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    USSR military doctrines in Cold war

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    Vladimir79
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    USSR military doctrines in Cold war

    Post  Vladimir79 on Thu Jul 22, 2010 1:41 am

    Inadequacies in the GRU led to an unjustified increase in the release of weapons in the USSR in the 70- ies

    Continued. Start at number number 19, 21, 27

    The Soviet General Staff , based on the data of the Main Intelligence Directorate , traditionally inflated mobilization capacity and the degree of mobilization readiness of potential adversaries of the USSR and especially the United States of America . On January 1, 1973 military intelligence has determined their state for arms as follows : tanks - 70,000 ( 50,000 main battle , and 20,000 light ) units per year , combat aircraft - 23 thousand field guns (towed ) - 20000 , SAU - 30 000 . In the military and scientific work GRU military capability the United States " in 1975 under the editorship of the Chief of General Staff, Marshal Victor Kulikov claimed that the American tank industry manufacture armored vehicles for the mobilization plan should be carried out at nine assembly plants, three of which ( the total capacity of 27 thousand tanks per year) were active and six (total capacity of 29,000 tanks a year) are on standby . In this study authors concluded that all these enterprises are able to reach full capacity , not later than six months after the announcement of mobilization.

    U.S. tank industry in decline

    If such views are still somehow could be justified in the late 50's - early 60 's, when the leaders of the United States seriously considered the possibility of World War II with the Soviet non-nuclear means , by the mid 70- ies similar views of the Soviet General Staff had lost all touch with reality . By this time the Americans had in fact refused to maintain spare capacity in its military industry . This can be illustrated by the poor condition of armored U.S. industry , which became evident after the Yom Kippur War between Arabs and Israelis.

    The fact is that 18 days in October 1973 during a fierce battle irrecoverable losses Israel Defense Forces ( IDF ) have made more than 840 tanks, or 42 % of the entire tank fleet of 2,000 armored vehicles at the beginning of the war. However, the surviving tanks are in poor condition , because most of them were damaged , sometimes repeatedly , to the battlefield ( all tanks were damaged in 2500 - 125 % of the original number ) and returned to the system only through a beautiful tank repair service of the IDF . The huge losses suffered Israelis and armored personnel carriers ( APCs were destroyed in 1900 , or 43% of the prewar fleet of 4400 cars ) .

    The Arab -Israeli war in 1973 forced the leadership of the armed forces of the United States to reconsider their need for tanks. But above all, Americans had to empty the tank park of its military group in Europe, through which Washington urgently to replace the loss of Israelis in armored vehicles. Naturally , the command of U.S. forces in the Old World has demanded the government an immediate recovery of these " losses " .

    However, the main reason for the increased needs of the U.S. Army was not even in it. The high level of losses in the tanks during the October War in the Middle East led U.S. commanders to reconsider their views on the likely level of self- damage in the event of a possible large-scale armed conflict with the USSR. If the pre-1973 Americans felt that their tank losses would amount to 8,6 % per month ( for tanks M -60) from those in the armed forces at the beginning of the fighting vehicles, after the Arab- Israeli war, they came to the conclusion that this figure can reach at least 20.1 %.

    I must say that the U.S. tank fleet by the beginning of 1974 numbered only 8,226 cars ( in 5-6 times less than that of the Soviet army ) , including a 5049 modern tanks, M - 60. The remaining vehicles (3177 units) were the tanks of the type M -48 built 1953-1959 years, some of which are equipped with flammable gasoline engines .

    In short , the Ministry of Defense decided to rush job in order to acquire as many armored vehicles. Simulated scenarios of future hostilities with the experience of the Yom Kippur War , the Pentagon has concluded that it is necessary to increase the annual purchase of tanks from the American industry in the 5-12 times .

    And here it became clear that U.S. industry not ready to meet the increasing appetite of the American army. Strictly speaking , nothing surprising in that was not . Over 20 years ( 1959-1979 ) release main battle tanks in the United States was engaged in a single assembly tank factory in Detroit . And in the years 1965-1971 the production of these armored vehicles here fell to the level of 200-300 units per year. In 1972 fiscal year, the Pentagon has purchased only 118 MBT . However , since 1965 , the company also supplied the armed forces of light reconnaissance tanks M- 551 " Sheridan " , but in 1971 stopped their production.

    Naturally, such a low level of production of tanks , just to ensure continuity of the production cycle at the Detroit plant , has undermined the attractiveness of military business for many suppliers of tank parts and components and has led to a significant erosion of the subcontracting base tank industry . Thus, in 1959-1962 years in the U.S. had two plants - a supplier of tank shells and three - the casting of tank turrets , and in 1963-1971 , respectively , two of the company , by the 1974- th left only one firm Blau Knox in East Chicago (Indiana) , capable of producing little more than 500 sets of tank shells and towers in the year . Thus , even after the transition to three-shift working week without a weekend plant in East Chicago was able to release a total of 512 sets of buildings and towers.

    The reader may ask: what 's the problem ? All that needs to be done in such a situation - is to donate the money to increase purchases of large armored casting , reactivated back foundries , finally build new businesses .

    With the money really was no problem . Congress immediately appropriated virtually unlimited funds to expand production of armored casting . For example, 24 million went to increase the capacity of the plant in East Chicago, from 500 to 760 sets per year. Another large sums earmarked for reopening of a foundry in the town of Birdsboro ( Pennsylvania) . Nevertheless, the first additional armored vehicle , issued as a result of measures taken by firefighters to increase the capacity Tank U.S. industry , the Pentagon could get only after 28 months after the allocation of this money.

    To better understand the difficulties encountered should first hear the views of overseas experts . Here, for instance , wrote in his report to the Pentagon R. Zilman , technical director of the American Association of cast steel , which the Ministry of Defence has commissioned a survey of the mobilization capacity of the foundry industry in the USA : "Due to the low level of production of tanks ( enough to sustain in the current state of only one foundry plant ) in recent years have been lost of skilled labor and professionals dramatically reduce the amount of production equipment and its technical level . After the Korean War, the government sought to maintain production capacity tank casting in a position to quickly boost production of tanks in the event of new emergencies. However, in the late 60 -ies of the government , seems to have abandoned its policy of maintaining a reserve base for the production of large armored casting . As a result, we now are left with no choice but to start all over again . "

    The only possible way out of difficulties with the armored casting as soon as possible Zilman considered reactivation of the plant in Birdsboro ( it was built specifically for the manufacture of tank turrets corps at the end of the Korean War , but did not begin to produce them , he was sold to a private firm that it has mastered production of small castings for the civilian sector ) . However, in this optimal case , according Zilmana require at least 22 months that the company was able to produce 480 sets of buildings and towers in the year.

    In turn, Jacques Gensler , a renowned expert in the field of military industry , appointed subsequently to the post of deputy secretary of defense for research and development and procurement in the administration of President Bill Clinton , was forced to conclude that the situation in the tank industry in the United States 1973-1978 , respectively, demonstrated complete lack of mobilization planning by the U.S. government , especially at the level of sub-contractors.

    Thus , the GRU exaggerated the real possibility of staffing industry in the USA , barely capable at this time to issue five hundred tanks a year , about a hundred times , that is two orders of magnitude . Similarly, (dozens or more times ) overestimated the potential mobilization of the American military - industrial complex and the production of other types of weapons (aircraft , artillery , ammunition , etc.) . It is also proved to be exaggerated and the data, determines the power of MIC in Western Europe.

    Bogus numbers on NATO

    GRU and General Staff not only ignored the changes in the status of mobilization readiness of the industries of NATO in the 60- 70- ies , but also began to dramatically increase their estimates of the mobilization capacity of the unit.

    For example , what happened to the figures for Germany . Indicators of mobilization capacity of tanks has increased from 4000 units per year in 1973-1983 period to 5100 in 1984 and 7100 units in 1985 . In the BMP and BTR - according to 3750 to 5800 and 8500 units for combat aircraft - from 800 units per year in 1985 to 1400 in 1987. Especially monstrous power grew by field guns - from 2800 units per year in 1983 to 16,500 ( of which 14 300 towed and 2200 self-propelled guns ) in 1987. To imagine the extent authorized overstatement enough to remember : in 1987 zapadnogermanskaya military industry produced only 65 tanks , 190 infantry fighting vehicles and armored personnel carriers and a single field guns . As for field guns , then their production in Germany after World War II was carried out during the four years (1978-1981) , when it was made 216 field howitzers 155 mm .

    Here is a quote from the certificate provided by the leaders of the GDR in the GRU intelligence, which , of course, were much better informed about the situation in the Federal Republic than their Soviet counterparts (incidentally, the GDR secret service in this help do not bother to even classify ): "In full loading of existing capacities of military industries of Germany while working in three shifts, arms production , compared with the period of peaceful time can be increased to a maximum of 50-60 %. The significant increase in the production of major weapons (tanks , artillery , combat aircraft ) can be achieved no earlier than the expiration of one year. " Production in peacetime and after mobilization (units per month) is shown in the table .

    Thus, in comparison with those of East intelligence GRU overstated mobmoschnosti military industries in West Germany in tanks up to 6 times on APCs and armored personnel carriers - 12 times , on combat aircraft - in 5 times, field guns - 70 times .

    Particularly rapid assessment of the General Staff of the mobilization capacity of NATO began to grow after 1986. Already in 1987 the corresponding figures for the tanks for the entire unit increased by 15 thousand units . As a result, the mobilization capacity of the alliance on which the General Staff held its teachings Center- 87 " , amounted to 80 thousand tanks ( 42 thousand for the U.S., 16,000 for Germany, 12,000 for the UK and 5000 for France and Italy). If we add the 10,000 Japanese armored vehicles ( this figure were identified possibilities of this island nation ) , tanks, China and Israel, as a result of such calculations of Staff implied that in case of war opponents of the Soviet Union would be able to produce more than 100,000 tanks per year.

    April 18, 1991 newspaper "Red Star "held an editorial roundtable entitled "The armor and people " , dedicating his tanks and tank . The meeting was attended by Deputy Minister of Defence Industry Zakharov , head of armored control Defense Col. Gen. Alexander Galkin, his first deputy, Maj. Gen. N. Zhuravlev , Head of the Military Academy of Armoured Troops , Colonel-General Vladimir Gordienko , director of the Research Institute of Transmash " Professor E. Potemkin and Chief Military Institute Maj. Gen. V. spray . Considerable discussion took place and issues of mobilization training. Colonel-General Galkin , noting that the cost of tank in the Soviet Union fell by more than twice , and the release of infantry fighting vehicles - even more than five times , said that it eventually leads to loss of capacity for mobilization tank industry . But Colonel General Gordienko generally justify the numerical superiority of Soviet tanks in the NATO countries over the huge mobilization capacity of the West. " Americans so much technology (as in the Soviet Union's tanks. - V. Sh ) to anything - he said. - But this does not mean that if necessary they can not clean up its release in the right quantities . When mobilization deployment ( within six months ) U.S. industry is able to build on the 50,000 tanks a year. Power in Western Europe - 25 thousand. Agree , figures eloquent .

    The figures were really eloquent . Such estimates gave GRU released in 1975, the military-scientific work " The military capability of the United States " edited by Chief of General Staff Marshal V. Kulikov.

    I think that in the history of modern exploration of other failures of this magnitude is not easy to find . And this , moreover, that, as illustrated by the production of tanks in the U.S., there was quite enough information available to conclusively demonstrate that no large reserve capacities , or high alert for mobilization deployment of the military industries of the West was not. There was the GRU and quite authentic documents , obtained by our agents , supporting data open press.

    Why is all this wealth of information ( by the way, often expensive and extracted difficult and sometimes dangerous by most intelligence) has been abandoned in favor of frank " lime "? The reasons are several .

    First, the lack of skilled professionals needed to study such complex phenomena as the military-economic potential and mobilization training of the economy of modern Western states . In essence it and learn something in the early 70- ies there was no one . This may seem implausible , but in such a huge organization such as the GRU, in which some generals have not less than a hundred, this time recruited nearly a dozen employees, more or less continuously involved in research in the field of military economy .

    Secondly , and perhaps most importantly , the White House came to President Ronald Reagan, who declared that the United States must be prepared to conduct long-term non-nuclear world war. The Soviet General Staff could not imagine the preparations for this war except through the tremendous increase not only the current release of equipment , but also the mobilization capacity of American industry for the production of conventional weapons ( tanks, planes , artillery , etc. ) as well as ammunition . Besides, was dismissed from his post as Chief of Staff Marshal Nikolai Ogarkov , a supporter of the development of precision weapons , and was replaced by Marshal Sergei Akhromeyev , people from more traditional views , for which the tank was something like " holy cow " .

    Vitaly Shlykov

    Chairman of the Commission on Security Policy and the examination of the military law of the Public Council under the Russian Defense Ministry

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    Re: USSR military doctrines in Cold war

    Post  Pervius on Thu Jul 28, 2011 7:15 pm

    The US didn't need tanks.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Davy_Crockett_(nuclear_device)

    3 men with that device could annihilate any tanks Russia sent at them. Hence tanks weren't needed anymore.

    I always wonder if those devices still exist.

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    Re: USSR military doctrines in Cold war

    Post  GarryB on Fri Jul 29, 2011 1:35 pm

    Hahahahaha... the dumbest weapon ever invented...

    Before the weapon was set up the crew were trained to dig a slit trench perpendicular to the direction they were going to fire the weapon... because immediately after launch the crew had to jump into that trench and take cover because the blast radius of the early models exceeded the max flight range of the rocket fired!

    The added problem was that the Soviets had rather more tactical nukes than the west did... and still does, so starting to use nukes early in the conflict would just mean all those NATO allies would be irradiated and ICBMs would be launched that much sooner.

    The irony was that the Davy Crockett had quite a large blast radius but its lethal radius for killing people with radiation was much shorter.

    You could fire this rocket into the midst of an enemy armoured unit but only those fairly close to the centre of the explosion would be killed by blast. The remainder would know they had taken a serious dose of radiation and probably only had days or weeks to live... wonder what sort of fighters that would make? Wonder how they will treat the local civilian population? Wonder whether that would effect their own use of tactical nuclear weapons?

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    Re: USSR military doctrines in Cold war

    Post  GarryB on Fri Jul 29, 2011 1:42 pm

    BTW the Soviets might have built too many tanks... just like the US built too many bombers and ICBMs during the 1950-60s. Kennedy got into office by saying his predecessor was weak towards the commies and that the US needed to build up its forces to create parity with the Soviets.

    When he got into office he found all the talk of missile and bomber gaps were a myth, that the US already had more ICBMs and bombers than the Soviets. True to his breeding as a politician however he didn't reveal to the world that there had been a mistake and that the US didn't need to build up its forces to create parity with the Soviets... he kept the truth to himself and continued with the huge increase in production of bombers and ICBMs and simply changed the goal from parity to first strike superiority capability. Trillions of dollars were wasted by the US to match a force that didn't exist. The result was that in the 60s and 70s the Soviets did the same so by the 1980s there actually was a sort of parity of force strengths.

    Enormous waste of time and money and effort.

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    Re: USSR military doctrines in Cold war

    Post  Pervius on Fri Jul 29, 2011 7:12 pm

    US built too many bombers in the 50's-60's?

    The B-52 was the best investment ever made. Not all planes flew and many were just used as parts..to this day. No need to make B-52 parts for decades was a savings.

    What other bombers were made...

    B-45 was made in small numbers and was only used for Korean War.
    B-47 was Nazi tech swept wing that never saw combat. Was only a nuclear deterrent that bothered Russian airspace.
    B-57 wasn't liked because it was British, most were destroyed on the ground in Vietnam.

    Making all the aluminum which was eventually used for beer cans meant US would have massive profits in exports later. Winning the export game which resulted in huge money in US to invest in other countries....creating massive empire.

    Russia was just left with alot of tanks that couldn't be turned around for a profit.



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    Re: USSR military doctrines in Cold war

    Post  TR1 on Wed Dec 07, 2011 4:38 am

    Pervius wrote:The US didn't need tanks.



    3 men with that device could annihilate any tanks Russia sent at them. Hence tanks weren't needed anymore.

    I always wonder if those devices still exist.

    By that definition, since the USSR had nuclear tipped SAMS, they did not need any bombers. One SAM would wipe out any fleet of bombers. US wasted its money on all those bombers and other aircraft that made up the gargantuan USAF.

    Also there were nuclear torpedoes. Guess those expensive American carriers became useless long ago as well.

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    Re: USSR military doctrines in Cold war

    Post  BTRfan on Fri Jun 01, 2012 4:21 am

    Pervius wrote:The US didn't need tanks.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Davy_Crockett_(nuclear_device)

    3 men with that device could annihilate any tanks Russia sent at them. Hence tanks weren't needed anymore.

    I always wonder if those devices still exist.


    From your wiki link.

    Both recoilless guns proved to have poor accuracy in testing, so the shell's greatest effect would have been its extreme radiation hazard. The M-388 would produce an almost instantly lethal radiation dosage (in excess of 10,000 rem) within 500 feet (150 m), and a probably fatal dose (around 600 rem) within a quarter mile (400 m).[3]

    The 55th and 56th Infantry Platoons, attached to the Division Artillery of the U.S. 82nd Airborne Division, were the last units equipped with the M-29 Davy Crockett weapons system. These two units were parachute deployed and, with a 1/2 ton truck per section, (3 per platoon) were fully air droppable. The units were deactivated in mid-1968.


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    Re: USSR military doctrines in Cold war

    Post  GarryB on Fri Jun 01, 2012 4:46 am

    More importantly they were dangerous in the sense that they reduced the nuclear threshold, where previously a nuclear strike would generally be in retaliation for a WMD attack, but here it is used against an armoured attack where there are no western armoured units to counter it.

    And the other problem is... how will your allies... whose ground you are supposed to be defending feel about you irradiating every square km of territory of theirs?

    Most Soviet Armour had anti radiation liners so the effective lethal range of the radiation from the Davey Crockett would be less than expected, but how effective will Soviet units become if they know they are already going to die a slow painful death over the next few weeks from radiation? How will they treat the civilian locals, or any prisoners they might capture? What sort of decisions will they start making about the use of the fire power at their disposal?

    And you can be sure if the US Army had introduced nuclear armed tactical rockets that all those tactical rockets the Soviets had in service would get their share of nuclear tips too.

    Then there is the area of doctrine... the western doctrine seemed to be based around fighting a losing battle and eventually resorting to nukes to prevent a rout.
    Ironically the Soviet doctrine seemed to be based on the premise that if the enemy has them they will use them so a full conflict with the west would involve the use of nuclear and chem and bio weapons from the outset, because keeping them in storage till they are needed might result in your enemy having the advantage of using them first, which might deal such a critical blow that it is decisive. They compare it with a gun fight in the wild west... in a gunfight they don't swear at each other and then trade punches and then throw chairs and bottles and then go for their guns... what happens if you are holding a chair to throw at the other guy and he goes for his gun... You go for your gun straight away and so does he...

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    Re: USSR military doctrines in Cold war

    Post  BTRfan on Sat Jun 02, 2012 8:55 am

    GarryB wrote:More importantly they were dangerous in the sense that they reduced the nuclear threshold, where previously a nuclear strike would generally be in retaliation for a WMD attack, but here it is used against an armoured attack where there are no western armoured units to counter it.

    And the other problem is... how will your allies... whose ground you are supposed to be defending feel about you irradiating every square km of territory of theirs?

    Most Soviet Armour had anti radiation liners so the effective lethal range of the radiation from the Davey Crockett would be less than expected, but how effective will Soviet units become if they know they are already going to die a slow painful death over the next few weeks from radiation? How will they treat the civilian locals, or any prisoners they might capture? What sort of decisions will they start making about the use of the fire power at their disposal?

    And you can be sure if the US Army had introduced nuclear armed tactical rockets that all those tactical rockets the Soviets had in service would get their share of nuclear tips too.

    Then there is the area of doctrine... the western doctrine seemed to be based around fighting a losing battle and eventually resorting to nukes to prevent a rout.
    Ironically the Soviet doctrine seemed to be based on the premise that if the enemy has them they will use them so a full conflict with the west would involve the use of nuclear and chem and bio weapons from the outset, because keeping them in storage till they are needed might result in your enemy having the advantage of using them first, which might deal such a critical blow that it is decisive. They compare it with a gun fight in the wild west... in a gunfight they don't swear at each other and then trade punches and then throw chairs and bottles and then go for their guns... what happens if you are holding a chair to throw at the other guy and he goes for his gun... You go for your gun straight away and so does he...



    I think a lot of Soviet doctrine is self-serving revisionism... I saw a documentary with an ex-KGB officer who said, "In the 1970s and 1980s the leaders remembered the horrible losses of the Great Patriotic War, we were all either veterans or the children of veterans and we had all lost a family member... We would never have used our weapons in a first strike."

    Of course they wouldn't have, because there would have been massive retaliation!

    In 1972 the Soviets wanted to obliterate China, and they approached the USA and said, "we are done with China, we cannot deal with them, we are going to destroy them, their arsenal is limited, it may cost us some cities in Siberia and perhaps Vladivostok, but we want you to know what we plan to do so you are not alarmed when you detect our launches..." and the USA said, "if you launch on China we will do a full launch on you, we will not let you erase China from the map."

    The Soviets were not afraid of a minor nuclear arsenal such as that possessed by China.

    Yes the USA is the only nation ever to have used nuclear weapons on another nation, but we had a nuclear monopoly over the USSR for a few years in the late 1940s and we did not use it. If Stalin had been the only guy with a nuclear arsenal in 1948 you can be certain there would have been nuclear devastation in Europe and Asia.


    Soviet doctrine was against a first strike because a first strike would not have been able to neutralize all possible avenues of retaliation (land based ICBMs, submarine based, aerial based, etc). They couldn't pull it off so they wouldn't attempt it, that's why they didn't try.

    If the Soviet leadership had determined a first strike were feasible and could reasonably be expected to destroy most American/NATO nuclear assets, they would have done it.

    Hell the US Joint Chiefs of Staff told Kennedy in 1961-1962 that they could have US Marines killed by Special Forces dressed as Cuban/Soviet commandos, at Guantanamo Bay, and then detonate a small nuclear device in Miami and use it as an excuse for a full nuclear strike on the USSR which would kill 95% of the Soviet population, with the USA losing "only 30%" of its population in the Soviet retaliation. Of course Kennedy was outraged that they even came up with such a proposal and he chewed them out over it... Of course the military-industrial-financial complex eventually killed Kennedy.

    I think that some Soviet leaders were genuine patriots who wanted peace with other nations and good things for their people, others need to be looked at as interlopers who couldn't have cared less if Russia was ravaged by nuclear fire or if Russians suffered, just as long as their regime remained in power and their immediate family/clique was secure in a bunker.

    If it is possible to have "favorite" Soviet leaders, I would pick Kruschev and Gorbachev. Kruschev was a consummate politician who knew how to stay alive in the Stalinist terror but he was smart enough, or caring enough, to know that nuclear war would not benefit anybody.

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    Re: USSR military doctrines in Cold war

    Post  BTRfan on Sat Jun 02, 2012 9:10 am

    GarryB wrote:

    And the other problem is... how will your allies... whose ground you are supposed to be defending feel about you irradiating every square km of territory of theirs?



    It may sound crass and ugly but the USA doesn't really care about the long-term consequences to the land of its supposed allies.

    Most Americans wouldn't have cared too much if there had been a hot war with NATO and Warsaw Pact taking place in FRG/DDR (West/East) Germany even if it lasted from the 1970s into the 1980s, as long as it didn't result in a nuclear exchange between the USA and the Soviet Union and it didn't see any damage resulting in the USA.



    American society and national culture is incredibly selfish and overwhelmingly materialistic. For 80-90% of Americans as long as their daily life is not interrupted and their quality of life does not decrease, they don't care if some random nation (say Poland, or Turkey, or Argentina, or Serbia, or Kazakhstan) is wiped off the map tomorrow.

    Most Americans now have such a blood lust that they cheer when their government brutalizes a small nation incapable of effectively defending itself, let alone ever posing a threat against America... Americans were thrilled when NATO bombed Serbia because the Serbs dared to defend THEIR province of Kosovo against Albanian terrorists. I was very young at the time and even found myself caught up in the media hysteria that the Serbs were evil. Only later did I learn that the media lied, we bombed the wrong side, NATO was absolutely wrong, there was no genocide against Albanians, and even if Albanians were being shoved around, Albanians were operating as insurgents and gangsters and had to be crushed.

    America's mass media whips people into a frenzy and they end up cheering like the audience of the ancient colosseum, demanding blood, the blood of whichever nation America happens to be bombing during some particular month.

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    Re: USSR military doctrines in Cold war

    Post  GarryB on Sat Jun 02, 2012 11:13 am

    I think a lot of Soviet doctrine is self-serving revisionism... I saw a documentary with an ex-KGB officer who said, "In the 1970s and 1980s the leaders remembered the horrible losses of the Great Patriotic War, we were all either veterans or the children of veterans and we had all lost a family member... We would never have used our weapons in a first strike."

    I have a book on Soviet tactics from about the 1970s from a guy called Sokolovski or something similar... who was in the general staff. The Soviets certainly remember the painful losses of WWII and were in no hurry to repeat those losses... that is why stalin hung on to Eastern Europe... it was his buffer from the west and was intended to ensure if there was a land battle for WWIII that it would not take place on Soviet Territory like most of WWII did.

    BTW the KGB would have very little to say about doctrine for WWIII so while interesting to hear what he might have said, it is about as important as hearing what a CIA agent might say about tactics in WWII.

    Of course they wouldn't have, because there would have been massive retaliation!

    If US forces started blunting Soviet attacks using nuclear armed Davey Crocketts... do you really think they would not start using their own tactical nukes?


    In 1972 the Soviets wanted to obliterate China, and they approached the USA and said, "we are done with China, we cannot deal with them, we are going to destroy them, their arsenal is limited, it may cost us some cities in Siberia and perhaps Vladivostok, but we want you to know what we plan to do so you are not alarmed when you detect our launches..." and the USA said, "if you launch on China we will do a full launch on you, we will not let you erase China from the map."

    Sorry, but what is your source for this... I have serious doubts the Soviets would confide such a thing to the US. Second of all I rather doubt the US would have gotten involved and would have been overjoyed at the thought of the Soviets and Chinese fighting each other.

    The Soviets were not afraid of a minor nuclear arsenal such as that possessed by China.

    And yet the US was afraid of the Chinese in the early 1950s when Chinese forces directly intervened in Korea... and they didn't even have the bomb then...

    Yes the USA is the only nation ever to have used nuclear weapons on another nation, but we had a nuclear monopoly over the USSR for a few years in the late 1940s and we did not use it.

    Well actually you only had a couple and your only delivery options were slow B-29s which would have been in serious trouble over the Soviet Union... especially compared with over Germany or Japan. The Mig-3 was average at medium and low altitudes but at high altitudes it was an excellent interceptor and Germany lost a lot of spy aircraft to them.

    Equally the US had just fought a world war on two fronts and the US population was sick of war. The Soviets had lost a lot, but their position at the end of the war was vastly different from their position at the start... and most of their cities had already been trashed several times.

    Soviet forces at the end of WWII would have not been that easy to deal with for any force let alone the western allies... most of which were actually grateful to the Soviets for their part in defeating the German army.

    If Stalin had been the only guy with a nuclear arsenal in 1948 you can be certain there would have been nuclear devastation in Europe and Asia.

    Rubbish. Stalin had nukes and ICBMs and didn't attack anyone in the 1950s... at a time when the west relied on crappy old bombers that likely would not have gotten through.

    Stalin was no saint but he was not interested in gaining more territory. He had access to the Pacific thanks to the Kurilles, and the Baltic thanks to the Baltic states and the med thanks to the black sea fleet, he didn't need more land. If he really did want more land he could have simply started moving the people out of eastern europe into siberia and moving Soviet people into eastern europe and shifting borders here and there. Not really something new... Britain and France put all sorts of lines on maps of the middle east during the 1920s when they assimilated former German territories.

    Soviet doctrine was against a first strike because a first strike would not have been able to neutralize all possible avenues of retaliation (land based ICBMs, submarine based, aerial based, etc). They couldn't pull it off so they wouldn't attempt it, that's why they didn't try.

    I agree, Soviet doctrine was largely defensive, and the US doctrine during the early 1960s was an attempt to close the missile gap and the bomber gap, and claiming the president was soft on the commies is what got Kennedy elected (along with support from the mob of course), but when he got into power he learned the real truth... there was a bomber gap and a nuclear missile gap, but it was in the favour of the US. Instead of stopping the huge rearmament program he demanded while trying to get into office he changed doctrine... his mass production strategy was to achieve parity and attempt to prevent war through the concept of MAD. Once he found all that money would be wasted because they already had rough parity and actual superiority in some areas he had to come to a decision... and his decision was to keep to his production increases and instead of going for parity to reach for a superiority that might lead to an advantage... including placing nuclear armed jupiter missiles in Turkey just the width of the Black Sea from Moscow. This provocation was to push the Soviets to put similar nuclear missiles in Cuba and we all know about the reaction that got from the Whitehouse. Of course Kennedy could act with confidence because he knew the US had more bombs and more missiles and more bombers than the Soviets did... what he didn't know was that all those FROG units on Cuba were nuclear armed and would have devastated any conventional landing attempt made by the US and likely started WWIII. Fortunately it was the US that actually backed down by agreeing to withdraw the Jupiter missiles from Turkey and signing a piece of paper promising to never invade Cuba. Of course the former was kept secret so Kennedy could pretend publicly that it was the US that "won". The only reason the Soviets wanted nuclear weapons in Cuba was to show the US how dangerous and destabilising missiles in Turkey were to the Soviets.

    If the Soviet leadership had determined a first strike were feasible and could reasonably be expected to destroy most American/NATO nuclear assets, they would have done it.

    Yes the USA is the only nation ever to have used nuclear weapons on another nation, but we had a nuclear monopoly over the USSR for a few years in the late 1940s and we did not use it.

    Why? Is it because the US is the good guys and the Soviets are the bad guys?

    Hiroshima and Nagasaki were chosen for several clear reasons... one was that there were no military targets in either city of any importance and that both cities had been left largely untouched from the bombing campaign for that reason. They chose both cities for their high populations and their lack of effective defences. If someone did that today the US would call it a war crime. The main reason they were used was because the Soviets had entered the war in the Pacific... as demanded by the US (who were afraid that if the nukes didn't work they might find themselves fighting Japan on their own for the next ten years). The progress made by the Soviet forces frightened the US and the use of nukes on civilian targets was a warning to the Soviets more than it was directed at the Japanese to make them surrender. The Japanese were already looking for a reason to justify surrender. The Soviets wanted revenge for Port Arthur and to restore Manchuria to China and to recapture the Islands north of Japan.

    Hell the US Joint Chiefs of Staff told Kennedy in 1961-1962 that they could have US Marines killed by Special Forces dressed as Cuban/Soviet commandos, at Guantanamo Bay, and then detonate a small nuclear device in Miami and use it as an excuse for a full nuclear strike on the USSR which would kill 95% of the Soviet population, with the USA losing "only 30%" of its population in the Soviet retaliation. Of course Kennedy was outraged that they even came up with such a proposal and he chewed them out over it... Of course the military-industrial-financial complex eventually killed Kennedy.

    Like I said... there was a missile gap and a bomber gap, and both sides knew it. Kennedy set up production to make the gaps even bigger so it was clear he was happy with a first strike scenario. It wasn't till the 1970s that the Soviets caught up in warhead numbers, but they never achieved the superiority in numbers the US had... makes you wonder doesn't it? Why didn't they just keep making them and get the same advantage in the 1980s that the US had in the 60s... who was the real bad guy?

    [quyote]If it is possible to have "favorite" Soviet leaders, I would pick Kruschev and Gorbachev. Kruschev was a consummate politician who knew how to stay alive in the Stalinist terror but he was smart enough, or caring enough, to know that nuclear war would not benefit anybody.[/quote]

    Both sides had idiots at the wheel at some stage, we are truly lucky we didn't have idiots in power at the same time.

    Gorbachevs reputation in the west is rather greater than his reputation in Russia is... and I think that is partly due to ignorance in the west. Gorbachev didn't want the collapse of the Soviet Union... he just wanted to make some changes to it to make it a more viable entity. The truth is that a hostile west that politically, economically, and militarily isolated any country or block would result in poverty and disfunction.

    Just look at China to see with with foreign investment even a communist country can grow and become productive. The problem wasn't communism, it was the chip the west has on its shoulder about Russia and that hasn't changed. Russia is growing and getting better not because of the west, but despite it and in the future as it grows further it will remember that it owes nothing to the west. It has been a huge opportunity wasted for the west.

    It may sound crass and ugly but the USA doesn't really care about the long-term consequences to the land of its supposed allies.

    Most Americans wouldn't have cared too much if there had been a hot war with NATO and Warsaw Pact taking place in FRG/DDR (West/East) Germany even if it lasted from the 1970s into the 1980s, as long as it didn't result in a nuclear exchange between the USA and the Soviet Union and it didn't see any damage resulting in the USA.

    Actually it sounds refreshingly honest... the Soviets didn't really care about the situation in Eastern Europe, they just kept it in line as a battlefield for WWIII if the west started anything.

    The main difference was that the US generally took efforts to hide that from western europe, whereas the Soviets didn't bother because Eastern Europe had no say in it.

    American society and national culture is incredibly selfish and overwhelmingly materialistic. For 80-90% of Americans as long as their daily life is not interrupted and their quality of life does not decrease, they don't care if some random nation (say Poland, or Turkey, or Argentina, or Serbia, or Kazakhstan) is wiped off the map tomorrow.

    Most people are actually the same. Most of the people here in NZ really don't care what country the US invades next... they are more worried about which direction the price of oil is going this week. Most westerners did very little about the invasion of Iraq over WMDs that everyone knew didn't exist. They let it slide because oil prices didn't go too high. If oil went to $200 the west would gladly support the invasion of almost any country if the politicians could prove it would reduce the price.

    I have said it before and I will say it again... an oil price of $200 per barrel would be the best thing to happen to the US, because the oil companies would be stumped and US technology know how would be directed to find clean green alternatives to oil... it is something the US was good at. Once they had developed the technology they could both earn wealth by selling it and revise their foreign policy because they were no longer controlled by their demand for oil. They could tell the ME to go screw itself and dump loosers like Sakashvili... who would be revealed for the reptile he is if there was no dependence on the oil he can pump from the Caspian Sea... a region the US is largely denied access to at the moment.
    But oil is cheap and despite rebranding themselves as energy companies the oil companies will continue to control US foreign policy... which has not done you much good so far eh boys?

    Most Americans now have such a blood lust that they cheer when their government brutalizes a small nation incapable of effectively defending itself, let alone ever posing a threat against America... Americans were thrilled when NATO bombed Serbia because the Serbs dared to defend THEIR province of Kosovo against Albanian terrorists. I was very young at the time and even found myself caught up in the media hysteria that the Serbs were evil. Only later did I learn that the media lied, we bombed the wrong side, NATO was absolutely wrong, there was no genocide against Albanians, and even if Albanians were being shoved around, Albanians were operating as insurgents and gangsters and had to be crushed.

    It really is disturbing how the US media sees the need to demonise all the perceived opponents of the US... it was funny that in the early 1990s all Iraqis were evil, but by 2000 we learned that it wasn't Iraqis that were evil... it was Saddam and his sunni supporters... ironic because that means the Iraqi good guys are the Shia... the same as the Persians (Iranians) and the opposition to the Sunni Pakistanis and Saudis... ohh it is very confusing when they flip flop like that. Now it is Assads moderate government that is evil and the Sunni insurgents that want to turn Syria into a shthole that are the good guys...

    Got to give it to the western media they have perfected the infomercial to the point where western audiences can't tell it is being presented as news now...

    America's mass media whips people into a frenzy and they end up cheering like the audience of the ancient colosseum, demanding blood, the blood of whichever nation America happens to be bombing during some particular month.

    Ironically it was all predicted long ago... remember 1984? Even the Robocop movies predicted it... when big corporations got too big and could control the information people have access to and yet still call it news...


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    ― Samuel P. Huntington, The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order

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    Re: USSR military doctrines in Cold war

    Post  BTRfan on Sat Jun 02, 2012 11:36 am

    GarryB wrote:


    In 1972 the Soviets wanted to obliterate China, and they approached the USA and said, "we are done with China, we cannot deal with them, we are going to destroy them, their arsenal is limited, it may cost us some cities in Siberia and perhaps Vladivostok, but we want you to know what we plan to do so you are not alarmed when you detect our launches..." and the USA said, "if you launch on China we will do a full launch on you, we will not let you erase China from the map."

    Sorry, but what is your source for this... I have serious doubts the Soviets would confide such a thing to the US. Second of all I rather doubt the US would have gotten involved and would have been overjoyed at the thought of the Soviets and Chinese fighting each other.

    The Soviets were not afraid of a minor nuclear arsenal such as that possessed by China.

    And yet the US was afraid of the Chinese in the early 1950s when Chinese forces directly intervened in Korea... and they didn't even have the bomb then...

    Yes the USA is the only nation ever to have used nuclear weapons on another nation, but we had a nuclear monopoly over the USSR for a few years in the late 1940s and we did not use it.

    Well actually you only had a couple and your only delivery options were slow B-29s which would have been in serious trouble over the Soviet Union... especially compared with over Germany or Japan. The Mig-3 was average at medium and low altitudes but at high altitudes it was an excellent interceptor and Germany lost a lot of spy aircraft to them.

    Equally the US had just fought a world war on two fronts and the US population was sick of war. The Soviets had lost a lot, but their position at the end of the war was vastly different from their position at the start... and most of their cities had already been trashed several times.

    Soviet forces at the end of WWII would have not been that easy to deal with for any force let alone the western allies... most of which were actually grateful to the Soviets for their part in defeating the German army.




    Just a bit of a response for now, then I sleep for a while...


    First, my source on the China thing was an article a few years ago citing remarks from Kissinger and some statements made by Kissinger discussing how the USA "went to bat" to save China. I'll try to dig up the article.



    As for Soviets at the end of WW2, they had received 600,000 trucks from the USA along with 15-16 million pairs of boots, not to mention a HUGE amount of refined petroleum products. Sure they had a lot of crude, but they had very minimal refinery capabilities. The Soviets had no war economy, they had nothing. The USA could have stopped shipping them stuff in 1945, attacked them in 1946, and their army would have collapsed after running out of fuel and food. Hell, the USA had to ship the Soviets several hundred thousand tons of supplies so they could carry out the attack into Manchuria. They needed fuel, food, munitions, etc.

    Without the USA the Red Army would walked into battle, barefoot, carrying what few supplies they had on their backs.

    America provided the Soviet Union with approximately 600,000 trucks, enough to enable them to motorize just about their entire army and all of the major units/Fronts that took part in Operation Bagration in August 1944.


    15+ million pairs of boots
    600,000 trucks
    23,000 tanks and other armored fighting vehicles
    2.6 MILLION TONS of aviation fuel (approx 60% of the aviation fuel used by the Soviets in the war)
    2,000 railway locomotives (approx 82% of locomotives the Soviets used in the war)
    11,100 railway cars (approx 81% of railway cars the Soviets used in the war)
    591,000 tons of aluminum (approx 56% of the aluminum the Soviets used in the war)
    390,000 tons of copper (approx 45% of the copper the Soviets used in the war)
    300,000 tons of explosives (approx 35% of the explosives the Soviets used in the war)



    The Bolsheviks had so thoroughly wrecked Russia that it basically no economy, no industrial base, no agricultural base, they ruined the nation to the point that without the massive injection of aid from the Western Allies, especially the USA, the entire Soviet logistics system would have collapsed no later than mid 1942.

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    Re: USSR military doctrines in Cold war

    Post  GarryB on Sat Jun 02, 2012 12:35 pm

    First, my source on the China thing was an article a few years ago citing remarks from Kissinger and some statements made by Kissinger discussing how the USA "went to bat" to save China. I'll try to dig up the article.

    I rather doubt the Russian or Chinese perception of what happened will match Kissingers.

    More importantly if they even mentioned it to the US it would simply be to find out their reaction... if they decided to actually attack China I am pretty sure once the nukes started flying most in the US will say it is none of their business so "saving" communist China would be a pretty hard sell no matter what the politicians and diplomats said then or now.

    Just the same as I doubt the Russians would launch a nuclear strike on the US if the US decided to attack Iran.

    As for Soviets at the end of WW2, they had received 600,000 trucks from the USA along with 15-16 million pairs of boots, not to mention a HUGE amount of refined petroleum products. Sure they had a lot of crude, but they had very minimal refinery capabilities.

    Almost no lend lease material reached the Soviets before december 1941 when the Germans were at the gates of Moscow... the US hadn't even decided to extend the lend lease program to include the Soviets till November and what little had gotten through had to be integrated into their military... the troops had to learn how to use them... manuals translated etc etc.

    The trucks and other vehicles the USA provided were useful for operation Bagration, but at the end of the day if they had to make those vehicles themselves they would have.

    What the Soviets really needed was a second front in Europe... which they didn't get till 1944, so all the blood they lost was to keep the Germans in check while the western allies sorted themselves out... the Soviets paid in blood for lend lease, and the west demands they must be grateful. They lost more in the battle for one Soviet city than the British and the US lost combined on both fronts, but they have to say thanks for spam?

    The Soviets had no war economy, they had nothing.

    If they had nothing then they would have had nothing to move beyond the urals.

    During WWI under the Tsars the situation regarding small arms was critical and there were cronic shortages of small arms. During WWII the amount of money and time invested in the small arms industries meant they were self sufficient... few other countries could say the same at the time.

    The USA could have stopped shipping them stuff in 1945,

    The US did stop shipping them stuff in 1945, and much of the material they delivered in the form of aircraft and vehicles they took back... and dumped at sea when they got out to international waters.

    attacked them in 1946, and their army would have collapsed after running out of fuel and food. Hell, the USA had to ship the Soviets several hundred thousand tons of supplies so they could carry out the attack into Manchuria. They needed fuel, food, munitions, etc.

    Who told you that?

    Without the USA the Red Army would walked into battle, barefoot, carrying what few supplies they had on their backs.

    Without the Red Army the US might have actually had to fight Germany at her height before she was broken on the Eastern Front. It is western propaganda that states that it was winter and lend lease that won the war on the eastern front. Please do not repeat that BS here.

    America provided the Soviet Union with approximately 600,000 trucks, enough to enable them to motorize just about their entire army and all of the major units/Fronts that took part in Operation Bagration in August 1944.

    The main effect of US Lend Lease was that the Soviets got to Berlin first. The defeat of Germany was not in question, it was just a question of how much of Europe Stalin could net and lend lease gave him quite a lot of territory. Of course deny him lend lease and he might have done a deal with Germany where Germany just takes the Caucusas and the Ukraine and Belarus and leaves Russia alone and in return Russia supplies men willing to crush any dissent in France and the low countries and to invade their old foe Britain.

    Lend lease was not generosity... it was a keep fighting our enemies for us token gesture and we will give you second rate cast offs we don't need anymore.

    15+ million pairs of boots

    Plenty of dead to take boots from on the Eastern Front.

    600,000 trucks

    The vast majority of which were already in licence production in the Soviet Union before the war. If they had not received them via lend lease they would have made them themselves.

    23,000 tanks and other armored fighting vehicles

    Less than about 5% of their total force, most of which were obsolete types like Churchils and valentines and M4 Shermans and Stuarts used in rear areas.

    2.6 MILLION TONS of aviation fuel (approx 60% of the aviation fuel used by the Soviets in the war)

    Little real effect on the war... the Russian Air Force was not really very effective till about the end of Stalingrad and really only took control after Kursk, and it was Yak-3s and Yak-9s and La-5FNs and La-7s that defeated the Luftwaffe rather than the Typhoons and kittyhawks and hurricanes they got for lend lease.

    2,000 railway locomotives (approx 82% of locomotives the Soviets used in the war)
    11,100 railway cars (approx 81% of railway cars the Soviets used in the war)

    Again if they didn't get them via lend lease they would have made them themselves or gone without.

    591,000 tons of aluminum (approx 56% of the aluminum the Soviets used in the war)
    390,000 tons of copper (approx 45% of the copper the Soviets used in the war)

    Why produce it yourself when you get to pay for it from a foreign country. If this material wasn't available they would have used alternatives.

    300,000 tons of explosives (approx 35% of the explosives the Soviets used in the war)

    If the US didn't sell it they could have made it themselves or gone without.

    The Bolsheviks had so thoroughly wrecked Russia that it basically no economy, no industrial base, no agricultural base, they ruined the nation to the point that without the massive injection of aid from the Western Allies, especially the USA, the entire Soviet logistics system would have collapsed no later than mid 1942.

    Actually if the Tsars were still in charge Russia would have been pathetic... without Stalins industrialisation drives that cost so many lives there would not have been any point in sending Russia obsolete worn out tanks like Churchils because the peasants wouldn't have known what they were.

    The Tsars would have begged for help from the west and when it didn't come they would have capitulated to Germany.

    Without a conflict in the Soviet Union to wear them down and new access to millions of new recruits and an abundance of raw materials there is little chance D Day would have succeeded... especially after the UK was invaded and captured.

    I know... I know... westerners say... why aren't the Soviets more grateful for lend lease... perhaps more careful study as to what actually happened on the eastern front during wwii and a bit more respect from the west instead of the "winter and lend lease and dday won the war" and they might thank you for the pitiful help your countries gave when what they needed was a second front in Europe.

    The huge irony is that if the west had taken the casualties of a D Day early in 1942 and ended up tripling the number of men they lost in the conflict most of the cold war might never have happened because instead of dividing Europe through Germany it might have been divided through the Ukraine or even Poland. I am sure if the west had done this that they would have a lot more respect for western efforts during the war, but it seems that the west turned out to be no better than Stalin. Stalin would have loved to have seen the west and Germany fighting for Europe for a few years giving token help to one side to make sure it doesn't give up the fight and then breeze in with his army and be able to dictate terms.

    The problem for the west is that instead of crumbling the Soviets got stronger and the Army they had at the end of the war was orders of magnitude more powerful than the large army they started with... even their air force was totally new and powerful.


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    Re: USSR military doctrines in Cold war

    Post  TR1 on Sat Jun 02, 2012 8:36 pm

    BTRfan wrote:

    especially the USA, the entire Soviet logistics system would have collapsed no later than mid 1942.

    Given that the majority of Allied aid did not arrive after mid 1942, that is a very hard thesis to put any legitimacy in.

    SOviet Union would have lived, US aid or not.

    Soviets had no war economy? Nothing?

    Nonsense to put lightly. The number of armored vehicles, guns, shells, and supplies to support the troops (yes, the MAJORITY of the supplies were Soviet in creation, not lend lease) goes against such nonsense.
    Given how much of the nation was under German occupation/relocating, the war economy that the USSR achieved is nothing short of amazing.

    I don't know what Western revisionism you have been reading, but I suggest you review your readings. The USSR would most certainly not have gone into battle bootless if it was not for the USA.

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    Re: USSR military doctrines in Cold war

    Post  BTRfan on Sat Jun 02, 2012 9:26 pm

    GarryB wrote:
    Just the same as I doubt the Russians would launch a nuclear strike on the US if the US decided to attack Iran.



    Actually my appraisal of the situation is that Russia will probably say, "enough is enough, we cannot permit this to continue" and will do something major if the USA blasts their way into Iran, especially if the USA uses nuclear weapons against Iran...


    I see a possible scenario along these lines...


    Israel launches air raids into Iran.

    Iran retaliates with massive conventional ballistic missiles, rockets, etc.

    Hezbollah joins in and launches massive rocket/artillery attacks from Lebanon.

    Israel launches nuclear attacks against select targets in Iran after suffering tens of thousands of civilian casualties from the rocket/missile attacks.

    Iran responds with massive chemical and biological weapons attacks against Israeli cities. If Iran has any nuclear weapons they use what few they might have at this time.

    Israel responds with massive nuclear attacks against Iranian population centers.

    Pakistan launches major nuclear attacks against Israeli population centers. It is also possible the Pakistani government will refuse to help Iran or go after Israel, in which case it will be toppled by radicals who will then launch the attacks.

    India may cease the opportunity to attack Pakistan or pre-emptively attack Pakistan, possibly using their nuclear weapons.

    China might be drawn into this escalating conflict.

    America will probably add its weight to the conflict and launch nuclear strikes on Iran at this point, possibly adding Syria to the hit-list.

    If things get to this point, there's little reason to believe that Russia won't intervene in a nuclear war going on just south of its borders.



    Basically Israel has the potential to start the next world war. There is absolutely no reason to believe that Iran's leaders want to develop a handful of nuclear weapons so they can immediately use them against the West.

    I don't believe the media that a nuclear armed Iran will be an existential threat to any nation, let alone the USA (or even Israel for that matter, a nation I regard as a "bandit state" and a truly "rogue state" but one which is kept afloat and in power by the king of rogue states, the USA). A nuclear armed Iran will be a positive force for peace in a region rife with conflict and strife.

    Iran probably does want nuclear weapons as they realize that genuine nuclear powers do not get attacked by the USA/NATO. The USA will falsely claim a nation is trying to get nuclear weapons, to justify an attack and sell the idea of an attack to the American masses, as was the case with Iraq, but real nuclear powers (such as DPRK/North Korea) do not get attacked/invaded.

    A nuclear armed Iran will up the ante, raise the stakes, and make conventional military action too risky and too dangerous, opening the way for an increase in diplomatic and economic activity. Instead of rattling the saber against Iran we should be trading with them, investing in their development, and working with them to help combat piracy (on the high seas), stop piracy (of merchandise/intellectual property), curtail the opium/heroin trade, etc. However, America's government is not so much an American government as it the American branch of the Israeli government. You might call the House of Representatives and the Senate "The American branch of the Israeli Knesset." American politicians answer to Israel and Israel's insane paranoid regime.

    Most nations are ruled by rational leaders who want to perpetuate their rule and keep their nation intact. There is no reason to believe Iran's leaders are itching to develop a handful of nuclear weapons so they can plunge bring about a global nuclear conflagration.


    At some point Russia is going to have to "get tough" and "draw a line in the sand" with NATO, and let them know, "your nonsense has gone on for too long... First it was bombing Republika Srbska, then it was bombing Serbian forces in the Serbian province of Kosovo, the expansion of NATO into the former Warsaw Pact, the expansion of NATO right up to our very borders, the invasion of Afghanistan, then Iraq, then Libya, the coups and power changes in Tunisia, Egypt, all over North Africa and the Middle East... We're not going to let you walk all over another half-dozen nations and bring the world to the brink of chaos or nuclear war."

    Russia is one of the few powers that can draw a line and enforce it. I think Russia and China should communicate to America, in very simple terms, "if you invade or otherwise attack Iran it will require a nuclear response against the continental United States."

    America has gotten to the point where it cannot be dealt with in a reasonable and laid back diplomatic fashion. It needs a brutal hard-hitting ultimatum to shake it awake. A nation that tells a leader, "you and your sons have 48 hours to leave Iraq or there will be shock and awe" is not a nation you can hold a rational discussion with.

    There is no real possibility of dialogue with American officials, be they politicians or State Department bureaucrats. Russia and China need to simply say, "If you want a nuclear war then attack Iran, if you don't want a nuclear war then refrain from attacking Iran, that's how it can play out... The ball's in your court, do what you think is best."

    If it comes to a nuclear war, so be it, as horrible as it will be, this present situation of a unipolar world with an American/NATO/Zionist bully roaming around the world beating up on nations that cannot effectively defend themselves, has to end, it has to be stopped.

    America has become the evil empire and it needs to be stopped. America is every bit as rotten as the Soviet Union was in 1940, the Soviet Union that invaded the Baltic States and Finland. America is every bit as rotten as the British Empire was, the Empire that forcibly subjugated 25-30% of the land surface of the world and caused tens of millions, maybe hundreds of millions, of deaths.

    Israel is the greatest threat to world peace. An America dominated by Israeli interest groups, "Israel firsters," globalists, internationalists, Council on Foreign Relations, Bilderbergs, Free-Masons, etc, is the second greatest threat to world peace. In a sense, America is the muscle and Israel is the nerve center, the command center. Israel shouts orders and America enforces the orders, and the great mass of humanity suffers miserably as a result.

    This international bully regime has to end.



    Anyway, if I were Iran, assuming that Iran may have 2-3 small nuclear devices, along with their SRBMs and IRBMs... There is no way Iran can pose a nuclear threat to the USA or even retaliate effectively in nuclear terms... However, if Iran is attacked in an act of naked/unprovoked aggression by the USA/NATO (this seems to be an increasingly common occurrence, NATO/USA attack nations that do not want war), Iran would best be served by using one of their small nuclear devices detonated about 100-200 miles up over the center of the USA to destroy all non-shielded/non-hardened electronics and plunge the USA into total chaos. In the event of an invasion of Iran along the lines of what was done to Iraq, Iran would be morally justified in doing whatever it could do wreck America's ability to wage war against it.


    That said, America is missing a huge opportunity with Iran. Iran has a GDP that puts it on par with highly developed Western European nations, it has an increasingly young and educated population, but it has a shortage of management talent, engineers, etc. If it were not for the media rhetoric and the boycotts, it would be very plausible for several hundred thousand Americans to move to Iran for a few years and help them with management, administration, engineering, etc... It would alleviate some of the unemployment problems in the USA, help further Iran's develop, and it would foster cooperation and friendship between the nations. It would also give a large number of Americans a chance to gain firsthand insight into Iran... However, the USA/Israeli bully team does not want that because most Iranians are not marching in the streets calling for the death of all Americans, they just want to be left alone even though they are opposed to the nasty American government... Even if they call for the death of the US government or burn the American flag, think of it this way, the USA government has stated that it has not removed the option of a NUCLEAR STRIKE against Iran from the "table of options." If somebody has stated they are not averse to the idea of hitting your country with nuclear weapons, why wouldn't you hate their government?


    Anyway, I didn't mean to rant. I just hope Russia, China, and other nations assert themselves and stand up to the USA before the USA destroys the world.

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