All of us are witnessing how the means of armed struggle and the tactics of military operations develop over time. All this, undoubtedly, requires improving the training of servicemen and military formations of the Ground Forces. Colonel-General Alexander Lentsov, Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Land Forces of the Russian Federation
At the heart of the activities of the Main Command of the Ground Forces is a set of interrelated tasks to guide the construction and training of troops, territorial defense and peacekeeping activities in the Ground Forces. In addition, many other problems are being solved. The main ones are the general management of the combat training of the Ground Forces, the organization of training specialists for our most numerous type of Armed Forces, the development of statutory, program and planning documents.
The main command of the Land Forces, based on the analysis of the state of combat training in units and military units, develops and organizes organizational and methodological instructions on the organization of operational, mobilization and combat training, inspections of military command and control agencies and ground forces, which are the starting Point for further planning the training of troops (forces) military districts.
This document determines the main areas for training troops, the results that must be achieved to ensure the fulfillment of tasks assigned to the merger and association, as well as the forms and ways to achieve the required level of training.
The complex of measures for managing combat training includes also monitoring its progress and rendering assistance to the relevant commanders and management bodies in carrying it out. To this end, the officers of the Main Command of the Land Forces go to military districts, organizations and military units, where they conduct classes on the subjects of instruction, study, analyze and generalize best practices.
Training of specialists for the Army is one of the most important functions of the High Command
Based on the materials of the work in the troops, as well as the experience gained by formations, military units and units of the Ground Forces during the exercises, sudden checks of combat readiness, performance of tasks during combat training, the proposals and requirements are developed and promptly submitted to the troops in the Main Command of the Ground Forces On the improvement of combat training, including taking into account the receipt of new models of military equipment.
Everybody understands perfectly well that without the trained specialists it is impossible to fulfill the tasks assigned to the troops qualitatively. The sudden military readiness checks conducted over the past few years, joint strategic exercises in various theaters of military operations, a comparative analysis of the preparedness of servicemen based on the results of joint exercises conducted with the divisions of the armies of foreign states show the high level of training of our junior specialists. However, solid theoretical knowledge and practical skills of personnel do not appear on their own, but are achieved by the intense and painstaking work of many and many officials and management bodies.
Training of specialists for the Army is one of the most important functions of the High Command.
Based on the concept of the construction and development of the Ground Forces, the plan for the formation of new formations in the military districts, as well as the analysis of the need for troops in junior specialists, a list of military specialties is determined, according to which specialists are trained in the district training centers and training military units. So, in the period from 2013 to 2016, more than 157,000 junior specialists for the Army were trained in these training units.
It should also be noted that all the uniform statutory documents of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, used in daily activities and training of troops, have been developed in the Main Command of the Ground Forces or with the direct participation of its specialists.
Literally over the last few years, the Military Committees of the Land Force, the Battle Manuals of the Special Forces of the Ground Forces, the Manual on the organization of work of the command and control agencies of the units, the organization of comprehensive support for the operations of formations, military units and units of the Ground Forces have been revised by the officers of the Main Command. Programs of combat training for units carrying out tasks in arctic conditions, mountainous and highlands are also developed.
In 2016, the research work on the military-scientific justification for new approaches to the formation of combat training programs for the units of the Land Forces, staffed by military men under military service under the contract, was completed. Based on the developed approaches, a new training program has been developed for this category of servicemen, which is currently being tested in military district formations.
With the arrival in the troops of modern and modernized models of military equipment and weapon systems, corrections and necessary changes are made to the conditions for the performance of shooting and driving exercises, collections of standards. For retraining for new models of military equipment, as early as 2017, two programs have been developed and sent to the troops.
Analysis and generalization of advanced experience in the preparation of the units of the Ground Forces are carried out by special structural units of the Main Command of the Ground Forces. The result of their work are methodical guides and recommendations on the order of conducting classes on combat training subjects, methods of conducting classes on the most complex topics. In 2016, the military sent 15 methodological recommendations for combat training. Taking into account the experience of military operations in the Syrian Arab Republic, strategic command and staff exercises in 2017, it is planned to send to the troops no less methodological material than in the past. In total, starting in 2013, in the Main Command of the Ground Forces, 93 statutory, program and methodological documents were developed and sent to the military districts for the daily management and training of troops (forces) in the military districts.
It should be noted that the role of the Main Command of the Land Forces in the organization of the activities of the troops (forces) of the military districts does not end there. In the process of fulfilling the tasks assigned by the leadership of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation to the Ground Forces, the Main Command carries out other functions in the interests of organizing and carrying out measures for the construction and development of the Ground Forces.