They may have them long before the VMF does.
Steam cat technology is not good for the Russian Navy because they want to be able to operate their carriers in arctic waters... their two major naval bases are in arctic or near arctic regions.
If China wants to operate their carrier in the Arctic then it is something they need to consider too, but I suspect once they have perfected the technologies associated with aircraft carriers, they will be more interested in projecting power to South and Central america and Africa than the north sea route which will largely be under the control of Russia... which will likely be managed in a way that does not hurt Chinese interests...
The Bohai Gulf gets cold enough to freeze & there r icebreakers for that. For training, they can fly AEWCs from land bases; during deployments, they can launch them in warmer waters so the CAT won't create ice buildup on their decks.
Most of Russias northern border is frozen much of the year, for them very cold weather is more of an issue which makes the EMALS much more attractive for many many reasons.
China is much less effected by such considerations and the quicker easier steam cats could be a realistic stopgap, but for Russia there wont be that much difference in the time and energy and money needed to develop a working and mature steam system and the time and energy and money to develop a working and mature EMALS system... the difference is that the technology and materials that would be needed to make the latter work will be applicable in a much wider range of areas... electrical power manipulation, generation and storage, as well as magnets and plasma technologies can be applied to other areas like maglev trains and EM accelerators.
Imagine a 5km long maglev train line that at the end curved up like a rollercoaster to point vertically that could be used to accelerate an object to several kms per second that could replace the first and biggest and heaviest and most expensive component of a space launch rocket... electrical propulsion is going to be way more efficient than chemical propulsion especially for large heavy loads...
Some where in the Ural mountains the side of a mountain that offers a useful angle could have a similar track ready to launch objects upwards with a better supported track able to handle enormous weights up to reasonable flight speeds... remember the first stage rocket of most space launch systems are the most powerful and filled with the most fuel just to get the rest of the spacecraft moving and climbing... by the time they reach 10,000m altitude they are often only slightly supersonic but they are on their way... getting a much smaller object moving rather faster at 4km altitude could reduce the launch costs by an enormous amount...
The USN deployed CV/Ns into the cold N. Atlantic & Norwegian fiords before, practicing flight ops there.
Minus 40 degrees?
How many are based in Alaska and normally operate only in the Arctic ocean... like a Russian carrier might need to?
I doubt they will remove missiles & change other things for that. A barge can be used to test it at sea/lake.
Not to test the EMALS... to upgrade the Kuznetsov to make it able to carry a heavier aircraft AWACS platform...
Even on the CVN/TAKRN, with all the armament, radars, & other equipment, there may not be enough power generated left for the EMALS for their simultaneous use.
A Russian CVN would only be using EMALS to launch AWACS aircraft... their fighters wouldn't need them for normal operations... so one launch every 6-8 hours is hardly going to require the entire ship to power down for a launch... and with AWACS aircraft operating those radars on the ship will spend most of their operational lives listening and not transmitting so the power they will be using will be fairly minimal.
They operated nuclear ice breakers & subs for a long time but not CVNs, unlike the USN, as u correctly mentioned; there will be many kinks to be corrected & learned to avoid.
All their ships use radar and have weapon systems that use power, so power management wont really be a brand new thing for them I suspect.
The time it takes to prepare an aircraft to launch means it can charge up capacitor banks over a period of time before a launch without demanding full power from the power source.
They might want to launch two heavy aircraft at once but they wont be launching dozens at a time... as I mentioned above only the AWACS and perhaps eventually a heavy strike model aircraft might be launched but most of the aircraft will be fighters that could take off conventionally...
They can still do it in the sea states that an amphibian would break apart.
If that were true then an AWACS aircraft taking off or landing on a heaving deck should also break apart for the very same reasons... in high sea states very few ships will be operating normally...
Those 2 r not deck helos & r too big; as land based, they r perfect. But a tandem helo the size of between CH-46 & CH-47 is more power efficient & safer; it could serve as COD, AEWC, SAR/ASW/Marine/VDV/SOF/gunship platform for less $ & time to develop than the tilt-rotors, even if its performance is not as good:
At a time when new high speed helos are being developed, why would Russia want to dig up a dinosaur and build a new copy of it?
Why build a tandem rotor design helo when they could built a very large coaxial rotor model that they can put a forward driving tail mounted propeller or turbofan engine for better speed?
With folding main rotors it could be interesting, but at the end of the day a fixed wing aircraft will be cheaper to buy and operate and have better performance.
The CH-47F can fly at speeds of over 175 mph (282 km/h) with a payload of more than 21,000 lb (9.5 t). ..
A CH-47F Block 2 is planned to be introduced after 2020. The Block 2 aims for a payload of 22,000 lb (10,000 kg) with 4,000 ft (1,200 m) and 95 °F (35 °C) high and hot hover performance, eventually increased up to 6,000 ft (1,800 m),..
Nice features but all vastly inferior to existing Russian helicopters...
... from wiki unfortunately:
Afghanistan Chinook recovery
In the spring of 2002, a civilian Mi-26 was leased to recover two U.S. Army MH-47E Chinook helicopters from a mountain in Afghanistan. The Chinooks, operated by the 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment, had been employed in Operation Anaconda, an effort to drive al Qaeda and Taliban fighters out of the Shahi-Kot Valley and surrounding mountains. They found themselves stranded on the slopes above Sirkhankel at altitudes of 2,600 metres (8,500 ft) and 3,100 metres (10,200 ft). While the second craft was too badly damaged to recover, the first was determined to be repairable and estimated to weigh 12,000 kilograms (26,000 lb) with fuel, rotors, and non-essential equipment removed. That weight exceeded the maximum payload of 9,100 kilograms (20,100 lb) at an altitude of 2,600 metres (8,500 ft) of the U.S. military's Sikorsky CH-53E.
The Mi-26 was located through Skylink Aviation in Toronto, which had connections with a Russian company called Sportsflite that operated three civilian Mi-26 versions called "Heavycopters". One of the aircraft, aiding in construction and firefighting work in neighboring Tajikistan, was leased for $300,000; it lifted the Chinook, flew it to Kabul, then later to Bagram Air Base, Afghanistan to ship to Fort Campbell, Kentucky, U.S. for repairs. Six months later, a second U.S. Army CH-47 that had made a hard landing 160 kilometres (100 mi) north of Bagram at an altitude of 1,200 metres (3,900 ft) was recovered by another Sportsflite-operated Mi-26 Heavycopter.
Such a helo can be very useful in the Far North, Siberia & the RFE:
The civilian version of the Chinook is the Boeing Vertol 234. It has been used for a variety of purposes by a range of different civil operators, having often been used for passenger and cargo transport, along with niche roles such as aerial firefighting and to support various industrial activities, including logging, construction, and oil extraction
They already have Mi-8/17 and Mi-26 and will soon add Mi-38... there is little point in adding a brand new design they haven't even started on yet...