New equipment in the army in 2018
According to the contracts concluded in 2018, the start of deliveries of the platform of the new generation “Armata”, as well as the newest modification of the T-90 tanks is expected in the coming year, last year our army continued to receive modernized T-72, BMP-2, and BMD- 4 and BTR-82 new construction
In total, in 2018, according to the Ministry of Defense data, 184 units of tanks, 290 units of infantry fighting vehicles / D and 241 units of armored personnel carriers were received. The tanks transferred to the army are mainly the last modification of the T-72B3M (T-72B3 sample 2016). The main differences from the previous modification are the new 2A46M-5-01 gun, an improved fire control system (the Multiservice Sosna-U multichannel sights, the upgraded TKN-3 sights with the Dubl system, and the TVN-5 night binocular observation devices are installed ), boosted engine in 1130 hp, automatic transmission. Also significantly increased the survivability of the machine through the installation of new dynamic protection modules "Relic" and hinged lattice screens. It is reliably known that batches of T-72B3M tanks of 10–20 vehicles each entered service with the 20th Army of the Western District, 49th Army of the Southern District, as well as the Kazan Higher Tank Command Red Banner School (9 units) and the Omsk Automobile and Armored Engineering Institute (3 units) .
In addition, new parts are being formed by transferring tanks from storage. For example, in the Kaliningrad region, 11th tank regiment were formed, which received T-72B arcs. 1985
The infantry combat vehicle BMP-2M, which comes into service, is equipped with an updated weapon system, including a 30-mm automatic cannon, a 7.62-mm machine gun, anti-tank guided missile launchers and an automatic grenade launcher. Significantly improved aiming and surveillance devices, increased opportunities for the actions of the crew at night. The new radio station R-168-25U-2 with a secret connection increases protection against interception and decryption of radio data, and also has a high resistance to interference. With these infantry fighting vehicles, the Taman motorized rifle division deployed in the Moscow region was completely re-equipped. This year, the division received a few dozen of these machines. In the central military district, batches of 6-8 BMP-2M were transferred to the 74th motorized rifle brigade and the 90th tank division.
The BTR-82 armored personnel carriers this year mainly received re-equipment of the marines. So, these machines are fully equipped Pacific Fleet Marine Corps. In addition, in the Dagestan, the Caspian Flotilla formed 177th marine regiment, for which industry supplied about 70 new BTR-82. Part of it is armed with BTR-82A armored personnel carriers (about 100 armored personnel carriers), 120-mm self-propelled artillery guns 2S9 "Nona" 91 division), 122 mm howitzers D-30 (1st division), unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) "Eleron" and " Orlan. In addition, a batch of 20 BTR-82A received the district training center of the Central Military District, stationed in the Sverdlovsk region. He also completed re-equipment on new cars.
76th Pskov Airborne Division received the fifth battalion of the latest armored vehicles - the BMD-4M airborne combat vehicles and the BTR-MDM tracked armored personnel carriers. The airborne assault units of the 11th separate airborne assault brigade of the Airborne Forces deployed in Buryatia received a company kit of 16 Lynx armored vehicles to perform special tasks.
Two special forces brigades were also received: a batch of 14 armored vehicles "Typhoon-K" with a remotely controlled combat module replenished the fleet of combat vehicles of the Novosibirsk special forces brigade, the special forces brigade deployed in the Samara region received a batch of 15 "Typhoons". In addition, the newest KamAZ 53949 armored vehicle “Typhoon” entered the 10th Special Forces Brigade of the Southern Military District for trial operation. "Typhoon" has smaller dimensions in comparison with the existing equipment (Typhoon-K) and other characteristics. Inside its armored corps there are ten seats for the crew and landing force: four (including the commander and driver seats) are facing forward along the way, the rest six are located in the aft troop compartment, at the sides. The payload of the machine is 2 tons.
The development of rocket and artillery troops can be divided into 2 areas: 1) this is the development of brigade and divisional artillery of motorized rifle and tank forces and 2) the development of reinforcement artillery brigades.
In the first direction, the transfer of artillery systems to the formed motorized rifle brigades and divisions continued. Thus, in the 30th motorized rifle brigade of the 2nd Guards Combined Arms Army of the Central Military District received 15 units of Tornado-G multiple rocket launcher systems, and about 20 units of the modernized Mortar Forces of the Sledge entered the armament of 150 motorized rifle divisions of the Southern Military District.
The artillery division 55 of the mountain motorized rifle brigade of the Central Military District was re-equipped with 120-mm self-propelled guns "Nona-SVK". The Nona-SVK guns, the most effective in mountainous terrain, are designed to destroy targets at a distance of up to 12.5 km. They are capable of firing with adjustable projectiles with a probability of hitting 0.8–0.9 from closed positions and direct fire. It is possible to shoot all kinds of 120 mm min, including foreign production. A separate unit of unmanned aircraft was also formed as part of the artillery division, which was armed with the Orlan-10 unmanned aerial vehicle systems (UAVs) designed to detect enemy command posts from radio emissions within a radius of up to 120 km, as well as short-range aerial reconnaissance and observation complexes Aileron-3 ″, capable of exploration in all weather conditions.
But the main attention, as far as it can be understood, the Ministry of Defense is currently devoting to the formation of new artillery brigades, as well as to increasing the capabilities of existing ones. With the beginning of the 2018 school year, two high-powered battalions were introduced into the state of artillery brigades, namely, the 240-mm self-propelled mortar of the 2S4 Tulip in the Orenburg region and the 203-mm self-propelled gun of the 2S7M Malka (12 units) in Kemerovo area. Also, during the course of 2018, 236 artillery brigades were re-equipped with modern weapons, namely, the MTA-B towed howitzers 2A65 were replaced with the Msta-S modernized 2S19M2. The artillery of this brigade received Shturm anti-tank missile systems. The 58th Army of the Southern Military District, deployed in the North Caucasus, received more than 30 advanced 152-mm self-propelled artillery mounts 2S19M2 "Msta-S" (SAU "Msta-S). Also, in all artillery divisions, they began to form units of UAVs. The companies armed with the UAV Orlan-10 and Eleron appeared in the 227th artillery brigade of the Southern Military District and the artillery formations of the Central Military District. In the past year, the gunners of the Central Military District received the Aistenok radar complexes and the Orlan-10 unmanned aerial vehicles. UAVs provide air reconnaissance and target detection, as well as real-time adjustment of artillery fire at maximum ranges - up to 40 kilometers.
In addition, 18 units of military equipment entered the Saratov military training center (artillery): five Acacia self-propelled howitzers, four Msta-B towed howitzers, six Hyacinth self-propelled guns and two Hyacinth towed guns -B ". The training center was also equipped with a SNAR-10 mobile radar reconnaissance station. The 631st combat training center (artillery) is the only place in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation for training junior specialists for artillery units. It annually for the troops prepare more than 1 thousand soldiers and sergeants. The Penza branch of the Military Academy of Material and Technical Support (MTO) received a launcher and transport-loading machine of the Iskander-M operational-tactical missile complex (PTRK).
Army Air Defense
In the 20th motorized rifle brigade of the Southern Military District, the Tunguska-M1 new anti-aircraft cannon-missile system (ZPRK) entered service.
The air defense missile battalion of the 19th motorized rifle brigade of the Southern Military District adopted the newest Tor-M2 air defense system.
In addition, the first serial batch of the TOR-M2DT anti-aircraft missile system was transferred to the 726th training center of the military air defense system Yeisk (Krasnodar Territory). According to the state defense order, the manufacturer supplied the Russian Defense Ministry a division of combat vehicles. Tor-M2DT is an arctic version of the Tor-M2 complex installed on DT-30M two-link track-type conveyors. Combat vehicles of the air defense missile system have a unique maneuverability, can overcome ditches, swim, do not lose their performance in more than 50 degrees of frost. They are able to hit targets a few seconds after their detection.
Air Force and Air Defense
Western Military District
In the Western Military District this year, the 159th Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment, based in the Republic of Karelia, was completely re-equipped with new fighters. This year, he received the last batch of 6 cars, so there are 24 Su-35S fighters in service with this unit. The rearmament of the 14th Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment of the 105th Mixed Aviation Division at Khalino (Kursk) airfield from MiG-29 airplanes to Su-30SM fighters continues, and this year the regiment received 12 new aircraft. In addition, two units of the Ka-52 Alligator combat helicopters entered the helicopter regiment of the Western Military District, formed in December last year, stationed in the Smolensk Region.
Southern Military District
The aviation of the Southern Military District this year received mainly modernized aircraft. Thus, the assault aviation of the Southern Military District was replenished with 9 of the latest modernized Su-25SM3. The aircraft arrived in the 960th Assault Aviation Regiment, based on the Kuban. A couple of fourth-generation multi-role fighters, the MiG-29, arrived at the Russian Erebuni aviation military base in Armenia. And the 3rd Guards Fighter Regiment in the Krasnodar Territory received 4 new modernized Su-27SM3 fighters. The Aviation Training Base in Kushchevskaya (Krasnodar Territory) KVVAUL named after AK Serov received 10 Yak-130 training aircraft, thus becoming the third training aviation base that received these combat training aircraft after training air bases of the same KVVAUL in Borisoglebsk and Armavir. In addition, at the end of May 2018, the An-148 transport aircraft was transferred to the 30th Separate Transport Mixed Aviation Regiment. The helicopter units of the 4th Air Force and Air Defense Army received at least 6 Ka-52 attack helicopters (4 vehicles - the 55th separate helicopter regiment in the Krasnodar Territory and 2 vehicles to the 16th Army Aviation Brigade). In addition, the Mi-8AMTSH “Terminator” multi-purpose helicopters also entered the Rostov brigade. The Crimean air defense system was significantly strengthened due to the deployment of two new regiments of the S-400 air defense system.
Central Military District
This year, new aircraft finally began to receive and the central district. All 12 Su-34 aircraft built by the NAZ on the state defense order in 2018 were sent to re-equip the 2nd Guards Bomber Aviation Regiment of the 14th Smolensk Red Banner Army Air Force and Air Defense, stationed at the Shagol airfield (Chelyabinsk), previously equipped with Su-24M2 front-line bombers. In addition, this part received a modernized reconnaissance aircraft Su-24MR. The 712th Fighter Aviation Regiment in the Krasnoyarsk Territory received the next 6 MiG-31 fighters after upgrading at an aviation enterprise in the Tver Region. Due to the modern on-board radio-electronic equipment and weapons of the new generation, the efficiency of the MiG-31BM in comparison with the MiG-31 has increased almost three times. The MiG-31BM supersonic fighter is designed for long-term patrols and combat high-altitude reconnaissance aircraft, strategic bombers and low-flying targets. The aircraft is able to simultaneously hit 6 and accompany up to 10 air targets. The last two An-148-100E aircraft entered the 390th separate mixed transport aviation regiment stationed at the Koltsovo airfield in the Sverdlovsk region. Significant changes occurred in the organization of army aviation; in the district, 17th Army Aviation brigade was formed on the basis of the 48th air base. This brigade consists of 3 squadrons of Mi-8 helicopters and a squadron of shock Mi-24Ps. The Army Aviation Base near Novosibirsk was reorganized into a 337th helicopter regiment, including a Mi-24P squadron and 2 squadrons of multi-purpose helicopters. 511th anti-aircraft missile regiment (Engels, Saratov region) was re-equipped on the S-400 air defense system.
Eastern Military District
In this district, the supply of equipment was the most modest. It is known that the aviation aviation regiment deployed in Primorye received 5 new Mi-8AMTSH helicopter and one Mi8AMTSH-V helicopters. In the Khabarovsk Territory, servicemen of an anti-aircraft missile regiment of the Air Force and Air Defense of the Eastern Military District launched a combat duty on the new S-400 anti-aircraft missile system (ZRS).
Also in 2018, after the modernization of the VKS of Russia was completed, one Tu-160 strategic bomber, four Tu-95MSM strategic bomber, and one A-50U radar patrol aircraft were handed over.
The two Su-30SM fighter planes delivered by the Aviation Plant under the state order for the 2018 Naval Aviation of the Russian Navy arrived to the assault regiment of the 72nd Baltic Fleet Aviation Air Base. Also, the first modernized Ka-27M helicopter arrived at the air base of the Baltic Fleet naval aviation in the Kaliningrad region.
This year the Navy received 6 new warships and one landing ship. First, our famous “long-term building” was finally accepted into the fleet, the lead frigate of project 22350, “Admiral Gorshkov”. In addition, the northern fleet was replenished with one more no less legendary ship in the circles of landing ship. This is the BDK 11711 "Ivan Gren“. The Baltic Fleet also received the lead ship of the new project, the IRC pr. 22800, "Mytishchi". Another lead ship, the patrol ship, Project 22160 Vasily Bykov, added to the Black Sea Fleet. In addition, 2 of the Project 21631, Orekhovo-Zuyevo and Vyshniy Volochek were included in the Black Sea Fleet. And the Pacific Fleet received the corvette Ave. 20380 "Loud". This is the second ship of this project of the Far East building. If the first corvette was built for 11 years, then it was run in just 6. In addition, one Raptor boat received the Baltic Fleet, and one such boat, the Caspian Flotilla.
On the ships of the auxiliary fleet:
The Northern Fleet received (again the lead) logistic support vessel (MSTO) “Elbrus” of project 23120, which, by the way, had already managed to visit the Arctic expedition this year. "Elbrus" has a diving complex with a pressure chamber to provide deep-sea diving. The Arc4 ice-class hull is designed to overcome ice 0.6 m thick. The vessel has all the conditions for normal crew work and rest in the Arctic: sauna, pool, gym, comfortable cabins with individual sanitary blocks. Thanks to the A1 automation class, shipless service is ensured on the ship. The fleet also included a crane SPK-53150 of the project 02690. The cranes of the project 02690 are designed to carry out all types of lifting work, loading of cargo (ammunition, explosives) on surface ships, submarines and ships, including nuclear military supplies and ballistic missiles as well as regular cargo. For the execution of works on weaving of the chains of fastening of floating moorings, installation and shooting of raid equipment, transportation of goods on the upper deck.
The Baltic Fleet received the pilot vessel Ladoga of project 11982. The vessel is intended for research and oceanographic work and participation in search and rescue operations. The equipment includes a diving complex (pressure chamber), an uninhabited submersible Gavia, an uninhabited underwater vehicle “ Marlin-RT ”and an uninhabited underwater vehicle“ Marlin-350. ”As well as a 1000-ton communication boat of the project 1388NZ“ Baklan ”KSV-2168.
The Black Sea Fleet received the average reconnaissance ship Ivan Hurs. The main mission of the ship is to provide communications and fleet management, conducting electronic reconnaissance and electronic warfare. And the rescue tug "Captain Guriev" project 22870. The vessel is intended to assist emergency ships (vessels) and rescue personnel; towing ships; extinguishing fires in emergency vessels and onshore facilities. It has the capacity to keep emergency ships afloat and perform complex diving works at depths of up to 60 meters. In addition, the vessel can perform tasks for the collection of petroleum products from the surface of the sea, as well as conduct search and survey work. As well as the Black Sea Fleet included a raid tug "BUK-2190.
The Pacific Fleet received a tugboat RB-2186 of project 16609.
The Strategic Missile Forces received nine intercontinental ballistic missiles, nine autonomous launchers, four mobile command posts, 17 vehicles and six combat duty support units.
The orbital constellation of the VKS was replenished on 7 satellites - 2 satellites of the Glonass navigation system, 2 Blagovest communication satellites, 1 Lotos radio intelligence satellite, 1 Rodnik communications satellite and 1 experimental device.