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    Russian Economy General News: #12

    kvs
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    Post  kvs Mon May 03, 2021 7:47 pm

    Russian companies have been making motherboards for a while, but it is good to see more of such localization. This particular case
    involves AMD B450 chipset based models, but the same company is also going to start a production line for Elbrus and Baikal
    motherboards.

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    miketheterrible
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    Post  miketheterrible Tue May 04, 2021 6:26 pm

    https://sdelanounas.ru/blogs/141204/

    Import substitution. April 2021

    In total, since June 2015, according to the website "Makelanounas" and other resources, more than 1,585 import substitution projects have been implemented in Russia!

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    kvs
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    Post  kvs Tue May 04, 2021 8:27 pm

    miketheterrible wrote:https://sdelanounas.ru/blogs/141204/

    Import substitution. April 2021

    In total, since June 2015, according to the website "Makelanounas" and other resources, more than 1,585 import substitution projects have been implemented in Russia!

    This is not just some token production. NATzO sanctions aimed at the MC-21 project and it managed to replace all the critical inputs, including the composites
    used in the body. Russian import substitution is at level of leading edge tech which shows its capability. Obummer's line that Russia does not make anything
    will go down in history as one of the most retarded statements by a world "leader" ever. But then he was a retard whose legacy is consolidation of the rotten
    US deep state.

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    miketheterrible
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    Post  miketheterrible Sat May 08, 2021 2:25 am

    https://sdelanounas.ru/blogs/141245/

    Russia's budget surplus for January-March amounted to 205.02 billion rubles

    MOSCOW, April 12. /TASS/. According to preliminary estimates, the surplus of the Russian federal budget in January-March 2021 amounted to 205.019 billion rubles, according to materials posted on the website of the Russian Ministry of Finance.

    The budget deficit of the Russian Federation in January-February tentatively amounted to 645.05 billion rubles.

    Revenues for January-March amounted to 5.299 trillion rubles, or 28.2% of the revenue for the year approved by the budget law; expenditures reached 5.094 trillion rubles (23.7%, or 22.7% to the consolidated budget painting, taking into account the changes made).

    The federal tax service received the most revenue - 3.355 trillion rubles (or 27.5% to the forecasts), the Federal Customs Service sent 1.33 trillion rubles (26.7%).

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    Post  Scorpius Sun May 09, 2021 1:54 pm

    Russia's budget surplus for January - March amounted to 205.02 billion rubles.
    https://tass.ru/ekonomika/11128203

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    Post  higurashihougi Mon May 10, 2021 9:35 am

    https://www.rt.com/business/523126-china-russia-trade-turnover/

    Russia-China trade turnover jumps almost 20% since beginning of 2021

    The volume of trade between Russia and China has reached $40.207 billion in January-April 2021. That’s 19.8% higher than it was in the same period last year, according to Chinese customs data.

    China’s exports to Russia were up 38.7%, reaching $18.19 billion in the first four months of the year. Meanwhile, shipments of Russian goods to China saw 7.7% growth to $22.016 billion.

    Despite the economic disruptions caused by the coronavirus pandemic, trade between Russia and China still exceeded $100 billion last year, but was down almost 3% compared to 2019. The two countries want to double the volume of trade to $200 billion. The target level could still be reached by 2024, the head of the Russian Export Center, Veronika Nikishina, earlier told TASS.

    China’s overall exports have been growing amid the pandemic. The country was the first to face the Covid-19 outbreak and managed to contain the virus faster than others. For the whole of 2020, its outbound shipments increased 3.6% compared to the previous year and amounted to $2.6 trillion due to elevated global demand for Chinese goods. The growth has continued this year. In April alone, China’s exports were up 32.3%, beating analysts’ expectations.

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    Post  lancelot Mon May 10, 2021 9:20 pm



    The first phase of the Amur GPP (two production lines) has commenced, from January 1, 2025 the GPP is expected to reach its design capacity. The launch of the enterprise will allow to produce up to 2.6 million tons of ethane, 1.6 million tons of liquefied hydrocarbon gases, up to 60 million cubic meters of helium and up to 38 billion cubic meters of marketable gas annually.

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    LMFS
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    Post  LMFS Mon May 10, 2021 11:34 pm

    It is this kind of projects that the green hysteria in the West is trying to suppress, but "zone B" does not give a damn about their complaints, they will keep implementing them and forming the real, industrial base economy that determines the power of nations in the real world.

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    Post  GarryB Tue May 11, 2021 1:27 am

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    Post  flamming_python Tue May 11, 2021 1:49 am

    LMFS wrote:It is this kind of projects that the green hysteria in the West is trying to suppress, but "zone B" does not give a damn about their complaints, they will keep implementing them and forming the real, industrial base economy that determines the power of nations in the real world.

    Don't see anything to suppress, this is a perfectly ecological project and will help get the most out of gas extracted further upfield.

    Russia is investing a lot into the green stuff itself; ambitious plans for the construction of solar and wind energy farms, reconstruction of Soviet-era hydroelectric dam projects, a refocus on nuclear power, plans for the transition of public transport to electric and natural gas powered (already implemented in Moscow), plans for trains on non-electrified lines to run on LNG, a revamped forestry agency designed to protect and replant Russian forests, a big investment program into minimizing atmospheric waste from Soviet-era metallurgical and chemical plants, new legislation for harsh punishments on countries guilty of polluting and violating ecological norms, new waste recycling plants around the country to cut-down on landfills, a string of new nature reserves established across Siberia and the Far East where a lot of human activity such as hunting is restricted, and clean-up programs for some existing contaminated and polluted sites.

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    Post  LMFS Tue May 11, 2021 2:40 am

    ^ At the risk of being too obvious, all those good things about the project are the reason the West needs it suppressed... they don't need anyone actually catching up and rather prefer to hinder industrialization of their rivals under the lame excuse of environmentalism, while they let the rest of the world pay for the huge capital costs of their new "green" economy through their financial rackets... easy and simple as any good plan should be.

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    Post  Vann7 Tue May 11, 2021 4:01 am

    lancelot wrote:

    The first phase of the Amur GPP (two production lines) has commenced, from January 1, 2025 the GPP is expected to reach its design capacity. The launch of the enterprise will allow to produce up to 2.6 million tons of ethane, 1.6 million tons of liquefied hydrocarbon gases, up to 60 million cubic meters of helium and up to 38 billion cubic meters of marketable gas annually.


    nice gas station factory , iran and venezuela and azerbaijan have plants like that too.  
    here is venezuela plant.   Smile

    Russian Economy General News: #12 - Page 8 Refinery-owned-by-citgo-a-subsidiary-of-pdvsa-the-venezuelan-state-picture-id1149364879?k=6&m=1149364879&s=612x612&w=0&h=D7SsqN3dXn_lpfvehq4CMG9P2i6aNqfupYAJF8UnYp0=

    Qatar middle east gas plant..

    Russian Economy General News: #12 - Page 8 6c069cb3b2508de300fc5e41551757acd6056ac3

    Third world nations , all of them can do gas stations. Laughing


    Now lets see what true developed business are doing instead.


    Why semiconductors are important ? because it changes your life. ..,Dr. Elizabeth Sun ,
    director of Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Chip .

    Nations that do business that produce very important things that helps development of  nations
    for the entire world and influence all society.



    This is why the anglo west is so concerned about china high tech industry , it challenge
    directly american influence ,soft power in the entire world. This are business at another level , way far ahead of the resume of russia gazprom employees. You can replace Russian energy business with any other nation that produce also energy. But you can't replace state of the art , so easily. only a  hand pocket of nations can produce state of the art 3nm -5nm chips for civilian business ,completely on their own and russia is not one of them.  things that are very important for the development of all areas of life , from hospital industry ,car industry , construction industry , computer industry , artificial intelligence , aircraft industry , space industry , entertainment industry ,education industry and useful for simulations for discovering new things and can be used for biotech industry or military . This are business ,that change lives , not gas stations ,that can replaced so easily with business from another country , this is why russia is so vulnerable to the west ,so easy to replace , russia is not indispensable and can be easily replaced their business ,,and so can be sanctioned so easily , since their government have developed the economy in the most laziest way possible, as a gas station supplier and food and mining exporter. business that any third world nation can do.


    gazprom is a soviet era industry from the 80s , what have putin done to modernize russia economy?   "modern russian business"  today is a continuation of the soviet industries ,and there is very little ,next to nothing ,that putin can brag , of things Russia have to offer the world in civilian business.
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    Post  GarryB Tue May 11, 2021 7:39 am

    Why semiconductors are important ? because it changes your life. ..,Dr. Elizabeth Sun ,
    director of Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Chip .

    And from the Coca Cola company:

    Why softdrinks are so very important ? because it gives you life. So you don't die of thirst ..,Dr. Fred Smith ,
    Marketing Director of USA based CocaCola company.

    Gas plants are important for Russia because it means they can do more things with the gas they extract, including liquify it and export it via large ship.

    Those countries you mention probably paid a foreign country to build and operate those gas plants they have... this is a case of them processing a raw material and making it a value added product so they can charge more to the customer and make more profit from what they sell.

    Fossil fuels do have a limited lifespan though, but you will notice they mentioned Helium as well which is a rather expensive gas to buy too... I would think rather than filling party balloons, they will use that material more sensibly and practically.
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    Post  Daniel_Admassu Tue May 11, 2021 8:01 am

    You present a BBC program as an illustration of your point that Russian high tech industry will never catch up to the west. Of course we say west but nearly all of the fabs are in the orient now. ARM is a UK 'registered' business but it just designs and licenses chip logic. Russians too design their own SPARK logic and have it made in Taiwan.

    The difference is Russia is now building up its fab capacity, starting at 180nm or something a while back and I believe around 28nm today. They naturally start with orders for the space,  government and military because:
    1. To shield those sectors from foreign manipulation/sanctions
    2. They want to start small and build up the national expertise
    3. The manufacturers need the government revenue until their commercial presence is viable

    The semiconductor industry really is the pinnacle of high tech economies all around the world. Even China is catching up just today. The Soviet Union has tried to compete as far as it could back in the days. I remember there were chips for almost all the logic functions from Russia (her in Ethiopia too) but with a different numbering than for say Motorola. The end of the cold war and all the following tragedy threw all that to the gutter. Now Russia is slowly recovering a lost capacity.

    What I don't understand mostly is when people demand basically everything the collective 'west' is doing from a single country. Fragment that collection and you will find that maybe only the US would excel Russia in manufacturing diversity, be it in high tech or otherwise. Take France or even Germany and try to assess their consumer high tech output. I respect Germany for trying to maintain its Machine industry base. Most other so called western European nations don't even remotely approach the modernization trend that Russia is in right now. But of course for comparison purposes the MSM always resorts to the collective 'west'.

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    lancelot
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    Post  lancelot Tue May 11, 2021 11:08 am

    Vann7 wrote:nice gas station factory , iran and venezuela and azerbaijan have plants like that too.

    No they don't. This plant is going to separate 60 million cubic meters of helium annually.
    https://oilprice.com/Energy/Energy-General/A-Global-Helium-Shortage-Is-Now-Looming.html

    Presently the major producer of helium is... the USA.

    The Amur GPP was supposed to cost $12.7 billion dollars to build. But sure it's "just a gas station factory". That will produce helium gas with many industrial uses.

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    kvs
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    Post  kvs Tue May 11, 2021 2:41 pm

    Are we going to coddle this retarded Vann troll who is pushing the drivel that the gas plant in question is "low level technology" compared to
    some semiconductor fab in Taiwan?

    1) It is not either/or you imbecile. Having semi fabs is not a replacement for having gas and oil processing plants.

    2) The technology in this gas separation plant is not something you even understand. Separating trace amounts of
    Helium from raw natural gas requires advanced equipment. The smaller the concentration, the harder the extraction.
    But morons will claim that it is easy peasy lemon squeezy. The random photo of some plant in Qatar takes the cake
    for retard spew.

    3) Russia's current semi fab process capability which is below 65 nm is good enough for its military needs. The American
    prime competitor of Intel, AMD, has closed down all of its fabs and uses TSMC. But Russian companies using TSMC are
    supposed to be some sort of epic fail. GTFO, troll.

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    Post  miketheterrible Tue May 11, 2021 3:12 pm

    Well, They still have quite a few fab plants in US. Russia also has a few. So long as it works for their needs.

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    Post  Vann7 Tue May 11, 2021 10:23 pm

    kvs wrote:Are we going to coddle this retarded Vann troll who is pushing the drivel that the gas plant in question is "low level technology" compared to
    some semiconductor fab in Taiwan?  

    1) It is not either/or you imbecile.   Having semi fabs is not a replacement for having gas and oil processing plants.



    i never said is a replacement.  The same can be said about food , semiconductors is not a replacements for food , people needs to eat right?

    but when a government economy is so so so much focused in pipelines and energy monopolies
    , and totally ignore how poor is their influence at the global level ,versus the collective anglo west.. there there is a problem.  Must of russia debt is from pipelines ,  and not from any other thing.
    and it will be funny if with the stroke of a pen , US drains in the toilet all russian energy business with europe. all they need to do is get the right people  in germany and france and it will be done. so all 20 years of putin's economic strategy of gas stations will be thrown into the toilet.. if suddenly americans makes them an offer , because like i said , commodities business are the most basic form
    of business than any nation can do. .venezuela , qatar and africa are commoditie focused business.
    countries that largely lives from farming and energy sales..  but this are business ,that will not impress the world in any way . for being third world level business. not world class business.



    2) The technology in this gas separation plant is not something you even understand.  Separating trace amounts of
    Helium from raw natural gas requires advanced equipment.   The smaller the concentration, the harder the extraction.  


    totally irrelevant , is a business ,that does not influence or draw the attention of the world, is a business that does not compete ,does not challenge the western global business hegemony ,so don't challenge the dollar ,that don't challenge their world influence as leaders of the world development either ,and don't challenge the anglowestern empire.
    so is bad for putin to focus so much their economy ,in business that will not help russia influence the world ,and promote another alternative.





    3) Russia's current semi fab process capability which is below 65 nm is good enough for its military needs.  



    good enough for military yes.. but totally useless to compete with the west . if putin wants
    to stop the american empire ,he need to fight back ..and not stay there quiet peacefully building pipelines to the west. the best way to stop the the system ,that wants to break russia ,is by replacing their most powerful and influential business that they use to attract countries into their orbit with superior alternatives. exactly what china was doing.  huawei,xiomi > apple.   huion > wacom ,
    china 5G > western 4G and 4G+  and now they building a compeition to  US microprocessor industry and software industry too ,and even entertainment industry , this have never happened before , china have far away more influence over the west than Russia.. this is the point.. and is thanks to its superior civilian business.    Russia is only followed by nations rejected by the western system.
    which are a hand full pocket of countries only.  Not even china follows russia , is the other way .
    putin have asked the world (and china) to dedolarize and china did nothing ,still have 1 trillion dollars of US bonds  Laughing   Simply putin's Russia have a problem with leadership ,with influence ,consequence of his outdated development of their economy.




    The American
    prime competitor of Intel, AMD, has closed down all of its fabs and uses TSMC.    But Russian companies using TSMC are supposed to be some sort of epic fail.  



    But you forgot one small detail . it happens that TSMC is under full control of the american empire,
    and so is japan and south korea.. so any country that does not comply with the american world ,can be effectively isolated from world development , they cut their internet and can cut your technology too..  so this is why Russia needs to modernize its economy , like china is doing and need to directly
    compete the western most influential business.. in light that putin don't use their military to fight ,
    then they need to fight for influence , by replacing their most influential  business. is that simple.

    if american economy depends on donuts.. --> then russian needs to sell better more delicious donuts.  but their economy and world influence as "leader of the world development" depends on their them to keep their superiority in the high tech industry .  

    taiwain is the leader in semiconductors today , but there is a small catch.. they are totally controlled
    by the west.. so is the same thing in the end.. if US sanctions russia semiconductors.. all they need to do ban TMSC ,japan and south korea from doing business with russia and it will be the end of russia technology industry.  because they will not dissobey ,since russia business have nothing to offer them that they need and could get elsewhere.. is a soft power problem.. russia business soft power SUCKS , in comparison with the anglo west and their asian high tech colonies.


    About the question , of why russia needs to replace the entire world high tech industry ,that the west controls ,i never said that. I actually told ,that if putin was smart , he will create a high tech alliance
    with china ,india ,brazil and south africa to challenge the anglo west alliance , and cooperate to create a new internet with new semiconductor industry , and replace western business. the major problem that russia face is not skills or talent , Russia ,china and india have all the talent in the world
    to lead the world in technology . the real problem is putin lack of vision , lack of ambitions , for 20 years he have been totally ignoring the anglo west domination with their popular business and now he is paying the price for ignoring it ..  

    in 2014 , when europe and US started sanctions on russia over Crimea , what putin told?
    "that it was great that the west sanction Russia ,because it will encourage them  Rolling Eyes
    to not depend on their business and technology. so why putin need sanctions to motivate him to
    modernize his economy ?   confused  confused  confused   why he had to wait 14 years
    to take seriously the independence of russia business from the western ones?   No

    he wasted $$100 billions of dollars , in meaningless sport contest from 2010 to 2020 , things that nobody now give a **** and nobody remembers those medals. and cut the budget of space and gave pennies to their it industry ,  but later he don't understand why no one in the world takes russia seriously ,why no one in the west respect russia interest.. and i know the answer..

    BEcause US have power , have busines leadership ,have influence and Russia not.  that's why.
    if nations are going to sacrifice ,damaging relations , for chosing either US or Russia , as an ally,
    they rather will choose the most influential one ,that already have a full system operating ,with full business from a to z , in all areas. .than to choose a nation like russia that have nothing to offer them.


    if russia was clearly leading the world in modern civilian business ,that society most love ,most
    enjoy ,as high tech , and space are , long time ago ,the western empire will have ended , including
    nato , no  empire can survive without followers.  putin is only a victim of his own lazyness development of the russian economy.  russia will not disband the westen system ,with hypersonic missiles or gas discounts.. Russia problem is an influence problem. what the west calls LEADERSHIP.

    That the west have all the influence in the world in business and russia have almost none.
    this is why russia culture ends on russian borders ,while the american culture covers the entire world.
    US politcians is what ruins the west , but their business are pure brilliant. what they don't make themselves better than any other ,then they go and control it..  europe or any developed economy will never abandon the leadership of the american powerful business system that covers also most asian high tech economies ,for gas discounts of putin and putin's olympics. No

    20 years of bad strategy , bad economic model , this is the reason why russia is so vulnerable to the west.  Why bad ? because Russia business are not attractive enough ,influential enough, for the world ,to justify abandoning the american system and their very powerful business that all society love.
    The american systeam = anglo nations business + Europe + most asian modern economies.

    all that russia needs is to show ,to proof with actions ,the world ,that it can replace the the anglo west in their most advanced business, the ones that more proud makes feel them , that is their space industry or semiconductor . lets say Russia winning the mars race , will be a major embarrassment for them , and a huge big victory for russia influence in the world.  or Russia starting to sell quantum computers for civilians ,that totally eclipse western semiconductor industry.

    The moral of the story is ...

    Is with very advanced business success that impress the world ,how you win  
    And they need to specifically target either silicon valley high tech industry or NASA space program.
    This is how you dedolarize for REAL the american economy.. not asking politely saying please ,
    but with modern business leadership ,that eclipse the most important high tech industry of the west and /or to surpass US in space explorations, a manned space program ,or space tourism ,and do things That nasa can't do .  IS all about showing the world ,to proof ,that they don't need to listen ,such arrogant western system and follow their dictates ,that they can switch to Russia-china orbit and they will be better.  but with politeness and words alone , or pretty expensive parks , or victory parades , or hypersonic missiles , or gas discounts , russia Never convince any major power to abandon the american system . Not even china do that , and not even Putin drop all their dollars.
    so how ironic.   Russia will never end its dependence on the west , never ,as long putin is in power and continue ignoring the western super lead in modern business , and don't offer any competition.

    Russia needs to heavily invest in science and technology , as much they wasted in sports..


    1) A space exploration/mars landing race with humans.
    2) A semiconductor race or something even more powerful that ends the 50 years of american hegemony in computers.  like quantum computers , carbon nanotubes computers or nanomagnetic
    logic or atomic computers.  
    semiconductors , like optical computers or quantum computers.. that will be stunning knock out.
    3) replace the western internet with something new  , that is decentralized from US (very important)
    4) and finally but not least modernize their culture , and compete with the western digital and entertainment industry.  if americans do Call of duties ,where russians are the bad guys, then russian can fight back doing games that show NATO and israel soldiers allied with terrorist , and russian defeating them.

    russia don't need to do this alone , it can do it in coordination with china ,india and brazil and other nations.

    Is a leadership problem what russia face
    The lack of influence of russia business ,versus the west is what kills russia ability to make friends.
    is an influence battle . the nation with more amazing business ,amazing achievements will win.  if russia don't compete , and continue doing putin what he have been doing for 20 years , then it will make very easy for the west to break russia. there is no place for Russia as a follower of the west. it will be destroyed if doesn't taken down the western business influence .

    business success promotes cooperation . it already happened , look how the west cooperated with russia in space ,when they had a need of russian rockets and taxi to the ISS. So Russia need  strong business ,that completely surpass the western ones , this is how russia will have a chance to end the cold war. with modern business success. and if the west still refuse to cooperate , it will be the end of their economy ,because other nations will be joining those that win . There is no future in the world ,for the second or third place.  If Russia or china don't lead , the west will consolidate its power and destroy russia and china too.  

    Kiko
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    Post  Kiko Fri May 14, 2021 3:55 pm

    Russia made a breakthrough in the manufacturing industry. 13.05.2021

    The Russian industry not only coped with the crisis in 2020 better than the Europeans, but also made significant progress in the manufacturing industry. The country managed to halve imports in this segment and bring the share of domestic products to 60%. Where exactly did you manage to achieve success and what problems still remain to be solved?

    Russian industry managed to avoid a critical fall in 2020, said Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin. Moreover, many businesses quickly redeveloped to fight coronavirus infection. “We can produce 15 times more masks than a year ago. Protective suits - 33 times, medical gloves - 40 times, ventilators - 24 times, antiseptics - eight times, ”the head of government said.

    And the manufacturing industry in Russia was able to reach the level of 2019 by the end of 2020, despite the quarantine and problems. “Our manufacturing industry has suffered from the crisis caused by the coronavirus pandemic, much less than the European one. In April, the entire European industry showed the lowest results in the last twenty-five years. In our country, this decline did not exceed 8% and by June it had halved. At the same time, at the end of the year, we not only overcame the decline, but also reached the level of 2019, ”Mishustin said.

    Moreover, Russia has made a major breakthrough in import substitution in the manufacturing industry. “We are consistently expanding import substitution in various areas of our industry. First of all, in the processing industry. The share of domestic products in these sectors increased significantly last year and now amounts to about 60%, ”the Prime Minister said. Manufacturing output in 2020 even exceeded the level of the previous year - by 0.3%.

    If in 2014 the share of imports in the manufacturing industry was 80%, now it has dropped to 40%. This really can be considered a breakthrough.

    An effective instrument for reducing the share of imports is the Industrial Development Fund, which supported 100 antiquated projects worth 30 billion rubles, as well as projects in the field of the automotive industry and agricultural machinery. Mishustin told how he communicated with the inventors of various machine tools during a trip to Chuvashia: "It was a wonderful visit, in any case, I was delighted how many interesting things can be found, forgive me, still in the remnants of industrial production that have survived in the country."

    As an example, he cited the creation of the Russian PD-14 engine for the MS-21 aircraft, as well as the domestic high-power GTD 110M gas turbine. Last year, the latest Russian aircraft made its maiden flight with a Russian-made PD-14 engine. This is a huge achievement for the Russian engine and aircraft industry. The engine is the most complex and expensive part in the MC-21. Only a few countries in the world know how to make their own aircraft engines, and Russia is among them.

    The MC-21 is also powered by the American PW1400G-JM engine from Pratt & Whitney. However, the import substitution of this motor was extremely important. Now the American ban on the supply of aircraft engines to Russia will not put an end to the Russian project.

    Work on the domestic high-power gas turbine GTE 110M is also a serious stage in import substitution. After all, it was precisely the absence of its own turbines that nearly cost Russia the failure of the project to build two new thermal power plants on the Crimean peninsula. Moscow had to buy German Siemens turbines not first-hand, but on the secondary market in order to bypass the US sanctions.

    Now Russia has its own high-capacity gas turbines. The main stage of testing the first such turbine for power plants was completed back in 2019, and at the same time pilot operation of the turbine at Ivanovskaya GRES began.

    The manufacturing industry, in addition to mechanical engineering, also includes the food industry, textile, paper-pulp and chemical industries. “Among the manufacturing industries, the chemical and food industries felt relatively well in this difficult period, that is, those industries that developed simultaneously with the support of the state on the trend of import substitution and with huge domestic demand. Pharmaceuticals and the production of medical equipment stand out here for obvious reasons, ”says the associate professor of the Department of Industrial Economics of the PRUE. Plekhanov Oleg Kalenov.

    In the food industry, a successful import substitution for cheese can be noted. “The share of Russian cheeses has grown significantly. Today it is above 75%, while in 2014 it was at the level of 50%, ”says Dmitry Leonov, deputy chairman of the board of Rusprodsoyuz.

    Among the latest achievements, he notes the growth of the domestic champignon market.

    "Previously, Russia was a total net importer of cultivated mushrooms. Today, it has not only increased production, but also actively sells its products for export, ", - points out Leonov. According to NEO Center, last year Russia tripled its mushroom export - up to 2.1 thousand tons. In total, more than 65 thousand tons of them were produced, which is 14% more than in 2019. At the same time, imports did not exceed 20 thousand tons.

    Chemistry and petrochemistry have also become a serious Russian export commodity. The main strategic investors in this area are Gazprom, Sibur, Novatek, and fertilizer producers are actively continuing import substitution. The goal is not only to fully provide Russia with chemical products, but also to seize leadership in European and other markets. Moreover, they have the opportunity to obtain cheaper raw materials than Western competitors. But the components with the cars are needed not imported, but domestic, so that companies do not have to suffer from the devaluation of the ruble.

    In 2020 alone, as part of the implementation of the strategy for the development of the chemical and petrochemical industry, 16 projects were opened, investments in which amounted to 14 billion rubles, according to the Ministry of Industry and Trade. For example, a plant for the production of metal powders and paints and varnishes started operating in Armavir, in which 1 billion rubles of investments were made. And the Acron Group in Nizhny Novgorod launched a new nitric acid production unit with a capacity of 135 thousand tons per year, investing $ 10 million.

    “Under the influence of the pandemic, the structure of manufacturing has changed. The explosive growth in demand for medicines and sanitary materials caused by the pandemic contributed to an increase in the contribution of the production of goods for intermediate and final demand for medical purposes in the related industries of the machine-building and chemical complexes, textile, clothing and pulp and paper industries, ”notes Olga Izryadnova, Leading Researcher laboratory of macroeconomic research IPEI RANEPA.

    However, Russia still has room to move and what to replace. “The most difficult situation of all manufacturing industries has developed in the complex of machine-building industries. In the most acute form, the production of motor vehicles, electronic and optical products, and the production of computers reacted to the disruption of supply chains. This had an extremely painful effect on the dynamics of the output of related machine-building enterprises, structural materials and components, ”says Olga Izryadnova.

    “The priority direction of our industrial policy should be the development of the manufacturing industries. To rise, we need to develop technologies related to the formation and development of the material and technical base. These are, first of all, technologies of new composite materials based on nanotechnologies, ”Oleg Kalenov points out.

    The government is already forming new tools to develop the production of critical materials and components, creating its own component base to reduce dependence on supplies from abroad. “We form new plans of import substitution in accordance with the emerging challenges, prioritize them and focus on components, expanding bottlenecks. For example, in agricultural machinery - on modern types of transmissions, in pharmaceuticals - on specific substances that are needed for the production of drugs, and in machine tool construction - on numerical control systems and guides. We expect to approve the updated plans by mid-summer, ”Mishustin said.

    He added that in 2020 it was possible to launch a modernized mechanism for a special investment contract. As many as 600 modern technologies will be implemented under the SPIC.

    Text: Olga Samofalova

    https://m.vz.ru/economy/2021/5/13/1098882.html


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    lancelot
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    Post  lancelot Mon May 17, 2021 5:22 am

    But Russia is not China. It does not have the huge internal market a country like China has. This allows China to be engaged in consumer electronics to a degree a country like Russia simply cannot. Russia does not have enough of a market to justify the existence of lots of factories which do mass production of leading edge semiconductors for example. Let alone building the whole semiconductor supply chain including the machine tools. Something which China is now figuring out they have to do at great expense. It is not possible for China to buy machine tools from the West and compete at leading edge manufacturing, like Taiwan, or South Korea, or Japan do. China is barred from buying Western machine tools and have to make their own. Their market is large enough the Chinese might just do it. Russia can't justify something like that. Even back in the Soviet Union when they had the Warsaw Pact nations as a captive market they failed to compete properly. Now it is pretty much impossible.

    With regards to the US trying to kill the Russian economy with the help of the Saudis by crashing the oil price. Well. They failed. The Saudis blinked first.
    The Saudis cannot continue pushing the oil price down. Their economy can't handle it. Plus a lot of their wells today require water injection to extract, it is not as cheap for them as it used to be. Then you have the expenses of the war on Yemen, and the Houtis bombing Saudi oil infrastructure. They have thrown in the towel.

    The US has destroyed vast amounts of capital with fracking and most of those companies went belly up with the crash in oil prices. That is not something you can simply paper over. Now they are spending capital on LNG facilities which will lose economically to Qatari LNG. They cancelled the construction of the Keystone XL pipeline and their major oil pipeline with Canada has went belly up. They are carrying oil from Canada in trains to their refineries at vast expense. Not surprisingly these railways are controlled by US billionaire Warren Buffet. It is a giant shell game. A giant con.

    The US is going to be squeezed once the oil price comes back up. The US economy has a major dependency on oil, right now a lot of people are at home because of COVID-19, but once the economy goes back up you will have all those people moving from their homes in the suburbs to the cities for work, spending massive amounts of oil with their cars in the process. A country like China which has a proper mass transport network including electric rail and subways, or a country like Russia which has loads of oil, does not have that problem.

    Russia handled the oil price crash just fine. They had reserves thanks to the sovereign wealth fund, and they did some difficult economic decisions which reduced government expenses and increased government income. One example was the rise in the retirement age. Something which the West tried to use to agitate revolt in Russia with people like Navalny but also failed.

    The Russian economy is also a lot more resilient than the Soviet economy.

    Russia basically went the path of self-sufficiency in food and medicine production. You don't think that is something useful for a war economy? I think it is.
    One example of how resilient the modern Russian capitalist economy is versus the Soviet planned economy is how quickly it adjusted to the counter sanctions on food imports. It took between two and four years for the adjustment to happen but now Russia no longer depends on food imports and is actually a net food exporter. Something like that, I think, would have broken the Soviet economy.

    Most of the other products the Russian industry cannot produce it can import from China, a country it shares a border with, which is much the same situation of being contained by the West. Russian industrial production of things like cars has increased, and if Nordstream 2 gets cancelled, probably will grow even further as Germany and the Central European economy loses its competitive edge due to high energy prices. At the same time China is ramping up their car exports, and actually is ahead of Europe and Japan with regards to EVs, so I would not be surprised if they push both those blocks out of the car market over the next two decades too.

    Russia cannot do everything, so it has to focus on areas of excellence. That includes heavy industry because of their low energy prices, the thermal energy sector in general (not just oil & gas, but nuclear too), and like I said probably automobiles, aircraft, and other vehicles. Much like Germany moved its car industry to Poland in the 1990s, they are now moving it to Russia, because of like I said lower energy prices and lower wages.
    kvs
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    Post  kvs Mon May 17, 2021 5:54 am

    If the price of oil was to fall to zero dollars tomorrow, then Russia's GDP would shrink by less than 6%. That is making the silly assumption
    that the whole Russian oil industry is an export operation. It is not. Russia consumes about 40% of its total production. So the oil
    export price would slam the Russian GDP by an initial 3% and with some knock on negatives, one could see it possibly shrink by just under
    5%.

    It looks like the drivel about "Russia depends 50% on oil exports" has rotted the brains of western deciders and their court of sycophant
    analysts. That 50% referred only to the narrow budget back before 2006. It fell to 38% by 2019. It never referred to the GDP. The
    Russian GDP has 13% related to "resource rents", i.e. minerals, forestry, oil and gas extraction. This is a World Bank figure that was
    at 11% a few years ago so it is fluffed up by the nominal ruble exchange rate drop after 2014. A good estimate of the oil and gas fraction
    of the GDP is around 9%. The consolidated Russian budget depends 17% on oil and gas.

    Since we are talking about 5% of Russia's GDP, a look at the CBR prime interest rate is in order. Most of this loss can be offset with
    reduction of the prime rate to CPI - 2%. If the CPI is 4% then the prime rate should be 2%. No consumer (corporate or individual)
    ever sees the prime rate. A 2% prime would translate to a corporate lending rate of 4% which would divert Russian foreign
    borrowing by companies to the domestic market. This would also allow the Russian banking sector to finally grow to its proper size
    and to do its proper function.

    The CBR and Nabiullina claim credit for controlling Russian inflation. This is self-serving BS. When Russia was at high risk of inflation,
    the CBR had a totally different monetary policy. Before 2010, the CBR allowed the money supply to grow at annual rates as high as 50%.
    If there was so much inflationary instability, the CPI would never have been 15% and under during that time. We would have seen
    hyperinflation. After around 2010 and later the money supply growth wound down since it served its purpose to supply the volume
    of money (not necessarily cash) to service market prices in the Russian economy. The Harvard Boyz and Jeffrey Sachs in particular
    were totally full of shit when they claimed that market price transitions can happen in a single year. That assumes that people just
    reprice everything to reflect the supply of money. But prices do not work that way. We saw in the early 1990s that grocery prices
    quickly reached those in the west (adjusting for the exchange rate) in spite of the fact that people were not making western incomes.
    You can see the same effect in the UK (at least back over the last 40 years) where prices in pounds are nearly the same as in dollars
    in the USA but people do not get paid the same salaries. This may have changed recently, I have not been keeping track, but for
    a bloody long time this was the pattern.

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    GarryB
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    Post  GarryB Mon May 17, 2021 12:15 pm

    Vanns anti putin rant has been moved to an appropriate thread, do not continue to pollute this thread with more Vann or there will be action taken... am I clear?

    Feel free to post all the anti putin bullshit you like in the appropriate thread... I wont ban you for being anti putin but will ban you for not following instructions.

    Complaints via PM.

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    calripson

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    Russian Economy General News: #12 - Page 8 Empty No Need for Enemies When You've Got Central Bankers

    Post  calripson Mon May 17, 2021 5:19 pm

    kvs wrote:If the price of oil was to fall to zero dollars tomorrow, then Russia's GDP would shrink by less than 6%.   That is making the silly assumption
    that the whole Russian oil industry is an export operation.   It is not.   Russia consumes about 40% of its total production.   So the oil
    export price would slam the Russian GDP by an initial 3% and with some knock on negatives, one could see it possibly shrink by just under
    5%.  

    It looks like the drivel about "Russia depends 50% on oil exports" has rotted the brains of western deciders and their court of sycophant
    analysts.   That 50% referred only to the narrow budget back before 2006.   It fell to 38% by 2019.   It never referred to the GDP.   The
    Russian GDP has 13% related to "resource rents", i.e. minerals, forestry, oil and gas extraction.   This is a World Bank figure that was
    at 11% a few years ago so it is fluffed up by the nominal ruble exchange rate drop after 2014.   A good estimate of the oil and gas fraction
    of the GDP is around 9%.    The consolidated Russian budget depends 17% on oil and gas.

    Since we are talking about 5% of Russia's GDP, a look at the CBR prime interest rate is in order.   Most of this loss can be offset with
    reduction of the prime rate to CPI - 2%.   If the CPI is 4% then the prime rate should be 2%.   No consumer (corporate or individual)
    ever sees the prime rate.   A 2% prime would translate to a corporate lending rate of 4% which would divert Russian foreign
    borrowing by companies to the domestic market.   This would also allow the Russian banking sector to finally grow to its proper size
    and to do its proper function.    

    The CBR and Nabiullina claim credit for controlling Russian inflation.   This is self-serving BS.   When Russia was at high risk of inflation,
    the CBR had a totally different monetary policy.   Before 2010, the CBR allowed the money supply to grow at annual rates as high as 50%.
    If there was so much inflationary instability, the CPI would never have been 15% and under during that time.   We would have seen
    hyperinflation.   After around 2010 and later the money supply growth wound down since it served its purpose to supply the volume
    of money (not necessarily cash) to service market prices in the Russian economy.   The Harvard Boyz and Jeffrey Sachs in particular
    were totally full of shit when they claimed that market price transitions can happen in a single year.   That assumes that people just
    reprice everything to reflect the supply of money.   But prices do not work that way.   We saw in the early 1990s that grocery prices
    quickly reached those in the west (adjusting for the exchange rate) in spite of the fact that people were not making western incomes.
    You can see the same effect in the UK (at least back over the last 40 years) where prices in pounds are nearly the same as in dollars
    in the USA but people do not get paid the same salaries.    This may have changed recently, I have not been keeping track, but for
    a bloody long time this was the pattern.

     

    The entire Russian CBR and most private sector financial types are western sycophants who would love a 2021 version of Boris Yeltsin coming to power. They worship at the altar of "the West" and the thought of sending their kids to Stanford/Columbia/Harvard and of retiring to their Spanish/Italian villas.
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    Arrow

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    Post  Arrow Mon May 17, 2021 5:26 pm

    So why Putin tolerate such traitors in CBR?
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    Vann7

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    Post  Vann7 Tue May 18, 2021 11:12 pm

    kvs wrote:If the price of oil was to fall to zero dollars tomorrow, then Russia's GDP would shrink by less than 6%.   That is making the silly assumption
    that the whole Russian oil industry is an export operation.   It is not.   Russia consumes about 40% of its total production.   So the oil
    export price would slam the Russian GDP by an initial 3% and with some knock on negatives, one could see it possibly shrink by just under
    5%.  

    It looks like the drivel about "Russia depends 50% on oil exports" has rotted the brains of western deciders and their court of sycophant
    analysts.   That 50% referred only to the narrow budget back before 2006.   It fell to 38% by 2019.   It never referred to the GDP.   The
    Russian GDP has 13% related to "resource rents", i.e. minerals, forestry, oil and gas extraction.   This is a World Bank figure that was
    at 11% a few years ago so it is fluffed up by the nominal ruble exchange rate drop after 2014.   A good estimate of the oil and gas fraction
    of the GDP is around 9%.    The consolidated Russian budget depends 17% on oil and gas.

    Since we are talking about 5% of Russia's GDP, a look at the CBR prime interest rate is in order.   Most of this loss can be offset with
    reduction of the prime rate to CPI - 2%.   If the CPI is 4% then the prime rate should be 2%.   No consumer (corporate or individual)
    ever sees the prime rate.   A 2% prime would translate to a corporate lending rate of 4% which would divert Russian foreign
    borrowing by companies to the domestic market.   This would also allow the Russian banking sector to finally grow to its proper size
    and to do its proper function.    

    The CBR and Nabiullina claim credit for controlling Russian inflation.   This is self-serving BS.   When Russia was at high risk of inflation,
    the CBR had a totally different monetary policy.   Before 2010, the CBR allowed the money supply to grow at annual rates as high as 50%.
    If there was so much inflationary instability, the CPI would never have been 15% and under during that time.   We would have seen
    hyperinflation.   After around 2010 and later the money supply growth wound down since it served its purpose to supply the volume
    of money (not necessarily cash) to service market prices in the Russian economy.   The Harvard Boyz and Jeffrey Sachs in particular
    were totally full of shit when they claimed that market price transitions can happen in a single year.   That assumes that people just
    reprice everything to reflect the supply of money.   But prices do not work that way.   We saw in the early 1990s that grocery prices
    quickly reached those in the west (adjusting for the exchange rate) in spite of the fact that people were not making western incomes.
    You can see the same effect in the UK (at least back over the last 40 years) where prices in pounds are nearly the same as in dollars
    in the USA but people do not get paid the same salaries.    This may have changed recently, I have not been keeping track, but for
    a bloody long time this was the pattern.

     


    i have debunked your claims long time ago , where Russia finance minister directly contradict
    the lies you claim.  unfortunately can't find that interview , so will try to find it again and will permanently have it linked in every single post ,so you never again dare to post such lies about
    Russia economy.

    but there are a few other links that found that will show you the big lies of your claims..
    so get ready for the knockout .  i will use exclusively Russia finance ministers claims ,to challenge
    your disconnected from reality numbers.

    When Obama started the war on oil prices in 2016 , in alliance with saudi arabia to bring down
    oil prices , when people was saying , oh no those sanctions "don't work" , lets see what the finance
    minister told about the western war on oil prices , the damages to russia economy.

    So lets see what

    Anton Siluanov have said about Russia economy problems on its vulnerability on oil prices ...

    Russian Economy General News: #12 - Page 8 440px-Anton_Siluanov_%282019-09-25%29

    Russia: "Drop in oil has cost us $200 billion," says Russian Finance Minister




    so wow in 2016 alone ,the oil price war against --> RUSSIA , that obama started to hit russia,
    cost the russian budget a woopin 200 billions $USD dollars , this doesn't include the chain of reaction that his oil prices created later ,the depreciation of the ruble world wide , that the ruble lost half of its value ,for very low oil prices alone  and the inflation of russia economy later multiplied this problems on population , then hit the natural gas prices too   the next year ..  Laughing

    In 2016, oil, gas and other hydrocarbons accounted for 38 percent of the Russian budget.  

    Anton Siluanov told here , that in  2016 oil and gas and other hydrocarbons accounted for near 40% of of the Russian budget...    


    wow!!!

    40% of the Russian economy dependent on oil and natural gas

     Shocked  Shocked  Shocked  Shocked  Shocked  Shocked  Shocked

    https://www.rt.com/business/391583-russia-economy-oil-ruble/


    still looking for an interview where Anton siluanov clearly told in 2019-2020 that..

    The Russian  budget to a large extent ,depends on energy sales and energy refinery and services related to it

    and i posted that video too , and what was the response from kvs and others ?

    that the finance minister "don't know " , or that he is no longer working there. bla bla bla..  Rolling Eyes   Laughing

    So i rather trust , putin's right hand , over what the russian economy is ,than a wanna be expert
    kid ,that know absolutely nothing about economy ,  Since can't even understand why  

    is MORE IMPORTANT for Russia ,the quality of your economy ,than the quantity of it

    Quality > quantity .
    very high quality economy , that is very advanced business ,is far away more important than
    third world nations level business ,as it is middle east,africa and venezuela economies , highly dependent economies on energy sales. just like Russia.  

    The only reason , Russia is not like Venezuela today on its economy , is because have nuclear weapons and europe knows ,that if they cooperate with US on totally isolating the Russian pipelines
    focused economy ,that eventually a war could happen and that will be incredibly expensive for europe in the end , because they will be in the middle of that fight ,and be nuked too.. Also Europe wants to ends their dependence on carbon energy and nuclear reactors too , and so natural gas is a good substitute for it..  But if americans get Merkel and macron out of europe , and replace them with
    puppet , it will be game over for Russia ,Not only nord stream 2 will go ,but nord stream 1 too ,and those pipelines will pump air ,will be totally empty ,if americans consolidate their control over
    Western europe . Which have no mistake ,is something they can do , and it means that Russia future
    is highly dependent on pipelines and luck , more than anything . this is how mediocre is Russia development, a gas fucking station , instead of modernization of their economy. and privatizing all that crap.

    in the world we live , a world at war , Russia can't afford the luxury ,to look to the other side and ignore the american business power and their system that controls most of the planet. if russia don't challenge the anglo west system , don't compete with their very advanced modern business , they will eventually succeed in influencing all nations ,into their orbit and turn an isolate Russia.
    china will not abandon the dollar , no matter how politely putin ask for it. they actually won a court
    battle , that allowed several tech companies to be removed from trump sanction list , like Xiaomi Global and others too.  Smile

    This how a massive FAILURE is Putin as a leader , not even their closest allies listen him. lol1

    Xiaomi Wins Court Ruling Blocking U.S. Restrictions on It

    https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2021-03-12/xiaomi-wins-court-ruling-blocking-u-s-ban-on-smartphone-maker

    So how is china going to follow , the retarded midget polite president of russia of dedolarization of their economy if they expand their business relations with america ? perhaps biden will accept russian rubles now as payment for trading with US?   Laughing   putin is a lonely retard in the world ,
    in his dedolarization crusade , not even russia business dedolarize ,everyone needs american business. visa and mastercard and american high tech industry continues selling with total freedom in russia and they only accept dollars , you can't buy iphones or intel or amd in rubles. every supplier who buys american tech , need to pay in dollars.. and period. and without dollars you can't have internet either.. so very sorry the future of Russia with a president disconnected from reality.


    based on my observations , the numbers are even higher than what siluanov says.. higher than 40%
    that is already embarrassing high ,signal that russia is indeed a gas station.. just like the west
    claimed and even Russia own government admit it is , if he take into account the fact thatNord Stream 2 will only increase Russia dependence on gas stations/ that is on energy sales.
     
    So from 40% to 60% this is how big is the impact of Russia energy business ,and services to those business (like security and managers jobs) and indirect jobs that this creates is the Russian economy.   and even more.   Because putin himself proposed nord stream 3 pipeline.   lol1
    to make even more lame , more lazy , more outdated , and bigger the gas station that is russia.

    This is bad ,because it makes Russia very vulnerable to the US sanctions , and also waste the potential of Russia scientific community ,that will rather go to work to Gazprom with a much higher
    salary ,than to work in Russia space industry or semiconductor industry ,that they earn the minimum salary many of its staff and scientist earn less than teachers in Russian university too. No


    Last edited by Vann7 on Tue May 18, 2021 11:51 pm; edited 2 times in total

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