VDV will probably operate under the S-400, S-500 umbrella.
Unlikely... the VDV would operate in enemy rear areas and likely would be out of range of the S-400 and S-500 systems.
Their mobility together with short and possibly medium range air defence from the ground, and probably air power support.
The focus against a strong enemy would likely to seize a port or airport so other support platforms can be brought in...
However, NATO will strike VDV along with the S-400, S-500 with hypersonic cruise missiles.
Not many good reasons for the VDV to attack deep behind HATO lines... at best they might deliver them to Kaliningrad to support defence against HATO attack, but it will be Russian hypersonic and IRBM and IRCM that will be hitting HATO targets...
Modern day SAM systems like S-400, S-500, THAAD, PAC-3 are not designed to defeat hypersonic cruise missiles.
Not at the moment, but testing and development work could create algorythms that make them able to get pretty close to the hypersonic targets... especially with fake signals from the SAMs that make the hypersonic weapons think the SAMs are somewhere else so they manouver towards where the SAMs are instead of away from them... and of course a decent nuke warhead on the SAM to make up the difference...
S-500 was designed to do exactly this. Of course, when western hypersonic missiles enter service Russia will already field the S-600 system.
The S-500 already can intercept much faster targets, but would need further work to attack targets actually manouvering to evade interception... ATM it is designed for predictable targets on a predictable trajectory even if they are moving very fast along that trajectory, but it would not be impossible for them to improve its performance against a manouvering target... especially currently while they don't exist... their makers of manouvering hypersonic missiles can give them information about what manouvers they might use to evade interception which could allow them to work out counters to such evasion manoeuvres.
S-500 was designed as a mobile A-135 whose primary task would be to intercept ICBMs.
It was designed to hit fast moving targets including ICBMs, SLBMs, and satellites in low earth orbit.
Current hypersonic threats move much slower than 7km per second... Zircon for instance moves at 3.2km/s which is actually slower than the 4.8km/s speed of targets the S-400 and S-350 can intercept BTW... but they would need to do some work to compensate for a manouvering target.
S-500 can't destroy incoming hypersonic cruise missiles.
It was not designed to intercept manouvering hypersonic missiles, but that does not mean it cannot be adapted to do so... they have time on their hands and real missiles to test against.
Do you realize how difficult it is to track a hypersonic missile leave alone destroying it? DEW may provide an answer but that's at least 10 year away.
Tracking is not the problem... tracking has never been the problem.
S-400 is designed to destroy IRBMs, S-500 for ICBMs.
S-400 can be used against targets moving at up to 4.8km/s and S-500 against targets at 7km/s or faster.
Depends... If VDV is used for quick deployment from one Russian region to another, than they will be absolutely under S-400 and S-500 umbrella. But if they will be deployed somewhere outside Russia, than most probably not. In than case air force will be their cover.
Being deployed to Kaliningrad or the Kuriles would allow them to operate under S-400 and S-500 systems, but most other places not likely...