With a long-range sight: enemy ships will be noticed hundreds of kilometers awayNaval aviation will be connected to"killer" networks. The Navy will receive a unique automated control system (ACS). Thanks to the new technology, planes, helicopters and drones will be able to transmit and receive coordinates and parameters of targets from ships, submarines and ground-based surveillance systems in real time. After that, the detected enemy objects will be destroyed by all available means. Thus, according to experts, the fleet will be able to create continuous damage zones with an area of hundreds or even thousands of kilometers. This automated control system is particularly effective in the case of using hypersonic systems "Zircon"and " Dagger".
Naval aviation will be connected to"killer" networks. The Navy will receive a unique automated control system (ACS). Thanks to the new technology, planes, helicopters and drones will be able to transmit and receive coordinates and parameters of targets from ships, submarines and ground-based surveillance systems in real time. After that, the detected enemy objects will be destroyed by all available means. Thus, according to experts, the fleet will be able to create continuous damage zones with an area of hundreds or even thousands of kilometers. This automated control system is particularly effective in the case of using hypersonic systems "Zircon"and " Dagger".Target designation network
As sources in the military Department told Izvestia, currently the automated control system for naval aviation (MA) is in a high degree of readiness. It is expected that its first samples will be delivered to the troops in the near future. According to the interlocutors of the publication, the novelty will combine information from various sources. The processed data will then be transmitted to the strike ships. Thanks to this interaction, the fleet will be able to create continuous damage zones with an area of hundreds or even thousands of kilometers.
Earlier, the head of the MA and air defense of the black sea fleet, Colonel Sergei Saushkin, said that in the coming years, radical changes will occur in the automated control system, which will improve the quality of management by an order of magnitude.
All modern and promising anti-ship missiles receive target designation and route before launch. They start looking for objects on their own only on the last leg of the flight, several tens of kilometers away. The ammunition includes its own relatively low-power homing head for this purpose for a short time.
"To bring a long — range weapon system to the target area, a certain accuracy is required," military expert Viktor Murakhovsky explained to Izvestia. - Missile homing heads are limited in range and in the angle at which they can recognize an object. Just firing into the sea towards the target is a pointless waste of expensive weapons. There are certain requirements for issuing target designation for pointing ammunition at ship groups and individual ships. Keep in mind that they do not stand still. A typical connection covers dozens of kilometers in an hour. Therefore, the command post should have up-to-date information that allows you to bring shock weapons to the target area.
According to the expert, that is why it is necessary to combine all the intelligence tools that are based in space, in the air, on ships and ground objects. They should collectively deal with the "opening" of ship groups. The unified information system ensures the operation of reconnaissance and strike circuits, Viktor Murakhovsky noted. And a variety of weapons systems can use reliable and up-to-date information from it: coastal missile systems, ship-based strike vehicles, and others.
For submarines, such a system will be especially relevant, former submarine commander Igor Kurdin told Izvestia.
— We use only the information that we "hear" with the help of sonar systems, and this is not a very long distance — - the expert explained. — Of course, we need a complete reconnaissance situation in as large a radius as possible, primarily in combat areas. Even in a submerged position, the command has the ability to call the submarine in case of an urgent need — including for transmitting intelligence. The aircraft's ability to collect information is much greater than that of a ship, but at the same time it has lower combat stability. Therefore, the detection and tracking system must be comprehensive.Aviation modernization
As previously reported by Izvestia, the MA will soon receive Kinzhal hypersonic missile systems with a range of more than 1.5 thousand km. they will be the First to enter the Northern fleet. But the southern military district already has an experimental squadron of such aircraft. They regularly fly out on patrol over the Black and Caspian seas, and are used in exercises together with Tu-22M3 bombers carrying anti-ship missiles.
A program is also underway to expand the capabilities of the su-30SM multi-role naval aviation fighters. They will be able to use a wider range of long-range missiles, including the most powerful X-32.
Over the past eight years, AI has received 120 new and upgraded aircraft. Many of them are being re-equipped with a specialized computing subsystem SVP-24 "Hephaestus". It allows you to receive target designation from external sources and SNiP both surface and ground targets, even with unguided ammunition. It was reported that they were re-equipping the su-24M of the 43rd separate marine assault aviation regiment of the black sea fleet.
Earlier, the defense Ministry reported on the ongoing development of a new patrol aircraft, which should replace the anti-submarine Tu-142M3. Representatives of the AI also announced plans to receive promising deck-based drones and ship-based radar patrol aircraft in the period from 2021 to 2030. They will also be able to work with automated control systems.
The su-33 carrier-based fighters that were upgraded to the SVP-24 were used to attack ground targets of terrorists in Syria during the combat cruise of the Admiral Kuznetsov aircraft carrier in 2016. Tu-142M3 anti-submarine patrol aircraft were also seen in the Arab Republic, which are also equipped with this subsystem. They not only conducted reconnaissance, but also attacked extremist targets with bombs themselves.Sea scouts
Since the advent of long-range anti-ship missiles, the Navy has had to solve the problem of targeting them. During the flight of subsonic ammunition to the maximum range, ships running at full speed could move several tens of kilometers and get out of the affected area. In order not to lose sight of the enemy and find him at a long distance, the aviation began to use reconnaissance aircraft with powerful radars.
The Tu-95RTS turboprop was a scout and target designator for anti-ship missiles during the cold war. They were designed on the basis of long-range strategic bombers and released in a series of 53 vehicles. A huge aircraft weighing more than 180 tons with a crew of nine people could monitor aircraft carrier strike groups from a distance of hundreds of kilometers. Their duration of patrolling in the air reached a day.
The Tu-95RK was used not only from the territory of the USSR. They also regularly patrolled from Soviet bases in Guinea, Vietnam, and Cuba. This made it possible to track the movement of NATO squadrons in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. Such aircraft were actively used until the 1980s. Then they were gradually replaced by the space system of reconnaissance and target designation.https://z5h64q92x9.net/proxy_u/ru-en.en.d58c9b96-604049a6-8940a14a-74722d776562/https/vpk.name/news/489594_s_dalnim_pricelom_korabli_protivnika_zametyat_za_sotni_kilometrov.html