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    Roscosmos Planetary Exploration Missions

    kvs
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    Post  kvs on Thu Oct 29, 2015 3:48 am

    George1 wrote:Russia Slates Manned Moon Landing for 2029

    Russian cosmonauts are expected to make their first steps on the Moon in 2029.

    MOSCOW (Sputnik) – A manned lunar landing by Russian cosmonauts is planned for 2029, the head of the Russian Space Agency Energia said Tuesday.

    “A manned flight to the moon and lunar landing is planned for 2029,” Vladimir Solntsev said during a space technology conference in Moscow.

    The Energia chief, a spacecraft components manufacturer, said Russian scientists were building a new spacecraft made of composites specifically for moon missions. Its maiden flight is scheduled for 2021.

    In 2023, the spacecraft is due to dock with the International Space Station, with the first unmanned lunar mission set for 2025.

    According to earlier reports, Russia plans to land a Luna-25 research vessel on the south pole of the moon instead of its equator, where all other landings have been centered.

    The plan is to explore the internal structure of the Earth’s only natural satellite and the impact of the cosmic rays and electromagnetic radiation on its surface, as well as to look for natural resources in the area.

    Read more: http://sputniknews.com/science/20151027/1029159144/russia-moon-landing-2029.html#ixzz3psEh0MzF

    They better give this composite spacecraft a strong magnetic field to deflect the relativistic electrons and protons that can pass through even 0.25 inch
    aluminum like it was not there. Being irradiated by these high energy electrons and protons can be lethal depending on luck, for example if the
    solar CME is intense and directed aimed at the spacecraft.

    I think we will see the truth of the lunar landing of the 1960s in the 2030s. I find it bizarre how none of the Apollo astronauts noted the
    eyes full of sparkles effect that the Shuttle astronauts observed when the Shuttle followed a high orbit (about 1000 km above the surface
    instead of the usual 350 km). The Shuttle astronauts really did go on this trip and experience the electron flux in the Earth's complex
    Van Allen belts. One can question whether the Apollo astronauts ever ascended beyond LEO.
    George1
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    Post  George1 on Thu Dec 24, 2015 3:37 pm

    Roscosmos and ESA: Spacecraft EXOMARS 2016 Mission arrival at Baikonur

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    George1
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    Post  George1 on Thu Nov 24, 2016 1:16 pm

    Russian company to produce lander module for Exomars-2020 mission in 2019 — source

    Russia’s Lavochkin Company will complete fabrication of a lander module with a platform for the second stage of Exomars space mission scheduled to 2020

    MOSCOW, November 21. /TASS/. Russia’s Lavochkin Company will complete fabrication of a lander module with a platform for the second stage of Exomars space mission scheduled to 2020, a source in the space industry told TASS on Monday.

    "The unit consists of two components - flying and landing modules. It is intended to complete production of the unit and the landing platform nine months’ prior to launching the second Exomars mission, that is, in 2019," the source said.

    Lavochkin has already started fabrication of the unit and the platform, the source said. "Their comprehensive tests will be carried in Europe," he added.

    The second phase of Exomars mission is scheduled to 2020. Dispatch of the Russian landing platform and the European Mars rover is provided at this stage of the research project. Drilling and testing of Mars soil will be the key objectives of the stage. Researchers believe traces of organic life may be preserved at the depth of several meters.


    More:
    http://tass.com/science/913766
    starman
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    Post  starman on Mon Dec 12, 2016 2:13 pm

    George1 wrote:
    The project will use Russia’s Venera-D (Venera is Venus in Russian), where "D" stands for Dolgozhivuschaya (long-lasting) — the first Russian project in the post-Soviet period aimed to explore Venus.

    How long is it supposed to last in the hellish environment?
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    Post  starman on Mon Dec 12, 2016 2:22 pm

    George1 wrote:
    The second phase of Exomars mission is scheduled to 2020. Dispatch of the Russian landing platform and the European Mars rover is provided at this stage of the research project. Drilling and testing of Mars soil will be the key objectives of the stage.

    Where will it drill--Chrysea?



    Researchers believe traces of organic life may be preserved at the depth of several meters.

    Yeah, besides the need to avoid surface UV and cosmic rays any extant organic matter must be below the zone of surface oxidation. I'm skeptical they'll find anything. Mars has been overrated as a potential abode of life. Exobiology would probably benefit more from emphasis on exoplanets instead.
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    Post  GarryB on Wed Apr 12, 2017 11:33 am

    They seem to now think that life is rather more abundant in the universe than previously thought... mainly due to finding it on Earth in places previously believed to be void of life.

    The obvious problem can be considered the same as that of earth... drop an aircraft randomly on the surface of earth and dig and you probably wont find a dinosaur bone or fossil there.

    Of course with their knowledge today they can narrow down where they search, but it is still very much hit and miss and I expect the first few times they might just find layers of rock showing historic conditions that were suitable for life or show evidence of previous states of liquid water etc.
    George1
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    Post  George1 on Wed Apr 12, 2017 2:24 pm

    A summary of the status of Russian planetary exploration program.

    Approved/Near-term missions

    In partnership with ESA

    1. ExoMars orbiter - 2016 (Ongoing)
    2. ExoMars 2020 surface platform (Mars lander and rover) - 2020 (Scheduled)


    Lunar program

    Luna-25 (Glob) polar lander -  2019 (Scheduled)
    Luna-26 (Glob) orbiter - 2021 (Scheduled)
    Luna-27 (Resurs) lander - 2021 (Scheduled)



    Proposed/Concepts for the 2020s

    1. Luna-28 (Luna-Grunt) sample return - 2024
    2. Boomerang Phobos sample return - 2025
    3. "Venera-D" lander(s) & orbiter(s) - 2025
    4. "Mars-Grunt" sample return - 2025
    5. "Laplace-P" Ganymede lander - 2030
    6. Mercury-P - 2031
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    Post  George1 on Tue Apr 18, 2017 2:06 am

    Russia and US team up for mission to Venus

    Scientists also plan to study greenhouse effect on the planet

    MOSCOW, April 15. /TASS/. Russia and the United States will continue joint research in 2017-2018 on a mission to Venus, Lyudmila Zasova, the head of the laboratory for spectroscopy of planetary atmospheres of the Space Research Institute at the Russian Academy of Sciences, told TASS.

    "On January 31, 2017, a report on results of the joint science-definition team’s work was presented to both to the Russian Space Research Institute, Roscosmos (Russian federal space agency) and NASA and was highly estimated," Zasova said. "NASA and Roscosmos have agreed to go ahead with the work throughout 2017 and 2018."

    Read also
    Russian-US experiment to simulate outer space mission named SIRIUS

    The launch of two Venera-D modules - the orbiter and the lander - was scheduled for approximately 2026.

    "The timeframe could be considered realistic given the project gets financing in the foreseeable future," she added, noting that space program could cost more than $1 bln.

    "However, in case several space agencies team up on the project, the mission will be cheaper for each of them," the scientist said.

    The baseline concept of the Venera-D mission calls for an orbiter, which will study the planet from outer space, and a lander, which is expected to operate on Venus’s surface for a few hours. One of the mission’s objectives is to trace signs of life in the past and nowadays in Venus’ unfavorable conditions. Besides, the scientists plan to study greenhouse effect on the planet.


    More:
    http://tass.com/science/941604
    George1
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    Post  George1 on Wed May 17, 2017 2:30 pm

    Russia to launch lunar missions from Vostochny spaceport

    The first mission is scheduled for launch in late 2019


    MOSCOW, May 17. /TASS/. All missions planned under the Russian lunar program will be launched from the Vostochny spaceport in the Amur Region in the Russian Far East, CEO of the Lavochkin Research and Production Association Sergei Lemeshevsky told TASS on Wednesday.

    "A decision has been made that the entire lunar program will start from Vostochny," the CEO said.

    The Lavochkin Research and Production Association is the developer of lunar satellites.

    The first mission, Luna-Glob (Moon-Globe) is scheduled to be launched in late 2019, he said.

    "Work is in full swing to make the spacecraft. All the contracts have been concluded and we are finishing the design mock-up. Simultaneously, we are preparing a thermal mock-up," the Lavochkin chief executive said.

    Russian lunar program


    Russia’s federal space program projects the Luna-Glob project as the continuation of domestic lunar missions. The project aims to launch an automated probe to explore the Moon’s South Pole. The module is expected to land in the Boguslavsky crater. The last Soviet lunar mission was sent in 1976 when the Luna-24 probe made a soft landing, collected soil samples and returned them to the Earth.

    At the next stage, Russia will launch a Luna-Resurs orbital spacecraft, which will operate in the near-Moon circular polar orbit at an altitude of 200 km for about twelve months. The spacecraft will be gathering and transmitting information to the Earth from the landing station. It will also help carry out research using equipment for the Moon’s remote exploration.

    After that, a Luna-Resurs lander with a cryogenic in-depth drilling rig will be dispatched to the Moon’s South Pole. It will be outfitted with a system capable of considerably increasing the landing accuracy to 3 km.

    The fourth stage of the lunar program plans to send a Luna-Grunt (Moon-Soil) automated space station. It will feature a soil-sampling vehicle and means for sampling and thermostatting (the conservation of soil samples for their delivery to the Earth in their original form) of soil samples and the system for sample delivery to the Earth for further research.


    More:
    http://tass.com/science/946253
    George1
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    Post  George1 on Thu Jul 20, 2017 7:44 am

    Russian lunar missions delayed over unprepared Baikonur spaceport infrastructure

    It was reported earlier that three missions to the Earth’s natural satellite were scheduled aboard Soyuz carrier rockets in 2019-2021

    ZHUKOVSKY, July 19. /TASS/. Two Russian missions to the Moon have been rescheduled as the Baikonur spaceport’s ground infrastructure can’t hold simultaneous preparations for flights to the Earth’s natural satellite and Mars, Lavochkin Research and Production Association CEO Sergei Lemeshevsky said on Wednesday.

    "As was planned before, further lunar steps involve the Luna Resource Orbital project and the Luna Resource Lander project. In this regard, we can, indeed, say that the schedule has been shifted to 2021 and 2022. It is surely impossible to work with two planetary missions at Baikonur at a time," he said.

    Russia earlier planned the Luna-26 (Luna-Resource Orbital) mission for 2020. The second stage of the mission to Mars is also scheduled for the same term (ExoMars-2020).

    The launches of lunar missions may be returned from the Vostochny spaceport in the Russian Far East to the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan as Russia’s new space center lacks the necessary infrastructure, Lemeshevsky said.

    "Lunar programs from the Vostochny spaceport were discussed but there is no final decision yet. A lot of additional expenses arise there. This relates to the requirements for cleanliness and for work with radioactive isotopes. The question is whether it is expedient to invest extremely large funds in the Vostochny," the Lavochkin chief executive said.

    "Technically, the issue has been worked out. We can make launches even from the Vostochny. But there are currently no such premises at the Vostochny and they have to be built. These are not Lavochkin’s expenses. These are the costs of preparing the cosmodrome," he noted.

    It was reported earlier that three missions to the Earth’s natural satellite were scheduled aboard Soyuz carrier rockets in 2019-2021: Luna-25, Luna-26 and Luna-27.


    More:
    http://tass.com/science/956892
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    Post  George1 on Sat Aug 05, 2017 2:38 am

    Russian, US experts suggest launching satellite and balloons as part of Venus space probe

    The Venera-D mission might be launched in 2026

    MOSCOW, August 4. /TASS/. The Russian-American team that is fleshing out goals for a mission to Venus, known as Venera-D, suggest using a subsatellite with a mass no large than 120 kg and balloons as additional elements for the space probe, Roscosmos’ press service told on Friday.

    "A subsatellite with a mass no large than 120kg for autonomous research and balloons of different construction for operation at an altitude of 50-55km in Venus’s atmosphere, as well as various payload proposed by the scientific community will be considered as additional elements for the space probe," the state corporation said.

    It earlier emerged that the Venera-D mission might be launched in 2026.

    According to previous reports, Roscosmos and NASA agreed to continue developing a joint mission to Venus in 2017-2018. The Russian side will present the Angara-A5 missile, an orbital module and a large lander for the mission, whereas Americans offer a number of devices and long-life small landers (up to 10kg).

    The lander is to be dropped on the planet’s surface from Tesserae. It may be destroyed as Venus has a rocky landscape in these areas. However, it is here, on the place where the planet’s ancient surface is not covered by lava, that traces of past life may be discovered. Scientists also plan to study the greenhouse effect on the planet to avoid catastrophic heating of the Earth in the future.


    More:
    http://tass.com/science/959179
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    Post  PapaDragon on Sat Aug 05, 2017 4:52 am

    The Venera-D mission might be launched in 2026


    Whoa there Roskosmos and NASA, what's the rush?

    Why not launch in 2036? Or better yet, 2046?

    Ideally it would be done in 2056, but that's just me...  Rolling Eyes

    Who says scientific space projects are undefined and underprioritized, eh?
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    Post  Big_Gazza on Sun Aug 06, 2017 5:27 am

    PapaDragon wrote:
    The Venera-D mission might be launched in 2026


    Whoa there Roskosmos and NASA, what's the rush?

    Why not launch in 2036? Or better yet, 2046?

    Ideally it would be done in 2056, but that's just me...  Rolling Eyes

    Who says scientific space projects are undefined and underprioritized, eh?
    NASA is just fucking Roscosmos.... stringing them along in a pretend relationship, whispering sweet nothings, but with every intention of jumping ship when its convenient and leaving Roscosmos with nothing to show after 10 years of hopes and dreams....

    Russians need to get over their fantasy that they and the current US Oligarchic Deep State can ever be friends or allies. Murican exceptionalists don't accept anyone as their equals, and have respect for NO-ONE. NASA is simply not permitted to help Russia achieve any of its aims (until she gets down on bent knee and swears fealty to a US-dominated globalist NWO).
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    Post  T-47 on Sun Aug 06, 2017 4:19 pm

    Big_Gazza wrote:
    NASA is just fucking Roscosmos....  stringing them along in a pretend relationship, whispering sweet nothings, but with every intention of jumping ship when its convenient and leaving Roscosmos with nothing to show after 10 years of hopes and dreams....

    Russians need to get over their fantasy that they and the current US Oligarchic Deep State can ever be friends or allies.  Murican exceptionalists don't accept anyone as their equals, and have respect for NO-ONE.  NASA is simply not permitted to help Russia achieve any of its aims (until she gets down on bent knee and swears fealty to a US-dominated globalist NWO).

    I totally agree with you. Yes NASA do have a huge budget and impressive achievements in space as well but those Wall Street bastards won't let them to help others.

    Roscosmos needs more money and support thats why they are looking overseas. But they should focus on Europe, Chinese, Japan, India or even to Iran rather than NASA for joint operations. Or try to lure any private companies. If you can give them the smell of huge profits, they'll come ASAP. Even I think SpaceX can be get in cooperation by that Razz
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    Post  PapaDragon on Sun Aug 06, 2017 5:42 pm

    T-47 wrote:
    Big_Gazza wrote:
    NASA is just fucking Roscosmos....  stringing them along in a pretend relationship, whispering sweet nothings, but with every intention of jumping ship when its convenient and leaving Roscosmos with nothing to show after 10 years of hopes and dreams...........

    I totally agree with you. Yes NASA do have a huge budget and impressive achievements in space as well but those Wall Street bastards won't let them to help others.

    Roscosmos needs more money and support thats why they are looking overseas. But they should focus on Europe, Chinese, Japan, India or even to Iran rather than NASA for joint operations. Or try to lure any private companies. If you can give them the smell of huge profits, they'll come ASAP. Even I think SpaceX can be get in cooperation by that Razz

    NASA science division itself has budget issues, you can't pin this on them, like in Russia they are budgetary red headed stepchild.

    And Roskosmos should stop looking for sugar daddy abroad, they wasted 3 decades and have nothing to show for it, it's not happening.

    They need to drop that bullshit altogether, grow a pair of balls, put together a plan and ask for fucking money from where it's supposed to come: Russian state budget.

    Stop sticking your head in the sand and make some noise.
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    Post  Big_Gazza on Thu Jan 04, 2018 1:53 pm

    First tests of the ExoMars descent module

    In October, NPO Lavochkin announced that the first tests of the structural mockup of the descent module for the ExoMars-2020 mission had taken place at the company's assembly hall. The commission overseeing the project also discussed the quality of assembly, the installation of scientific instruments, the laying of the pipelines with safe clearances and the next steps in mocking up the cable network of the vehicle.

    The test program envisioned four additional phases, which were aimed to check design decisions, ensure manufacturing feasibility of the vehicle and the interface of its components, instruments and other elements, NPO Lavochkin's publication said.


    Roscosmos Planetary Exploration Missions - Page 3 Platform_mockup_1

    http://www.russianspaceweb.com/exomars2018-2017.html#07
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    Post  George1 on Sun Jan 28, 2018 1:46 am

    Launch of Russia’s lunar landing module scheduled for 2019

    Russia plans to dispatch the Lunar-25 research landing module to the Earth’s natural satellite in 2019, the Luna-26 orbiter in 2021 and the Luna-27 lander in 2022

    MOSCOW, January 25. /TASS/. The launch of Russia’s Luna-25 lunar landing station is scheduled for 2019, with no delays in the timeframe of the mission’s commencement, the Lavochkin Research and Production Association (the lander’s manufacturer) told TASS on Thursday.

    "Under the schedule, the launch of the Luna-25 mission is planned for 2019," the Lavochkin Research and Production Association said.

    Some media outlets reported on Thursday that the launch of the Luna-25 lander had allegedly been rescheduled for 2020.

    As was reported earlier, Russia plans to dispatch the Lunar-25 research landing module to the Earth’s natural satellite in 2019, the Luna-26 orbiter in 2021 and the Luna-27 lander in 2022.

    The Luna-25 project aims to launch an automatic probe for research in the Moon’s South Pole. The module is expected to land in the Boguslavsky crater to analyze the composition of regolith, the lunar dust, carry out stereo-photography for preparing the surface’s 3D map and identify the lander’s coordinates with millimeter accuracy using a laser angled reflector.

    The last Soviet lunar mission was dispatched in 1976 when the Luna-24 probe made a soft landing, took soil samples and returned them to the Earth.

    Two possible sites for Luna-25 probe’s landing

    Russian scientists have chosen two possible sites for the Luna-25 research mission to land on the Moon’s surface, the press office of the Space Research Institute at the Russian Academy of Sciences said.

    "Overall, two landing sites were chosen in accordance with engineering and scientific data. These are the basic area located to the north of the Boguslavsky southern polar crater with the coordinates of about 69.5 degrees south latitude and 43.5 degrees east longitude, and the reserve area to the southwest of the Manzinus crater with the coordinates of about 68.8 degrees south latitude and 21.2 degrees east longitude, correspondingly. The delay in the time of landing in the reserve area is about two days compared to the landing in the basic area," the Institute said.

    The Boguslavsky crater that was used as a model to simulate landing was not included in the list of favorable landing sites, the press office said.

    The scientists were looking for landing areas using maps compiled on the basis of data of the US Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, including on the basis of data of the LAND neutron detector developed by the Institute.

    "The descent probe will land under the scenario of the last Soviet landing missions, i.e. the module will move along the low polar orbit around the Moon and will then decelerate and make a vertical descent. Compared to the landings of Soviet automatic probes, the last of which took place in 1976, the Luna-25 lander will for the first time in the history of cosmonautics be sent to the Moon’s polar area," the Institute said.

    The conditions of the module’s descent and work on the Moon’s surface have set specific engineering requirements for the landing areas. The surface slope should not exceed 7% and the illumination by the Sun should be no less than 40% of the lunar day and the space vehicle’s constant radio-visibility from the Earth should be ensured, the press office said.

    "From the viewpoint of the mission’s scientific goals, the selected areas should have a sufficient high content of hydrogen in the substance, which indicates the present of frozen water in the soil," the Institute said.


    More:
    http://tass.com/science/986909
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    Post  George1 on Mon Apr 16, 2018 9:26 am

    Putin promises to push ahead with Russia’s lunar program

    Putin recalled that in the first phase a space station would be created in the Moon’s orbit

    MOSCOW, April 12. /TASS/. Russian President Vladimir Putin has confirmed Russia’s determination to push ahead with its lunar program.

    When asked by cosmonauts during a visit to the pavilion Kosmos (Space) at the VNDKh exhibition center if a manned mission to the Moon was on Russia’s future agenda, he replied with an unequivocal "Yes, it is."

    "As you may know the program extends up to 2030," he went on to say. "The finishing touches are being put to the spacecraft Federatsiya and research and development is on for building a super-heavy rocket to be used for the lunar program. So there can be no doubts we will be working actively and implementing this program."

    Putin recalled that in the first phase a space station would be created in the Moon’s orbit.

    "A Moon orbiter will come first. Then modules on the Moon itself will emerge. At least that’s what the plans are," Putin said. "I hope they will come true.


    More:
    http://tass.com/science/999370
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    Post  GarryB on Tue Apr 17, 2018 2:53 am

    Regarding NASA trying to use the Russians to get to Venus... I rather suspect they want access to information about how Soviet probes continued to operate in the harsh environment for so long... once they get that data they would likely drop the Russians like an earth rock and do it themselves...

    Russia should not cooperate with the US in anything, because the US will just use it as propaganda... in the discovery video of the mission they probably wont even mention Russia in the two hour special on how US know how defeated the challenge of Venus...
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    Post  Hole on Tue Apr 17, 2018 11:02 am

    Like their famous Mars Rovers, which are based on russian designs and full of russian equipment.
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    Post  George1 on Tue Apr 17, 2018 11:58 pm

    Russia to deliver lunar landing module to Earth’s natural satellite in 2019

    This mission will be carried out to assess the engineering and design solutions for large lunar probes, Russia's deputy PM said

    MOSCOW, April 17. /TASS/. Russia plans to deliver the Luna-25 landing module to the Earth’s natural satellite in 2019 and after 2025 it intends to launch stations that will work in a lunar orbit and on the Moon’s surface, Russian Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin said in an interview with RBC TV Channel aired on Tuesday.

    "As for the Moon, we are going to send the Luna-25 station. This will be a small landing module, which is due to land on the Moon," Rogozin said.

    This mission will be carried out to assess the engineering and design solutions for large lunar probes, he said.

    "After 2025, this will be followed by stations, including those that will operate in the Moon’s orbit, and the landing modules that will descent to the Moon and enter its soil," the vice-premier added.

    The Russian deputy prime minister said at the same time that Russia would not impose cooperation in the lunar program on the United States.

    "Of course, cooperation would be good in this regard but not at any price: we will surely not be apprentices," Rogozin said.

    As was reported earlier, Russia plans to dispatch the Lunar-25 research landing module to the Earth’s natural satellite in 2019, the Luna-26 orbiter in 2021 and the Luna-27 lander in 2022.

    The Luna-25 project aims to launch an automatic probe for research in the Moon’s South Pole. The module is expected to land in the Boguslavsky crater to analyze the composition of regolith, the lunar dust, carry out stereo-photography for preparing the surface’s 3D map and identify the lander’s coordinates with millimeter accuracy using a laser angled reflector.

    The last Soviet lunar mission was dispatched in 1976 when the Luna-24 probe made a soft landing, took soil samples and returned them to the Earth.

    Sites for Luna-25 probe’s landing


    Russian scientists have chosen two possible sites for the Luna-25 research mission to land on the Moon’s surface, the press office of the Space Research Institute at the Russian Academy of Sciences said earlier.

    "Overall, two landing sites were chosen in accordance with engineering and scientific data. These are the basic area located to the north of the Boguslavsky southern polar crater with the coordinates of about 69.5 degrees south latitude and 43.5 degrees east longitude, and the reserve area to the southwest of the Manzinus crater with the coordinates of about 68.8 degrees south latitude and 21.2 degrees east longitude, correspondingly. The delay in the time of landing in the reserve area is about two days compared to the landing in the basic area," the Institute said.


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    Post  George1 on Sat Aug 11, 2018 3:02 am

    Roscosmos chief specifies time-frame for Russian lunar program’s launch

    Russia’s lunar program will start in 2021

    MOSCOW, August 10. /TASS/. Russia’s lunar program will start in 2021, Head of the State Space Corporation Roscosmos Dmitry Rogozin wrote on Twitter on Friday.

    "The Lavochkin Research and Production Association is the leading developer of the Russian lunar program, which will begin from 2021," Rogozin wrote on Twitter, commenting on the appointment of Vladimir Kolmykov as the Lavochkin chief executive.

    Roscosmos Deputy Chief Mikhail Khailov earlier said that the first mission of Russia’s Luna-Glob (Moon-Globe) lunar program was expected to be launched approximately in 2020-2021. The project aims to launch an automatic probe to study the area in the Moon’s South Pole. The module is expected to land in the Boguslavsky crater.


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    Post  George1 on Sat Mar 23, 2019 3:21 pm

    Russia’s Luna-25 probe to ‘X-ray’ Earth’s natural satellite


    The Luna-25 mission aims to launch an automatic probe for exploration of the Moon’s southern pole

    MOSCOW, March 22. /TASS/. The ADRON neutron and gamma ray detector mounted on the landing module of the Luna-25 rover will irradiate the soil of the Earth’s natural satellite at a depth of about 60 cm to study its composition, Head of the Nuclear Planetology Section at the Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences Igor Mitrofanov told TASS on Friday.

    "With the help of the neutron generator, we will irradiate the soil to quite a large depth of 60 cm. This is like an X-ray in a hospital: we irradiate with neutrons and get a secondary irradiation spectrum to judge about what is located at this depth," Mitrofanov said.

    The ADRON will give "an estimate of the content of various chemical elements that are in the soil" and transmit the data to Earth, the researcher said.

    The detector was delivered to the customer in winter and is now undergoing comprehensive tests. A similar detector is expected to be eventually mounted on the Luna-27 probe, he said.

    The Luna-25 mission aims to launch an automatic probe for exploration of the Moon’s southern pole. The module is expected to land near the Boguslawsky crater.

    Head of Russia’s State Space Corporation Roscosmos Dmitry Rogozin said that the Russian Academy of Sciences considered the year 2021 as the optimal time for implementing the project.


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    Post  George1 on Sat Mar 23, 2019 3:22 pm

    Russian specialists develop flight equipment for ExoMars-2020 mission


    The first stage of the ExoMars project was launched in 2016

    MOSCOW, March 22. /TASS/. Specialists of the Reshetnev Information Satellite Systems Company have completed the development of flight equipment for electric power supply under the ExoMars-2020 project, Russia’s State Space Corporation Roscosmos said in a statement posted on Facebook on Friday.

    "The Reshetnev Information Satellite Systems Company has completed the work on making the flight equipment for the international Mars exploration project. The specialists have created an electric power supply automatics and voltage stabilization system and have also made an onboard cable network," the statement says.

    Roscosmos has said that the new equipment will supply the landing module developed for the mission with electric power. The equipment has undergone the required tests and sterilization, the corporation said.

    The ExoMars-2020 mission’s spacecraft is designed to deliver the Russian landing platform to Mars for placing the European rover onto the Red Planet’s surface. After disembarking the rover, the platform will begin to work as a longtime autonomous research station for studying the composition and properties of Martian surface and atmosphere. The European rover will house the Pasteur scientific laboratory to study directly the surface and the atmosphere of Mars in the landing area, search for compounds and substances that could testify to the possible existence of life on Mars.

    The first stage of the ExoMars project was launched in 2016 and the mission included the TGO (Trace Gas Orbiter) apparatus and the Schiaparelli demonstrator landing module, which reached the Red Planet in October 2016.

    The key goal of the TGO mission is to gain a better understanding of methane and other atmospheric gases present in the Martian atmosphere that could be evidence for possible biological or geological activity.

    The Schiaparelli landing demonstrator vehicle was expected to practice maneuvers to enter the Martian atmosphere, descend and land on the Red Planet before the launch of the mission’s second stage but failed to make a soft landing and crashed.


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    Post  George1 on Wed Jun 12, 2019 5:25 am

    Russian Academy of Sciences recommends to start implementing Venus exploration project


    Earlier reports said that the estimated cost of development works in preparation for implementing the Venera-D project will stand at around 17 bln rubles

    MOSCOW, June 12. /TASS/. The Russian Academy of Sciences' Council for Space Research has suggested to Russia's Roscomos space corporation to start implementing the Venera-D (Venus-D) project and finance the first stages of development works, the council's co-chair Lev Zeleny told TASS on Wednesday.

    "The corresponding request was sent to Roscosmos. Roscosmos is working on it," Zeleny said.

    TASS has not yet managed to obtain a comment from Roscosmos.

    Zeleny reminded that the RAS Council for Space Research discussed the Venera-D project at its last session and recommended to start implementation. "The RAS Council supported this project," he noted.

    Earlier reports said that the estimated cost of development works in preparation for implementing the Venera-D project will stand at around 17 bln rubles.

    The baseline concept of the Venera-D mission calls for an orbiter, which will study the planet from outer space, and a lander, which is expected to operate on Venus’s surface for a few hours. One of the mission’s objectives is to trace signs of life in the past and nowadays in Venus’ unfavorable conditions. Besides, the scientists plan to study greenhouse effect on the planet.


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