Military Forum for Russian and Global Defence Issues


    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development

    magnumcromagnon
    magnumcromagnon

    Posts : 5390
    Points : 5541
    Join date : 2013-12-05
    Location : Pindos ave., Pindosville, Pindosylvania, Pindostan

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 Empty Re: "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development

    Post  magnumcromagnon on Tue Dec 17, 2019 12:15 am



    You'll notice that it's firing in 3 round bursts, just look at the patent diagram. Apparently a compromise on safety and stability:

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 Zmelj

    You'll notice that the barrel is for the 57mm grenade launcher, but apparently it's a universal 57mm autoloader mechanism useful for both the 57mm grenade launcher and the 57mm Derivation autocannon/howitzer.

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 SGUNj

    As you'll noticed the sabots rounds are loaded upfront in the (autocannon/howitzer) version above. Apparently the US side came to the same conclusion for their 50mm cannon.

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 D4CQHz5WsAAFe__

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 XM913_Enhanced_Bushmaster_III_02

    The Soviets had experience with 4 round clips with 82mm Vasilek, which makes you wonder if they could implement an autoloader for that as well. Armata BMPT could have a 120mm Howitzer main gun, with a 82mm coaxial, and the captain could have GSh-23L and AGS-30 slaved to the commander sight, and 57mm MLRS attached to the rear of the turret (in place of the of the ammo bustle) capable of holding 160-200 rockets. Yeah, were talking about something that could easily be in Red Alert 2! Twisted Evil
    GarryB
    GarryB

    Posts : 23320
    Points : 23860
    Join date : 2010-03-30
    Location : New Zealand

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 Empty Re: "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development

    Post  GarryB on Tue Dec 17, 2019 8:02 am

    Just noticed the big tube down the side of the barrel and the short tube on the other side... I suspect this has a liquid barrel cooling system to allow both a high rate of fire but also a high volume of fire to be sustained.

    It can use old ammo as well as the new stuff which is interesting...

    The Soviets had experience with 4 round clips with 82mm Vasilek, which makes you wonder if they could implement an autoloader for that as well. Armata BMPT could have a 120mm Howitzer main gun, with a 82mm coaxial, and the captain could have GSh-23L and AGS-30 slaved to the commander sight, and 57mm MLRS attached to the rear of the turret (in place of the of the ammo bustle) capable of holding 160-200 rockets. Yeah, were talking about something that could easily be in Red Alert 2!

    The original anti aircraft S-60 57mm gun used a four round clip feed too.

    Fitting a 120mm gun/mortar and an 82mm mortar and a 57mm rocket launcher would be a bit redundant.

    I would think a 120mm gun/mortar plus a 57mm grenade launcher would be the best compromise in terms of HE fire power and ammo on hand.

    The 57mm grenade launcher has rather heavy projectiles as you can see in the drawing above... the rounds are all projectile with a stub propellent case, and from memory they said it had rounds equivalent to 76.2mm shells which means in the 6-7kg HE round weight range, which would make them much smaller and more compact that 120mm shells or mortar bombs so you can carry a lot more for targets that don't require a full power 120mm round but still need HE to get the job done.

    A fully auto 82mm mortar with auto feed would be interesting for a light vehicle like a Tigr-2, or a Boomerang based vehicle... perhaps with a HMG or 40mm grenade launcher support weapons for high mobility and high fire power... very hard hitting weapons...
    magnumcromagnon
    magnumcromagnon

    Posts : 5390
    Points : 5541
    Join date : 2013-12-05
    Location : Pindos ave., Pindosville, Pindosylvania, Pindostan

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 Empty Re: "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development

    Post  magnumcromagnon on Tue Dec 17, 2019 5:46 pm

    GarryB
    GarryB

    Posts : 23320
    Points : 23860
    Join date : 2010-03-30
    Location : New Zealand

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 Empty Re: "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development

    Post  GarryB on Wed Dec 18, 2019 3:32 am

    Nice vid.... lots of close up details... thanks for posting.
    magnumcromagnon
    magnumcromagnon

    Posts : 5390
    Points : 5541
    Join date : 2013-12-05
    Location : Pindos ave., Pindosville, Pindosylvania, Pindostan

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 Empty Re: "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development

    Post  magnumcromagnon on Mon Dec 30, 2019 2:54 pm

    New video showing the 57mm howitzer being fired while being submerged underwater:

    medo
    medo

    Posts : 3725
    Points : 3809
    Join date : 2010-10-24
    Location : Slovenia

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 Empty Re: "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development

    Post  medo on Tue Dec 31, 2019 12:10 am

    Nice video. thumbsup

    Derivatsia-PVO is now for two years under intensive testings. It could fire when swimming as well. I hope they will soon be delivered to the troops. Videos from tests could mean they are near finnishing those tests.
    GarryB
    GarryB

    Posts : 23320
    Points : 23860
    Join date : 2010-03-30
    Location : New Zealand

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 Empty Re: "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development

    Post  GarryB on Tue Dec 31, 2019 3:57 am

    Mr Fussy mode on:

    To clarify, it is neither submerged nor a howitzer... but a good video though with lots of footage of the vehicle and other vehicles too.

    Technically it is a gun, it has a fixed propellent charge that has the projectile attached to it in one piece and is a high velocity round.

    Howitzers are like a cross between a mortar and a gun, they often have variable charge options for targets at different ranges, with generally a heavy slow projectile.

    Mr Fussy mode off...

    There is footage of this vehicle (effectively a BMP-3 with a 57mm gun turret fitted) floating on the water and firing without problems... this gun does not seem to generate a lot of recoil which is good.

    Near the end of the video it shows a small four wheeled vehicle (I think it is Tigr) with what appears to be an 82mm mortar fitted and it made me think that a better option would be that 57mm grenade launcher. Its HE rounds seem to be huge for its calibre, while the propellent stub is tiny so it is a small compact round with a very heavy payload... it is fully automatic with a belt feed meaning large capacity and potential for remote operation, unlike an 82mm mortar which at 12 rounds per minute is clearly not fully automated.

    Standard 82mm mortar bombs generally have about 4kgs of HE per bomb, and from what I have read the 57mm grenade launcher has the equivalent of 6-7kgs per round so it should not be inferior in fire power in terms of weight of shell, and range should be good with a rather long 57mm barrel.

    Note rate of fire is not normally important for artillery in the sense of the way it is for a machine gun.

    A high rate of fire allows you to launch 3-4 rounds in a burst to all land together around the target and do lots of damage before targets like soldiers can take cover.

    Once they have taken cover they are very hard to get... you basically need direct hits to be effective.

    So a 3-4 round burst of 57mm grenades that are fired in 1 second can be much more effective than say 12 82mm mortar bombs over the period of a minute...

    Will be interesting to see what they come up with.
    medo
    medo

    Posts : 3725
    Points : 3809
    Join date : 2010-10-24
    Location : Slovenia

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 Empty Re: "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development

    Post  medo on Tue Dec 31, 2019 10:41 am

    https://tass.com/defense/1080719

    MOSCOW, October 1. /TASS/. Russia’s Defense Ministry has signed contracts on the delivery of the latest Drok 82mm self-propelled mortars and Floks 120mm artillery guns, Uralvagonzavod Special Representative for Military and Technical Cooperation, Army General Alexei Maslov told TASS on the occasion of Land Forces Day on Tuesday.

    "As part of the ‘Nabrosok’ project, the work on the Floks self-propelled artillery system and the Drok mortar that are being developed on order from the Defense Ministry is at the concluding stage of preliminary trials," the army general said.

    "The work is proceeding in compliance with the plan. A contract has been signed for their serial production," he added.

    The Floks 120mm artillery gun is mounted on the Ural-4320 6x6 wheeled armored vehicle. The gun has been developed as part of the ‘Nabrosok’ R&D work. As its main feature, the new self-propelled artillery system carries a combined semi-automatic rifled gun that can fire all types of mortar shells and projectiles. The weapon can be used as a howitzer and a mortar and can be employed for direct fire.

    Russia’s Defense Ministry earlier reported that the state trials of the Drok self-propelled mortar developed for the Airborne Force would take place in 2019. The mortar is mounted on the Taifun-VDV armored vehicle and is designated to provide support for airborne assault forces. The mortar can fire both standard munitions and new shells with the enhanced yield and the extended range. Fire can be delivered from the vehicle’s combat compartment and from the ground.

    The Drok self-propelled mortar weighs 14 tonnes and has a crew of four. The mortar can fire to a range of 100 meters to 6 km at a rate of about 12 rounds per minute and has an ammunition load of 40 shells.

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 Drok10
    Drok

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 Floks_10
    Floks

    On the video you could see both Drok and Floks. Drok is 82 mm calibre mortar and Floks is 120 mm calibre mortar. Drok is placed on Kamaz Typhoon-VDV 4x4 armored vehicle and Floks is placed on Ural 6x6 armored vehicle. According to Tass, Russian MoD sign a contract to supply both to army units. Most probably will smaller Drok go to VDV units as it is placed on Typhoon-VDV. While Floks will go to lighter motorized units, which use lighter wheeled armored vehicles.

    Considering, that they are showed together in video and that they show more videos from Derivatsia-PVO tests, I think they will quite soon sing a contract for them and start serial production to deliver them to units.
    GarryB
    GarryB

    Posts : 23320
    Points : 23860
    Join date : 2010-03-30
    Location : New Zealand

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 Empty Re: "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development

    Post  GarryB on Tue Dec 31, 2019 11:58 pm

    The Floks 120mm artillery gun is mounted on the Ural-4320 6x6 wheeled armored vehicle. The gun has been developed as part of the ‘Nabrosok’ R&D work. As its main feature, the new self-propelled artillery system carries a combined semi-automatic rifled gun that can fire all types of mortar shells and projectiles. The weapon can be used as a howitzer and a mortar and can be employed for direct fire.

    An interesting trend in Russian weapons that the traditional role of the howitzer seems to be getting replaced by a hybrid gun/mortar weapon.

    But of course the Coalition uses a variable charge system too, though mainly to optimised ballistic performance.

    If you look at an artillery projectile generally the nose contains quite a substantial fuse that sets off the HE charge either above the target, on impact, or after penetration of the target. This means most of the fragmentation effect of the round is located in the side walls of the shell which in terms of area is much greater than the ends as it consists of a long cylinder.

    For a high velocity gun fired shell for direct fire use at close range targets the shells tend to hit point first sideways into the target, so much of the fragmented material along the sides of the round go directly up into the air or directly down into the ground with the rest blown out sideways with mostly blast going forward and backward from the explosion.

    In comparison a low or medium pressure weapon like a mortar or howitzer using the correct charge is lobbed towards the target.

    If you used a gun to do that its high velocity means it would climb to enormous altitudes and then fall back down spending a rather long flight time to the target. During that flight time winds at different altitudes would effect it negatively in terms of accuracy, and of course the obvious problem that the target might move before you round lands.

    With a mortar or a howitzer with a reduced powder charge they are lofted up but at much lower velocity so they don't go as high... also they tend to have heavier payloads which also reduces the distance they climb too.

    When they hit the target they tend to be coming down nearly vertically which means their fuse hits the ground and the side walls distribute fragments in a nice even and dense pattern around the point of impact... which makes it much more efficient at killing people around the point of aim... especially so with the increased size HE payload.

    The Soviets knew in WWII that a 120mm mortar is a powerful and effective weapon and have been using it widely since.

    Note the Germans learned the same lesson when coming up against the Soviets on the eastern front and put 120mm mortars in production themselves.

    AFAIK the Soviet 120mm mortar was based on a French model but they deployed it far more widely because of its very effective bomb weight without being too cumbersome and heavy.

    The 120mm mortar has a 16kg bomb which is quite effective, but the next calibre up is the 160mm mortar with a 41kg bomb which really requires automated loading. Ironically it is the next size above that that has remained in service... the 240mm mortar requires a vehicle and various powered system to aid in loading and firing the weapon. One person can load the 130kg bombs using various manual lifts and mechanisms...

    Of course the question remains... if they start widely using the 57mm grenade launcher with a relatively low recoil, good range and powerful projectile I wonder if they will continue to use 82mm mortars on vehicles... I would expect the man portable models will continue because they are actually man portable... I wonder if they will deploy a towed 57mm grenade launcher or a 57mm high velocity gun?

    It could be argued that the SPG-9 and similar recoilless rifles were the equivalent of a towed 73mm gun from a BMP-1, but while they had towed 14.5mm guns (ie BTR) they haven't had towed 30mm cannon (BMP-2/3).
    TheArmenian
    TheArmenian

    Posts : 1839
    Points : 1990
    Join date : 2011-09-14

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 Empty Re: "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development

    Post  TheArmenian on Wed Jan 01, 2020 2:23 am

    The rationale behind the Derivatsya for air defense against UAVs is the fact that the Pantsir, Tor and other missiles often cost more than the drones themselves. I personally see the Derivatsya 57mm gun more useful against ground targets.
    I expect to see this gun on the T-15, the Kurganetz and even on the Boomerang... with the anti-air capability as a secondary role.

    I like the Drok 82mm system. It is very useful for fast moving and very mobile forces (such as the VDV).

    As for the Floks...I think it is a flop. It is just too big and too cumbersome. The Nona and Vena were better ideas.


    Last edited by TheArmenian on Wed Jan 01, 2020 2:28 am; edited 1 time in total
    Isos
    Isos

    Posts : 4654
    Points : 4646
    Join date : 2015-11-06

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 Empty Re: "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development

    Post  Isos on Wed Jan 01, 2020 2:27 am

    TheArmenian wrote: I personally see the Derivatsya 57mm gun more useful against ground targets.
    I expect to see this gun on the T-15, the Kurganetz and even on the Boomerang... with the anti-air capability as a secondary role.

    They already have their own 57mm being developed. This system is not just a gun but also a FCS which makes it an anti air system.
    Big_Gazza
    Big_Gazza

    Posts : 1773
    Points : 1775
    Join date : 2014-08-25
    Location : Melbourne, Australia

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 Empty Re: "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development

    Post  Big_Gazza on Wed Jan 01, 2020 11:16 am

    TheArmenian wrote:As for the Floks...I think it is a flop. It is just too big and too cumbersome. The Nona and Vena were better ideas.

    Both Nona & Vena are tracked.  Floks is clearly intended to provide SP heavy support to wheeled forces.

    edit: Just realised you're probably referring to the Nona-SVK  on the BTR chassis

    I guess for logistical reasons they prefer a truck-mounted heavy support unit for use with truck-style APCs and combat vehicles.
    GarryB
    GarryB

    Posts : 23320
    Points : 23860
    Join date : 2010-03-30
    Location : New Zealand

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 Empty Re: "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development

    Post  GarryB on Thu Jan 02, 2020 3:29 am

    The rationale behind the Derivatsya for air defense against UAVs is the fact that the Pantsir, Tor and other missiles often cost more than the drones themselves. I personally see the Derivatsya 57mm gun more useful against ground targets.

    Hey there... you have been quiet for a while... welcome back...

    I would agree that the 57mm gun would be effective against ground targets, but so is the 100mm gun on the BMP-3 or the 125mm gun on tanks or a 57mm grenade launcher for that matter... not to mention the 120mm mortar and 152mm artillery resources at your disposal.

    In comparison against UAVs we are talking about the choice of 30mm cannon shells, which would have a rather limited effective range, that are also a little small to have both a bursting charge, a useful number of metal fragments... and a fusing system to achieve airbursts.


    57mm rounds on the other hand have space for a decent bursting charge... lots of good sized effective fragments and a rear facing fusing system that could be set off with a coded laser beam at the correct distance... which would eliminate the need for an expensive and very accurate timing system for a precise airburst.

    Instead just have a laser detector on the base of the shell looking back and when the radar tracking the outgoing round determines it is about to cross paths with the target... flash a coded laser and set off the round... with the sensor in the base you can have front mounted fragments to form a dense cone of fragments towards the target but also good side fragmentation as well...

    Wont be super cheap but cheaper and available in larger numbers than missiles... and with the processing on the vehicle you could command detonate the rounds at optimum times like passing a group of enemy drones it could be set off in the best position to damage them all.

    I expect to see this gun on the T-15, the Kurganetz and even on the Boomerang... with the anti-air capability as a secondary role.

    To be clear in this thread we have talked about two 57mm guns, the actual gun is a high velocity weapon for anti aircraft use, but also the line drawing mechanism of the autoloader for the grenade launcher model.

    I rather suspect the high velocity 57mm gun will be the standard IFV turret mounted gun for use in the anti IFV role with APFSDS rounds.

    I would also think that they might have mixed groups of vehicles with the high velocity 57mm gun and the medium velocity 57mm grenade launcher... both vehicles will have long range ATGMs (Kornet) and medium range mini ATGMs (Bulat... which seems to be a small scale Kornet for use against lighter vehicles and other targets), I think the 57mm grenade launches ammo will be cheaper and offer larger heavier more effective HE projectiles and will effectively replace the 100mm rifled gun of the BMP-3, while the high velocity 57mm gun offers the chance to penetrate similar and lighter vehicles (IFV and APCs and other command and other vehicles) at battlefield ranges.

    The 57mm grenade launcher armed IFV would rely on Bulat missiles to engage like IFVs... and Kornets for tanks or long range shots at aircraft.

    The 57mm high velocity gun can use Bulat for anything and Kornet for tanks and 57mm rounds for enemy IFVs and positions and aircraft at drones.

    As for the Floks...I think it is a flop. It is just too big and too cumbersome. The Nona and Vena were better ideas.

    I agree... I suspect the biggest feature of Floks is low cost and simplicity... while having the fire power of a 120mm mortar.

    They already have their own 57mm being developed. This system is not just a gun but also a FCS which makes it an anti air system.

    This system is certainly a dedicated air defence system, so it will be specialised for that role, but I think for IFVs they will use the same high velocity gun in the anti IFV role as NATO IFVs are 30 tons plus these days, and Bulat ATGMs for targets too heavy for the 57mm rounds.

    They will likely fit this turret to Armata and Kurganets and Boomerang and even Typhoon to provide air support and anti drone capacity to standard units... I would think it would also be good for convoy escort and as an anti landing system (against marines and paratroopers).

    I guess for logistical reasons they prefer a truck-mounted heavy support unit for use with truck-style APCs and combat vehicles.

    I suspect cheap and simple are the key here... as long as the electronics and comms are up to scratch this should be a potent vehicle... (And I don't know why they wouldn't be up to scratch).
    medo
    medo

    Posts : 3725
    Points : 3809
    Join date : 2010-10-24
    Location : Slovenia

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 Empty Re: "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development

    Post  medo on Thu Jan 02, 2020 10:42 am

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 43974710
    T-15 with AU-220M RWS

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 1_3fcd11
    Derivatsiya-PVO

    There are some differences between RWS Baikal or Kinzhal in T-15 and with Derivatsiya-PVO. Kinzhal RWS in T-15 have lover max elevation with +60o while Derivatsiya-PVO have max elevation at +75o. Fire control complex is mostly the same regarding optics, stabilization, ballistic computer, etc. Derivatsia-PVO have included instalation for usin guided shells and those with programable fuses. On then other hand T-15 have instalations to use laser guided 9M120 Ataka missiles.

    T-15 with Kinzhal could as well engage targets in the air. FCS is practicaly the same and T-15 could receive air targets from data link to engage. Ataka missile is also made in air defense version with proximity fuse and fragmentation warhead. T-15 also have enough elevation to engage targets in the air with existing ammo. We must not forget, that specialized air defense CV9040AAV have max elevation at + 50o, while standar IFV CV9040 have max elevation at + 35o. I don't see a problem to install instalations to use guided and special ammunition for 57 mm gun with Kinzhal RWS for T-15. They are also very useful against targets on the ground.

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 Lvkv_910
    CV9040AAV
    medo
    medo

    Posts : 3725
    Points : 3809
    Join date : 2010-10-24
    Location : Slovenia

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 Empty Re: "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development

    Post  medo on Thu Jan 02, 2020 11:48 am

    But there is one important difference between Derivatsiya-PVO RWS and RWS in T-15.

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 43974711
    T-15

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 2s38_d10
    Derivatsiya-PVO

    Derivatsiya-PVO have one fixed plate over the gun sight. We could see an electric cable, which connect this plate. Unfortunatelly
    there is no informations available for this device. Could be, that it is IFF antenna. But it could be radar as well. Similar thin radar is Fara-VR, which have range of 10 km.

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 27814610
    Fara-VR

    Fara-VR is ground recon radar, but the one installed on Derovatsiya-PVO could be a modification of it for air defense need. With around 10 km, it have enough range, it only need to detect target and direct gun on it. It looks to be a kind of electronicaly scanned antenna and it could scan on whole elevation from fixed position, but on the other hand it could move in elevation. It is placed enough far on left, that it doesn't cover optical sight, when looking at max elevation. Such radar would be excellent to engage small drones.
    GarryB
    GarryB

    Posts : 23320
    Points : 23860
    Join date : 2010-03-30
    Location : New Zealand

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 Empty Re: "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development

    Post  GarryB on Fri Jan 03, 2020 7:07 am

    Keep in mind the other factor is the muzzle device on the AA gun, now normally I would think that was just there to allow more accurate follow up shots, but I would also suspect it contains coils to measure actual muzzle velocity and perhaps a fuse setting coil as well...

    One of the barrels on the 2A38M twin barrel cannon has two coils to measure muzzle velocity with a shield around the muzzle of the other barrel to prevent its projectile interfering in the measurement, so I would suspect this gun likely uses two coils to measure actual muzzle velocity.

    Some weapons use an induction coil to set the rounds fuse as it passes through... sometimes fitted to the muzzle as a last ring, with the velocity measuring coils further back, but possibly it might just use a standard figure for the first few shots and after it has benchmark velocity figures it starts using actual velocities in its calculations to improve accuracy... which would allow reasonable accuracy to start with but improving accuracy as it shoots at targets...

    Of course bear in mind that it is quite normal to combine anti tank and anti aircraft guns for the same role, but also just as common to use different guns using different ammo too.

    Just like the German 88mm AA gun was used in the anti armour role, the Soviets used their 85mm AA gun as the basis for a tank mounted gun too.

    But of course they had both 57mm guns for anti aircraft use and for anti armour use too and they used different shells.
    medo
    medo

    Posts : 3725
    Points : 3809
    Join date : 2010-10-24
    Location : Slovenia

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 Empty Re: "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development

    Post  medo on Sat Jan 04, 2020 2:18 pm

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 48108810
    New Sosna on BMP-3.

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 2705_610
    Older Sosna prototype on MT-LB.

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 19295210
    medo
    medo

    Posts : 3725
    Points : 3809
    Join date : 2010-10-24
    Location : Slovenia

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 Empty Re: "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development

    Post  medo on Sat Jan 04, 2020 2:48 pm

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 19295211

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 2s38_d11

    I never pay attention on Sosna top antenna. In the old Sosna prototype, there was a small radar complex on the top of turret, which collect missile after launch and bring it to the line of sight. But the later Sosna, like the one placed on BMP-3 have the same plate like antenna on the top of turret as Derivatsiya-PVO have on the upper left of the gunner sight. This plate antenna is fixed mounted, so it for sure is not a kind of tracking radar as it looks up and not front. This is most probably IFF antenna.

    Interesting is, that Russian army will get both Sosna and Derivatsiya-PVO placed on BMP-3 vehicle and that they both will use the same Barnaul-T type command post with Garmon battery radar also placed in BMP-3 vehicle. They both can fire on the move and can swim, as they both use the same BMP-3 vehicle.



    Hole
    Hole

    Posts : 2549
    Points : 2547
    Join date : 2018-03-24
    Age : 43
    Location : Merkelland

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 Empty Re: "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development

    Post  Hole on Sat Jan 04, 2020 4:56 pm

    Successors for the old ZSU-23/4 and Strela-10 package. I suspect versions based on the BTR-MDM and DT-30.
    GarryB
    GarryB

    Posts : 23320
    Points : 23860
    Join date : 2010-03-30
    Location : New Zealand

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 Empty Re: "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development

    Post  GarryB on Sun Jan 05, 2020 6:58 am

    With the Strela-10 and the Shilka you had two separate vehicles with repeated expensive equipment... Strela-10 had a ranging radar to make sure the target was in range before launch, while the Shilka had a search and tracking radar that was relatively expensive for its time... remember the US equivalent Vulcan only has a ranging radar.

    Providing both the missile vehicle and the gun vehicle will a search and track radar each would make them both very expensive, so the solution was to combine the missiles and the guns on one vehicle and use one set of expensive sensors to make them effective.

    Their capabilities didn't overlap that much so the guns and the missiles complimented each other rather than one making the other redundant.

    The point is that these days with an integrated air defence network and modern EO sensors that are getting cheaper and smaller and have better angular accuracy than radar, but with laser rangefinders becoming effective out to extended distances (the ground role laser range finder on the MiG-35 has a range of 30km), you can actually move away from mounting expensive search and track radars on every vehicle and split the guns and missiles component again because as the guns get bigger the number missiles carried will be reduced.

    Ironically with the Shilka Strela-10 setup.... the guns reached 2.5km effective range and the missiles reached 5km, but with Tunguska the guns reach 4km and the missiles reach first 8km and then 10km... now the new guns can reach to 12km against ground targets and the missiles reach 10km... a bit of a reversal... but with air burst shells the 57mm guns should be vastly more effective against a range of targets... particularly small light drones... missiles will still perform better against targets manouvering hard, while any munitions or drones can be taken down by gun rounds much faster and more efficiently and cheaper.

    Successors for the old ZSU-23/4 and Strela-10 package. I suspect versions based on the BTR-MDM and DT-30.

    Agreed, though over time I suspect the VDV might move to the four wheel and six wheel Typhoon platform and of course in the arctic the twin chassis DT-30 vehicles reign supreme simply because they can self recover from falling through the ice into the water.

    I would also expect that there will be Armata and Boomerang and Kurganets versions of these gun and missile platforms... though it will of course be possible that instead of SOSNA that they will use the longer ranged Pantsir missiles with 30mm cannon with airburst shells for close range engagement of drones and stand off attack munitions... I would expect several versions of Armata, Boomerang and Kurganets with 57mm guns.... from IFVs with high velocity 57mm guns and also IFVs with 57mm grenade launchers, but also an air defence vehicle with a high velocity 57mm gun and dedicated sensors to engage air targets... but I suspect there might even be a BMPT model with a 57mm gun for ground and air use too. Certainly the 30mm cannon on the BMP-2 and BMP-3 were threats to aircraft and with improved electronics and optics that their Armata and Boomerang and Kurganets replacements will be even more dangerous to air power...
    Hole
    Hole

    Posts : 2549
    Points : 2547
    Join date : 2018-03-24
    Age : 43
    Location : Merkelland

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 Empty Re: "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development

    Post  Hole on Wed Feb 05, 2020 4:59 pm

    Some nice pics
    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 A-220m10
    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 A-220m12
    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 A-220m11
    Hole
    Hole

    Posts : 2549
    Points : 2547
    Join date : 2018-03-24
    Age : 43
    Location : Merkelland

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 Empty Re: "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development

    Post  Hole on Wed Feb 05, 2020 5:00 pm

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 A-220m13
    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 A-220m14
    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 A-220m15
    Hole
    Hole

    Posts : 2549
    Points : 2547
    Join date : 2018-03-24
    Age : 43
    Location : Merkelland

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 Empty Re: "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development

    Post  Hole on Wed Feb 05, 2020 5:01 pm

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 A-220m16
    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 A-220m17
    GarryB
    GarryB

    Posts : 23320
    Points : 23860
    Join date : 2010-03-30
    Location : New Zealand

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 Empty Re: "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development

    Post  GarryB on Thu Feb 06, 2020 2:54 am

    Interesting to note the different gunners sights on the different vehicles with the different 57mm guns.

    The 57mm grenade (without muzzle brake) launcher vehicle has a smaller simpler gunner sight with a large port (presumably thermal imaging) with two optical ports below it... one bigger one being probably digital video and the small port perhaps a laser?

    With the 57mm high velocity gun (with muzzle brake) the gunners sight is two flat window surfaces with sensor cameras inside that can elevate and depress...

    I would suspect the grenade launcher is designed for use out to 4-6km or so, while the high velocity gun would be able to be used to 10-12km or more...
    GarryB
    GarryB

    Posts : 23320
    Points : 23860
    Join date : 2010-03-30
    Location : New Zealand

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 Empty Re: "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development

    Post  GarryB on Thu Feb 06, 2020 7:46 am

    OK now I am just confused... there is video footage of the vehicle above without the muzzle brake firing on a range in Russia here:

    https://www.rt.com/russia/480124-russian-armor-turret-test/

    The shots are fired at 2km range and appear to be rather accurate... hitting a bit low but very close grouping considering they are fired on the move from 2km distance.

    The confusing thing is that the empty shell cases are the same as the S-60 shells of the high velocity gun... I thought this vehicle with no muzzle brake was firing the new 57mm grenade launcher rounds which have stub propellent charges and large projectiles like the 100mm rounds from the 100mm rifled gun on the BMP-3...

    Sponsored content

    "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development - Page 12 Empty Re: "Derivation" 57mm AA gun development

    Post  Sponsored content


      Current date/time is Thu Feb 27, 2020 11:50 am