The construction of the destroyer "Leader" and the aircraft carrier may be delayed until 2035
The Minpromtorg also added that they are considering three scenarios for the development of the economy and the shipbuilding industry: conservative, innovative and target
MOSCOW, July 3. / TASS /. The construction of perspective surface ships of the far sea zone with a lack of financing may be postponed until 2035. This is stated in the Draft Strategy for the Development of the Shipbuilding Industry for the period up to 2035 by the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation.
"With regard to military shipbuilding, it is expected to postpone the commencement of R & D [research and development work] and serial purchases for a number of prospective ships and vessels for the period after 2025 due to the substantial sequestration of budgetary allocations for defense, as well as the complete refusal to purchase a number of large surface ships (a prospective destroyer, a marine aircraft carrier complex, the IAC) until 2035, "the document says.
Based on the degree of favorable macroeconomic and industry indicators, the Ministry of Industry and Trade considers three scenarios for the development of the economy in general and the shipbuilding industry in particular: conservative, innovative and targeted.
"In the conservative scenario, the slowdown in economic growth has a negative impact on the development of the shipbuilding industry, because of the declining competitiveness of the economy, the persistence of tight fiscal policy, the transition to monetary policy with a positive real key interest rate of 2-3%, and a decline in oil prices to $ 40 per barrel in constant dollars in 2017, GDP growth will be 0.2% in 2018-2020, 1.8% in 2021-2025, followed by a slowdown to 1.0% in 2031-2035, "the draft document explains.
According to the innovative scenario, in the military shipbuilding sector, it is expected that in 2020-2022 construction of the main series of ships laid before 2018 will be completed, as well as "intensification of R & D and the start of procurement of head and serial advanced models, including large surface ships of the far sea and ocean zone actions after 2020 ". Oil prices in this scenario will remain at around $ 60 per barrel.
The target (forced) scenario, in addition, involves an intensive increase in the supply of ships and ships in the framework of military-technical cooperation. The rise in oil prices under such a scenario will persist to about $ 75 per barrel in constant dollars in 2017.
Earlier, Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Navy for armament Viktor Bursuk said that work on the construction of a prospective destroyer "Leader" for the Navy could begin in 2020.
The project of the destroyer under the code "Leader" is being developed at the Northern Design Bureau in St. Petersburg. Igor Ponomarev, vice-president of the United Shipbuilding Corporation (USC) for military shipbuilding, clarified earlier, the Russian Defense Ministry has already agreed on the outline design of the ship. It was reported that the displacement of the future destroyer could range from 10 to 15 thousand tons. According to Bursuk, "Leader" will receive a nuclear power plant.
In turn, the head of the United Shipbuilding Corporation, Alexei Rakhmanov, reported that Russian shipbuilders are designing a prospective aircraft carrier in an initiative, but there is still no contract for it. Earlier, the TASS source reported that the USC before the end of 2018 will submit for consideration to the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation a few finalized drafts of a new domestic aircraft carrier. In case of a positive decision on one of the options, development work on the ship can begin in 2019.
Currently, the Russian Navy has a single non-nuclear medium-sized aircraft carrier, Admiral Kuznetsov (according to the Russian classification, a heavy aircraft carrying cruiser). As previously stated in the Navy, the Russian fleet expects to receive a prospective aircraft carrier with an atomic power plant by the end of 2030, the displacement of the new aircraft carrier should not be less than 70 thousand tons.
Krylov State Research Center previously developed and presented to the general public an aircraft carrier design for foreign customers, which was also offered for the domestic fleet. Project 23000 was named "Storm". The sketch assumes that the ship will have a displacement of 80-90 thousand tons, it will be equipped with a combined power plant (both an atomic reactor and a gas turbine engine), the air group of the ship must number up to 60 aircraft.