By the way, the correct term is STOVL, i.e. Short Take Off Vertical Landing.
Yak-38 was a VTOL aircraft, i.e. Vertical Take Off and Landing.
VSTOL as reported by some, is simply meaningless.
Actually that STOVL applies to conventional aircraft like the Storch or An-72 or An-2 that have short takeoff and landing.
The correct term for the Harrier and Yak-38M is V/STOL which stands for Vertical or Short Takeoff or landing... ie vertical takeoff or vertical landing or short take off or short landing.... any aircraft that can take off vertically can also do a rolling take off and any aircraft that can land vertically can use a rolling landing to use wing lift to offset some engine requirements.
It would make more sense to use arrested landings using a high speed landing with arrestor wires, which when they are working properly are a very efficient way to stop an aircraft in a small area.
The aircraft carriers will have a conventional fighter with STOVL capability...the VTOL aircraft is envisaged as equipping helicopter carriers
So the new VTOL aircraft could be a high speed helicopter.... or the Ka-52K.
He knows nothing about what he is talking about.
Yes, he is full of the sky is falling.... they can't afford anything but have invested in development of a nuclear power plant for heavy vessels and an EM cat and a naval model of PAK FA, but they don't know how to build large ships despite spending a small fortune to get South Korea to upgrade their Zvezda plant in the far east to build ships up to 350K ton... Of course they wont build big ships, that is just silly.
single engine STOVL fighter jet can easily be converted into much simpler and cheaper standard light fighter jet which is another item on MoD wishlist.
The only STOVL single engined aircraft was the Harrier and I don't remember any cheap simple version of that...
The Sea Harrier was a potent aircraft but fit its radar and comparable fixed engine in a conventional plane and it would be a superior aircraft.
As for not building supercarriers, again explanation is simple: they don't need them. They do need LHDs and anti-sub cruisers. And they need more than one of them which is number of supercarriers they would build if they went full retard and decided to have another white elephant.
A super carrier is a strike carrier, which is not what the Russians need or want.
An air defence carrier on the other hand greatly improves the performance of a fleet of vessels in terms of vision and reach.
In terms of attack performance a hypersonic cruise missile can penetrate enemy defences much better than any carrier aircraft.
And what exact limitations do STOVL jets have that are such hindrance for Russia? They would not fit into US Naval doctrine but this is not USN, this is Russian Navy. Different priorities, different tasks, different purpose.
The US Marines want VSTOL F-35s for their little carriers.
The Russians are better off with better performance aircraft like Su-33 adn MiG-35 and a PAK FA naval model and perhaps a new light 5th gen fighter.
Su-33 will be useless when F-35 will be flown by most of the countries around russia. In terms of BVR they lack long range missiles like last AMRAAM and their RCS make them very difficult to hide with jaming.
The Su-33 in the air will offer much better radar coverage than a ships radar set a few metres above the water... and AEW aircraft will also boost the vision of the fleet... if the threat is F-35s then long wave radar on the ships should be able to detect F-35s are rather large distances and the Su-33s can monitor the S-400 missiles as they destroy F-35s 400km from the ship that launched the missile...
It Will be developped from Yak-141, which was quite decent fighter. At to it modern electronics, weapons and engine from Su-57 and you get a jet, which could do its job to protect the fleet and make strikes where needed.
No. The Yak-141 was not a decent fighter.... it had a small weak radar and four wing hardpoints and could only carry AAMs... normally two R-77s and two-R-73s and a single barrel cannon... it was mediocre.
Anything you could put in the Yak-141 you could put in the MiG-29K but it would be faster and longer ranged and much more capable and robust and cheaper.