Russia is turning into a major electronics manufacturer. We followed in the footsteps of China.
In Russia, like mushrooms after the rain, electronics factories are growing - one larger than the other. Moreover, it already smacks of such a bat for the market that soon it will not seem like a little. But this is good for the market.
And this trend - towards the creation in Russia of a large full-fledged industry for the production of electronic devices - is directly felt. When, as yet, the scattered individual bricks have not yet been built into something integral, but you already begin to vaguely understand that there will be something grandiose here.
Recently, with the support of FRP, a new plant of the Macro EMS company was opened. I was there last year, before the opening, and even then there was a very serious production of very complex devices with a focus on reliability. And then they showed me the construction site, finishing work was already going on inside. And so the factory was opened.
Literally afterwards, the Rikor plant was opened in Arzamas, and again with the support of the FRP. They will make laptops, tablets, servers. More precisely, they are already doing it. The factory is equipped not only with equipment for the production of electronics, but also with metalworking equipment for the production of cases of any complexity. But boards are ordered on the side, in China and on Rezonit in Russia.
"Rezonit", and I have also been there, it is expanding and is building a new factory in the SEZ "Technopolis" Moscow "site" Alabushevo ". There is the production of printed circuit boards of any complexity, and the assembly of components. But again, this is an expansion, and this is how the plant has been operating for a long time.
But Rezonit seems to have a competitor. Yadro started building its own factory in Dubna.
The group of Russian technology companies Yadro has started the main phase of construction in Dubna, Russia's largest full-cycle plant for the production of radio-electronic products. The plant will produce domestic personal devices that will meet all international standards. Its capacity will be up to 1 million units of equipment per year.
YADRO FAB DUBNA is a large-scale high-tech full-cycle production with an area of over 40,000 m². YADRO FAB DUBNA will launch in the second quarter of 2023 and reach full performance at the end of the same year.
Moreover, the plant also includes the production of printed circuit boards, that is, YADRO FAB DUBNA will produce full-cycle electronics - there is nowhere more complete, so complete that most large manufacturers do not have this. I'll just remind you that the production of printed circuit boards is a very complex high-tech process, if you are interested, then here is my very detailed article on how printed circuit boards are made, but even there are only the main stages.
By the way, this article about the Svyaz Engineering KB plant is located in Dubna. And, unfortunately, it went bankrupt as a result and has been mothballed for many years. Probably YADRO will somehow use it in their megaproject YADRO FAB DUBNA.
And this is just an indicator. When Svyaz Engineering KB, a resident of the Dubna Special Economic Zone, opened a new, ultra-modern PCB manufacturing plant in the SEZ in 2015, it looked, how to put it mildly, unusual. It is unclear who will order when there is China, and there was only hope for the parent company. But it didn't work out, the plant stopped.
And today, 6 years later, electronics factories are growing like mushrooms. And this creates that necessary critical mass of consumers when manufacturers of the second echelon - chemistry, components, solders, textolite, phosphors, equipment - follow them. China followed this path. And today he is competing not at the expense of low salaries, but at the expense of a well-functioning ecosystem, where everything that needs to be produced “behind the fence”, and due to this, amazing efficiency is obtained.
This is not done by order, is not created by presidential decree and is not planned for specific dates. This is a long process, but there is no other way, and, fortunately, Russia, it is already quite obvious, is confidently following this path.
PS The photos in the article are mine, I've been everywhere in person. But these are not all electronics factories I have visited. And by the way, they will write that this is all a screwdriver assembly (they will never master an article about how printed circuit boards are made, there are a lot of letters). But here's a board completely made in Russia. 100%. Including every component on it. Including textolite, chemistry, and even the equipment on which it is made. Also a photo of the author.