ren0312 wrote:Basically does Russia overspend on defence? Its defense spending as a percentage of GDP is at 5.3 percent according to SIPRI, and compared to the US, the US did not spend this much since the Cold War. And Russia's government spending as a percentage of GDP is not that high, and the military competes with other priorities in the budget like infrastructure, education, and the health budget. If you look at Russia's size plus low density plus awful climate, and the need to keep its population connected, that basically mens that Russia has to spend proportionally more on infrastructure, with a lower population to support such infrastructure spending relative to the size of the road of rail network, compared to say, Germany.
First of all your numbers are flat out wrong. 2nd and even more important evaluating effect of military spending by comparing share of currency spending on military relative to GDP is stupid reductionist. It does not matter how much money is spend on defence because money has fiat supply that competently run state can produce in infinite quantity, thus it can not ever become economic bottleneck unless there is deliberate sabotage by government and/or ruling oligarchy.
What is excessive or insufficient spending is determined by physical limitations that are not in infinite supply. Those are, first above all, availability of labour, flowed by raw materials, and then means of production (tools, factories, assembly lines and so on).
So to determinate if there is insufficient or excessive "spending" being done on "defence" one has to first see if Russia has sufficient labour. And it does. In fact Russia does not have full possible employment and government should seek the way to employ it's labour to full possible capacity by expanding military and other production. Anything else would be inefficient waste of productive labour.
Next we can evaluate availability of raw materials and can conclude that for Russia they are extremely plentiful, and certainly not a bottleneck.
Finally we should see if factories, assembly lines and shipyards are running at full capacity. Do they work at full 3 shifts, or only in part of the day, do manufacturing machines idle good part of the shift or are they fully at work 24/7, do shipyard docks sit idle with no production or frozen production. Looking all the reports it is obvious Russian military manufacturing facilitates are heavily underused and could allow for much greater output of war material then they currently do.
So given all of this it can be concluded Russian state is heavenly underspending, both on military and for other state affairs, and that is largely consequence of it being dominated by neoliberal oligarchy more concerned with their private short term interests then with interest of the state and the people.