Defense Ministry of India announced the strategy of defense production, which sets new rules for military procurement. The main purpose of the document is to significantly reduce the dependence of the armed forces of India on imports of military equipment. In general, the document describes a new procedure for procurement, but does not stipulate a specific time frame in which the military intend to reduce imports. Despite the fact that the new rules already in force, 2011 promises to be India's record in terms of military imports.
Foreign is better
Fighting for the phasing out of military purchases abroad began in India in the spring of 2010. In May last year, Vijay Kumar Saraswat, scientific adviser to India's Defense Minister and head of the Defense Research and Development (DRDO), is responsible for most military projects of the country, asked the military "do not get involved in importing cutting-edge systems." According to him, to the Indian arms industry was able to produce competitive goods, should be actively outsource it to India.
DRDO, said Saraswat, just not in a position to develop "critical defense technologies" alone - for doing projects for the creation of a particular type equipment or weapons needed investment. "The military must realize that no matter how grew stronger intention to import modern systems, they must also participate in the economic and industrial development of our country," - Saraswat said, adding that no foreign military products can not be localized in such a way as to meet the long-term defense needs of India.
Shortly before the speech of the scientific adviser to the Minister of Defence of some senior Indian military was criticized DRDO for failing to create modern weapons and equipment that are not only not inferior to foreign models, but would be released within a reasonable timeframe. The main objects of criticism were the projects of development of main battle tank Arjun, which had spent 36 years old, and a fighter Tejas, a program which in early 2010, was extended to 35 years.
In doing so, Arjun Indian military has repeatedly been accused by the quality of performance, refusing to accept the tank into service for ten years. During testing of the tank regularly detects a problem with something in the drivetrain, the night vision systems, the air conditioning. Initially, the Army planned to replace the Indian Arjun tanks all the T-55 and T-72 Soviet-made, but later reduced the amount of the order up to two thousand units and then - up to 124 units.
With Arjun in India in general has turned a distinguished history, indicating rather a willful decision of the Ministry of Defence of India not to let the project die. In March, the Indian army conducted a comparative test of T-90 Russian assembly and Arjun. Formal evaluation of tests and has not been released, but soon after testing Indian press was full of reports with reference to the military, which claimed that the Arjun has surpassed T-90 in all respects.
The whole truth about trials held, and if it becomes known that a very long time. Meanwhile, in mid-May 2010 Indian Army has placed an order for 124 Arjun, but a little earlier announced that T-90 will form the basis of the tank fleet of the country. By some estimates, the Indian military are going to increase the number of T-90 to two thousand units.
A similar situation arose in and around a light fighter Tejas, development of which started in 1983. The first production aircraft the Indian Air Force received recently - January 10, 2011. In this case, the machine has not yet formally accepted into service - the military intended to test the fighter for combat use. In these circumstances it is not surprising that India prefers to purchase equipment abroad. In 2011, should be declared the results of tenders for supply of 126 medium multi-role fighters and 22 foreign-made attack helicopters.
In Russia is upgrading the aircraft carrier Admiral Gorshkov for the Indian Navy. The Ministry of Defence of India also holds many tenders for the supply of submarines, unmanned aircraft, transport helicopters and seaplanes. In all the competitions involved foreign companies, including those from Russia. India, incidentally, generally prefer to buy military equipment from Russia: the fighter jets, submarines, frigates ... The list goes on.
There is, however, and the number of its own Indian research, which conducted a long time. And they are held for the most part because this kind of equipment purchased abroad is difficult, if not impossible. It is a ballistic missile Agni and Prithvi, the interceptor missile AAD, the strategic nuclear submarines of class "Arihant" and the new heavy-duty aircraft carrier class "Vikrant". In this case, the Defense Ministry of India is still considering the purchase of U.S. fighter aircraft Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II for the Navy and Israel - missile defense systems, "David's Sling" (David's Sling) and "Iron Dome" (Iron Dome) for the Air Force.
A new procurement strategy
Against this background, the new document, promulgated on January 17, 2011, but entered into force yet Jan. 1, looks at the same time revolutionary, and very strange. Revolutionary strategy, defense production is just in pursuit of the Ministry of Defence to reduce the share of military imports from the current 75 to 25 percent. The strangeness of the same new rules is that they do not actually make a clear idea of further military purchases, given that Indian industry is not ready for an avalanche of military orders, and India itself has managed to agree with such a number of foreign suppliers that the military simply can not import will stop at least another ten years.
The main provisions of the Strategy of defense production is the priority placement of orders in the military-industrial complex in India. Procedures will be as follows - a special commission of the Ministry of Defense will evaluate the ability of industry to produce one or another military products in a timely manner. If the assessment result is positive, then the order will be placed on Indian enterprises. If negative - India will go to tender on the world market.
It is curious that the estimate of production time will be based on the average timing of the issuance of similar products by foreign companies. For example, if the production of frigates of Project 11356 (three such ships are built for the Indian Navy in Russia) to take three years, the same term to build similar ships will be installed and for the Indian shipyards. For the purchase of arms and military equipment will be bidding, which will be able to participate and private Indian companies, not just the government, as before.
Strategy defense production permit the importation of various components, if they are necessary for the defense industry, but their production in India is economically inefficient or inappropriate. In this case, the rules stipulate that all the imported components must be installed by Indian companies in the country. In the case of imports of different products, India would have to receive and production technology.
In the released document also states that the Ministry of Defence of India will undergo regular sessions on procurement from national companies. The special commission will conduct regular checks, and in general the military will have to actively do paperwork. And everything seems to look right, but it is unclear at what time all the tasks to be implemented. The document does not specify whether the reduced dependence on imports of the armed forces for ten years or twenty. That is, the new rules, in fact, calculated as if the long term.
Interestingly, that 2011 could become India's record in terms of military imports. According to the Center for Analysis of the global arms trade, in 2010, India imported military equipment to 3.756 billion dollars. For this indicator the country ranked third after the United Arab Emirates (6.71 billion) and Taiwan (4.131 billion dollars). In this case, the final decisions on the purchase of military equipment the Indian government has postponed for 2011.
In 2007, India has entered into contracts with foreign producers to buy arms worth 4.783 billion dollars in 2008 - at 4.256 billion in 2009 - at 6.933 billion dollars. The volume of imports in 2007-2010 amounted to 19.729 billion dollars. More only the United Arab Emirates - 21.508 billion dollars. With India in 2011 to acquire six U.S. Transport C-17 Globemaster III, in addition to those already booked in 2010, ten such aircraft. Will also decide on the purchase of 126 medium fighter for almost $ 12 billion.
Furthermore, the Ministry of Defence of India intends to order additional batch of 42 Su-30MKI fighters, whose production will be carried out under license in the country by Hindustan Aeronautics. In autumn 2010, the Government of India has allocated 2.2 billion dollars to buy four U.S. patrol aircraft P-8I Poseidon, in addition to an already purchased eight. In early 2011, will be announced and the winner of the tender for the delivery of 75 training aircraft.
True, India is still to be commended - leading active procurement of arms and military equipment abroad, the country is trying to negotiate every time and on technology transfer. If such agreement can be reached, the Ministry of Defence of India enters into a contract on the condition that most of the purchased equipment will be collected at Indian plants under license. Thus, provided jobs and support businesses and the economy.
In January 2011, India began to create a center design of ships for the Navy, which would last 18 months. The fact that this center will be established, in December 2010, Defence Minister of India Arakaparambil Kurian Antony. The new center will design new ships in accordance with the requirements of the Indian Navy. This institution will also be responsible for the release and the first prototypes of ships for testing, after the passage of which the further production of the ships will be transferred to one of the Indian shipyards.
The amount of funding the project of the center is defined at the level of six billion rupees (133 million dollars). Participation in the project other than the Government of India and the Ministry of Defence, take shipyards Mazagon Docks and Goa Shipyard, as well as the Ministry of Industry in Kerala, where it is the creation of institutions. With the new center will create an educational institution for training personnel to work in the design of ships.
Assessment Anthony, thanks to a new center of the Indian Navy will be able to eliminate virtually all imports of ships in their future purchases. A similar project is planned to establish centers for other arms of the armed forces of India. So far, only one thing is clear: the country depends on foreign military sales, sharply refuse imports would be almost impossible, but with the unveiling of the new strategy the first step is still done.