Those ships do not exist in high numbers and Russia could never field enough to fully protect themselves unless they sent 80 percent of their navy to one area to fight off a mere portion of the US Navy.
Carriers change depending on who uses them, strike carriers are the most common yes. However, on the end all carriers are pretty much the same what makes them change is what is on their flight deck.
Any carrier can be used for defensive and offensive means with it's squadrons.
Can you explain how the US can use carriers to attack Russia?
And what part of the world Russia needs its navy to protect her interest?
Well, that is a hard question to answer and no one man can really answer. So I'll give you some information on idea the navy considered a valid strike plan, one of many mind you there is procs and cons with every plan none is perfect.
I know I am going to get heat for this remark, because this is a pro-russian forum but hey you asked.
This is a question people like me ask us most of the time, many admirals, and generals, Intelligence agencies ponder this. General versions of this information can be found easy online
However in order to attack Russia first thing is first the coastal defenses need to be destroyed. The Russian submarine fleet would have to neutralize before this operation was conducted.
first thing first would be the Pacific fleet, One idea was to group air and submarines forces with a couple of Strike groups within Japan under the guise of training or a joint exercise (we have done this before well just not with the intention of attacking them, so it's not like this is a first). From there we sound out subs to lure the Pacifics fleets subs into chasing decoys or tailing our subs thinking we don't know you are there.
At this point, the idea was to have ohios launch their tomahawks in a massive saturation attack against the anchored Pacific fleet and launch planes in two waves the first wave would be to engage whatever airforces Russia could mobilize within fast order the second conduct precision strike attacks against key targets. Russia would not be able to defend the Pacific fleet from say 2000 missiles perhaps more we could fire that many easy. In such an occasion. A surprise Ambush would be the only choice we would never want to engage the Russians when the fleet knew about it.
Because then they would never leave the coastline.
The black sea fleet well the standard plan is to bottle them up they cannot get out of the black sea without going through that narrow channel and that channel would be a massive killing zone. I know some people here will say "Bottling up the black sea fleet you stupid?" and no if they cannot get into open ocean they are useless, only people who have not served or are armchair admirals would think bottling up the black sea fleet is dumb, in fact it is by far the most tactical choice. If they want to come out they will lose most of their ships to even have a chance of getting one through.
The northern fleet well we would wait to tell Winter with their movements restricted by mother nature, you could easily set up kill zones for when the ice melted and they tried to leave.
We would never seek to destroy the entire Russian navy just make a hole for a landing area and the Pacific fleet is the best choice. By preventing the black sea fleet from leaving the channel and the northern restricted they would not be able to get reinforcements in time. The Pacific fleet can easily be destroyed by my countries navy even in if they are in dock. With part of the Russian fleet now destroyed, we would simply make that area a no mans land any ships the Russians send would be sunk, their land based defenses are so spread apart if one area was focused down they would crack soon enough and if they tried to gather we could just shift to another area.
Infact the Soviets could have destroyed our carrier groups in a week should they have launched the attack, What was the estimated time by our guys 3 days at sea and one week at docks.
Our carriers would only be used to exploit weak points in Russian defense, we would pick them apart. In this case, our carriers would be used like surgical knives cutting away weak pieces one after another.
Has for what I think Russia needs to defend herself? 4 carriers, 15 DDs, 35 frigates, 70 corvettes, 50 attack submarines, 15 Ballistic missile submarines, 6 Surf class ships with armed with mainly sub hunting choppers to say the least.
Mainly fast long range interceptors MIG-31 like planes, armed with AA missiles. Many Planes like SU-35s, A shit ton of ASW.
Long range missiles detection systems and tons of em, a very very detailed sonar net that could track submarines from Japan to their coast.
They also need to increase their coastal defense by 3x it's current amount.
If they used all of this in perfect conjunction with each other they would be fairly immune to any naval attack