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    Russian Space Program: News & Discussion #3

    Tsavo Lion
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    Post  Tsavo Lion Sun Jan 03, 2021 12:40 am

    By contrast, China makes knockoffs.
    which she later changes/improves for her needs, like J-7, Y-7/8/9, Yuan SSK, & H-6, to name a few.


    Last edited by Tsavo Lion on Sun Jan 03, 2021 1:58 am; edited 1 time in total
    kvs
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    Post  kvs Sun Jan 03, 2021 1:05 am

    BTW, Americ*nts have put sanctions on the Russian companies involved in the development of the nuclear propulsion system
    that is going to be deployed by 2030.

    Americ*nts are sore losers.

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    Daniel_Admassu

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    Post  Daniel_Admassu Sun Jan 03, 2021 4:15 am

    It is quite right that just because someone came up with something first everybody else should live without it. After all someone else would have come across it after a while.

    I guess what I do resent about the 'copying' of China is its blatant imitation of aesthetics in addition to (or even more than) function. This has never been the case with the USSR. It is as if they think the product will perform similarly because it looks similar. For consumer products this has served them well by tricking third world consumers into buying cheaper goods that look like bargain purchases since they imitate their (say) Japanese counterparts. But for industrial products and specially military ones that are used for their own purposes, I think this same culture of imitation has seeped in and I don't know who they are trying to trick here. You know what catches my eye everytime I see the a picture of the J-20? Not the plane itself but their air force roundel. Even that looks like the American counterpart. If that is not one pathetic attempt at imitation, I don't know what is.

    l believe that most of 'high end' Chinese military tech is still crap and most western media gives them more than the benefit of the doubt when covering their gear. You can contrast this when you look at the kind of coverage Russia gets to its down-to-earth real systems. If I were a conspiracy theorist I would have thought of an elaborate Chinese infiltration of western media.

    The problem with military products for China is that there is little or no market feedback to force it into genuine research. For consumer goods, people simply would avoid buying them the second time and they either have to come up with a better trick or improve the actual performance to gain respect over time. But for military hardware they have clung to imitation perhaps out of desperation to quickly counter the US in the game of deterrence. Even developing world countries such as my own nation have repeatedly refused to buy their hardware despite being heavily indebted to them. Apparently they have managed to make even a copy of the AK-74, a symbol of reliability itself, so unreliable.

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    Kiko
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    Post  Kiko Sun Jan 03, 2021 11:21 am

    Russia will develop a super-heavy rocket that can deliver 27 tons of cargo to the orbit of the moon
    December 31, 2020

    As reported by the state corporation Roscosmos, on December 15, it signed a state contract with the Progress Rocket and Space Center for the development of key elements and technologies for creating a super-heavy class space rocket complex.

    The result of this contract should be a technical design of a space rocket complex with a super-heavy booster rocket (LV STK) and an upper stage. At present, the chief designer of the Soyuz-5 launch vehicle at the Progress RCC, Alexander Cherevan, has been appointed to lead the work in this direction.

    The specialists of the Progress RCC have reportedly already completed a draft design, within the framework of which the main technical characteristics of the super-heavy have been determined, options for assembling the rocket have been worked out, including at a universal launch complex using a mobile assembly and maintenance complex.

    At present, the estimated mass of the payload launched into low-earth orbit is from 125 to 147 tons (depending on the version of the launch vehicle), and the vehicle will be able to deliver up to 27 tons to the lunar orbit. The technical design for a super-heavy space rocket complex, as stated in the contract, should be developed and submitted for consideration to Roscosmos in 2021.

    As a reminder, Russia is currently developing the Yenisei and Don super-heavy launch vehicles. For example, in March 2018, Energia received an order from Roscosmos for the creation of a draft design of the super-heavy class Yenisei missile complex in the amount of 1.6 billion rubles. This rocket should be much cheaper than the American Space Launch System (SLS).

    https://yandex.ru/turbo/3dnews.ru/s/1029175/v-rossii-razrabotayut-sverhtyagyoluyu-raketu-kotoraya-smoget-dostavit-27-tonn-gruza-na-orbitu-luni?publisher_logo_url=https%3A%2F%2Favatars.mds.yandex.net%2Fget-turbo%2F985264%2F2a000001651b42c8bec23a1fbba11e68c269%2Forig&promo=navbar&utm_referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fzen.yandex.com

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    kvs
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    Post  kvs Sun Jan 03, 2021 4:10 pm

    These numbers are not consistent with the parameters of the Yanisei. It can put much more than 147 tons into LEO in its
    six module first stage configuration even without the use of LH-LOX. Maybe they are talking about a five module first stage
    variant. As for the Moon, with LH-LOX upper stages it can put more than the 40 tons of the Saturn V.

    Since there has been discussion of LH-LOX upper stages it is rather strange to exclude them from payload estimates.
    As usual journalists do not provide relevant information.

    GarryB
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    Post  GarryB Mon Jan 04, 2021 1:39 pm

    Buran used the external shape of the US shuttle but was fundamentally different design in that it was a glider that was launched on a rocket. If they wanted they could remove the Buran an replace it with a 120 ton payload... not something the US could do.

    And the Tu-95 is not related to the B-29... and the B-17 would never have existed if the ANT-25 didn't fly to the US in the 1930s.
    Kiko
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    Post  Kiko Tue Jan 05, 2021 12:44 am

    2023 will decide the fate of Roscosmos
    28 December 2020

    There are moments in time when different threads of fate come together and that "decisive moment" arises.

    In the Russian cosmonautics, such an event will take place in 2023 , when the domestic space industry proves its right to leadership, or once again pushes developments into the back box.

    So why will 2023 be so important to us?

    First of all , this year the flight of a completely new spacecraft "Eagle" is to take place . Roskosmos plans to create two versions of this device. One of them will allow flights to the space station in Earth orbit, and the second, in the lunar version, will open the way to the Moon.

    December 15 , 2023 , ship inunmanned version must make its first flight . In 2024 the flight should take place to the ISS station, and in 2025 it will already be manned.

    By the way, in 2023 the manned version of the Angara will also make its first flight. At least it should.

    However, not all are full of optimism. Cosmonaut Feder Yurchikhin claims that the Oryol spacecraft does not even exist on paper now, and it takes at least 10 years to create such an apparatus from scratch.

    Here only time can judge the parties.

    The second equally important project, which will start in 2023, will be the long-awaited Soyuz-5 rocket, which will take an intermediate place between the Royal Union and the heavy Proton.

    Soyuz-5 is a deep modernization of the Soviet Zenith missile, using severalthe updated RD-171MV engine at the first stage.

    Why this rocket is needed is not entirely clear, because instead of it it was possible to produce a carrier of a similar class Angara-A3 , which would further reduce the price of the series, but as they say, Roscosmos knows better and this is another project in our piggy bank of events.

    And in 2023 , Roskosmos should start creatingRussian Orbital Station (ROS).

    The modules of this station are already partially ready and either await launch as a module "Science", or are being tested as a Transport and Energy Module.

    Commissioning the station will allow Russia to implement its own projects without regard to the opinions of "partners". Another question is whether Roskosmos will manage to meet the stated deadlines and whether the same disgrace will be repeated as with the Science module, which has been marinating on Earth for the second decade.

    In addition, 2023 is also an important date for the Vostochny cosmodrome. By this timework should be completed on the construction of launch pads of the second stage, for the carrier "Angara".

    Why is it important to implement all these projects on time?

    It's simple. Competitors are not just treading on Russia's heels, but have already caught up or even surpassed us in many respects. The implementation of the entire stated complex of works will allow our country to preserve one of the leading places of the space Pantheon.

    https://zen.yandex.ru/media/space_for_you/2023-god-reshit-sudbu-roskosmosa-5fe8ccc5dba1eb4af8f2c075

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    PapaDragon
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    Post  PapaDragon Tue Jan 05, 2021 1:47 am


    It's obvious to anyone with more than a single digit number of brain cells that none of this will be happening any time soon

    Russian space program is a clownshow led by a certified moron

    Each project is always 5 years away, close enough for sheep to fall for it but long enough for everyone to forget the BS they shat out before they come up with new BS for another 5 years away

    2023 is now just 2 years away and they want people to think that they will complete 2 versions of PTK-NP, new heavy rocket and a space station?

    They still haven't moved past concept art and removing Soviet leftovers from storage, even if they only announced one thing if would be idiotic to actually believe it but three of them each crazier that previous one?

    Only thing more hilarious than this would be of they somehow convince that moron Rogozin to get on Tik-Tok, stupidity he would unleash on that would potentially match or even exceed his bullshit promises and conspiracy theories



    Big_Gazza
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    Post  Big_Gazza Tue Jan 05, 2021 4:14 am

    Cosmonaut Feder Yurchikhin claims that the Oryol spacecraft does not even exist on paper now, and it takes at least 10 years to create such an apparatus from scratch.

    Even Cosmonauts can be idiots with concealed agendas...

    Soyuz-5 is a deep modernization of the Soviet Zenith missile, using severalthe updated RD-171MV engine at the first stage.

    Why this rocket is needed is not entirely clear, because instead of it it was possible to produce a carrier of a similar class Angara-A3 , which would further reduce the price of the series, but as they say, Roscosmos knows better and this is another project in our piggy bank of events.

    Because the Soyuz-5 is the core for future modular heavy-lift launchers.  Angara is OK for up to 37T with hydrolox U/S but for larger payloads and heavy craft to moon and beyond the Angara architecture can't be scaled up.

    Soyuz-5 also kicks the legs out from under the Banderite scum and ensures that Ukropi Zenit is dead and buried.  It also ties the Kazakhs to Russia - if they want a launch industry on their soil they need Russian rockets.  Zenit will no longer be flyable from Baikonur, so Kiev can shove their rocket up their arse (after they remove the American cock that is...). Maybe they can repurpose Yuzmash/Yuznoye to make washing machines?....

    BTW the Soyuz-5 has a single RD-171MV, not several.  One set of turbopumps and 4x combustion chambers.



    Nothing drastic will happen in 2023, regardless of what flies and what doesn't.  The author is just a small clown who is looking to sow seeds of discontent.  It ain't rocket science.  Well.. it is...  but you get my drift.

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    GarryB
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    Post  GarryB Tue Jan 05, 2021 6:35 am

    PD, someone with more than single digit numbers of brain cells can probably read the article which says the Russian space station will be started in 2023... not finished in 2023... but why let facts get in the way of a good moan... right?

    Even Cosmonauts can be idiots with concealed agendas...

    Indeed... Cosmonauts don't have any crystal ball inside knowledge that allows them to predict the future any better than anyone else...

    The author is just a small clown who is looking to sow seeds of discontent.

    Indeed... a large part of planning is trying to synchronise lots of different activities so things can happen on time and are not delayed.

    A significant feature however is that plans often have to change and need to be flexible, and sometimes have to change radically because the situation dictates it.

    That is not a failure of planning... it simply reflects a fact of life... if you grow up wanting to become a policeman and then when you reach the age where you can apply and realise you don't want to spend the rest of your life dealing with thieves and criminals and people who would stab you just for fun, then you can actually change your mind and do something else.

    Only an idiot would continue with a plan when things change that made the plan make sense... a sensible person would reevaluate the plan and the decisions that led to the plan being a good idea and if it is no longer a good idea then change the plan.

    The purpose of the plan is to achieve certain specific things... if things change and those specific things can no longer be achieved then it makes no sense to stick to the old plan.

    Any competent manager will tell you that.

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    kvs
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    Post  kvs Tue Jan 05, 2021 8:47 am

    Not this sky is falling sh*t again. I recall all the articles before 2003 yapping about the looming financial failure of Russia
    because some heavy debt payments were converging in 2003. The year went by and literally nothing happened. Not even some
    sort of financial disturbance. Nothing.

    To single out 2023 as a special year for Roscosmos is beyond retarded. This "article" does not raise any actual issues
    that would lead to a catastrophe. It poops out some turds about Soyuz-5 and the Oryol. Even if both are delayed
    by years, who the f*ck cares? That is why Angara is there. It serves to open up the geostationary orbit for Russian
    commercial space. The Soyuz-5 is a certainty since it fills in the role of the Zenit. The single module Angara cannot
    fill this role and using a three module first stage is overkill. But Russia can survive a Zenit replacement delay for a few years.

    The whole "competitors don't wait" line is inane. Must be some closet Musk fan writing this sh*t. Russia does not depend
    on contracted launch services for its space program. Especially now and not 15 years ago. This clown makes it sound
    like Space X will take over the launch services market in 2023. In the real world most countries won't pay Musk's much higher
    prices. There is a total lack of understanding of the sort of market this is. It does not have overnight swings since
    production costs are very high and there is a long lead time for new products (rockets) to come online. There is also no
    revolution of launch services where prices crash because some new rocket appears. This is the bottom line: the cost
    per kg to orbit is basically bounded from below within the scope of any technology we now have and which can possibly appear
    in the coming decades. Thus there is no overnight disappearance of the "companies" in this market. The demand for their
    services does not swing wildly either since satellites have limited lifetimes and are not saturated in terms of new demand.

    We are not dealing with some consumer trinket market derived from fashion trends. Both supply and demand
    can change overnight in such a market.

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    miketheterrible
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    Post  miketheterrible Tue Jan 05, 2021 12:13 pm

    I also never understood any of this.

    Roscosmos relies entirely on Russian budget money, not private. Private is just additional revenue.

    If some structure fails, they seek to fix and replace it. See the aviation sector. That failed but eventually they have fixed old issues and built new systems.

    Roscosmos, if it fails in its endeavours, it will be restructured, new formation made under new management, and it will just continue on looking at other avanues. Only failure is if the organization simply exceeds budgets and doesn't deliver on the end product. The Russian government knows it is a money loss venture but it opens up opportunities such as private business getting access they need to high tech and space. Or Russian military getting what they need too. Roscosmos may be separate from the military wing of Russia but the Rockets made are not.

    Plus it creates so many high tech, decent paying jobs, that it is literally too big to fail. Not to mention roscosmos builds nuclear weapons for the military.

    Journalists are shit

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    Scorpius
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    Post  Scorpius Tue Jan 05, 2021 12:49 pm

    Kiko wrote:2023 will decide the fate of Roscosmos
    28 December 2020

    There are moments in time when different threads of fate come together and that "decisive moment" arises.

    In the Russian cosmonautics, such an event will take place in 2023 , when the domestic space industry proves its right to leadership, or once again pushes developments into the back box.

    So why will 2023 be so important to us?

    First of all , this year the flight of a completely new spacecraft "Eagle" is to take place . Roskosmos plans to create two versions of this device. One of them will allow flights to the space station in Earth orbit, and the second, in the lunar version, will open the way to the Moon.

    December 15 , 2023 , ship inunmanned version must make its first flight . In 2024 the flight should take place to the ISS station, and in 2025 it will already be manned.

    By the way, in 2023 the manned version of the Angara will also make its first flight. At least it should.

    However, not all are full of optimism. Cosmonaut Feder Yurchikhin claims that the Oryol spacecraft does not even exist on paper now, and it takes at least 10 years to create such an apparatus from scratch.

    Here only time can judge the parties.

    The second equally important project, which will start in 2023, will be the long-awaited Soyuz-5 rocket, which will take an intermediate place between the Royal Union and the heavy Proton.

    Soyuz-5 is a deep modernization of the Soviet Zenith missile, using severalthe updated RD-171MV engine at the first stage.

    Why this rocket is needed is not entirely clear, because instead of it it was possible to produce a carrier of a similar class Angara-A3 , which would further reduce the price of the series, but as they say, Roscosmos knows better and this is another project in our piggy bank of events.

    And in 2023 , Roskosmos should start creatingRussian Orbital Station (ROS).

    The modules of this station are already partially ready and either await launch as a module "Science", or are being tested as a Transport and Energy Module.

    Commissioning the station will allow Russia to implement its own projects without regard to the opinions of "partners". Another question is whether Roskosmos will manage to meet the stated deadlines and whether the same disgrace will be repeated as with the Science module, which has been marinating on Earth for the second decade.

    In addition, 2023 is also an important date for the Vostochny cosmodrome. By this timework should be completed on the construction of launch pads of the second stage, for the carrier "Angara".

    Why is it important to implement all these projects on time?

    It's simple. Competitors are not just treading on Russia's heels, but have already caught up or even surpassed us in many respects. The implementation of the entire stated complex of works will allow our country to preserve one of the leading places of the space Pantheon.

    https://zen.yandex.ru/media/space_for_you/2023-god-reshit-sudbu-roskosmosa-5fe8ccc5dba1eb4af8f2c075

    This article is some BS written by an illiterate idiot.
    Roscosmos does not have any dates for the "decisive year". 2021 is already quite "decisive" - unlike 2023, this year Roscosmos must overcome quite specific points: the launch of the MLM "Nauka" to the ISS, the launch of "Luna-25", the implementation of ~30 successful space launches. New Angara launches are also due to happen this year.
    Therefore, right now and until the turn of 2030-2035, Roscosmos will have EVERY year a year when very, very much is being decided.
    By the way, almost none of these morons who write thoughtful articles about how to properly manage the space industry, for some reason did not notice a small fact: NEM (scientific and energy module) is the first module of the next generation architecture, not created on the basis of the FGB (functional cargo blocks from the Transport Supply Ship come from the seventies).
    That is, Roscosmos has actually created a new design of orbital station modules, but with the creation of a transport ship, it should have unsolvable problems? Seriously?

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    kvs
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    Post  kvs Tue Jan 05, 2021 5:16 pm

    By the way, almost none of these morons who write thoughtful articles about how to properly manage the space industry, for some reason did not notice a small fact: NEM (scientific and energy module) is the first module of the next generation architecture, not created on the basis of the FGB (functional cargo blocks from the Transport Supply Ship come from the seventies).
    That is, Roscosmos has actually created a new design of orbital station modules, but with the creation of a transport ship, it should have unsolvable problems? Seriously?

    There was not enough Musk type snake oil salesman hype around this development. So it is not considered news by various
    species of "analyst" imbecile. If Roscosmos PR-spazzed about some hyperloop or car in small tunnel technological marvel
    maybe the autistics would be excited. Maybe. I think this is just crypto-hate. All these articles pissing on Russia and
    predicting its doom are evidence of malice and not genuine concern.



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    Big_Gazza
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    Post  Big_Gazza Wed Jan 06, 2021 12:53 am

    kvs wrote: I think this is just crypto-hate.   All these articles pissing on Russia and
    predicting its doom are evidence of malice and not genuine concern.

    There. Fixed it Very Happy

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    Post  Big_Gazza Tue Jan 12, 2021 8:48 am

    A launch pad for the Amur rocket will be built on Vostochny

    MOSCOW, January 11. / TASS /. The construction of the launch pad for the Amur-LNG launch vehicle will become part of the third phase of the Vostochny cosmodrome construction. Roscosmos CEO Dmitry Rogozin announced this on Monday on his Facebook page.

    "The challenge TSENKI (TSENKI, Center for operation of ground-based space infrastructure - approx Tass.) Set to develop a very simple and inexpensive operation start for" Cupid "Of course, he will become an element of the third stage." - said Rogozin in Facebook on a user's question is whether Amur-LNG has a separate start and what the configuration of the third stage of Vostochny looks like now.

    According to the head of Roskosmos, it is unlikely that the launch pad will be erected by reworking the "Union launches", because "it is easier to build in a new location than to rework something."

    Roscosmos and the Progress Rocket and Space Center in October last year signed a contract for the development of a preliminary design of a space rocket complex with the first Russian reusable methane-fueled Amur rocket. The rocket will receive a recoverable first stage and will be launched from the Vostochny cosmodrome in the Amur region.

    The first stage of the Vostochny cosmodrome includes a launch complex for medium-sized missiles of the Soyuz-2 series, as well as a technical complex for carriers of this type. Five launches have already been carried out using the infrastructure built to the extent of the minimum launch.

    The second stage of the cosmodrome construction involves the construction of a launch pad for the Angara-A5 missiles and the corresponding infrastructure. Digging a foundation pit for the launch complex began in June 2019. It is assumed that the construction of the second stage will be completed at the end of 2022. The first unmanned launch of Angara with the manned spacecraft Orel is scheduled for December 15, 2023.

    source

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    Post  Daniel_Admassu Tue Jan 12, 2021 12:04 pm

    Big_Gazza wrote:A launch pad for the Amur rocket will be built on Vostochny

    MOSCOW, January 11. / TASS /. The construction of the launch pad for the Amur-LNG launch vehicle will become part of the third phase of the Vostochny cosmodrome construction. Roscosmos CEO Dmitry Rogozin announced this on Monday on his Facebook page.
    .......


    I wish that they could build another pad for Angara as a spare instead of this one. There is no weight class the URM-1, 2 combination doesn't cover. They should concentrate on getting a reliable workhorse online instead of further technology experiments and catering for legacy systems. Soyuz has had a good and prosperous run but its remaining life should have been confined to Plesetsk and Baikonur. Angara is not just about a new rocket with a cleaner fuel and efficient engine. It is also a whole new all digital control architecture that has proven to be flawless so far.
    The-thing-next-door
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    Post  The-thing-next-door Tue Jan 12, 2021 1:38 pm

    Which rocket is the Amur?

    I thought they were only going ahead with the Angara, Soyuz 3 and Yenisei.
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    Post  Daniel_Admassu Tue Jan 12, 2021 1:51 pm

    The-thing-next-door wrote:Which rocket is the Amur?

    I thought they were only going ahead with the Angara, Soyuz 3 and Yenisei.

    A new one supposedly methane powered and reusable, apparently landing-type. Probably 'Inspired' by Falcon. But things are trending towards reusability and Russia would be right to experiment with it. But they could experiment with landing gear for URM-1. Making a separate rocket for Vostochny is absurd.

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    Post  The-thing-next-door Tue Jan 12, 2021 3:04 pm

    Daniel_Admassu wrote:

    apparently landing-type. Probably 'Inspired' by Falcon

    I sure as hell hope not, that would be a massive waste of time for all of the bureaus involved.

    My idea was a completely modular rocket with a detachable glide kit so it could fly back like the cancelled baikal, but that the winged part could be removed and used on new rockets once everything else is no longer safe.
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    Post  Daniel_Admassu Tue Jan 12, 2021 4:37 pm

    The-thing-next-door wrote:
    Daniel_Admassu wrote:

    apparently landing-type. Probably 'Inspired' by Falcon

    I sure as hell hope not, that would be a massive waste of time for all of the bureaus involved.

    My idea was a completely modular rocket with a detachable glide kit so it could fly back like the cancelled baikal, but that the winged part could be removed and used on new rockets once everything else is no longer safe.

    That actually sounds like a great idea. Could be interesting on the Angara. I think apart from the turbopumps on the RD-191 everything else should have good longevity, including the propellant tanks. So maybe no need for detachable wings after all. The URM module can be fitted with a new engine while the used one can be refurbished with new turbopumps and other necessary components.
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    Post  The-thing-next-door Tue Jan 12, 2021 5:55 pm

    Daniel_Admassu wrote:

    That actually sounds like a great idea. Could be interesting on the Angara. I think apart from the turbopumps on the RD-191 everything else should have good longevity, including the propellant tanks.

    Are you sure that would be possible? The Angara was never designed with reusability in mind, though if recall the Biakal was supposed to act as a reusable Angara module.

    So maybe no need for detachable wings after all. The URM module can be fitted with a new engine while the used one can be refurbished with new turbopumps and other necessary components.

    Well the idea with the glider part being detatchable is that it is likely to be the longest lasting component of the booster and would likely outlive the rocket body by a significant margin. You could also put all of your avionics, communication and control equipment in the detatchable glider in order to simplify the overhaul of the booster.

    I may ofcourse be wrong about all this, I am no aerospace designer.
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    Post  Daniel_Admassu Tue Jan 12, 2021 6:32 pm

    The-thing-next-door wrote:
    .....
    I may ofcourse be wrong about all this, I am no aerospace designer.

    Neither am I🤫. Just rooting for reusability here.
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    Post  Scorpius Tue Jan 12, 2021 6:46 pm

    Daniel_Admassu wrote:
    The-thing-next-door wrote:Which rocket is the Amur?

    I thought they were only going ahead with the Angara, Soyuz 3 and Yenisei.

    A new one supposedly methane powered and reusable, apparently landing-type. Probably 'Inspired' by Falcon. But things are trending towards reusability and Russia would be right to experiment with it. But they could experiment with landing gear for URM-1. Making a separate rocket for Vostochny is absurd.

    The RD-0162 was developed in the Chemical Automation Design Bureau since 2006 (in fact, the decision to develop it was made back in 1997).

    Link to an article about methane engines being developed at NPO Energomash, published in the magazine" Aviapanorama " in August 1998.


    Probably 'Inspired' by Falcon
    Yes, yes, of course. After all, before Elon, no one came up with the idea of creating reusable launch vehicles. //Sarcasm mod off.

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    Post  Scorpius Tue Jan 12, 2021 6:54 pm

    Daniel_Admassu wrote:
    The-thing-next-door wrote:
    .....
    I may ofcourse be wrong about all this, I am no aerospace designer.

    Neither am I🤫. Just rooting for reusability here.
    Why? Reusability itself is not a silver bullet.

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