"They will be better than the Mistral": what Russia is building in Crimea
MOSCOW, 13 Mar-RIA Novosti, Andrey Kotz. Roomy, high-speed, modern-the shipbuilding industry has revealed some of the characteristics of the universal amphibious assault ships of the 23900 project. Two pennants have already been laid on the stocks of the Kerch Zaliv plant. Previously, ships of this class were not built in Russia. Thanks to them, the fleet will have unique opportunities for expeditionary operations.
Create from scratch
Universal amphibious assault ships are available only in a few fleets of the world. Not every state can afford them, and not everyone needs them. UDC combines most of the functions inherent in other landing ships. In fact, these are floating bases of the marine corps. The main tasks are to land the expeditionary forces on the equipped and unequipped coast, support their actions by air, and deliver heavy armored vehicles to the combat zone. In addition, the UDC often serves as a headquarters-they manage the amphibious assault.
In Russia, the need for such ships was realized in the late noughties. They couldn't create their own ones from scratch at that time, so they decided to study Western proposals. In December 2010, they signed a contract with France for two first-rank multipurpose amphibious assault ships of the Mistral class.
Vladivostok ship of the Mistral class at the docks of SNX France
These udcs would provide the marine corps with its own transport capable of ensuring a long-term presence of military contingents in remote areas of the world, giving them air support and full management. UDC, named "Vladivostok" and "Sevastopol", Russia was supposed to receive in the fall of 2014, but due to the situation around the Crimea, Paris, under pressure from its allies, suspended the contract. As a result, Moscow was paid compensation, and Egypt bought the Mistral.
Since the conclusion of this transaction, the Russian expert community has been constantly debating UDC. Critics insisted that the large amphibious assault ships already in service could perform their tasks.
Differences between universal amphibious assault ships and "Mistrals" are named"
In addition, Russia at that time did not conduct and did not intend to conduct expeditionary operations abroad. However, the military operation in Syria put everything in its place. UDC would be very useful in the middle East for the transfer of military equipment and military personnel to Tartus. And air groups of ships would help in the fight against terrorists.
Forty thousand tons
Universal amphibious assault ships of project 23900 were developed at the Zelenodolsk design Bureau. The first two UDC ships - "Ivan Rogov" and "Mitrofan Moskalenko" -were laid in Kerch in July 2020. According to the plans, they should be built, tested and handed over to the fleet by 2027-2028. Kerch specialists are faced with an extremely non-trivial task: according to the project, the displacement of each UDC is about 40 thousand tons. Such large ships in post-Soviet Russia have not yet been laid.
The prospective UDC is 220 meters long and 38 meters wide. A powerful diesel-gas turbine unit will provide a speed of 22 knots. Range-six thousand nautical miles, autonomy-60 days, crew-320 people. The case will be made according to the block-modular principle with simultaneous production of large elements and their subsequent connection.
The design includes a running bridge, command and staff rooms, crew and landing sections, helicopter and cargo hangars, and technical areas. UDC project 23900 will be able to take on Board up to a marine regiment (a thousand military personnel) and up to 75 units of military equipment. Speedboats will be placed in the dock chambers for landing troops. Strike weapons are not expected, and Pantsir-ME anti-aircraft missile systems will protect against the threat from the air. In addition, sufficiently powerful air groups will be based on Board.
"We are talking about Kamov design Bureau helicopters," a source in the shipbuilding industry told RIA Novosti. -Ka-52K attack aircraft and other models, including the Ka-27. Capacity-15-16 cars. In addition, four drones. The Ministry of defense has long agreed on the requirements for the appearance of the UDC. The final project is no worse in terms of functionality, and maybe even better than the French Mistrals.