Most of the Arab countries didn't want to spend money on the more expensive Soviet aircraft or risked compromising it to the US.
Egypt, for example signed agreements with the US and Israel and turned their back on Russian military equipment. Most of the rest of the Arab countries were in the US camp too. Iraq bought some Soviet MiG-29s but also French aircraft too.
Indeed, I agree with you the Egypt's case was ambiguous. After Nasser's death, Sadate, and his friends wanted one thing, to break with Soviet Union, and to join US camp. Nevertheless, there are several other examples, untill now Iran -this is not arab country- wanted to buy many Sukhoi or Mig, but Russia intill now refused to sell them. Refused even to deliver the SA-10 -aka S-300 -.
I don't know much about Syria, I know that Syria needs many other hardwares to fight against Israel. For example, when Soviet Union provided SA-5 Gammon -aka S-200- during 1983, the soviets insisted that at first SA-5 were for begining served by soviets experts only
, moreover, the SA-5 batteries were integrated inside the soviet network -contrary to iraqis network, Saddam prefered to rely on Kari that after will reveal a real disaster for Iraq-, in order to avoid that syrian army could use SA-5 against Israel.
I don't know much about Syria's ability to buy more sophisctated weapons, however, syrian air force needs absolultly some Awacs in order to monitor every israelis take off. Their -russian's origin- radars, even though, they are very sophiscated, could not see at low altitude, and could not what about in the south Lebanon, because of Mountains.
Will be interesting to see Egyptian MiG-35s with RVV-BD missiles... 280km range AAMs..
We've already discussed about this air to air missile's subject, and as you know, there are no missiles enough effective to stop any israelis or US attacks. The only solution nowadays, is still the dogfight, hence still fighters with guns
. The dogfight stay, and will stay for at least several centuries the only ultimate result in air battle.
Whatever missile could be: Either S-300/400, AMRAAM, Sidewinder, Sparrow, AA-10 Alamo, AA-11 Archer, AA-12 -AMRAAMSKI- Adler.
A good pilot inside a Mig 29 could down any fighter in the world, as inside F-16, or Typhoon. Everything is subordinate to the quality of training. As US had the hugest military budget, they could have among the top of the pilots in the world. Now as the budget is collapsing, the training became reduced, as the quality. For the F-22 the pilots'trainig now is reduced to reach the 1/3 of the F-16's training.
Regarding that, Russia, Egypt, China has very good assets against US.