combat grazer. Such an aircraft can easily destroy from space the starting positions on the ground, any rocket in orbit. If the Americans are the first to make a new space weapon, our nuclear shield will no longer be able to fulfill its protective function.
Something is already being done. In December 2016, the work schedule and the ToR "Development and bench tests of an experimental sample of a pulsed antigravity quantum engine (KVD)" were agreed. The toR was agreed and signed by the FSUE Khrunichev Federal Scientific and Production Center, the Maximov Research Institute of Space Systems with the assistance of the Board of the Military-Industrial Commission under the Government of the Russian Federation. However, funding for agreed topics has not been opened for an unknown reason. Moreover, Roscosmos begins to abandon this work, focusing on the so-called tsar-engine, which in fact is a modernization of the old RD-180 with a specific thrust force of 0.655 N / kW. This is 175 times worse than that of a prototype quantum engine (115 N/kW). Such trampling on the spot leads to a loss of time and finances.
Professor Georgy Kostin, former director and deputy chief designer of the Voronezh Mechanical Plant (VMZ), where rocket engines are made, proposed to start work with the development of hybrid engines (LRD + KvD). In this embodiment, the electricity supply of the quantum engine is carried out from an electric generator installed on the same shaft with the pumping unit of the LPR. This will reduce the fuel consumption of the launch vehicle by three to four times, lighten its launch weight and increase the payload. Kostin's proposal was supported by the Director of VMZ and the General Director of RSC Energia. But someone didn't like it. Professor Kostin, Director of VMZ and General Director of RSC Energia, are dismissed from the VMZ.
Leonov's group also proposed a project of a heavy space platform with four KvD with a thrust of 100 tons each. Starting weight – 380 tons. The payload put into orbit of 500 kilometers is 180 tons. Fuel consumption – 25 tons (hydrogen – oxygen). But the project, even without discussion, was rejected, because, they say, Roscosmos is already working on a heavy rocket with a launch weight of three thousand tons and a payload of 105 tons. Compare these indicators and draw your own conclusions. There is a danger that we will forever lag behind the United States and China in this direction.
V. L.: Let me add to the above that China has offered Kwanton to move to them with the whole structure and carry out these works on their territory with unlimited funding. There are other suggestions. There was a call that Lockheed was interested in developing a quantum engine for an aerospace aircraft. But we reject proposals from abroad, because we have not exhausted the possibilities of development in our country. In addition to Roscosmos, there are other state structures that are ready to cooperate with us now.
Oleg Baklanov: I am grateful to our wonderful scientists who took part in the discussion of this important problem at the round table, once again emphasizing its severity and relevance. And officials need to finally understand that fundamental science today has penetrated into the nature of gravity and antigravity, the quantum structure of space. This allows you to create engines that do not require fuel. The traditional LPR, we repeat once again, has reached its technical ceiling. Its specific thrust does not exceed 0.7 newtons per kilowatt of power, which allows you to put into orbit a cargo of no more than three to five percent of the launch mass. That can't suit us anymore.
We need engines that work on new physical principles that can actively maneuver in the air and space. KvD is a hundred times more economical, more efficient than conventional LPR. This is a revolutionary achievement in space engine building, which cannot but be appreciated.
The task now is to convey our arguments to the leadership of the defense industry, the Ministry of Defense, the President of the Russian Federation. After all, this is a real breakthrough into the future.