Supply of combat aircraft to the Russian Armed Forces in 2020
January 20th, 9:15
In 2020, the reduction in the supply of new military aircraft to the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation continued for several years. In fact, the Russian Aerospace Forces in 2020 received only relatively small batches of Su-35S fighters and Su-34 front-line bombers - a total of 14 aircraft (ten Su-35S and four Su-34s) - such a low level of deliveries was the last time a decade ago. The main event of 2020 was the long-awaited receipt by the Russian Ministry of Defense of the first serial fighter Su-57 (T-50S) - after a "false start" with the loss of the first actually built serial Su-57 in 2019. In addition, the Russian Aerospace Forces received in 2020 four "serial" (essentially pre-production) MiG-35S and MiG-35UB fighters and four Yak-130 combat training aircraft. Moreover, again, as in 2019,Among the aircraft delivered to the Russian Armed Forces in 2020:One fifth generation Su-57 fighter.
At the end of December 2020, the first (actually the second) serial sample of the fifth generation Su-57 fighter with the tail number "01 blue" (aircraft T-50S-2, serial number 51002), built at Komsomolsk-on-Amur, was transferred to the Russian Ministry of Defense Aviation Plant named after Yu.A. Gagarin (KnAAZ, a branch of PJSC "Company" Sukhoi "). The aircraft should be part of the 929th State Flight Test Center of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation named after V.P. Chkalov in Akhtubinsk.
In August 2018, at the International Military-Technical Forum "Army-2018", the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation and PJSC "Sukhoi Company"for the supply to the Armed Forces of the first two serial fighters of the fifth generation Su-57 (in the form of T-50S - T-50S-1 and T-50S-2) with engines of the "first stage" ("product 117"). The terms of the contract are 2018-2020, with the delivery of one aircraft in 2019 and 2020. In June 2019, at the Army-2019 International Military-Technical Forum, the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation and PJSC Sukhoi Company signed a contract for the supply to the Armed Forces of a total of 76 fifth-generation Su-57 serial fighters (including the first two contracted in 2018 of the aircraft) .Term of execution of the contract is 2027.
The first production aircraft Su-57 (aircraft T-50S-1, serial number 51001, tail number also "01 blue"), built by KnAAZ, made its first flight in Komsomolsk-on-Amur in early December 2019 and was scheduled to be handed over to the Ministry defense on December 27, but on December 24, 2019, at the final stage of factory tests, crashed in an accident, due to, presumably, a failure in the aircraft control system.
The loss of the first production prototype of the Su-57 entailed major litigation at the personal level, including a change in the management of PJSC Sukhoi Company.
Flight tests of the second of the two contracted in 2018 godu serial sample Su-57 (T-plane 50C-2, serial number 51002) were launched in Komsomolsk-on-Amur in October 2020, he also received the tail number "01 blue", and as a result was handed over to the Ministry of Defense.
According to known data, under the 2019 contract, KnAAZ is to deliver two Su-57 fighters in 2021.Four front-line bombers Su-34.
During 2020, the Novosibirsk Aviation Plant named after V.P. Chkalov (NAZ, a branch of PJSC Sukhoi Company), four front-line Su-34 bombers were handed over to the Russian Aerospace Forces .
Of this number, two Su-34 aircraft were delivered in July 2020. They were formally the last ones manufactured by NAZ under a contract with the Ministry of Defense Russia from February 2012 for the supply of 92 Su-34 aircraft.The first of these two aircraft built in 2020 with serial number 11-07 (aircraft T-10B-136) and tail number "14 red" was transferred to the 47th mixed aviation regiment of the 105th mixed aviation division of the 6th Leningrad Red Banner of the Air Force and Air Defense Army of the Western Military District at the Baltimore airfield (Voronezh), and the second (presumably serial number 11-08, aircraft T-10V-137) and tail number "09 red" was transferred to the 968th separate mixed aviation regiment 4th State Center for Aviation Personnel Training and Military Testing of the Ministry of Defense of Russia named after V.P. Chkalov in Lipetsk.
In addition, in November and December 2020, the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation received two additional front-line Su-34 bombers, manufactured by NAZ as an addition to the contract of February 2012 for the supply of 92 Su-34 aircraft. These two additional aircraft with red side numbers "12" and "19" (presumable serial numbers, respectively, 11-09 / T-10V-138 and 11-10 / T-10V-139) also entered the 968th separate mixed aviation regiment of the 4th Center in Lipetsk.
Thus, in total, under this long-term contract, 94 Su-34 aircraft were manufactured at NAZ. The first two Su-34s under this contract were transferred to Novosibirsk to the Russian Air Force (VKS) on December 24, 2013, the next 18 aircraft in 2014, another 18 aircraft in 2015, 16 in 2016, 16 in 2017. 12 in 2018, eight in 2019 and the last four in 2020.
Taking into account seven experimental flight and pre-production models, the total number of flight Su-34s built under all contracts is 138 units. Of the 131 production aircraft supplied by the Russian Aerospace Forces, two have been lost in the crash (in a collision on January 18, 2019 over the Tatar Strait) and four have been reliably written off. Su-34 aircraft are in service with nine squadrons of four combat aviation regiments of the Russian Aerospace Forces (2nd, 47th and 277th mixed, 559th bomber), as well as training centers in Lipetsk and Akhtubinsk.In August 2020, the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation signed a new three - year contract for the construction of another 24 front-line bombers Su-34. According to available information, the first two aircraft under this contract were built and flown to NAZ by the end of 2020, but have not yet been transferred to the Aerospace Forces.Ten Su-35S fighters.
In 2020, the Komsomolsk-on-Amur Aviation Plant named after Yu. Gagarin (KnAAZ, a branch of PJSC Sukhoi Company) handed over to the Russian Aerospace Forces the final ten Su-35S fighters built within the framework of a five-year contract concluded in December 2015 by the Russian Ministry of Defense with PJSC Sukhoi Company for the supply of 50 Su-35S fighters. The first ten Su-35S aircraft under this contract were built by KnAAZ in 2016, ten - in 2017, and ten - in 2018, ten - in 2019, and now ten - in 2020.
The first four Su-35S fighters, built by KnAAZ under the 2020 program, received in July 2020 the aerobatic group of the Russian Aerospace Forces "Russian Knights", these aircraft haveblue side numbers from "54" to "57". The first four Su-35S aircraft were handed over to the group in November 2018, and thus, as a result, "Russian Knights" have eight Su-35S fighters with blue side numbers from "50" to "57".
Three more Su-35S (side numbers are unknown) were transferred to KnAAZ to the Russian Ministry of Defense in July 2020, becoming part of the 790th Fighter Aviation Regiment of the 105th Mixed Aviation Division of the 6th Leningrad Red Banner Army of the Air Force and Air Defense of the Western Military District, stationed at the Hotilovo airfield in the Tver region. Earlier in 2018-2019, this regiment received 12 Su-35S, so that the total number of these machines in the 790th regiment reached 15.
The three final Su-35S under the 2020 program (and the 2015 contract) were delivered in November 2020. Two of them (red side numbers "08" and "11", registration numbers RF-95911 and RF-95912) became part of the 4th State Center for Aviation Personnel Training and Military Testing of the Ministry of Defense of Russia named after V.P. Chkalov in Lipetsk , and the third (presumable side number "10 red") remained in Komsomolsk-on-Amur (Dzemgi airfield), joining the 23rd Tallinn Fighter Regiment of the 303rd Guards Mixed Aviation Division of the 11th Army of the Air Force and Air Defense of the Eastern Military districts.
Taking into account the first contract of 2009 for 48 Su-35S fighters, the Russian Aerospace Forces received in this way from the end of 2012 to date 98 production Su-35S aircraft, one of which has been decommissioned by now.
On August 25, 2020, during the Army-2020 International Military-Technical Forum, the United Aircraft Corporation signed a new contract with the Russian Ministry of Defense for the supply of another 30 Su-35S fighters. According to available data, the first five Su-35S under this contract are to be delivered to KnAAZ in 2021,
the remaining 25 aircraft in 2022-2024 .Four MiG-35UB fighters.
In the first half of the year and in the summer of 2020, four MiG-35 fighters were handed over to the Russian Ministry of Defense - three single MiG-35S with blue side numbers "14", "15" and "16" and one double with side number "12 blue". They were the first aircraft builtaccording to the signed in August 2018 by the Ministry of Defense of Russia and JSC "United Aircraft Corporation" (UAC which includes JSC "RAC" MiG ") contract for the supply of the first six" serial "MiG-35s and MiG-35UB with the term of the contract from 2018 to 2023. The construction of the aircraft was carried out at the Lukhovitsky Aviation Plant (LAZ) named after P.A. Voronin - a branch of JSC "RSK" MiG ". The aircraft are apparently used in the State Test Program.
Earlier in 2019, according to a contract concluded in February 2017 with the Russian Ministry of Defense for two pre-production samples of the MiG-35 fighter to connect them to the expanded program of state tests of this type, were built and handed over to the Aerospace Forces a single-seat fighter MiG-35S with the tail number "10 blue" and a double MiG-35UB with the tail number "11 blue".
PJSC "Corporation" Irkut "handed over to the Russian Aerospace Forces four Yak-130 combat training aircraft,
built under an additional contract for the supply of several units (apparently these four) Yak-130, concluded by the Russian Ministry of Defense with PJSC "Corporation" Irkut "in 2019. The first two of these aircraft were actually built at the IAZ back in 2019.
commissioned at the end of January 2020, and two more (red side numbers "03" and "04") - presumably in June 2020. All four aircraft entered the training aviation base of the Krasnodar Higher Military Aviation School of Pilots (KVVAUL) named after A.K.Serov in Kotelnikovo (Volgograd Region), becoming the first Yak-130 in this airbase. The base in Kotelnikovo became the fourth training air base to receive Yak-130 combat training aircraft, after the training air bases of the same KVVAUL in Borisoglebsk, Armavir and Kushchevskaya. However, according to some reports, four Yak-130s delivered to Kotelnikovo are still not actually operated there.
Thus, since 2009, the Ministry of Defense of Russia has received a total of 113 Yak-130 aircraft under various contracts - of which 12 of the first two series were built at the Nizhny Novgorod Aviation Plant Sokol, and another 101 - at the Irkutsk Aviation Plant.
25 August 2020 of the year during the International Military-Technical Forum "Army-2020" the United Aircraft Corporation signed new contracts with the Russian Ministry of Defense for the supply of 21 more Su-30SM2 multifunctional fighter aircraft (for the Russian Navy's Naval Aviation) and 25 combat training aircraft in the period 2021-2025 aircraft Yak-130. All of them should be built at the Irkutsk Aviation Plant.
Supply of new production combat and training aircraft to the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation in 2008-2020With regard to export supplies,
we can say that, according to our information, in 2020 the Russian aviation industry delivered 40 new-build combat aircraft abroad, including 22 Su-35 fighters and ten MiG-29M/MiG-29M2 fighters to Egypt , eight Su-30SM fighters to Kazakhstan, and six Yak-130 combat training aircraft to Myanmar. Apparently, there were also transfers of combat aircraft from the presence (MiG-29 and Su-24M) to Syria and the Libyan National Army.As for the supply of non-combat aircraft to the Russian Armed Forces in 2020,
the program of serial production of military transport aircraft Il-76MD-90A at Aviastar-SP JSC in Ulyanovsk continued to slip, as a result of which in 2020 the Aerospace Forces did not receive a single aircraft of this type. Although the Aviastar-SP plant during 2020 took off three new Il-76MD-90A aircraft - aircraft with serial numbers 0203 (registration number RF-78658, first flight on March 17), 0204 (registration number RF-78659, first flight on August 26), and 0205 (registration number RF-78660, first flight on December 6) - however, none of them were officially handed over to the Russian Ministry of Defense by the end of the year.
These three IL-76MD-90A still not delivered are the fifth, sixth and seventh sides built by Aviastar-SP JSC under a contract with the Russian Ministry of Defense dated October 2012 for the production of 39 Il-76MD-90A units. Thus, to date, the Aviastar-SP plant has built a total of 11 copies (including the prototype) of the Il-76MD-90A military transport aircraft and one prototype of the Il-78M-90A tanker aircraft.
In May 2020 it became knownthat the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, on new terms, renegotiated a contract with Aviastar-SP JSC for the supply of Il-76MD-90A military transport aircraft. Under the new conditions, under the old contract in 2012, the plant will now deliver a total of 13 Il-76MD-90A aircraft, and from 2021 a new contract for the supply of 14 such aircraft until 2028 will enter into force. On December 18, 2020, the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation also signed a state contract with Aviastar-SP JSC for the supply of ten new Il-78M-90A tanker aircraft.
In addition, apparently, the Russian Aerospace Forces in 2020 received another light twin-engine Diamond DA42T trainer aircraft, assembledsince 2017 JSC "Ural Civil Aviation Plant" (UZGA, Yekaterinburg) from machine kits manufactured by the Austrian company Diamond Aircraft Industries, having completed the contract for the supply of 35 aircraft to the Russian Ministry of Defense. The aircraft are intended to be used as training aircraft for training cadets of military transport aviation of the Russian Aerospace Forces. The first three Diamond DA42T aircraft (presumably tail numbers from "051" to "053") under this contract were commissioned by UZGA at the end of 2017, and it was planned to commission 17 aircraft in 2018 and 15 in 2019. In fact, since 2017, information on the delivery of Diamond DA42T aircraft under this contract has not been published due to the political sensitivity of these deliveries in light of the current international situation. However, it is known that at the end of 2018 a batch of Diamond DA42T aircraft entered the Balashov Aviation Training Center of the Krasnodar Higher Military Aviation School of Pilots (KVVAUL) named after Hero of the Soviet Union A.K. Serov (Balashov, Saratov region), and that the assembly of these aircraft at UZGA continued until 2020.
On August 25, 2020, during the Army-2020 International Military-Technical Forum, the Russian Ministry of Defense signed a contract with UZGA for the supply of 20 additional Diamond DA42T trainer aircraft starting from 2021 .
In general, the signing in 2020 by the Russian Ministry of Defense of a package of contracts for new aviation equipment gives hope that the supply of combat aircraft to the Russian Armed Forces will start to grow again starting from 2021. Previously, we can expect the delivery in 2021 of 21 new-built combat aircraft (estimated, six Su-30SM2, six Su-34, five Su-35S, two Su-57, two MiG-35S) and several combat training aircraft Yak-130 , with further build-up from 2022. It can be expected that in 2021-2022 the "traffic jam" will also be finally overcome IL-76MD-90A.