I remember in an article posted here that the goal was to increase small arms performance by 2.5-3 times.
It wasn't specific but suggested this would be in terms of accuracy and muzzle velocity using new powder propellent to increase muzzle velocity and accuracy through more consistent burning.
New Ammo was to be issued in sealed plastic bags and in clips rather than cardboard boxes to improve storage life and to make loading the weapons magazines much quicker.
Seeing as how this is a pictures thread here are some very old rifles that were too radical for the Russian military... imagine these rifles in Russian service instead of the AK-74...
This is a real rifle, made of Bakelite... which is what they used before plastic was invented, it has a vertically moving block so it didn't need a big long receiver and there was a tube above the barrel where the empty cases were ejected so it could be used left or right handed without adjustment.
They had a model in 7.62 x39mm and .220 russian, or 5.6 x 39mm (which was a 7.62 x 39mm case necked down to a 5.6mm calibre projectile).
FSB and Police began using '200 series' this summer by the way.
Why aren't we seeing lots of photos of it then...