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    Russian Space Program: News & Discussion #3

    George1
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    Post  George1 on Tue Nov 12, 2019 9:10 am

    Russia plans to have 20 remote sensing satellites by 2022 — Roscosmos


    Besides, Russia plans to start creating a national remote satellite sensing center next year

    MOSCOW, November 12. /TASS/. Russia plans to start creating a national remote satellite sensing center next year and, by 2022, the country is expected to have about 20 remote sensing satellites on the orbit, said Valery Zaichko, the deputy director of the navigational space systems department of Russia’s space corporation Roscosmos.

    "By 2025, even starting from 2022, we plan to have about 15-20 spacecraft as part of Russia’s orbital group, including for hydrometeorological and radar survey, Zaichko said on Monday, during a conference, headlined ‘Modern challenges for remote sensing of the Earth from space.’

    The official said that Russia’s current remote sensing orbital group has 11 satellites, mostly of the Kanopus family.

    "We can get [imagery] of the same object on a daily basis, twice a day. In the course of one week, we make images of an area of about 17 million square kilometers," he said.

    According to Zaichko, an Elektro-L satellite will be launched by the end of the year. Three more satellites, including Resurs-P and Meteor satellites, are to be put into the orbit by 2020. In the same year, Russia will start creating a space system headlined Arktika (Arctic).

    In 2021, Russia plans to launch satellites of the Resurs-P, Meteor, Kondor-FKA, Obzor-R and Elektro-L series.
    Remote satellite sensing center

    In 2020, Russia plans to start creating its National Center for remote sensing of the Earth, similar to the existing National Defense Management Center of the Russian Defense Ministry and the National Crisis Situations Management Center of the Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations, Zaichko said.

    "We have created an operator of remote sensing space systems, but we plan to go further. Today, at the basis of this operator, Roscosmos is establishing the National Center for Remote Sensing of the Earth from space," the official said.

    He added that the center’s main facililty will be located in Moscow, and some of the auxiliary facilities - in the city of Kalyazin, on the basis of the deep space communications center.

    The works are to begin in 2020 and are scheduled for completion in 2023.

    Earlier this year, the Russian Space Systems holding company (a Roscosmos subsidiary) opened a ground center in the Antarctic for gathering and processing data from remote sensing satellites.

    It became the first facility of Russia’s integral information system of remote sensing of the Earth in the southern hemisphere.

    The full-scale operation of the integral information system of remote sensing of the Earth began in 2016. It consists of centers scattered over the whole territory of Russia - from the Baltic exclave of Kaliningrad in the west to the Far Eastern Russian city of Khabarovsk, including the Arctic zone (an already operational center in Dudinka plus two planned facilities in Chukotka and Anadyr). The system ensures the centers’ cooperation with the cluster of remote sensing satellites, plans remote sensing, gathers and processes data and provides information to the end users.

    https://tass.com/science/1088166
    George1
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    Post  George1 on Thu Dec 12, 2019 11:29 pm

    Russia’s Progress MS-13 space freighter delivered into near-Earth orbit

    https://tass.com/science/1096471
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    Post  Big_Gazza on Wed Dec 25, 2019 10:12 am

    Russian Proton-M lofts new geostationary weather satellite

    Russian Space Program: News & Discussion #3 - Page 6 EMkFzdNWkAAsuf2

    Russia has launched a new geostationary weather satellite, Elektro-L No.3, on Tuesday aboard a Proton-M rocket which flew from the Baikonur Cosmodrome. Liftoff occurred on time at 18:03 local time (12:03 UTC), conducting a six-and-a-half-hour mission for Russia’s veteran heavy-lift rocket.

    The satellite will join the Elektro-L No.1 and No.2 satellites in orbit. These were launched aboard Zenit-3F rockets in January 2011 and December 2015 and operate at longitudes of 14.5 and 77.8 degrees East respectively.

    Weighing in at 2,094 kilograms (4,616 lb), Elektro-L No.3 is slightly heavier than its two predecessors. This is likely due to additional propellant – the Proton rocket that will launch No.3 is more powerful than the Zenit vehicles used to launch the last two satellites, which were launched with part-empty tanks to keep them within Zenit’s payload envelope. The additional propellant will allow Elektro-L No.3 to station-keep for longer, giving it a better chance of exceeding its planned ten-year design life.

    The Elektro-L satellites were built by NPO Lavochkin and are based around the Navigator bus. Its primary instrument is the 106-kilogram (234-pound) Multispectral Scanner – Geostationary (MSU-GS), an imager operating at ten visible and infrared wavelengths which can image the full disc of the Earth twice per hour. It can produce visible-light images at resolutions of up to one kilometer (0.6 miles, 0.5 nautical miles), and infrared images at resolutions up to four kilometers (2.5 miles, 2.2 nautical miles).


    link

    That's 21/21 successful launches this year with one more mission to close out 2019 (a Rokot/Briz-KM launching Gonets-M № 15 & Blits-M1 on Dec 26). russia
    PapaDragon
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    Post  PapaDragon on Wed Dec 25, 2019 3:09 pm


    Just one more to go

    Hopefully they don't drop the ball now at the end zone, it would be nice to have a perfect score after so long




    Hole
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    Post  Hole on Wed Dec 25, 2019 8:52 pm

    How many successful launches with russian engines were made in Amiland? We should add them to the tally. Or (to stay with the football metaphor) at least 0,5 for every launch.
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    Post  Big_Gazza on Thu Dec 26, 2019 1:27 am

    PapaDragon wrote:
    Just one more to go

    Hopefully they don't drop the ball now at the end zone, it would be nice to have a perfect score after so long


    The last mission is from Plesetsk, so its likely success as close to a certainty as you get in this world.  The lads in Plesetsk live in a different world to those in Roskosmos, and the nonsense that has plagued Baikonour and even Vostochny doesn't occur in the military-run Northern Cosmodrome.

    I can't remember the last failure to launch of a military satellite (*).  Failed payload yes, but not a botched launch.

    (*) Meridian 5 in 2011


    Last edited by Big_Gazza on Thu Dec 26, 2019 1:43 am; edited 1 time in total
    Big_Gazza
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    Post  Big_Gazza on Thu Dec 26, 2019 1:37 am

    Hole wrote:How many successful launches with russian engines were made in Amiland? We should add them to the tally. Or (to stay with the football metaphor) at least 0,5 for every launch.


    Ignoring the Seppos, I still prefer to add the ESA Soyuz missions from Kourou to the Russian tally (3 this year). They may not be Russian missions but they use Soyuz and Russian launch hardware and Russian operations personnel, so I feel they should be counted (especially if the official launch tallies include private enterprise missions and failed first-steps by commercial start-ups).

    Here's a good link I like to use to keep up with Russian launch, includes both military suborbital tests (ie ICBMs/SLBMs) and the ESA missions - link
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    Post  GarryB on Thu Dec 26, 2019 2:23 am

    What an amazing photo that is in your post... the colours on first glance look faked and colourised like some hippy trip on acid, but when you look... the visible colours are correct and the detail is fantastic...


    ... thanks for my new wallpaper...
    Big_Gazza
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    Post  Big_Gazza on Thu Dec 26, 2019 4:38 pm

    Yep, hypergolics may be corrosive and carcinogenic but man do they burn beautifully. Brilliant blue with violet touches, and the shock cones are so prominent. I'll miss the Proton when she finally stops flying.
    kvs
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    Post  kvs on Thu Dec 26, 2019 5:33 pm

    Big_Gazza wrote:Yep, hypergolics may be corrosive and carcinogenic but man do they burn beautifully. Brilliant blue with violet touches, and the shock cones are so prominent. I'll miss the Proton when she finally stops flying.

    CH4 gives a nice blue flame too. So future liquid methane propellant will produce nice iridescent colours as well.

    George1
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    Post  George1 on Fri Dec 27, 2019 1:34 am

    Russia’s Meteor-M satellite hit by micrometeorite


    At present, the satellite has resumed controlled flight

    MOSCOW, December 24. /TASS/. One of Russia’s Meteor-M satellites has become uncontrollable following an external impact, presumably a micrometeorite strike, Russia’s Roscosmos state space corporation said on its website on Tuesday.

    "On December 18, 2019, an emergency situation caused by external influence (presumably, a micrometeorite) was reported on board Meteor-M (identification number 2-2) spacecraft," the space agency said. "As a result, the parameters of the spacecraft’s orbit were changed, and it entered the non-directed flight mode with high angular velocity."

    After that, the spacecraft switched to energy-saving mode.

    When the satellite entered the Russian ground control zone and established contact with the ground, efforts to restore its operations have been launched.

    At present, the satellite has resumed controlled flight. Specialists on the ground establish regular communication and control sessions with it, receiving telemetry data and other information.

    Meteor-M No.2-2, launched from the Vostochny space center in Russia’s Far East on July 5, is a weather satellite designed by VNIIEM Corporation. It will become part of the space system of hydrometeorological and oceanographic support Meteor-3M and the space system based on it. The first vehicle in the series, Meteor-M No.1, was launched on September 17, 2009. The second vehicle, Meteor-M No.2, was launched in 2014. Meteor-M No.2-1 was lost following the launch failure in 2017.

    https://tass.com/science/1102815
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    Post  Big_Gazza on Fri Dec 27, 2019 3:58 am

    MOSCOW, December 27. /TASS/. The Rokot rocket carrier with the Gonets-M communication satellite and a military satellite has been launched from the Plesetsk cosmodrone, the press service of the Russian Defense Ministry told reporters on Friday.

    Russian Space Program: News & Discussion #3 - Page 6 388843608a004559af28cbbbf1712869

    "On Friday, December 27, at 2:11 a.m. Moscow time, the combat crew of the Space Forces of the Aerospace Forces have launched from the launchpad No.3 at the platform No.133 at the Plesetsk cosmodrome in the Arkhangelsk region the Rokot light carrier rocket with the Gonets-M communication satellite and a military satellite of the Russian Defense Ministry," the press service said.

    https://tass.com/science/1104111

    Confirmation of a successful separation of Gonets payloads has apparently been issued (link):

    The Ministry of Defense added that the control of the Gonets-M communication satellites was transferred to the customer of the Gonets Satellite System JSC.

    22/22 for 2019, a 100% success rate for the year, and sitting at #2 on the launch tally rankings (behind China)! Very Happy

    russia

    George1
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    Post  George1 on Fri Dec 27, 2019 8:01 am

    Satellites delivered to orbit by Briz-KM upper stage — Russian Defense Ministry


    The Russian Defense Ministry said that delivery of the spacecraft to the orbit were carried out in the routine mode

    December 27. /TASS/. The Briz-KM upper stage has delivered to the orbit the military satellite and the Gonets-M communications satellite, the Russian Defense Ministry told journalists on Friday.

    "The Rokot light carrier rocket that has been launched earlier today, on December 27, at 2:11 a.m. Moscow time from the Plesetsk cosmodrome (Arkhangelsk region), delivered three Gonets-M communications spacecraft and the spacecraft of the Russian Defense Ministry to the orbit at the assigned time," the ministry said.

    The launch of the Rokot rocket and delivery of the spacecraft to the orbit were carried out in the routine mode, the ministry added.

    The defense ministry said that JSC Gonets SatCom has assumed control over the Gonets-M satellites. "After delivery to the orbit, the control over the Gonets-M spacecraft was transferred to the operator, who will continue controlling them throughout the orbital flight," the ministry said.

    The Rokot carrier rocket with the Gonets-M communication satellite and a military satellite was launched from the Plesetsk cosmodrome in the Arkhangelsk region at 2:11 a.m. on December 27 by the Russian Aerospace Forces.

    This is the second launch of the Rokot rocket from Plesetsk in 2019. The previous Rokot launch was successfully carried out on August 30. Moreover, combat crews of the Space Forces of the Russian Aerospace Forces have launched six more Soyuz-2 carrier rockets from the Plesetsk cosmodrome this year.

    https://tass.com/science/1104117
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    Post  GarryB on Fri Dec 27, 2019 10:58 am

    They have satellites they have launched that can approach and photograph and fly around satellites in orbit... now that they have it under control I would suspect this would be an excellent opportunity to launch that satellite and have a close up look at the damage.

    The control signal should tell about diagnostic information the onboard systems are generating but an outside view... and practise taking an outside view would be valuable experience I would think...
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    Post  Big_Gazza on Fri Dec 27, 2019 4:33 pm

    It depends on the relative orbits. Too much difference between apoapsis and periapsis (and especially inclination) and the inspector satellite will use up all of its propellant on the required deltaV.
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    Post  GarryB on Fri Dec 27, 2019 7:43 pm

    I hope not... because is this exactly the sort of thing this sort of inspection robot satellite would be designed to be used for?

    I mean lets face facts if such a robot was American you would expect it is for sneaky beaky stealing other satellites from orbit and recovering them for study by the CIA and NSA, but as it is Russian I am thinking it is more likely they want to study the damage to see if it was micrometeroid damage or something else like a laser... if you know what I mean.

    BTW I really don't think fuels will matter regarding such close up detailed photos... if it is powerful and energetic enough to get to space it is going to look fantastic anyway... most seem to have little to no smoke at all hiding the gory details of the rocket and the size and intensity of its rocket exhaust...

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