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    Kazakh-Russian Leasing Agreements on Strategic Sites

    George1
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    Post  George1 on Tue Apr 15, 2014 8:12 am

    Russia and Kazakhstan now share Kazakhstani Strategic Sites

    Kazakhstan decided to significantly increase its control over the Baikonur Cosmodrome, situated in the desert steppes and leased by Russia until 2050, despite Russia’s objections. Finally Russia yielded and the two countries signed as agreement on joint operation of this facility in late 2013.

    Russia plans to commission its own new cosmodrome (Vostochniy) in Siberia in 2018 but currently has no alternatives to Baikonur. Understandably, that is why Russia has a dire need for Baikonur to remain a space center. Moscow sees any restrictions posed by Kazakhstan on this facility as an infringement of its economical and geopolitical interests.

    Last week the parties agreed on joint operation of Sary-Shagan anti-ballistic missile testing range located near Balkhash Lake in Kazakhstan which was used by Russia alone earlier.

    While Moscow may have reason to see red, experts from both countries do not think that these changes in the operation of the complexes — which are of strategic importance for Russia — is likely to hamper relations between two countries.

    The period when Kazakhstan took no part in the management of important facilities on its territory was transitional, believes Russian policy analyst on Central Asia Alexander Knyazev.

    “It is a normal integration process in the military-political sphere. There is nothing special about it. This is a common international practice,” the regional program coordinator of the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences Alexander Knyazev told Trend on Feb. 4.

    On the contrary, he believes, that joint operation of strategic objects is evidence of bilateral confidence.

    The Russian expert says that Kazakhstan remains Russia’s most reliable partner in the Central Asia region.

    “There are some countries in Central Asia which are formally Russian allies within the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) – Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. But these two countries are very inconsistent in their foreign policy. They are allies on paper, but I would consider them as very unreliable allies. They are constantly trying to change the conditions of Russian military objects presence on their territory to get some economic preferences,” Knyazev said.

    Meanwhile, the foreign policy of other countries – Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan – does not envisage the presence of Russian military forces on their territories, the expert noted.

    Kazakh political analyst Eduard Poletayev shares the opinion of his Russian colleague that changes in conditions of leasing agreements do not mean that there are any problems in the bilateral relations between Russia and Kazakhstan.

    “It is normal practice when agreements which envisage monetary compensation are revised from time to time. It is resulted from inflation, rising prices, etc. But nobody is going to change the leasing agreements fundamentally,” the head of World of Eurasia Public Foundation Poletayev told Trend on Feb. 5.

    He noted that it is not the first time Kazakh-Russian leasing agreements are under revision and that the sum of Russia’s payment to Kazakhstan for Baikonur was once increased some years ago.

    Poletayev admitted that some bodies and officials of both countries were unhappy with the relations between Russia and Kazakhstan in the military and space spheres and made negative statements.

    “However these problems do not threaten bilateral relations. All of them were resolved along the way. The situation just had a working character,” Poletayev said.

    In general, the ecology protests which took place across Kazakhstan following the explosion of the Russian carrier rocket Proton in Kazakhstan were not against cooperation with Russia but urged to use ecological fuel at Baikonur, the Kazakh political analyst said.

    The Proton-M carrier rocket with three Glonass-M Russian navigation satellites crashed on July 2 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome one minute after take-off and spilled its toxic fuel on Kazakhstan’s territory.

    So the bilateral relations between Kazakhstan and Russia remain positive the experts believe. However it is difficult to make long-term forecasts in such issues they warned.

    Meanwhile Russia is going to strengthen and develop its military base in another Central Asia republic — Kant air base in Kyrgyzstan.


    Last edited by George1 on Thu Aug 01, 2019 3:28 pm; edited 4 times in total
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    Post  George1 on Thu Oct 01, 2015 8:24 am

    Kazakhstan's parliament ratified an agreement with Russia on site "Balkhash"
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    Post  George1 on Sat Nov 21, 2015 12:27 am

    The State Duma ratified the agreement of the Russian Federation and Kazakhstan on site "Balkhash"
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    Post  George1 on Fri Nov 27, 2015 12:01 pm

    Russia, Kazakhstan Sign 5 Deals on Baikonur Space Center in 2015

    Moscow and Astana reached five intergovernmental agreements on Baikonur Space Center operations in Kazakhstan, Russian Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin said Friday.

    MOSCOW (Sputnik) — The Baikonur is an international facility for operating Russian and multinational space programs. Russia holds a lease on the Baikonur Space Center until 2050, in accordance with an agreement between the Russian Federation and the Republic of Kazakhstan.

    "Over the past year, the Russian and the Kazakh side have done a lot of work. Five intergovernmental agreements were signed, including on the conditions of operating educational institutions on the territory of Baikonur, in accordance with which six schools teaching in Kazakh language were given to Kazakhstan," Rogozin said.

    In addition, Russia and Kazakhstan signed a protocol for procedures, organizations and other legal entities using facilities on the territory of the Baikonur center, as well as agreements to protect the environment, the official added.

    Read more: http://sputniknews.com/science/20151127/1030850720/russia-kazakhstan-baikonur.html#ixzz3sgkn81YH
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    Post  George1 on Tue Feb 16, 2016 10:34 am

    Putin signed a law on the use of Russian military facilities on the territory of Kazakhstan

    In addition, the President signed the law on ratification of the two protocols to the Russian-Kazakh agreement on the lease of objects and fighting fields Flight Test Center of the Russian Federation on the territory of Kazakhstan

    MOSCOW, February 15. / TASS /. Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a law on ratification of a number of protocols to the international instruments on the use of military facilities on the territory of Kazakhstan.

    Protocols on amendments and additions to the agreement between Russia and Kazakhstan on the conditions of use and rent of testing ground Sary-Shagan regulates its use by the Kazakh side. In particular, the document proposes to January 1, 2016 to reduce on the basis of reducing the amount of land leased by the landfill amount of rent, which pays the Russian Federation to Kazakhstan, from $ 18,932,000 to $ 16,276,000.

    In addition, Putin signed a law on ratification of the two protocols to the Intergovernmental Russian-Kazakh agreement on the lease of objects and fighting fields Flight Test Center of the Russian Federation on the territory of Kazakhstan. The document provides for the exclusion from its membership sites that do not use the Defense Ministry, and in which is possible to conduct the Kazakh side of seasonal agricultural and exploration work, without prejudice to this central mission objectives. It also will reduce the amount of rent paid by the Russian Federation to Kazakhstan from January 1, 2016 from $ 4,454,000 to $ 3,081,000.

    Подробнее на ТАСС:
    https://translate.googleusercontent.com/translate_c?depth=1&hl=en&rurl=translate.google.com&sl=auto&tl=en&u=http://tass.ru/armiya-i-opk/2668798&usg=ALkJrhggy1rooUjwax8XYzaQwgZMT78iXQ
    George1
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    Post  George1 on Fri Jul 08, 2016 2:11 pm

    Putin orders Russian Armed Forces to stop using Emba training range

    The Emba training range is located in the Aktobe Region in Kazakhstan

    MOSCOW, July 7. /TASS/. Russian President Vladimir Putin has approved a draft protocol on halting the use of the Emba training range in Kazakhstan by Russia’s Armed Forces and ordered to sign it, according to the relevant order posted on the government’s legal information website.

    The protocol terminates the 1995 Russian-Kazakh agreement on the use of the Emba training range (test support base No. 5580) and the 1996 Russian-Kazakh agreement on the lease of this training range.

    The Russian president instructed "to accept the governmental proposal to sign this protocol and entrust Russia’s Defense and Foreign Ministries to hold talks with Kazakhstan in order to sign the protocol on behalf of Russia upon reaching the agreement," according to the presidential order.

    The Emba training range is located in the Aktobe Region in Kazakhstan 200 kilometers (124 miles) southward of Aktobe.

    The training range was set up in 1960 to carry out research work, test advanced military hardware and air defense systems and hold air defense live-firing exercises.

    As Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said earlier, "we agreed to draft a protocol on the Emba training range to continue this work. Thus, another over 300,000 hectares will be returned to Kazakhstan’s national economy."


    More:
    http://tass.ru/en/defense/886978

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