Outpost with questions
In case of conflict between Russia and Turkey, Armenia is at the forefront
Armenian armed forces today are the highest among the three armies of the Transcaucasian level military and moral-psychological training of personnel, but they are the smallest in the number of military equipment. However, the latter only applies to the sun "official". Nagorno Karabakh Armenian army is integrated with, and its exact dimensions like as unknown.
Armenian armed forces have formed in the war for Karabakh. However, since the country is not landlocked and bordered by Russia, it remains in the transport blockade by Azerbaijan and Turkey. Almost none of transit and through Georgia. As a result, the bulk of the cargo from the main ally - Russia - is a circuitous route through Iran. Support for Armenian Orthodox Shiite state is somewhat paradoxical. This is explained by the fact that Azerbaijan's main ally - Turkey - the main geopolitical enemy of Iran in the region.
Surrounded by enemies
Armenia is a CSTO member and formally sent a company of the RRF. However, due to the above mentioned features of the geographical location of the real participation in the organization of Yerevan can not take. The actual connection to the CSTO exercises the Russian 102nd military base.
Armenian Army include five army corps.
1st AK (headquarters in the city of Goris) is a part of the 2nd Mechanized Infantry Brigade (Goris, of the units stationed in Karakhanbeyli on controlled Azerbaijani territories), 522nd (Sisian) and 539th (Agarak) motorized rifle regiments, tank , reconnaissance, MTO battalions.
2nd AK (Karchahpyur) - 555th motorized infantry regiment, a tank and reconnaissance battalions, an artillery battalion.
3rd AK (Vanadzor) - 3rd (Vanadzor), 246th (Ijevan), 543rd (Noyamberyan) and 549th (Chambarak) motorized rifle regiments, tank, communications, procurement and reconnaissance battalions, reactive and artillery divisions.
4th AK (Yeghegnadzor) - 527th motorized infantry regiment (Vaik), self-propelled artillery battalion, communications battalion.
5th AK (Nubarashen) - 9th fortified area, the 4th (Yerevan) and 545th (Nurabashen) infantry regiments.
In addition, the composition includes 535 NE-I study (Byrd), 23th special forces, missile, artillery, anti-aircraft missile, radio engineering brigade, motorized, self-propelled artillery, anti-tank artillery, 531st anti-aircraft missile, communications, engineering an engineering, procurement shelves, as well as the 7th fortified (Gyumri). On the territory of Nagorno-Karabakh and surrounding Azerbaijani territories under Armenian control, deployed, except units 2nd Motorized Brigade, 83rd Motorized Rifle Brigade (Dashkesan) and 538th Motorized Rifle Regiment (Agdaban).
Armed with 8 PU OTP P-17 (32 missiles), not less than 2 PU "Point". The tank park consists of 137 T-72 and T-55 8. There are 120 BRDM-2, 12 BRM-1K, 10 BMD-1, 159 BMP-1 and BMP-8, 1K, 5 BMP-2, as well as more than 200 BTR - 6 BTR-152, BTR-19, 60, 54 BTR- 70, 114 BTR-80, up to 40 MTLB. A significant part of the BRM-1K, BMP-1, BTR-152/60/70 number is not in the sun, and in the MVD and border troops, but in the event of war, they will be automatically transferred to the CB. Artillery includes 38 ACS - 10 2C1, 28 2S3, 147 towed guns - 85 D-30, 26 2A36, 34 D-20, 2 D-1, about 80 mortars - 19 PM38 to 62 M-43, 51 MLRS - 47 BM-21, 4 WM-80 (Armenia - the only country apart from China itself, having this armed MLRS). In the near future Russia will be purchased MLRS "Smerch" and TOS-1A.
In service is from 9 to 20 ATGM "Baby", 12 "Fagot", 10 "Competition", 27 self-propelled "Sturm-C", 71 anti-tank gun - 35 D-44, MT-36 12. The army air defense available from 6 to 9 SAM "Wasp", 48 "Strela-10", 30 "Strela-1", 200 MANPADS "Strela-2" and 90 "Igla", 48 ZSU "Shilka". There is an agreement with Russia for the supply of an additional quantity of MANPADS "Igla-S".
Air Force and Air Defense of Armenia are composed of three air bases ( "Gyumri", "Arzni", "Erebuni"), one Squadron, 96th air defense missile brigade, two anti-aircraft missile regiment. On arms has 15 Su-25 (including two combat-capable Su-25UB) and possibly 1 interceptor MiG-25PD. Transport aircraft 3 IL-76, AN-2 3-6 and possibly one An-24 and An-32. Training: 6 L-39, 10-14 Yak-52, Yak-1, 55, 5 Yak-18T. Attack helicopters: 12 Mi-24 (Mi-8 24V / R, 2 Mi-24RA, 2 Mi-24K). Multipurpose: 11-20 Mi-8/17, 8-9 Mi-2. Helicopters - Air KP: 2 Mi-9. Surface air defense includes 3 divisions (36 CP) S-300PT and 2 divisions (24 CP) S-300PS, Division 1 S-75 (6 CP), 5 battalions of S-125 (20 CP), 3 SAM "Circle" (27 CP).
The factor of "Karabakh"
NKR ground forces estimated size is known. Most likely, in their structure, there are 140 T-72 tanks and up to 34 T-55, 5 BRM-1K, 80 BMP-1, 153 BMP-2, 9, BTR-70, 12 ACS 2S1 and 2S3, 100 M guns -30 and D-30, D-16, 1, of about 50 D-20 and 2A36, 24 MLRS BM-21, for at least 6 self-propelled ATGM "Sturm-S" and BRDM-2 ATGM "Competition", not less than than 6 SAM "Wasp" and ZSU "Shilka", several SAM "Strela-10".
As part of the NKR Air Force and Air Defense (presumably) one battalion of S-300PS and SAM "Cube", the batteries 5-6 (15-18 PU) SAM "Circle", 2 Su-25, 3 combat Mi-24 and 5 Mi-8. It is likely that a significant portion of the above-mentioned battalions of S-75, S-125 and "Circle" defense of Armenia handed the NKR defense.
In general, the total capacity of the Armed Forces of Armenia and NKR within existing fortifications and high combat qualities of staff is a reflection provides a possible attack by the Azerbaijani Armed Forces. However, the trends are unfavorable. Azerbaijan is much higher economic opportunities. He now has an overwhelming superiority in the air that is offset by Armenia and Karabakh strong ground defense.
Hand of Moscow
On the territory of Armenia (Gyumri) is, as mentioned above, the 102nd military base of the Russian Federation Armed Forces. It consists of 123, 124, 128th infantry, artillery 992 th and 988 th air defense missile regiments, 3624th Air Base (in the Erebuni airdrome), other units. On arms - about 100 T-72 tanks, around 150 BMP-1/2 and BTR-70/80, 18 2S1 self-propelled guns and howitzers D-30, BM-27 mortars, 37, 18 MLRS BM-21 "Grad" and BM-30 "Twister", 12 self-propelled anti-tank systems "contest" (on the BRDM-2), and VET MT-12, and 1 battalion S-300V and SAM "Buk-M1" 6 SAM "Strela-10" 6 ZSU "Shilka", 18 MiG-29 fighters (including 2 MiG-29UB), 8 helicopters, Mi-24 and Mi-8.
For most of the period of independence in Armenia is the socio-political debate about whether the country needs the Russian base and not better to seek the support of NATO. Events of the last eight years show that the alliance with Russia provides resistance to external aggression, settlement on the North Atlantic Alliance guarantees the complete absence of protection, but for some reason, only a few are able to accept the obvious. For Russia, the conclusion of the 102nd base will be a particular nuisance in Armenia - a disaster.
Not the fact that I-102 WB will help defend Karabakh, but it is quite accurate to fight on the side of Yerevan, in the case of Azerbaijan and Turkey's attack on Armenia itself.
Now there are new geopolitical circumstances, which, however, should be expected. The long-term affair with Moscow ended in Ankara widely anticipated gap. The belief in Marxist dogma about the primacy of economics over politics has not helped. Politically, Russia and Turkey's interests have always been not only different, but diametrically opposed, as revealed in Syria. We can not exclude direct military confrontation, which can easily go beyond its borders. And if Russia hit Turkey with its own territory (from the Crimea and North Caucasus), the 102nd base, located near the border with Turkey, is at the forefront. If Turkey is attacking this base first have to fight and Armenia, because its territory is subjected to aggression. If Ankara does not want itself to open the north-eastern front to Moscow and Yerevan there difficult dilemma - whether to use 102-th World Bank and the Armenian Armed Forces. Even their joint potential to significantly inferior to Turkey, but in this case, Ankara will have to fight in all directions, which would be an extremely serious problem.
Armenia will face many times more powerful opponent when there is a threat also in the north - from Azerbaijan. There is a danger of a complete military defeat of the occupation of the country and, of course, an irretrievable loss of Karabakh. On the other hand, acted directly on the side of Russia, Yerevan gaining a reputation only true, but not in words, Moscow ally, in this case has a good chance to get rid of the main threats (Turkish) at least for a long time. Moreover, in the event of a serious military defeat of Turkey in Baku definitely not risk to go for the military option to return Karabakh in any foreseeable future (especially since the fall in oil prices severely hamper the development of the Azerbaijani Armed Forces). Selection of Yerevan will be extremely difficult, but it will not be able to escape from him.
In Armenia, more than 30 enterprises of the defense industry, which produce a variety of devices and equipment, but not arms and equipment in its final form. During the Soviet period there were created some new models of small arms, light system is N-2 for firing rocket-propelled grenades, as well as drone "Krunk". The whole country is completely dependent on imports of weapons.