The Russians aren't building a flotilla to go all around the world; they're building a navy that can protect them
against their adversaries. The vast majority of the trade-routes en-use by Russia are going to be coastal.
That is why, primarily, they are focusing on building Gorshkov's (15 planned), Grigorovich's (7 planned), Buyan-M's (15 planned), Steregushchiy's (24 planned), Gremyashchiy's (6 planned), Karakurt's (16 planned) & Project 20386's (10 planned). None of them are fit to embark on long-distance patrols.
A total of 93 surface ships.
They also seemed to have scrapped the idea of nuclear attack submarines, probably for the same reason they're mostly focused on building coastal defense ships. They're currently planning: Project 885's (10 planned - nuclear cruise), Project 545 (Unknown - nuclear cruise), Project 636.3's (13 planned - attack), Project 677 (12 planned, attack), something from ЦКБ "Рубин" (unknown - attack), Project 955(A) (10 planned - nuclear ballistic).
A total of 45 submarines.
It should be noted that they're also planning to build quite a few nuclear icebreakers: Project 22220's (5 planned), Project 10510 (3 planned) to complement the currently operational 2x Arktika's & 2x Taymyr's. That'll increase their fleet twice, btw.
And there's absolutely no reason for them to build large destroyers or aircraft carriers. They will never see actual use as the Russians remain to be a more land oriented military power (due to the threats they face). Not to mention that the vast majority of US Navy ships will be focused predominantly on the Chinese, given this is their short-term plan (including currently operational newly built
- Type 55 - 16 planned, destroyer/cruiser
- Type 52D - 25 planned, destroyer
- Type 52C - 6 planned, destroyer
- Type 52B - 2 planned, destroyer
- Type 51C - 2 planned, destroyer
- Type 54A - 50 planned, frigate
- Type 54 - 2 planned, frigate
- Type 53 (all) - 20 planned, frigate
- Type 56 - 72 planned, corvette
- Total destroyers: 51
- Total frigate's & corvettes' : 144
- Total: 192
The Chinese are actually building carrier escort groups and a deep water navy. In addition to a huge amount of coastal ships that will guard their shipping routes. They've already surpassed the US navy in terms of surface ships and they will not stop doing this as their manufacturing capability is only set to increase
You need only compare the above to what the Australians, French, Americans, Germans and the English have (I've even added the Japanese for extra credit, due to their racism against the Chinese):
- US destroyers: 97
- Japanese destroyers: 36
- UK destroyers: 12
- French destroyers: 11
- Australian destroyer: 3
- US frigates: 35
- UK frigates: 13
- French frigates: 11
- Germany frigates: 10
- Australian frigates: 10
- Germany corvettes: 5
- Total destroyers: 159
- Total frigates: 79
- Total: 243
The Germans are barely able to keep their fleet functional. The French and UK have actually failed to launch numerous missiles from their frigates/destroyers. The Australians are basically a joke. The Japanese are under various treaties to not include land-attack missiles in their navy arsenals. The only real adversary that the Chinese and Russians are facing is the United States. A navy who's so split all over the world that their force projection in the Chinese/Russian region is completely pathetic.
The Chinese will continue to build up their destroyers and frigates at a pace of about 10 / year. Comparing that to the pace of the United States (2 / year) is a joke. In just a decade they'll have complete superiority over the United States in their coastal ships and blue water navy... by the looks of how their air-force is growing, I dare say they'll have superiority over the Americans in about the same time too.