The number of publications increases every year in western journals but the quality goes down. Funding
agencies typically look a the number of papers a researcher produces and not their quality (they don't
have the resources to evaluate quality). It's publish or perish entropy. Russia is backward in this regard.
Russian scientists don't crank out incremental meat meat grinder pap and usually take their time
Then there is the variety of various "scientific" fields. Such as social science and economics. I bet this
paper count generously samples from under every academic rock. I would automatically discount these
papers as low value fluff.
And the cherry on top are biomedical science papers. Check this link (it's not all science papers but medical ones):
So the junk level of these papers is 70% to 90%.
However, science has suffered greatly after 1991 (and even before) in Russia. The red curve in the graph is obviously
a fraud since there was a clear collapse in paper output during the 1990s and it did not stop by 1996. The negative
impact on paper count was making itself felt even during the 2000s. I would say that only in the last 5 years or so that
there is more funding and hence more paper output in Russia. I am counting real papers and not the fluff this politically
motivated graph is using to "prove" its case.