On the creation of Russia's 2025 national layered missile defense system announced "Parliamentary newspaper" the chief designer of the warning system (EWS) Sergey Boev . It should include anti-missile systems to intercept long-range, anti-aircraft missile defense, missile defense and anti-missile systems near interception.
Sergey Boev substantiated the need to create a layered missile defense system that would protect the entire country, a "direct threat" posed by the deployment in Romania and Poland ground facilities of European missile defense. "It is possible covert conversion of launchers for placement of medium-range ballistic missiles," - he said. Although no particular alterations and no required - launchers that host missile SM-3 are versatile and can be used to run a number of ballistic missiles, which are prohibited Treaty on intermediate and lower range. It is no accident in the United States recently held a debate about the correction of the treaty.
The first train - distant. It is based on the implementation of the missile defense system modernization project in Moscow and the Central Industrial District A-135 "Amur" to A-235 "Nudol". These works should be completed by 2020. And then the same will be taken into service two new anti-missiles - short-range and long-range. Now they pass their test at the Sary-Shagan in Kazakhstan.
When setting the A-135 on the alert system has two missiles: 53T6 and 51T6 neighbor intercept long-range interception. In 2006 began the dismantling of long-distance missiles. Left alone near. However, the name does not fully reflect the technical characteristics of the missile 53T6. Its interception range - 100 km, height - 30 km.
However, the real possibility of intercepting short-range missiles is significantly higher. After the end of the general state tests missile defense system designer A-135 A.G.Basistov announced that the missile has a large inventory on all parameters relative to those entered in the documents on its certification. It is capable to hit ballistic targets at ranges of 2.5 times larger and at altitudes 3 times larger. It is, accordingly, 250 km and 90 km.
The same can be said of the modified anti-missiles to intercept long-range. A number of reports from sources in the Defense Ministry and defense industry in its distance should reach 1,500 km, and the maximum interception altitude - 750 km. It is capable of destroying not only the IDB on the middle and end parts of the trajectory, but also the orbital spacecraft. In connection with the missile defense "Nudol" system informally called "fighter satellites."
There are other significant differences. Older interceptors are basing mine. That is "dug into the earth," and can not be transferred. New can move on mobile launchers. This means that their deployment in the region of interest will not be a big problem. As the establishment of a rhythmic series production missiles and other elements of a missile defense system to intercept long-distance train will be deployed at all missile-dangerous directions. And it is given 5 years: in 2020 to intercede on alert missile defense system "Nudol" in Moscow, and the national, ie Global within the country, the missile defense system will be fully rolled out in 2025.
Middle tier Protection provides S-500 "Prometheus". In fact, the two systems - air and missile defense, each of them quite autonomous. This is determined by the fact that the system has two distinct hardware pieces, including various radar AFAR, and two sets of missiles - for aerodynamic purposes, which include not only the aircraft, but also cruise missiles, and ballistic.
Often used in the S-500 missiles borrowed from the S-400 "Triumph". Three missiles are specially designed for the "Prometheus." The most powerful of them - 40N6M - has a range of 600 km. This missile is three times higher than the US missile defense system THAAD land, which flies at 200 km. Another two missiles - 77N6 and 77N6-H-N1, developed CB "torch" to intercept ballistic targets, similar to that of a low intercept missile interceptors system A-135 "Cupid". They work with IDB and with separable warheads low radar visibility, which speed is 7 km / sec. Maximum missile speed - 3600 m / s. We THAAD missiles - 995 m / s.
"Prometheus" characteristics are disclosed only partly. It is known that the range ballistic missiles detection is 2000 km, the combat unit with EPR 0.1 sq.m. - 1,300 km. In this case, the maximum error in determining the end point of the trajectory, ie the crash site of a ballistic missile, less than 15 km. Detection range of aerodynamic targets - 800 km.
The essential difference between the S-500, and especially of A-135 and A-235 from American THAAD system primarily predetermined difference in speed missiles and the capacity detection and targeting. Russian system can deal with IDB, American - a ballistic missile short and medium range having a lower speed than IDB.
And, finally, the defense short-range vehicles, which is usually defined as the length of the zone of 10-20 kilometers. Then DIC provides an opportunity army sufficiently wide choice of facilities and SAM ZRPK (rocket-gun).
Effective means of combating missiles "air-ground", controlled and guided aerial bombs, anti-radar missiles and other new generation of high-precision weapons, tactical aircraft and military aircraft, cruise missiles, helicopters, unmanned aerial vehicles is a "Tor-M2". The complex has a high degree of automation of all processes. He not only finds and identifies the target to be destroyed, but also evaluates the traffic situation, automatically determines the most dangerous targets, produces auto tracking and records the time of entry into the zone of fire purposes. After launching missiles made their automatic guidance radio command to the target method.
Rocket complex "Tor-2M" speeds up to 800 m / s and is able to maneuver with acceleration up to 30g. Maximum speed churn purposes - 750 m / s, and the overload - 12g. Zone defeats the purpose of range - from 100 m to 15000 m, the height - from 10 m to 10,000 m.
ZRPK "Carapace-C2" began to come into force at the end of 2015. He is the fastest in the world anti-aircraft short-range zone complex. Response time - 4-6 seconds. 1.5 sec - range missile launches. The same amount is spent on the seizure of new goals.
"Carapace" is able to destroy all kinds of aircraft and cruise missiles. In the first place it was created to deal with high-precision weapons, having the flight speed of up to 1000 m / s. Targets with ESR of 0.03 sq.m. to 0.06 sq.m. affects one missile with probability 0.7. The zone of responsibility of the complex - 15 km in altitude and 20 km of distance. Gun Mount - two twin 30 mm anti-aircraft caliber machine with a rate of 5,000 rounds per minute. The ammunition included 1,400 shells and 12 missiles ready to launch.
In conclusion, it must be said about the warning system radar of a missile attack, which are an essential element of a national missile defense system. In this role are the high factory readiness "Voronezh" stations that have "range of vision" from 4500 km to 6000 km. This year with the commissioning of three stations Radio engineering troops became fully control the air space around the perimeter of the Russian borders to a depth of 6000 km. Total on duty are seven stations of various modifications - meter range, decimeter, and a high potential signal. Soon it expected commissioning station operating in the centimeter range, which possesses the highest resolution. In conjunction with the long-range detection is for the aggressor is more terrible than Goethe's "Faust."