Look at the 2018-2025 armament purchase program;
MOSCOW, April 6 - RIA Novosti, Andrey Kots. In early July, the Russian Ministry of Defense will submit to the Supreme Commander-in-Chief and the public the final draft of the state arms program for 2018-2025 (GPV-2025). This document will determine the composition and volumes of new military equipment and technologies that will go into the troops in the next seven to eight years, and set the vector for the further development of our army, aviation and fleet in the 21st century. At the moment, the military is brought to mind the project and agree on the final details of a military-industrial complex (MIC) and the scientific community.
Details of GPV-2025 are still kept secret. However, its general outlines in February, designated Deputy Defense Minister Yuri Borisov. He said that the main task of the Russian defense industry - to bring to 2020 the level of equipment of the Armed Forces with modern equipment up to 70%. Traditionally, the priority will be given to nuclear deterrence forces and aerospace defense.
Other directions will not be left aside. A source in the military department told RIA Novosti on March 10 that the GPO-2025 will include such significant weapons for our military-industrial complex as the S-500 air defense system, the fifth generation PAK FA fighter, combat machines on the Armata platform and others. However, many military experts note that, in the face of funding cuts, a number of ambitious projects can be postponed indefinitely or their implementation will be stretched over time.
Recall, the new state program initially was to cover the period from 2016 to 2025, but it had to "move to the right." As explained in early February, Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin, the delay is due to the difficult economic situation in the country. At the current SPO 2011-2020 the state allocated 20 trillion rubles. Rogozin stressed that part of the unspent funds will be transferred to the next program. However, it can be judged only about the full amount of its financing.
As Vedomosti newspaper reported in January referring to its own sources in the defense department, the first estimate for GPV-2025 was compiled in 2015. The military requested for the needs of rearmament first 55 trillion rubles, and later reduced the initial application to 30 trillion. The Ministry of Finance agreed to allocate for these needs no more than 12 trillion. The source of the publication believes that the final amount will be close to the figure of the Ministry of Finance. And this means that the military will have to adjust its initial plans.
"I believe that the most affected by the reduction in funding will be the Navy," Andrei Frolov, editor-in-chief of the magazine Export of Arms, told RIA Novosti. "The reason is simple: in the current SPO, he received more funds for modernization than other types of Armed Forces. Undoubtedly, the pace of construction of the Borey nuclear submarine will continue - the strategic underwater missile fleet remains one of the main guarantors of our security: it is becoming increasingly difficult with surface ships. "It is obvious that the project of nuclear aircraft carriers will be postponed to a remote box "Storm". 2025 is unlikely to come into operation destroyers promising project "leader". "
The expert stressed that, despite the reduced funding, the Russian defense industry is quite able to complete the prolonged repair of the Admiral Nakhimov heavy nuclear missile cruiser (TARKR) during this period, as well as modernize the Pyotr Veliky TARKR and the heavy aircraft-carrying cruiser (TAKR) ) "Admiral Kuznetsov". In turn, the editor-in-chief of the magazine "Military-Industrial Courier" Viktor Nikolaev noted that the program of building ships for the Arctic is unlikely to be "curtailed".
"This region is now of enormous geopolitical and economic value," Nikolayev emphasized, "The Ilya Muromets icebreaker should be commissioned in 2017 for the needs of the Navy." In addition, as early as 2016, the Ministry of Defense concluded with the Admiralty Shipyards "A contract for the construction of two universal patrol ships of the Arctic zone of Project 23550 until 2020. I think they will be completed within the framework of GPV-2025."
According to the Aerospace Forces, experts believe that the cutback in funding will not hit hard. The emphasis will be placed on deliveries of Su-30SM, Su-34, Su-35 combat aircraft, Mi-8AMTSh, Mi-28N and Ka-52 helicopters, as well as S-400 anti-aircraft missile systems, to the aircraft parts successfully tested by the Syrian war. But the debut of the promising S-500 may have to wait.The terms of the PAK DA project will shift due to the start of production of Tu-160M2
"I believe that the samples of this system will appear more or less massively in the troops closer to the end of GPV-2025 or later," Andrei Frolov believes. "I would like to conclude first its development. I think that such rates for deliveries, as with S-400, For four or five regiments per year, we will not be able to reach this period within the specified period, I believe that within the framework of the GPV-2025 our military will refuse a number of promising but expensive projects, for example, from the PAK DA - a prospective long-range aviation complex. Now we are in full swing is developing a project of modernization The development of strategic missile carriers Tu-160 to the Tu-160M2 modification, they may go on to the series until 2025. But even the very rich countries can not afford two such projects simultaneously.And the first serial fighters PAK FA T-50 within the framework of the GPV -2025 should already be put into operation ".
The leadership of the Ministry of Defense has repeatedly stated that in the coming years the troops will also receive new planes of military transport aviation. We are talking about light IL-112 (mass production start is planned for 2019) and medium Il-214 (the first flight is expected this year). In addition, the production of heavy IL-76 last modifications will continue.
The pace of rearmament of the ground forces, experts believe, should remain at a fairly high level. The share of modern tanks, for example, for 2020, will be 70% in the troops. Mainly, due to the supply of modernized T-72B3 to the troops. However, on the approach and technology of a new generation.
"With the promising T-14 tank based on the Armata platform, everything is going well," said Andrei Frolov, "Last year, the Defense Ministry concluded a contract for the supply of 100 cars, that is, we can already talk about mass production. And on this project, but there will be 20-30 new tanks a year, but in general I do not think that the Defense Ministry will completely abandon the projects ready or almost ready to go to the series.It can be pretty decent to save by simply cutting the purchased lots of equipment and Warlord zheny. This is true not only of the Land Forces, but also to the armed forces as a whole. But the samples will be tested in the army.
The expert added that if the new tanks are already produced serially, then with the project of the prospective BMP "Kurganets-25" and the BTR "Boomerang" everything is not so good. Both cars had to refine according to the wishes of the military, and, according to Andrey Frolov, the troops they will go no earlier than 2019-2020 years.
"Taking into account the current threats, I believe, in the framework of the GPV-2025, the air defense systems of the Ground Forces will significantly strengthen," military expert Viktor Murakhovsky said. "This applies primarily to the supply of Buk-M3, Tor-M2 air defense missile systems, , S-300 B. As for the ground component of our "nuclear triad", considerable efforts will be concentrated on the development of the Sarmat heavy rocket and the Barguzin combat railway complexes, as well as modernization of the systems already in service. "
At the end of March, a source in the Military Industrial Commission told reporters that the emphasis in the new LG will be made, among other things, on "intelligent weapons systems" - communications, intelligence, control, electronic warfare, precision weapons and others. In such systems, all types and branches of the Armed Forces are needed.
"The main emphasis should be made on the development of high-precision weapons," military expert and publicist Vladislav Shurygin told RIA Novosti. "Syrian experience has shown how effective it is." Secondly, we need to develop robotics-drone drones, ground complexes. Systems of control, communication and target designation, which allow you to tie all the weapons of destruction and reconnaissance on the battlefield into a single knot, and, finally, the fourth - in no case can you cut R & D financing (research and experiments but design works) Future development -. the future of the Armed Forces of Russia and pledge our continued status as one of the leading players in the global arms trade market. "