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    VKS trainer aircrafts status and needs

    franco
    franco

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    VKS trainer aircrafts status and needs - Page 5 Empty The Ministry of Defense is testing two new training aircraft for the initial training of pilots

    Post  franco Tue Jul 13, 2021 10:33 am

    The Ministry of Defense is testing two new training aircraft for the initial training of pilots

    The Russian Ministry of Defense is testing two promising training aircraft at once for training pilots. This was announced by Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu at a conference call at the Ministry of Defense.

    According to the head of the military department, the Ministry of Defense is currently testing the Yak-152 and UTS-800 initial flight training trainers. These aircraft are considered by the military as promising for training aviation . The minister stressed that for high-quality training of cadets, it is necessary to have 500 new training aircraft and 200 helicopters.

    At what stage the tests are and other details on the choice of the TCB are not reported.

    Information on the Yak-152 trainer aircraft is available. The development of the Yak-152 training aircraft began in 2014 as part of the ROC with the code "Ptichka-VVS". The first prototype of the aircraft appeared already in 2016. The UAC promised to deliver the first serial Yak-152s for the Ministry of Defense this year.

    Machine length - 7.8 m, wingspan - 8.8 m, area - 12.9 sq. M. Maximum takeoff weight - 1700 kg. The maximum speed is determined at 500 km / h, the range at full refueling (245 kg) is 1500 km. Avionics is unified with the Yak-130 and ensures the creation of a single training complex.

    But there is very little information on the UTS-800 trainer aircraft. It is known that it is being developed by the Ural Civil Aviation Plant (UZGA), the model of the aircraft was presented at the Army-2020 exhibition. The aircraft is equipped with a VK-800 engine, the take-off weight is declared at 2100 kg.

    https://topwar-ru.translate.goog/184935-minoborony-provodit-ispytanija-dvuh-novyh-uchebno-trenirovochnyh-samoletov-dlja-pervonachalnoj-podgotovki-letchikov.html?_x_tr_sl=auto&_x_tr_tl=en&_x_tr_hl=en&_x_tr_pto=ajax,elem,se

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    Mir
    Mir

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    VKS trainer aircrafts status and needs - Page 5 Empty Re: VKS trainer aircrafts status and needs

    Post  Mir Tue Jul 13, 2021 11:58 am

    Flanky wrote:Beautiful little machine. Reminds me of Embraer T-27. With 2 - 4 pylons for light weight weapons it could be used in counter insurgency.

    Quite a bit smaller than the T-27's. Most likely going to stick to the basic trainer role - but it's nice and nimble.
    GarryB
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    Post  GarryB Wed Jul 14, 2021 6:57 am

    Only information I could find on the UTS-800....

    http://bastion-karpenko.ru/uts-800-samolet/

    A few links and photos there...

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    medo
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    Post  medo Wed Jul 14, 2021 8:10 am

    UTS-800 is more acceptable as it have domestic engine VK-800. But this is more advanced trainer with turboprop engine, similarly to PC-9 and could replace L-39 between basic trainer and Yak-130. Still is question of basic trainer, which Yak-152 should be. They have problems with engine as US put sanctions on Red engines. They have a proper solution for the time, before the question of engine for Yak-152 is solved. RuAF already bought twin engine DA-42 trainers from UZGA for transport aviation school. UZGA also produce single engine DA-40 for civil market, which could be bought for RuAF academies for basic trainers.
    Russian_Patriot_
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    Post  Russian_Patriot_ Wed Aug 18, 2021 6:31 pm

    UTS-800 – training complex for initial training of pilots. 

    A traditional flight crew training course consists of an initial flight training program, a core or basic program, and a refresher program. One way to reduce costs is to switch from a three-to two-stage training model, in which the initial and main training is performed on the same type of aircraft, preferably a turboprop.

    A training aircraft capable of solving such tasks is, for example, the Pilatus PC-9, developed by Pilatus Aircraft. The machine is widely used all over the world. Based on the PC-9, many modifications were built, including the T-6 Texan II training aircraft, which is the main TCB of initial and basic training in the United States. The average cost per flight hour of this type of aircraft is several times less than that of jet aircraft, and pilot training is much cheaper.

    In Russia, the Yak-152, equipped with a 500-horsepower RED A03 V12 piston diesel engine of the German company RED Aircraft GmbH, is currently being tested. The peculiarity of this aircraft is that it is part of the training complex, which also includes the Yak-130 aircraft, a procedural simulator, training computer classes and a system of objective control tools. The complex is designed to solve the problems of initial training and professional selection of pilots at an early stage of training.

    However, the launch of full-fledged mass production and the start of real operation of the Yak-152 are still delayed. At the same time, the aircraft is a constant participant in the International Aerospace Showrooms in Zhukovsky. The machine is not only shown as part of the static exposition of the Irkut Corporation, but also participates in the flight program of the air show. The history of the Yak-152 began in the early noughties, when the president of the OKB im. Yakovlev Oleg Demchenko decided to re-designate the Yak-54M training aircraft being created in the Yak-152.

    The plane made its first flight on September 29, 2016, but its state tests have not yet been completed, and for five years there has been no certainty about the future of the Yak-152. The Ministry of Defense has not yet signed any contracts for the supply of this type of training aircraft to flight schools.

    In July 2021, at one of the conference calls at the Russian Defense Ministry, the head of the Department, Sergei Shoigu, said that in order to update the fleet of training aircraft for initial training of combat aviation pilots, comprehensive tests of two promising models-the Yak-152 and UTS-800-will be conducted on a competitive basis.

    There is little information about the project being developed by the Ural Civil Aviation Plant. It is known that the first flight copy of the UTS-800 will be assembled in December 2021 at UZGA, i.e., the comparison of the two vehicles can be carried out by the Ministry of Defense no earlier than the second half of 2022 — the Ural machine must first take to the sky and pass at least a program of factory finishing tests. At the same time, it should be borne in mind that the vehicles are fundamentally different in their power plant: the Yak-152 is equipped with an imported piston engine, while the UTS-800 is equipped with a VK-800PS turboprop produced by UEC-Klimov. During the construction of the aircraft, it is planned to use domestic technologies and materials. The main consumer of the UTS-800 will be flight schools of the Aerospace Forces.

    About the features of the new aircraft and its production program in Russia interview Dmitry Tinyakov, Chief designer of the UTS-800, told Krylia Rodiny magazine

    According to him, the aircraft is being developed in accordance with the current aviation regulations and existing technical requirements received from the operators. UTS-800 allows you to teach piloting techniques for simple and complex aerobatics in the altitude range from 1000 to 8000 m. The aircraft will be able to be based on artificial runways and unpaved runways.

    "The UTS-800 has two options for refueling: for performing aerobatics and multi-purpose. By varying the amount of fuel refueled, you can get either an aerobatic plane for training aerobatics, or a significant flight duration, for example, flights on routes or patrols" – Dmitry Tinyakov said.

    The aircraft's powerplant consists of one VK-800SP turboprop engine and a four-bladed AV-410P propeller. Power on the shaft in take-off mode is 806 hp. The power plant compartment is equipped with a fire extinguishing system, in addition, the fire alarm system allows you to get timely information about a fire in other compartments of the aircraft.

    When designing the UTS-800, the main priorities that determine the development requirements were adopted: low cost of flight hours, reliability, active and passive safety, operational manufacturability, and training efficiency. The development of the machine is carried out with the maximum use of mass-produced domestic components with proven high reliability indicators, resources and service life.

    The UTS-800 has a direct-acting mechanical control system. The necessary redundancy of all the main systems is provided: fuel, power supply, flight and navigation equipment, etc. The aerodynamic layout of the aircraft and wing profiling were chosen in order to ensure predictable reactions of the UTS-800 to gross piloting errors. When approaching critical angles of attack, a warning shake is provided. Special attention is paid to the behavior of the aircraft in a tailspin, ensuring safe entry and exit from the tailspin when performing training flights.

    The chief designer of the aircraft noted that the flight characteristics of the UTS-800, including the landing speed, were chosen in order to ensure the formation of the necessary piloting skills and flight safety, especially during takeoff and landing. The aircraft is equipped with a hydraulically operated brake flap, which is released automatically when the maximum speed is reached.

    The front landing gear is equipped with a steerable wheel, which simplifies taxiing and makes maneuvering around the airfield simple and safe. The separate braking of the wheels of the main chassis supports implemented in the design of the braking system is also aimed at solving this problem.

    The crew is provided with the most comfortable conditions – a good view from the cockpit, a modern air conditioning and ventilation system, an anti-overload suit, oxygen equipment for performing flights at high altitudes, and efficient lighting equipment. As part of ensuring the safety of the cadet and instructor, the aircraft is equipped with a bird-resistant canopy of the cockpit light and is equipped with a complex of emergency escape means that allows you to leave the car in the entire range of altitudes and speeds, including on the ground.

    The airframe structure is mainly made of domestic polymer composite materials, which provide weight and economic efficiency, high technological efficiency, a large resource and service life of the structure. Such solutions allow you to safely make an emergency landing "on the belly", including on water, but at the same time, the landing gear of the aircraft is equipped with a fully independent backup exhaust system, which minimizes the occurrence of such situations.

    The tandem cabin layout allows the cadet to work completely independently with the cabin equipment, while the control priority remains with the instructor, which gives him full control over the cadet's actions. In the course of training, the instructor can simulate the failure of an avionics system, teach piloting techniques in simple and difficult weather conditions, and teach simple and complex aerobatics, including corkscrew flights.

    "Within the framework of the UTS-800 project, UZGA is developing a comprehensive solution that provides training of flight and technical personnel in the sky and on the ground, as well as efficient operation and maintenance of the aircraft" – says Dmitry Tinyakov. "The UTS-800 training complex provides for the creation of not only the aircraft itself, but also technical training facilities as part of a simulator and a training class for flight and technical personnel, ground handling facilities and objective control facilities" – he said.

    The complex provides training in piloting techniques in full, at any time of the day, in simple and difficult weather conditions, singly and as part of a group. State-of-the-art classroom software will allow you to study the design and operation features of the aircraft, piloting techniques in a simple and accessible form, and analyze training flights based on data obtained from objective control tools.

    UTS-800 can be used in state flight training institutions, DOSAAF flying clubs, as well as in other training centers for timely selection at the initial and basic training stages of future professional pilots with savings of tens of millions of rubles for advanced flight training of each of them.

    Source: 
    VKS trainer aircrafts status and needs - Page 5 Img_2127
    VKS trainer aircrafts status and needs - Page 5 Img_2126VKS trainer aircrafts status and needs - Page 5 Img_2128
    VKS trainer aircrafts status and needs - Page 5 Img_2129

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    Russian_Patriot_
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    Post  Russian_Patriot_ Wed Aug 18, 2021 6:36 pm

    The UTS-800 looks like a completely normal alternative to the Yak-152, the situation with which is not yet clear due to the imported engine. However, the development of the UTS-800 is only at the early stages, which may delay the receipt of modern training aircraft by Russian flight schools. And the unification between the Yak-130 and the UTS-800 is very vague, unlike the Yak-130 and Yak-152. But there is still a possible solution to the problem of import substitution of the Yak-152 engine – this is a motor from Aurus. But I do not know if it can be installed on the Yak-152.
    GarryB
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    Post  GarryB Thu Aug 19, 2021 5:42 am

    The text says it is a four bladed prop, but the images show a five bladed prop.

    It is pretty clear the competition has been delayed until the engines for this new plane are ready... it should be interesting to see what happens.

    KRET probably make avionics for light planes which likely could be fitted to this new aircraft too at least for testing.

    800hp vs 500hp is interesting... quite a difference really... I am guessing a three plane solution  with two turboprop aircraft instead of two jet aircraft would not be ideal...( ie Yak-52, L39, Yak-130... to Yak-152, L39, Yak-130 being one option that is not very satisfactory)

    They were talking about that other light jet trainer the SR-10 together with the Yak-130 and the Yak-152 might work but perhaps replacing the SR-10 with this new turboprop aircraft... or if the Yak-152 can't sort out a Russian engine then just the UTS-800 and Yak-130 instead...

    Remember the Yak-130 engine was from orc land too, till they developed a local model.

    Both the Yak-152 and UTS-800 look even more interesting when you add the perspective of all the new light weight air to ground weapons being developed for Drones that would make such little aircraft rather potent and capable.

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    franco
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    Post  franco Sun Aug 29, 2021 11:21 am

    https://bmpd.livejournal.com/4383611.html

    Photo review of the first sample of the UTS-800 trainer aircraft

    UTS-800: from general to details

    At "Army-2020" UTS-800 was shown as a model at the UZGA stand. A year later, we already see an airplane on statics, which should make its first flight by the end of the year.

    Over the past year, the Technical Design has been completed, the release of working design documentation is nearing completion. So progress is visible to the naked eye. But we will take a telescope camera and look at some of the details with an armed eye. And I was also lucky to talk to specialists at the site, they told a few interesting things about UTS-800 and DART-450.

    NOTE: apparently the UTS-800 is an enlarged modified version of the Austrian DART-450

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    franco
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    Post  franco Fri Sep 10, 2021 10:29 am

    Yak-152 vs UTS-800: Russia chooses "flying desk"

    Difficulties in transition


    The recent International Military-Technical Forum "Army-2021" was remembered for many novelties, but the UTS-800 from the Ural Civil Aviation Plant took a special place in it . A promising trainer aircraft can serve the armed forces well, or, as a project, it can end in nothing.

    However, first things first.

    Now for the initial training of Russian cadets, Austrian aircraft Diamond DA40 Diamond Star and DA42 Twin Star are used. Cars for the Ministry of Defense are produced under license at the Ural Civil Aviation Plant. As of 2021, 150 DA40 aircraft were manufactured in Russia.

    After them, the pilots are trained on such machines as the famous Czechoslovak combat training aircraft L-39 Albatros and the more modern Russian Yak-130. Experts have repeatedly said that this plane is too complicated and expensive, but no one plans to abandon it. Moreover, the great potential of the vehicle makes it possible to use it as a light attack aircraft.

    The history of Russian piston trainer aircraft of initial training, which should be replaced by foreign ones, is no less remarkable: this is all the more relevant when you consider that their fate is being decided right now.

    According to Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu, a competition is currently being held to find a replacement for the fleet of training vehicles. Yak-152 and UTS-800 are taking part in it .

    According to Shoigu, at least 700 well-trained graduate pilots are needed per year to effectively use the potential of existing and prospective airline complexes. For this, the material base of universities must include at least 500 modern training aircraft and two hundred helicopters.

    Yak-152

    Developed by the Yakovlev Design Bureau and manufactured by PJSC Irkut Corporation, the Yak-152 made its first flight on September 29, 2016, but over all these years, only three prototypes were produced.

    Nevertheless, at first glance, everything looks good. As part of the Yak-130 combat training complex, the Yak-152 received a cockpit information and control field that was completely unified with the Yak-130. The combined use of two machines should significantly facilitate the training of flight personnel. The Yak-152 has a tandem arrangement of crew members, the maximum take-off weight is 1480 kilograms, and the maximum speed of the Yak-152 is 500 kilometers per hour (at a cruising speed of 380 kilometers per hour).

    The aircraft received an aviation 12-cylinder V-shaped diesel engine RED A03Т V12 (takeoff power is 500 horsepower) of the German company RED Aircraft. It is financed by the Russian holding Finam. On the territory of Russia, these products are assembled and serviced by the Russo-Balt company.

    Despite attempts to establish licensed production at the Russian site and partial elimination of dependence on imports, the production of diesel engines for the Yak, apparently, remains the weak point of the project. In favor of this, in particular, says the statement of the general director of the Central Institute of Aviation Motors named after Baranov, Mikhail Gordin.

    According to him, the Yak-152 trainer aircraft may receive a domestic engine. True, it is still considered not as a replacement for the RED engine, but as an "analogue". The specialist admits the extremely successful layout of the RED A03Т V12 and the presence of components in it that Russia does not produce. One way or another, so far all this is nothing more than plans and the subject of "separate experimental design development."

    UTS-800

    Difficulties with the Yak-152 diesel engine open the way for the brainchild of the Ural Civil Aviation Plant (UZGA) - the UTS-800 aircraft. It should receive the Russian VK-800S turboprop engine with a capacity of 800 horsepower. The turboprop modification was developed on the basis of the Russian gas turbine aircraft engine VK-800 manufactured by the Plant named after V.I. V. Ya. Klimov. Within the framework of the program of the Ministry of Trade and Industry of Russia, the development of the turboprop version has been carried out by UZGA since 2017.

    The task set for the UTS-800 is the same as for the Yak-152. But these are still completely different machines. The maximum take-off weight of the "800" exceeds 2000 kilograms. The empty weight of the car is 1706 kilograms. The Yak-152 has a maximum take-off weight, as mentioned above, - 1480 kilograms.

    The maximum horizontal flight speed of the UTS-800 is 460 kilometers per hour, and the cruising speed is 360 kilometers per hour. As a propeller, we chose a product from Aerosila, which has four blades. According to the chief designer of the UTS-800 Dmitry Tinyakov, the aircraft has two types of refueling. One is designed for aerobatics, the other acts as a multipurpose one. Depending on the type of refueling, the car is either suitable for aerobatics, or gets a longer duration in the air.

    According to Tinyakov, the price of the aircraft in operation will be five times lower than in the case of the Yak-130. According to various sources, it will amount to either 25 thousand rubles per flight hour, or 32. In any case, the comparison with the Yak-130 is not entirely correct: the machines are in different classes, although they are designed to solve similar problems. But if we compare the price of UTS-800 and Yak-152, then the indicators will clearly not be on the side of the first machine.

    In addition, one of the complaints about the UTS-800 was that the car was a "copy" of the Austrian DART-450. But this is not entirely true. The Russian aircraft has a larger cockpit, which allows the pilot to be rescued at zero altitude at zero speed, and the installation of a second seat significantly higher than the first improves visibility. In addition, the air intake on the Russian car was taken out slightly lower than in the case of the DART.

    UTS-800, with all its theoretical pluses and minuses, has never been in the sky, while the Yak has been flying for a long time (even if we are talking about a very small number of machines). If nothing changes, the Ural Civil Aviation Plant will be able to lift the UTS-800 into the sky by the end of the year. After that, the car will have a long way of testing, which the Yak has already partially passed. Serial production of the UTS-800 is scheduled for 2024.

    It should also be said that the very concept of a propeller-driven trainer is sometimes criticized, since it is far from a modern fighter in terms of control, speed, maneuverability, and so on.

    As an alternative, they sometimes offer a relatively inexpensive CP-10 trainer equipped with an AI-25TL turbojet engine (it is Ukrainian, so the aircraft should go into production with the Russian AL-55). The car made its first flight in 2015. One prototype has been built to date.

    https://topwar-ru.translate.goog/186870-jak-152-vs-uts-800-rossija-vybiraet-letajuschuju-partu.html?_x_tr_sl=auto&_x_tr_tl=en&_x_tr_hl=en&_x_tr_pto=ajax,elem,se

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