In response to modern threats and challenges, the Russian military-political leadership has repeatedly stated its readiness to deliver preventive strikes on terrorist bases and camps in any part of the globe. This, in particular, after the tragic events in Beslan, said Russian Defense Minister Sergei Ivanov and Chief of General Staff Yuri Baluyevsky. However, analysis of the military-technical aspect of the problem has always rested on the lack of an arsenal of high-precision weapons in the conventional equipment. For example, in the arsenal of weapons at the disposal of Russian Air Force, until recently there was no analogues American guided air bombs JDAM (Joint Direct Attack Munition), the corrected data for the global navigation satellite systems "Navstar". Thanks to the efforts made by the Russian Defense Ministry and the enterprises of the military-industrial complex, managed to intensify the work being done in this direction. At the final stage are the tests of a new domestic air bombs KAB-500S-E, which will enable a whole new level, at any time and in any weather conditions to solve the problems of defeat the purpose of a broad class.
For the first time managed JDAM bombs were used by US Air Force in 1999, during the hostilities against Yugoslavia (Operation "Allied Force"). They were armed with the latest subtle strategic bombers B-2A "Spirit", each of which carried a 12-caliber bombs of 2,000 pounds. Bombing was carried out at high altitudes (up to 12 km) on the most important objects of military and civilian infrastructure, which required increased accuracy defeat. Using the JDAM in the Balkans was then a kind of military-technical sensation, because officially the bombs of this type were to go into service only in 2000. The first experience of combat use JDAM was considered a success, and the US Air Force began en masse to re-equip the entire fleet of combat aircraft on a new type of ammunition. The results were not long in coming. According to military expert Major General Alexei Bogatyrev ("Aerospace Defense", №4, 2004), in "Operation Iraqi Freedom" series JDAM UAB consumption exceeded 6,500, and they were applied on the first day of fighting aircraft the F-117.
It should be noted that the American program completion unguided bombs (Mk81, Mk82, Mk83, Mk84, BLU-109, BLU-110, BLU-113, BLU-116) in UAB JDAM is relatively inexpensive and quite simple from a technical point of view. On unguided bombs set universal control unit, the main components of which are the inertial control system, coupled with the receiving equipment of satellite navigation systems "Navstar", and control airfoils. There is evidence that to increase range bombing and destruction of targets located on large angular deviation from the course of the media, are working on the equipment module ASD JDAM-ER, comprising a wing and provides mechanisms. The lead contractor on the program JDAM is a firm "Boeing".
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first mass-dimensional layout of the Russian aviation corrected bombs KAB-500S-E has been shown to the public in 2003 during the International Air Show MAKS. The demonstration was accompanied by minimal performance characteristics. Subsequently, the material on this ASD with some technical details were included in the book "Weapons of Russia 2004" and the 10th volume of "Arms and Technologies of Russia. Encyclopedia of the twenty-first century".
KAB-500S-E - the Russian equivalent of JDAM - falls into the category of "smart "bombs. It is designed to destroy ground and surface targets such as warehouses, silos, protected control centers, various military and industrial facilities, as well as warships and vessels berthed at the naval bases. KAB-500S-E is used as a part of modern combat aircraft weapons systems at altitudes ranging from 500 m to 10 km at a speed of media 550-1100 km / h. Battle of the explosive-betonoboynymi allowing hard target to hit. The probable circular deviation KAB-500S-E is 5-10 meters.
"Brains", while the "heart" KAB-500S-E is a special 24-channel receiver-satellite navigation system (SNS) "GLONASS" / "Navstar" PSN-2001, developed by the Moscow Design Bureau "Compass." The PSN-2001 used modern radio-electronic technology and advanced algorithms for digital processing of navigation signals SNA. OJSC "MKB" Kompas "is known as the leading manufacturer in Russia Aircraft automatic radio, navigation systems, short- and medium-action, Receivers of satellite navigation systems. It should be noted that the current level of technology MKB" Kompas "(the company has a system of computer-aided design of electronic equipment using CMOS Technology, VLSI and programmable logic integrated circuit) allows to solve problems of any complexity.
MAIN SPECIFICATIONS KAB-500S-E
Weight, kg - not more than 500
mass of warhead, kg - not less than 380
Type of warhead - explosive-concrete-length, mm - 3000
Diameter, mm - 350-400
span tail, mm - 750
guidance system - satellite guidance
Blaster - pin with three species slow
precision targeting Ekvo, m - 5.10
Terms combat use - day and night in adverse weather conditions
long time domestic Global Navigation Satellite System ("GLONASS") financed on leftovers and languish. The situation changed with the advent of the post of Defense Minister Sergei Ivanov, thanks to the efforts which the military space again took its rightful place in the priority of priorities. It began a gradual restoration of satellite constellation system "GLONASS". As the commander of Russian Space Forces Colonel General Vladimir Popovkin, its minimum staff - 18 spacecraft. At this rate, scheduled to come out in 2007 to replace outdated spacecraft will come a new generation of satellites with longer active existence - "GLONASS-M" and "Glonass-K". In the future composition of the groups will be increased to full-time - 24 spacecraft.
At the same time Russia were actively working on the creation of multi-channel satellite receiver-RNS "GLONASS" and "Navstar". In particular, the unified family of modern navigational equipment on the basis of receiver-satellite navigation A-737 ("Kvytok-4C") developed by MKB "Kompas", defined the priority directions of development of special systems with elements of artificial intelligence to control sample complexes and AME.
As the aforementioned receiver-SPE-2001, that one of his main features of the experts include:
- 24-channel parallel reception of simultaneous signals, belonging to both the National Assembly or a "GLONASS" or a "Navstar";
- automatic selection of the working constellation of the National Assembly at the same time "GLONASS "and" Navstar "on the principle of radio visibility of" all that is in heaven, "giving priority to signals HC single SNA and filling the remaining channels of signals NA other SNA;
- measuring the carrier phase;
- built-in clock;
- differential mode measurement of navigation parameters (NP) When using the receiver differential corrections, which can be equipped with the SPE-2001, or an external input array differential corrections received over the air from the ground correction stations;
- two independent antenna inputs, providing job PSN-2001 during the evolution of the aircraft and excluding interference received signals NA ;
- automatic control of the integrity of the received signals;
- automatic answer (and update) almanacs SNA "GLONASS" and "Navstar" and stored in non-volatile memory.
The plans of the IBC "Compass" - the improvement of radio navigation equipment, its aggregation with other navigation systems, new the development of the ground segment of global satellite PHC, including systems for landing aircraft, precision control desantiruemye cargoes, navigational and logistics systems and systems for the transport communications.
Taking up arms air bombs with satellite-guided will raise to a qualitatively new level of strike capabilities of the Air Russian forces, including in the performance of tasks in the course of the antiterrorist operation in the North Caucasus. The most important advantage of KAB-500S-E - to apply, regardless of the time of day and weather conditions, combined with relatively low cost - making it a versatile weapon. In full it is possible to put into practice the principle of "shot - forgot." Aim is not necessary. The pilot simply press the reset button on the payload signal of the onboard computer. Next "smart" bomb will do everything itself automatically leads to a predetermined target satellite navigation system without any effort on the part of the pilot.
Considering the plans increase the system "GLONASS" to a regular structure, it is possible the use of ASD satellite-guided to solve problems on any , the most remote theaters of war. Probably KAB-500S-E will be integrated into the arms not only looking aircraft (Su-32, Su-35 PAK FA), and strategic bombers Tu-160, reoriented to address non-nuclear missions.
At KAB-500S-E good export prospects. It is obvious that countries such as India and China, will want to have a similar high-precision weapons. In this regard, experts expect that after a while the Indian side will raise the issue of including KAB-500S-E of the arms 140 Su-30MKI fighters, which are to be released under a license agreement with Russia has recently launched HAL Corporation. A similar request could come from China, in the event of further purchases of multi-role fighters "Su" (obviously, in the modification is not Su-30MK2 and Su-30MK3).