The two UKSK launchers are for firing SAMs. They won't fire any cruise missiles. How did you arrive at this figure of 16 cruise missiles that Udaloy can carry?
Look at the photo I posted... UKSK launchers can't launch SAMs, only the UKSK-M can do that and AFAIK it has not been fitted to any ships yet and if they did it would need all new radar arrays for the new missiles it could carry.
UKSK-M launchers can carry Redut missiles and also Naval BUK missiles as well, but would need AESA arrays for search and guidance roles which the upgraded Udaloy seems to be lacking.
UKSK and UKSK-M can however carry all the Kalibr and related missiles like the subsonic 3,000km range land attack Kalibr and the subsonic anti ship version with an unknown range, and the subsonic anti ship missile with the mach 3 supersonic rocket terminal attack stage, and of course the Onyx supersonic anti ship and land attack missile and will be compatible with the mach 9 Zircon anti ship and land attack missile... plus of course it has the capacity to carry the Ovtet anti sub ballistic rocket delivering a torpedo to target.
8 x 2 UKSK launch tubes can carry cruise missiles and the Uran Kh-35U quad launchers where the old Udaloy carried Metel anti sub missiles is another 8 missiles that have anti ship and land attack capacity out to 260km... so that would potentially be 24 missiles actually.
Applies to Russian subsonic missiles as well.
Absolutely... the obvious problem of course is that not all ships and land targets are well protected... especially non Russian targets, so the requirement to penetrate enemy defences is much lower most of the time for the Russians so they can keep some simple and cheap missiles for the job while their better missiles can break defences and make later follow up shots with cheaper less capable missiles effective where they might not have been effective if fired first.
Similar launchers are used for Poliment-Redut SAMs.
Upgraded UKSK-M launchers are used for Poliment Redut.... but Poliment is not a missile... it is a radar array... which the upgraded Udaloys lack suggesting they are not going to use UKSK-Ms this time around.
Later on they might decide to standardise on UKSK-Ms so everything gets it, but until then it is not likely.
BTW if it is then each of those 16 tubes can carry four 9M96 missiles with a range of 60km or 150km, or each tube could carry 16 9M100 short range air defence CIWS missiles... in addition to all the strike cruise missiles and anti sub ballistic missile I mentioned above... which would be even better and also the new Naval BUK missile can be carried and launched... one per tube because it is a bigger missile... but also not only that instead of four 9M96 missiles per tube for 16 tubes they should also be able to carry one S-400 SAM per tube in the form of a 400km or 250km range missile... with serious ABM capacity.
Hypersonic missiles resist friction with the air at mach 10 and above which is very high temperature. Lasers work few km away which is traveled in few seconds by the hypersonic missiles and they need few seconds to burn a plastic drone. No time and no power to destroy them with lasers.
Most of those DEW are useless beyond about 2km range, and considering Zircon will be moving at just over 3km per second I don't rate their chances really...
well depends on power. Ship turbines can provide enough energy for shooting But I dont think its gonna be enough for many incoming missiles.
The Zumwalt class ships were supposed to have a new revolutionary power system that allowed high energy weapons... but it does not work...