From the dismissal of Castillo to repression: how the right wing consummated the 'coup' in Peru, by Ociel Alí López for actualidad.RT. 12.19.2022.
With the latest decisions of the Congress to reject an advance in the elections, while, in parallel, the militarization of the conflict decreed by President Dina Boluarte is advancing, the social forces of conservatism have finished the creation of a post-democratic regime.
That is to say, we are no longer talking only about the parliamentary overthrow of the president elected by popular will, but about the establishment of an authoritarian regime without legitimacy of origin: a dictatorship.
The strong repression that has already caused more than twenty deaths, as well as the speeches of criminalization against peaceful demonstrations, offer a dictatorial profile to an executive who boasts of acting for three years but who does not have the minimum legitimacy to perpetuate himself.
"Peruvian conservatism is debating between whether to go to a conditional election and hand over power again to Fujimorismo or stay holding Boluarte for this long period."
These days of forceful, massive and multiplied protests throughout the country have forced the de facto government to reveal that the overthrow of Castillo is not only a legislative act, but has a military support that is being deployed to the extent that citizens protest against a repressive regime that, in addition, has as expiration date a distant 2025.
The situation is becoming more complex due to the fact that the radical right sectors configured in Fujimorismo may want early elections in which, without the competence of the dismissed President Pedro Castillo, Keiko Fujimori can finally access the Presidency, after losing two rounds in 2021 to Castillo.
In this way, Peruvian conservatism is debating between whether to go to a conditional election (with the judicialized leftists) and hand over power again to Fujimorismo, which has always been its most extreme sector although very discredited, or stay supporting Boluarte for this long period.
But the levels of rejection of Congress, which is where the main decisions on the country's leadership are made, are increasing and any candidacy that flies the flag of "closing the Congress", Castillo's controversial measure, can win the next elections.
However, such a scenario, electoral, is not expected so soon. Several political actors have warned that 2023 is a key year for Peru in terms of exploration and exploitation contracts of different resources with foreign companies.
"To prepare the stage for persecution, the media machinery, including the international one, has resurrected the cold war methods to accuse the protesters of vandals."
If the current Congress has the political control and the support of the Armed Forces, surely the legislators that make up the majority will feel able to get through the coming year – full of agreements and long–term signatures with extractivist companies - without having to give in to convening new presidential ones.
With the control of the Congress and the Armed Forces, it is enough for the Lima oligarchy to maintain power and increase police persecution and military repression.
'Terruqueo' as a form of government
To prepare the stage for persecution, the media machinery, including the international one, has resurrected the cold war methods of accusing the protesters of "vandals".
'Terruqueo' is the form as it is called in Peru to the criminalization for political reasons. With popular sectors protesting, the establishment media have once again recalled the acronym of the extremist Sendero Luminoso to link the protesters to terrorism.
Aligned with this new scenario imposed by the Peruvian right, various international media have gone on not only to recognize the overthrow of the president elected by popular will, but also to legitimize the massacres that are taking place and those that could occur if the powers that be do not yield to the democratic demands of their population.
The only thing that could change this scenario is the strength of the mobilized actors, something that will be known in the coming days.
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