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    Russian ABM Development

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    jhelb

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    Re: Russian ABM Development

    Post  jhelb on Fri Jun 17, 2016 7:39 pm

    GarryB wrote:
    No.

    S-500 is a mobile development of the S-300 and S-400 series SAMs and will primarily be used against ballistic missiles while S-400 or S-300V4 operates under it defeating other aerial threats.

    So GarryB, as on this date the only difference between the S-500 & the S-400 is that the S-500 is a mobile version of the S-400? Is that right?
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    sepheronx

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    Re: Russian ABM Development

    Post  sepheronx on Fri Jun 17, 2016 7:43 pm

    What? No. LOL. Both candidates are similar in setup - truck movement/deployment.
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    GarryB

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    Re: Russian ABM Development

    Post  GarryB on Sat Jun 18, 2016 3:37 am

    So GarryB, as on this date the only difference between the S-500 & the S-400 is that the S-500 is a mobile version of the S-400? Is that right?

    No.

    The S-400 is a part replacement for the S-300... the S-350 will also replace the S-300.

    The S-500 is new and is basically a mobile ABM system.

    There is talk that the S-500 might be based on the two stage S-300V, but we really don't know yet.

    Note the S-300 is widely called SA-10 and SA-20 in its later models in the west, while the S-300V is the SA-12A and SA-12B with the further improved models being called Antei-2500, and S-300V4.

    The S-300 is an air force weapon and is truck based for mobility but would be based in locations like air fields including large and fixed and small temporary fields, while the S-300V is based on tracked vehicles and is expected to move with a mobile army.
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    jhelb

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    Re: Russian ABM Development

    Post  jhelb on Sat Jun 18, 2016 1:32 pm

    GarryB wrote:
    No.

    The S-400 is a part replacement for the S-300... the S-350 will also replace the S-300.

    The S-500 is new and is basically a mobile ABM system.

    But then from whatever open source material is available(especially in the Russian media) it seems S-500 will share the same missiles as the S-400, however the S-500 will get a new AESA radar.

    As far as S-350 is concerned, is there still a need for Buk-3 because the S-350 can do the job of the Buk?
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    AlfaT8

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    Re: Russian ABM Development

    Post  AlfaT8 on Sat Jun 18, 2016 5:47 pm

    jhelb wrote:
    GarryB wrote:
    No.

    The S-400 is a part replacement for the S-300... the S-350 will also replace the S-300.

    The S-500 is new and is basically a mobile ABM system.

    But then from whatever open source material is available(especially in the Russian media) it seems S-500 will share the same missiles as the S-400, however the S-500 will get a new AESA radar.

    As far as S-350 is concerned, is there still a need for Buk-3 because the S-350 can do the job of the Buk?

    There's a lot of conflicting information out there, but we could be fairly certain that the S-500 missile isn't the same as that of the S-400 from the fact that it needs to intercept hypersonic targets.

    As for the S-350 and BUK, these are to different systems with different ranges and requirements, the S-350 is a wield platform with a 120km range and 12 missiles most likely designed to counter saturating strikes, while the BUK is a tracked platform with a 40km (70km M3) range with 4 (6) missiles meant for army AD, so no these two aren't interchangeable.
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    GarryB

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    Re: Russian ABM Development

    Post  GarryB on Sun Jun 19, 2016 8:28 am

    But then from whatever open source material is available(especially in the Russian media) it seems S-500 will share the same missiles as the S-400, however the S-500 will get a new AESA radar.

    No it wont share missile design with the S-400... the S-500 is primarily an ABM missile, while the S-400 is a longer ranged S-300 with targets including but not limited to air breathing and short to medium range ballistic targets and cruise missiles.

    It is highly likely the S-500 will be a multiple stage design that does not need a 150kg warhead like the S-400 and S-300 missiles.

    The S-500 will have all its own radar as its role is different and it requires different information to operate.

    It will likely be integrated with S-400 or S-350 batteries however in actual use simply because as a system it will compliment them and vice versa.

    As far as S-350 is concerned, is there still a need for Buk-3 because the S-350 can do the job of the Buk?

    S-350 is an air force and navy weapon. Buk will be an army and navy weapon.

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    jhelb

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    Re: Russian ABM Development

    Post  jhelb on Sun Jun 19, 2016 8:48 pm

    AlfaT8 wrote:There's a lot of conflicting information out there, but we could be fairly certain that the S-500 missile isn't the same as that of the S-400 from the fact that it needs to intercept hypersonic targets.

    Even S-400 is supposed to intercept hypersonic targets. That's what the 77N6-N and 77N6-N1 missiles are for, exo atmospheric interception of warheads travelling at hypersonic speeds.

    GarryB wrote:
    No it wont share missile design with the S-400... the S-500 is primarily an ABM missile, while the S-400 is a longer ranged S-300 with targets including but not limited to air breathing and short to medium range ballistic targets and cruise missiles.

    It is highly likely the S-500 will be a multiple stage design that does not need a 150kg warhead like the S-400 and S-300 missiles.

    OK! Good to know. Do you have the names of the missiles that the S-500 will use?

    If it's true that A-235 will be mobile then I am not sure what purpose the S-500 will serve? My guess is that the A-235 will be used for exo-atmospheric interception & if that fails then the S-500 will be used for endo atmospheric interception.
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    max steel

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    Re: Russian ABM Development

    Post  max steel on Sun Jun 19, 2016 8:59 pm

    A-235 will be immobile .
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    GarryB

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    Re: Russian ABM Development

    Post  GarryB on Mon Jun 20, 2016 11:51 am

    OK! Good to know. Do you have the names of the missiles that the S-500 will use?

    No idea... not many people actually know.

    Don't know whether it is single or two stage... has been said it will be a new missile and not based on S-400, though it may operate with S-400.

    If it's true that A-235 will be mobile then I am not sure what purpose the S-500 will serve? My guess is that the A-235 will be used for exo-atmospheric interception & if that fails then the S-500 will be used for endo atmospheric interception.

    Nudels missiles will be truck based and likely mobile but the radars and infrastructure needed to use them will likely be largely fixed.

    Think of S-400 as being Patriot/THAAD and S-500 being PAC-3/THAAD-ER, while Nudol is getting close to being a dedicated anti sat and anti ICBM system...

    Except that S-400 can deal with a wide range of targets including those travelling at 4.8km/s, while S-500 will be able to deal with targets travelling at 7km/s and some low orbit objects, while Nudel will be able to hit incoming ICBMs and satellites in low and possibly medium orbit too.
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    AlfaT8

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    Re: Russian ABM Development

    Post  AlfaT8 on Mon Jun 20, 2016 4:26 pm

    jhelb wrote:
    AlfaT8 wrote:There's a lot of conflicting information out there, but we could be fairly certain that the S-500 missile isn't the same as that of the S-400 from the fact that it needs to intercept hypersonic targets.

    Even S-400 is supposed to intercept hypersonic targets. That's what the 77N6-N and 77N6-N1 missiles are for, exo atmospheric interception of warheads travelling at hypersonic speeds.

    The hell, my list only went up to the 40N6, now i am really confused, anyway it's gonna be very interesting when the S-500 go's public, our estimates might be totally off.
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    Viktor

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    Russian New ABM Systems

    Post  Viktor on Wed Jun 22, 2016 2:02 am

    Guys, I think that what was tested was S-500 missile system  Laughing  Laughing  Laughing (not the A-135/225)

    Experts: tested missile rocket will allow to fend off the threat from the United States

    "C-500 will allow for interception purposes, including enemy warheads in near space and implement the concept of direct kinetic interception, that is, the destruction of the attacking warheads direct hit missiles", - Korochenko, adding noted that S-500 serial production of air defense missile systems planned for the Nizhny Novgorod plant 70 Anniversary of Victory within the group of EKR "Almaz-Antey".

    President of the Academy of Geopolitical Problems Konstantin Sivkov in turn, noted that the tested anti-missile missile is designed to cover the areas in accordance with the agreement on the limitation of anti-missile systems to the United States, but in non-compliance with the United States the terms of the contract, this complex may appear in other places, including marine carriers.

    "This event can be assessed only positively, because the test was successful. This missile defense system provides cover areas in accordance with the ABM Treaty, which was concluded with the United States. Russia this agreement does not violate, in contrast to the United States, and yet we consider occupancy of these complexes in the harmonized areas, but what will happen next - it depends on the situation ", - said Sivkov.

    The expert did not rule out that this complex defense system in the long term can be placed on sea carriers similar to the American system of "Aegis", but this is necessary to create the appropriate electronic equipment.

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    This is probably the first (moderest) sight of S-500 elements on an image of Kapustin Yar.

    Post  rambo54 on Mon Jul 04, 2016 5:41 pm

    This is probably the first (moderest) sight of S-500 elements on an image of Kapustin Yar.
    First I thought it would be just another 5T58-2 missile transporter. But the gap between the truck cabin and the missile containers is much closer.
    I think this could be indeed 77P6 launcher vehicles. In my opinion the variant with the shorter missile container for the 40N6M. The variant with the even longer 77N6N canister would show an even smaller gap to the BAZ truck cabin.
    Well...time will tell


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    ABM Discussion

    Post  rambo54 on Fri Jul 22, 2016 8:16 pm

    GarryB wrote:
    OK! Good to know. Do you have the names of the missiles that the S-500 will use?

    No idea... not many people actually know.

    Don't know whether it is single or two stage... has been said it will be a new missile and not based on S-400, though it may operate with S-400.

    If it's true that A-235 will be mobile then I am not sure what purpose the S-500 will serve? My guess is that the A-235 will be used for exo-atmospheric interception & if that fails then the S-500 will be used for endo atmospheric interception.

    Nudels missiles will be truck based and likely mobile but the radars and infrastructure needed to use them will likely be largely fixed.

    Think of S-400 as being Patriot/THAAD and S-500 being PAC-3/THAAD-ER, while Nudol is getting close to being a dedicated anti sat and anti ICBM system...

    Except that S-400 can deal with a wide range of targets including those travelling at 4.8km/s, while S-500 will be able to deal with targets travelling at 7km/s and some low orbit objects, while Nudel will be able to hit incoming ICBMs and satellites in low and possibly medium orbit too.

    Well all that is an evolutionary process.
    S-300P was alway (in every version) not that what was expected. But Almaz (and Sukhoi) was supported in the Yelzin era. Antey (and MiG) fell short. But the Antey System (S-300V) had always the better potential in its design parameters and came closer to both a long range anti aircraft system with the ability to intercept IRBMs.
    The desperate struggle to turn the S-300P finally into the weapon which was needed ends up in the S-400 (with 40N6, better SW and Radar) and in the S-350, which finally will bring up the 9M96 already promised for S-300P.
    After establishing Almaz-Antey it was clear that the real successor to S-300V will not be stopped at V4 but come up with the S-500.
    Up to now we didn't know much about the 40N6. Does it fit really into the same container like 48N6? Or is it a step forward to a longer missile which will materialize in one of the missiles for S-500?
    I think it is fair to assume that the missiles for S-500 will more derive from 9M82 than from 48N6. One seems for sure. The improvement in Radar, SW, and a 9M82 follow on will provide the S-500 with a true IRBM defence capability which S-400 don't have.

    About ASAT/Nudol and A-235 there is also a lot of guessing. Some sources say both systems are the same. If you have a capable long range ABM you also can kill satellites (SM-3). But who knows. It is believed that A-235 will be stationary. But a new long range variant (as successor to 51T6) was never tested. Just the 53T6 was improved an Don-2N. Is that already "A-235"?
    And if so, is this complemented by a mobile system which was presented on the Almaz-Antey calender picture? A "mobile" system which is supported by a stationary Radar at Chekov? Does this make sense? Or does that Almaz picture just show a variant of S-500?
    Well time will tell

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    As Russian "discreetly" deployed missile defense

    Post  Austin on Tue Dec 27, 2016 11:49 am

    Interesting article

    As Russian "discreetly" deployed missile defense

    http://politrussia.com/vooruzhennye-sily/kak-rossiya-laquo-nezametno-raquo-426/

    It may look Russian missile defense

    http://politrussia.com/vooruzhennye-sily/kak-mozhet-vyglyadet-228/
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    George1

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    Re: Russian ABM Development

    Post  George1 on Mon Jan 23, 2017 1:54 pm

    Russia’s anti-ballistic missile defense system to be upgraded by late 2017

    Work is in full swing today to create a unified national ABM-air defense system of the 21st century to comprise S-500 air defense missile complexes and advanced mobile radar stations

    MOSCOW, January 23. /TASS/. Russia’s anti-ballistic missile system will be upgraded until the end of 2017, Chief of Staff of a Missile Defense Formation Colonel Alexei Chumakov said in an interview with Krasnaya Zvezda newspaper on Monday.

    "Work is in full swing today to create a unified national ABM-air defense system of the 21st century to comprise S-500 air defense missile complexes and advanced mobile radar stations. As a whole, the entire ABM system will be upgraded until the end of 2017. Importantly, the system is being modernized without the withdrawal of capabilities from the organic mode of operation, i.e. without interruptions in operational readiness," he said.

    At present, the radar Don-2N is also undergoing profound upgrade to increase the range of detecting both ballistic targets and small space objects and make its transmitters and receivers more powerful," Krasnaya Zvezda said in its material.

    The Don-2N is a stationary multi-purpose all-round surveillance centimeter-range radar station created to perform missions for Moscow’s missile defense. The radar is capable of detecting an ICBM warhead at a distance of 3,700 km and at an altitude of 40,000 km. The Don-2N is the central and the most complex element of Moscow’s anti-ballistic missile defense system. It is assigned the tasks of detecting and tracking ballistic missiles, measuring coordinates and aiming anti-missiles at incoming targets. The radar is integrated into the unified system of additional data support for missile early warning and outer space control systems.


    More:
    http://tass.com/defense/926764
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    GarryB

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    Re: Russian ABM Development

    Post  GarryB on Tue Jan 24, 2017 4:31 am

    To clarify the Russian military wanted new long range SAMs for each branch of its military and like most programmes started out with a unified concept/design and label.

    The S-300 sounded nice in theory but took three different directions... F for the Navy, P for the Air Force, and V for the Army.

    F and P are very much related and look very similar externally though of course there are plenty of actual differences.

    V looks totally different.

    The ship mounted models (F) look very similar to the ground based air force models(P), while the Army models(V) are quite different.

    The Air Force missiles are called SA-10, though its later models (ie S-300PMU1/2) are called SA-20.

    The Navy missiles are called SA-N-6 for the S-300F and SA-N-20 for S-300FM.

    The Army S-300V is called SA-12A and B for the two different missiles, while the improved model Antei-2500 or S-300VM are called SA-23.

    The new S-400 is called SA-21 and can be considered a development of the S-300 family for the Navy and Air Force, but the smaller S-400 missiles will likely be called S-350 and deal with shorter to medium range threats with S-400 dealing with longer range targets.

    The future looks like S-400 and S-350 for Air Force and Navy for long range and medium range air defence, with S-500 being an ABM system that compliments but does not replace either being a more specialised system

    For the Army the S-300V4 will likely continue to be developed and for medium range threats the latest model BUKM3 will deal with medium range threats, and S-500 for strategic threats.

    Nudel might be mounted on the back of trucks but I suspect it will remain silo launched with fixed infrastructure... the sort of missions it would be used for (ie protecting cities or major areas) means there is little benefit to making it mobile and launched from a truck.

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    Re: Russian ABM Development

    Post  Mindstorm on Wed Apr 19, 2017 10:18 am


    Muti-topic article on КБМ with a very interesting paragraph on one of the most secret startegic defense product : active-protection system for startegic installations against ICBM warheads, denomination " «изделие 171».

    Are decribed some of its outstanding achievements, also against a massed attack with 8 real ICBMs.


    http://warfiles.ru/show-149176-put-ot-minometov-k-iskanderu-verbe-i-arene.html

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    GarryB

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    Re: Russian ABM Development

    Post  GarryB on Wed Apr 19, 2017 11:55 am

    Ok. So I was wondering how can Russia develop countermeasures to US MIRVs if it doesn't have detailed knowledge about the way MIRVs manoeuvre. As a Russian this is of concern to me.

    I should qualify my answer by saying that the way the US and Russian missile manouver is secret because they don't want Chinese or Iranian or North Korean missiles doing the same.

    The fact that the method of manouver is secret does not mean you need to know it to defeat it.

    When you launch an R-73 AAM at an F-35 it does not need to know how the flight control system of the F-35 works to hit it... it just needs a lock and the ability to turn when it needs to to ensure that if the target moves it can move to retain an intercept course to hit it.

    Austin

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    Antimissile 'umbrella' to be created over Russia’s enitre territory

    Post  Austin on Wed Jun 07, 2017 2:14 pm

    Antimissile 'umbrella' to be created over Russia’s enitre territory

    http://tass.com/defense/950236

    MOSCOW, June 7. /TASS/. Russia’s defense industry has proposed to the Defense Ministry a rational missile defense option that will allow for opening an anti-missile umbrella over the country’s whole territory, Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin said on Wednesday.

    "The joint working group for creating the technical basis of Russia’s air and space defense, which I have led since 2012, has arrived at the conclusion that the industry and military scientists have managed to propose to the Defense Ministry a rational option of creating the country’s missile defense shield, including the ground and space components. Once Russia’s integral space system is in place, Russia will find itself under an anti-missile umbrella," he said.

    Austin

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    Re: Russian ABM Development

    Post  Austin on Sat Jun 24, 2017 11:25 am

    "Nudol", "Prometheus" and "Thor": Three defensive line

    Anti-missile umbrella over Russia will open in 2025


    On the creation of Russia's 2025 national layered missile defense system announced "Parliamentary newspaper" the chief designer of the warning system (EWS) Sergey Boev . It should include anti-missile systems to intercept long-range, anti-aircraft missile defense, missile defense and anti-missile systems near interception.

    Sergey Boev substantiated the need to create a layered missile defense system that would protect the entire country, a "direct threat" posed by the deployment in Romania and Poland ground facilities of European missile defense. "It is possible covert conversion of launchers for placement of medium-range ballistic missiles," - he said. Although no particular alterations and no required - launchers that host missile SM-3 are versatile and can be used to run a number of ballistic missiles, which are prohibited Treaty on intermediate and lower range. It is no accident in the United States recently held a debate about the correction of the treaty.

    The first train - distant. It is based on the implementation of the missile defense system modernization project in Moscow and the Central Industrial District A-135 "Amur" to A-235 "Nudol". These works should be completed by 2020. And then the same will be taken into service two new anti-missiles - short-range and long-range. Now they pass their test at the Sary-Shagan in Kazakhstan.

    When setting the A-135 on the alert system has two missiles: 53T6 and 51T6 neighbor intercept long-range interception. In 2006 began the dismantling of long-distance missiles. Left alone near. However, the name does not fully reflect the technical characteristics of the missile 53T6. Its interception range - 100 km, height - 30 km.

    However, the real possibility of intercepting short-range missiles is significantly higher. After the end of the general state tests missile defense system designer A-135 A.G.Basistov announced that the missile has a large inventory on all parameters relative to those entered in the documents on its certification. It is capable to hit ballistic targets at ranges of 2.5 times larger and at altitudes 3 times larger. It is, accordingly, 250 km and 90 km.

    The same can be said of the modified anti-missiles to intercept long-range. A number of reports from sources in the Defense Ministry and defense industry in its distance should reach 1,500 km, and the maximum interception altitude - 750 km. It is capable of destroying not only the IDB on the middle and end parts of the trajectory, but also the orbital spacecraft. In connection with the missile defense "Nudol" system informally called "fighter satellites."

    There are other significant differences. Older interceptors are basing mine. That is "dug into the earth," and can not be transferred. New can move on mobile launchers. This means that their deployment in the region of interest will not be a big problem. As the establishment of a rhythmic series production missiles and other elements of a missile defense system to intercept long-distance train will be deployed at all missile-dangerous directions. And it is given 5 years: in 2020 to intercede on alert missile defense system "Nudol" in Moscow, and the national, ie Global within the country, the missile defense system will be fully rolled out in 2025.

    Middle tier Protection provides S-500 "Prometheus". In fact, the two systems - air and missile defense, each of them quite autonomous. This is determined by the fact that the system has two distinct hardware pieces, including various radar AFAR, and two sets of missiles - for aerodynamic purposes, which include not only the aircraft, but also cruise missiles, and ballistic.


    Often used in the S-500 missiles borrowed from the S-400 "Triumph". Three missiles are specially designed for the "Prometheus." The most powerful of them - 40N6M - has a range of 600 km. This missile is three times higher than the US missile defense system THAAD land, which flies at 200 km. Another two missiles - 77N6 and 77N6-H-N1, developed CB "torch" to intercept ballistic targets, similar to that of a low intercept missile interceptors system A-135 "Cupid". They work with IDB and with separable warheads low radar visibility, which speed is 7 km / sec. Maximum missile speed - 3600 m / s. We THAAD missiles - 995 m / s.

    "Prometheus" characteristics are disclosed only partly. It is known that the range ballistic missiles detection is 2000 km, the combat unit with EPR 0.1 sq.m. - 1,300 km. In this case, the maximum error in determining the end point of the trajectory, ie the crash site of a ballistic missile, less than 15 km. Detection range of aerodynamic targets - 800 km.

    The essential difference between the S-500, and especially of A-135 and A-235 from American THAAD system primarily predetermined difference in speed missiles and the capacity detection and targeting. Russian system can deal with IDB, American - a ballistic missile short and medium range having a lower speed than IDB.

    And, finally, the defense short-range vehicles, which is usually defined as the length of the zone of 10-20 kilometers. Then DIC provides an opportunity army sufficiently wide choice of facilities and SAM ZRPK (rocket-gun).

    Effective means of combating missiles "air-ground", controlled and guided aerial bombs, anti-radar missiles and other new generation of high-precision weapons, tactical aircraft and military aircraft, cruise missiles, helicopters, unmanned aerial vehicles is a "Tor-M2". The complex has a high degree of automation of all processes. He not only finds and identifies the target to be destroyed, but also evaluates the traffic situation, automatically determines the most dangerous targets, produces auto tracking and records the time of entry into the zone of fire purposes. After launching missiles made their automatic guidance radio command to the target method.

    Rocket complex "Tor-2M" speeds up to 800 m / s and is able to maneuver with acceleration up to 30g. Maximum speed churn purposes - 750 m / s, and the overload - 12g. Zone defeats the purpose of range - from 100 m to 15000 m, the height - from 10 m to 10,000 m.


    ZRPK "Carapace-C2" began to come into force at the end of 2015. He is the fastest in the world anti-aircraft short-range zone complex. Response time - 4-6 seconds. 1.5 sec - range missile launches. The same amount is spent on the seizure of new goals.

    "Carapace" is able to destroy all kinds of aircraft and cruise missiles. In the first place it was created to deal with high-precision weapons, having the flight speed of up to 1000 m / s. Targets with ESR of 0.03 sq.m. to 0.06 sq.m. affects one missile with probability 0.7. The zone of responsibility of the complex - 15 km in altitude and 20 km of distance. Gun Mount - two twin 30 mm anti-aircraft caliber machine with a rate of 5,000 rounds per minute. The ammunition included 1,400 shells and 12 missiles ready to launch.

    In conclusion, it must be said about the warning system radar of a missile attack, which are an essential element of a national missile defense system. In this role are the high factory readiness "Voronezh" stations that have "range of vision" from 4500 km to 6000 km. This year with the commissioning of three stations Radio engineering troops became fully control the air space around the perimeter of the Russian borders to a depth of 6000 km. Total on duty are seven stations of various modifications - meter range, decimeter, and a high potential signal. Soon it expected commissioning station operating in the centimeter range, which possesses the highest resolution. In conjunction with the long-range detection is for the aggressor is more terrible than Goethe's "Faust."
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    Viktor

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    Re: Russian ABM Development

    Post  Viktor on Sun Jul 02, 2017 10:40 am

    Austin - that means in short

    A-235 Nudolj - operational by 2020 - mobile
    - 53T6 Gazzele (250km in range and 90km in altitude)
    - 51T6 Gorgon (1500km in range and 750km in altitude) - satellite killer

    S-500 Prometheus consisting of two different but integrated system (one within earth atmosphere and the one for space shooting) - it is mentioned that the missile speed is 3600m/s for shooting down 7000m/s targets.

    Russian NMD will be all mobile two echelon system with 5 missiles of different class. Voronez type radars are also capable of performing targeting meaning the

    crucial part the radar sets are already in place scanning 6000+km in all around.

    Austin

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    anti-ballistic missile system

    Post  Austin on Fri Jul 07, 2017 11:00 am

    Russia to deploy new national layered anti-ballistic missile system by 2025
    tps://www.armyrecognition.com/june_2017_global_defense_security_news_industry/russia_to_deploy_anti-ballistic_missile_system_22706171_tass.html


    A national layered anti-ballistic missile (ABM) system will be deployed in Russia by 2025, Sergey Boev, chief designer of the missile attack warning system, reported. It has to include long-range exoatmospheric interceptor missile systems, air/space defense missile system and short-range endoatmospheric interceptor missile systems, online media outlet Free Press writes

    Boev justified the need to develop a layered ABM system by the threat posed by land-based Euro-ABM systems being deployed in Romania and Poland. "The launchers can be covertly converted to accommodate medium-range ballistic missiles," he said. The launchers, in which the SM-3 anti-missiles are housed, are universal and can be used to launch a number of ballistic missiles prohibited by the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty. It is not mere chance that there have been recently debates in the United States on revising this treaty.

    The first echelon has to provide long-range intercepts. It is based on implementing a project to upgrade the A-135 Amur ABM system that covers Moscow and the Central Industrial Area to the A-235 Nudol level. These works should be completed by 2020. In the meantime, two new short- and long-range interceptor missiles will be adopted.

    When the A-135 was put on alert, the system had two missiles: 53T6 short-range endoatmospheric and 51T6 long-range exoatmospheric interceptor missiles. In 2006, the phasing-out of long-range missiles began. However, the name does not fully reflect the performance characteristics of the 53T6 missile. Its intercept range is 100 km and altitude is 30 km. Upon completion of the official tests, A. Basistov, general designer of the A-135 ABM system, announced that the missile had large margins for all its parameters with respect to those specified in the documents when it was certified.

    The same can be said also about the modified long-range interceptor missile. In a number of reports from sources at the defense department and in the defense industry, its range should reach 1500 km, while the maximum intercept altitude - 750 km. It is capable of destroying not only ICBMs in the mid-course and terminal phases of the trajectory, but orbital spacecraft as well. The new systems can move on mobile launchers.

    The middle echelon of ABM defense is provided by the S-500 SAM system. In fact, these are two systems, one for air defense and other for missile defense, each being quite autonomous. This stems from the fact that the system has two independent hardware parts, including different AESA radars, and two sets of missiles, for aerodynamic targets and for ballistic ones.

    Some of the missiles used in the S-500 have been borrowed from the S-400 Triumph SAM. Three missiles are being developed specifically for the S-500. Of these, the heaviest missile has a range of 600 km. This missile is superior to the missile used in the US THAAD land-based ABM system. Two more missiles, developed at the Fakel Design Bureau to intercept ballistic targets, are close in performance to the short-range interceptor missile of the A-135 Amur ABM system.

    The essential difference between the S-500 and the US THAAD system is predetermined primarily by the difference in the speeds of the interceptor missiles, as well as the capabilities of the target detection and missile guidance systems. The Russian systems are able to counter ICBMs, while the US one can engage only short- and medium-range ballistic missiles, which have a lower speed compared with ICBMs.

    In conclusion, it is necessary to say about the missile attack warning system’s radars, which are the critical element of the national ABM system. This role is played by Voronezh-type high factory readiness radars having a range of 4500 km to 6000 km. This year, with the commissioning of three radars, Russia’s radar troops began to fully control the air space along the perimeter of the Russian border to a depth of 6,000 km. A total of seven radars of different versions - VHF, UHF and ‘high-potential’ radars - are currently on alert. A centimeter-band radar offering the highest resolution is expected to be commissioned soon, online media outlet Free Press recalls.
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    eehnie

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    Re: Russian ABM Development

    Post  eehnie on Thu Sep 07, 2017 10:38 am

    Very good news for Russia if the A-235 can be mobile.

    Russia going to a full mobile Air Defense.
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    GarryB

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    Re: Russian ABM Development

    Post  GarryB on Mon Sep 11, 2017 10:20 am

    With fully mobile S-500 and S-400 they will have that anyway.
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    eehnie

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    Re: Russian ABM Development

    Post  eehnie on Mon Sep 11, 2017 10:27 am

    Being full mobile the A-235 expands its potential deployment locations to the entire territory of Russia, and its features are fairly superior to the features of the S-500 and the SA-21 S-400.

    A clear improvement for Russia over the current situation where the A-135 deployment is reduced to the area of Moskow.

    This is fairly positive for Russia.


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