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    Russian Space Program: News & Discussion #2

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    T-47

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    Re: Russian Space Program: News & Discussion #2

    Post  T-47 on Sun Jul 23, 2017 4:07 pm

    PapaDragon wrote:
    T-47 wrote:Saturn V took all of its mission load in one launch! And even with Super Heavy Russia needs 2 + 1 Medium launch? Any explanation why?

    Explanation is that Von Braun was megalomaniac idiot. Saturn V single launch gave crews just 30 seconds extra burn time to correct any errors. It was borderline suicide mission on top of already existing risks. Margins of error were so small that had lunar missions continued with those parameters it would have resulted in catastrophic failure sooner than later. Fortunately they stopped after 7th.

    They were in the hurry but it was no excuse for treating crews like expendable apes. Also, that Nazi moron's obsession with thin walls on rockets and spacecraft already killed crew of Apollo 1. In order to keep walls thin he insisted on 100% oxygen atmosphere to keep pressure low. He never considered that several cubic meters of electric wires  surrounded by pure oxygen could result in instant fire. His V2 rockets built for The Reich had identical problem at first and 100% failure rate before design flaw was identified. Didn't stop him from repeating same thing with humans later in USA.

    Apollo spacecraft had less than 50 tons. Russian spacecraft is planned to have 200 tons in order to avoid whole "borderline suicide" component. That's 4 times larger. Hence several launches.

    Also today we know that there is a significant amount of solar radiation outside Earth's magnetic field and that larger and heavier shielding is required to keep crew alive. Had Apollo missions flew during periods of higher solar activity crews would have been killed.

    Ah thanks
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    kvs

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    Re: Russian Space Program: News & Discussion #2

    Post  kvs on Mon Jul 24, 2017 12:41 am

    PapaDragon wrote:
    T-47 wrote:Saturn V took all of its mission load in one launch! And even with Super Heavy Russia needs 2 + 1 Medium launch? Any explanation why?

    Also today we know that there is a significant amount of solar radiation outside Earth's magnetic field and that larger and heavier shielding is required to keep crew alive. Had Apollo missions flew during periods of higher solar activity crews would have been killed.

    Shielding is not as easy as one may think. The range-energy relations for relativistic electrons (such as those that routinely get spawned by
    acceleration processes in the Earth's magneto-tail) tell us that they can penetrate 15 cm of aluminum if they have the energy of about
    1 MeV. So exposure to such high kinetic energy electrons is essentially experiencing beta radiation, which is lethal. Gamma radiation
    is worse, but the issue is the thickness of the spacecraft hull. Nobody is going to send a 15 cm thick hull into orbit. Lead (Pb) is a better
    choice but there is no free lunch and the weight is a show stopper.

    The only thing I can think of is to have a strong magnetic field generated by a current. So the spacecraft needs to have a toroidal (donut)
    shape. A dipole field can be induced by circulating a current in one direction along the hull. Electrons and protons will be trapped on the field
    lines and spiral around them. The strong the field, the tighter the spirals and the key here is to make sure that the charge particles do not
    just spiral into the spacecraft interior but are isolated primarily to the exterior. Hence the donut shape.
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    GarryB

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    Re: Russian Space Program: News & Discussion #2

    Post  GarryB on Mon Jul 24, 2017 1:06 pm

    Another shield material is water... I remember a plan to fill a bladder with water, with an outer shell to protect it from the suns heat and spin the whole structure to keep it frozen... it can be used as water... recycled and replaced when needed... it can also be used as rocket fuel, and when it is not used for either it is the outer structure of the spaceship...

    Of course most actual plans for long range flight include a very small shielded manned capsule not much bigger than a wardrobe where the crew will shelter during bad solar storms... I couldn't imagine spending days at a time in such a small space, but if the alternative is an agonising death by radiation I guess I would learn to cope.


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    PapaDragon

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    Re: Russian Space Program: News & Discussion #2

    Post  PapaDragon on Tue Jul 25, 2017 3:57 pm


    Russian super-heavy booster vehicle to bring payloads of 70 tns to orbit

    http://tass.com/science/957610

    The new Russian super-heavy booster vehicle will have a capability to bring payloads of more than 70 tons to the low-earth orbit, the Russian state space corporation Roscosmos said in a bidding documentation uploaded at the web site of governmental procurements.

    "The launching complex will have a launch pad that will make it possible to prepare booster vehicles for launches and to launch the booster vehicles of medium class and super-heavy class, the latter with a capacity to take payloads of more than 70 tonnes to the low-earth orbit," the documents said.

    The super-heavy booster vehicle will have a universal launch pad suitable for liftoffs of the vehicles of various load-carrying capacity. Also, it will give an opportunity for ballistic testing of the central block and the third-stage block of the super-heavy booster vehicle with the diameter of 7.7 meters.

    The super-heavy area will be transported in the vertical position after assembly in the technical area to the launch pad over a distance of 4.2 km. The launch equipment will be located in a pit having the depth of three to four underground floors.

    Roscosmos is ready to pay 3.4 million rubles (about $57,500) to a company that will do a technical assessment of the project, which it plans to implement at the Vostochny Space Center in Russia’s Far East.

    A well-informed source in the aerospace industry told TASS at the beginning of July the launch pad at Vostochny will have the same principles at launch pad No. 250 at the Baikonur Space Center in Kazakhstan that was built for the Energiya booster vehicle. This will be a universal liftoff stand for the medium-class Soyuz-5 booster vehicles and for cluster of two, three or five boosters of the kind.

    The project indicates that Roscosmos plans to hold the first flight tests of the booster vehicle in 2028.




    Interview in Russian :

    Head of TsENKI: deadlines for the creation of the Soyuz-5 rocket and launch pad for it are 3-4 years

    http://tass.ru/opinions/interviews/4428506


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    George1

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    Re: Russian Space Program: News & Discussion #2

    Post  George1 on Sat Jul 29, 2017 10:10 am

    BAIKONUR (Kazakhstan), July 28. /TASS/. A Russian Soyuz MS-05 manned spacecraft has blasted off from the Baikonur spaceport in Kazakhstan to deliver a new expedition to the International Space Station (ISS), a TASS correspondent reports from the scene.
    More:
    http://tass.com/science/958223


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    George1

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    Re: Russian Space Program: News & Discussion #2

    Post  George1 on Sat Aug 05, 2017 2:37 am

    Russia, China to sign cooperation deal on Moon exploration

    Russia's Glavkosmos space launch operator is also working with Chinese partners on the issue of holding experiments aboard the International Space Station

    MOSCOW, August 3. /TASS/. Russia and China will sign a space cooperation program for 2018-2022 in autumn to jointly explore the Moon and conduct the Earth’s remote probing, Glavkosmos space launch operator told TASS on Thursday.

    "Work is nearing completion with the direct role of Glavkosmos to draw up a program of Russian-Chinese space cooperation for 2018-2022, which should be signed in the autumn of 2017," the company said.

    lavkosmos is the coordinator and the contractor for a portion of the works in this program.

    As Glavkosmos explained, cooperation with Chinese partners envisages the following areas: the exploration of the Moon and outer space, space vehicles and ground infrastructure, hardware components and materials, the Earth’s remote sensing data.

    Glavkosmos is also working with Chinese commercial partners on the issue of holding experiments aboard the International Space Station and providing the data of the Earth’s remote sensing from Russian satellites, the company said.

    Apart from China, Glavkosmos is also considering the possibilities of space cooperation with India, Brazil, South Africa, Nicaragua, Myanmar, Chile, Peru and Armenia and their involvement in Russian projects, the company said in its annual report.

    Specifically, Glavkosmos is holding preparations in Brazil for a tender for the delivery of space images to that country.

    It was reported earlier that China was interested in buying the world’s most powerful Russian-made RD rocket engines produced by Energomash while Russian Space Systems showed interest in Chinese electronic components.

    Russia and China are also working on making their GLONASS and BeiDou navigation satellite systems mutually complement each other and on installing adjusting ground-based stations on the territory of each other.

    Besides, Russia and China are working within the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) format to create a unified system of the Earth’s remote sensing.

    International cooperation


    As Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Cosmonautics Andrei Ionin said, Russia needs to look more actively for international partners to develop space projects.

    "Building international partnership is, perhaps, the main strategic task for the entire Russian cosmonautics today. This is because the technological revolution, first of all, in micro-electronics, has made it possible from the viewpoint of investments the creation of space systems consisting of dozens and even hundreds of Earth remote sensing or communications satellites whose commercial success requires work on the markets, and also considering that the next stage of piloted flights is related to movement outside the bounds of the near-Earth space, which will require a sharp increase in expenditures on outer space," he told TASS.

    According to the expert, broad and versatile international cooperation in the current situation is seen as a solution for Russian cosmonauts as it will help unite participants’ technological competences and their markets, share risks and expenses.

    "Moreover, the international status of a project is practical and insurmountable protection from the Finance Ministry’s regular attempts to sequester space programs," the expert said.

    In his opinion, considering the Western sanctions imposed on Russia, new potential partners should include, in the first place, BRICS countries and also, possibly, Indonesia, the UAE, Vietnam, Iran and others.

    "In this context, the agreements for the period until 2022 between Russia and China, which has both the competences and the resources and the vast internal market, are a move in the right direction but, considering the scope and the severity of the problems and tasks faced by our space industry, a move that displays little initiative, is too cautious, insufficiently large in scope and extremely slow," the expert said.

    Glavkosmos


    The space launch operator Glavkosmos was established in 1985 in the USSR Ministry of General Machine-Building. The company engaged in the space rocket industry’s foreign economic activity, organized and held researches and participated in the work to convert defense enterprises to civil output.

    Today Glavkosmos participates in the implementation of contracts for the launch of Soyuz rockets from the Kourou spaceport in French Guiana, organizes foreigners’ flights to the International Space Station and cooperates with India and China in the space sphere.

    The Russian government wholly owns Glavkosmos.

    It was reported earlier that Glavkosmos got the status of an authorized operator of Soyuz-2 carrier rocket commercial launches from Russian cosmodromes.

    Apart from this, Glavkosmos has received the exclusive rights to distribute images received from Russia’s Kanopus-V and Resurs-P Earth’s remote sensing satellites on foreign markets.

    In 2017-2018, Glavkosmos plans to act as the operator of the launches of over 100 commercial micro-satellites as an additional load while orbiting three satellites under Russia’s federal program. Of this number, 72 satellites were launched from the Baikonur spaceport on July 14. Another 40 satellites are planned to be launched from the Vostochny space center in the Russian Far East at the end of the year.

    Russia’s State Space Corporation Roscosmos announced in May that Glavkosmos and Kosmotras had set up a joint operator for the launch of spacecraft by Soyuz-2 and Dnepr carrier rockets from the Russian spaceports. The new operator was named Glavkosmos Launch Services (GK Launch Services). Glavkosmos holds 75% and Kosmotras 25% in the new operator.


    More:
    http://tass.com/science/958923


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    Rmf

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    Re: Russian Space Program: News & Discussion #2

    Post  Rmf on Mon Aug 07, 2017 11:35 pm

    haahah ,so nothing about putting man on he moon in 2020s, moon exploration ,ambitious plans , russia has taken a 3rd place and it will fall even more behind as global rocket development accelerates... probably they will NEVER put man on the moon all that talk just empty rhetoric .
    plan for sunkar/ soyuz-5 is too ambitious it wont be complete for much longer,  and manning that rocket so fast  would be suicidal omg they are really risking it like in 60s.
    and angara is left in the dust after sooo much time and money wasted- 0 launches in 2017 like i predicted -0 satelites so far after 20 years, for all that money nothing to show, what a fiasco.
    http://russianspaceweb.com/soyuz5-lv-ptk.html
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    Big_Gazza

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    Re: Russian Space Program: News & Discussion #2

    Post  Big_Gazza on Tue Aug 08, 2017 1:08 am

    Rmf wrote:haahah ,so nothing about putting man on he moon in 2020s, moon exploration ,ambitious plans , russia has taken a 3rd place and it will fall even more behind as global rocket development accelerates... probably they will NEVER put man on the moon all that talk just empty rhetoric .
    plan for sunkar/ soyuz-5 is too ambitious it wont be complete for much longer,  and manning that rocket so fast  would be suicidal omg they are really risking it like in 60s.
    and angara is left in the dust after sooo much time and money wasted- 0 launches in 2017 like i predicted -0 satelites so far after 20 years, for all that money nothing to show, what a fiasco.
    http://russianspaceweb.com/soyuz5-lv-ptk.html

    Trolling again? Why the fuck do you bother posting here? Is it your sole intention to piss people off with your infantile banter? if so, mission accomplished, GWB style....

    C'mon RDF, ban this Rmf troll and put us all out of his misery...
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    PapaDragon

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    Re: Russian Space Program: News & Discussion #2

    Post  PapaDragon on Tue Aug 08, 2017 1:15 am

    Expects to be taken seriously...

    Posts link to Zak's website...

    lol1
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    miketheterrible

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    Re: Russian Space Program: News & Discussion #2

    Post  miketheterrible on Tue Aug 08, 2017 1:56 am

    0 satellites? Wtf? There was a recent launch from Soyuz 2
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    PapaDragon

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    Re: Russian Space Program: News & Discussion #2

    Post  PapaDragon on Tue Aug 08, 2017 2:56 am

    I clicked on Zak's link to see if he has fanart of Soyuz-5 (he does, only selling point he has) and I looked over text.

    He does not say anything about any failures of space program. He is actually concise and on point here.

    And yet Rmf managed to get some disaster scenario out of it somehow.

    When even Zak cannot talk out of his ass then you know things are on schedule.


    Last edited by PapaDragon on Tue Aug 08, 2017 3:30 pm; edited 1 time in total (Reason for editing : spelling)
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    Big_Gazza

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    Re: Russian Space Program: News & Discussion #2

    Post  Big_Gazza on Tue Aug 08, 2017 3:25 pm

    miketheterrible wrote:0 satellites? Wtf? There was a recent launch from Soyuz 2

    The clown means zero satellites from Angara... he still flogs his pet whinge that there have been no Angara launches since the hand-assembled prototypes were tested back in 2014, even though we all know the hold-up is due to delays in serial manufacture in Omsk and QA issues affecting the certification of the brand new facility, personnel and procedures. The attention-seeker waves what he perceives to a bloody shirt over his head while chanting "I was right".... "i was right"... FFS this guy gets up my nose with his idiot BS...

    T-47

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    Re: Russian Space Program: News & Discussion #2

    Post  T-47 on Tue Aug 08, 2017 5:52 pm

    Big_Gazza wrote:
    The clown means zero satellites from Angara...  he still flogs his pet whinge that there have been no Angara launches since the hand-assembled prototypes were tested back in 2014, even though we all know the hold-up is due to delays in serial manufacture in Omsk and QA issues affecting the certification of the brand new facility, personnel and procedures.  The attention-seeker waves what he perceives to a bloody shirt over his head while chanting "I was right"....  "i was right"...  FFS this guy gets up my nose with his idiot BS...


    He is in competition with Vann7 xD
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    Rmf

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    Re: Russian Space Program: News & Discussion #2

    Post  Rmf on Tue Aug 08, 2017 10:07 pm

    the whining and typical insults are hillarious Razz,  many russophiles are on intensive care it seems , but that only speaks about people throwing them, wonder noone has been warned at least for this shitty behavior  ,i posted many times here  --angara has stolen precious money from other perspective projects and wasted time -resource you can never recover.
    angara has no 3 and, 7 version ,and now not even man rated version. its a fiasco.!
    simple addition of hydrogen second stage to proton- would boost its payload to 30 tons. much easier and less expensive.

    now same thing repeats with sunkar it will be delayed many people here will be dead before it flies. it will be expensive. and puting man on top of that thing to replace soyuz lLOL Laughing affraid
    they didnt put man on zenit  , but they will on its derivative -and with again modified engine with even more thrust and thus less technical margin . !!!!! pwnd
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Zenit_launches
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    Big_Gazza

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    Re: Russian Space Program: News & Discussion #2

    Post  Big_Gazza on Wed Aug 09, 2017 1:07 am

    T-47 wrote:
    Big_Gazza wrote:
    The clown means zero satellites from Angara...  he still flogs his pet whinge that there have been no Angara launches since the hand-assembled prototypes were tested back in 2014, even though we all know the hold-up is due to delays in serial manufacture in Omsk and QA issues affecting the certification of the brand new facility, personnel and procedures.  The attention-seeker waves what he perceives to a bloody shirt over his head while chanting "I was right"....  "i was right"...  FFS this guy gets up my nose with his idiot BS...


    He is in competition with Vann7 xD

    They need to get a room and get it out of their systems...
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    Big_Gazza

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    Re: Russian Space Program: News & Discussion #2

    Post  Big_Gazza on Wed Aug 09, 2017 1:09 am

    Rmf wrote:the whining and typical insults are hillarious Razz,  many russophiles are on intensive care it seems , but that only speaks about people throwing them, wonder noone has been warned at least for this shitty behavior  ,i posted many times here  --angara has stolen precious money from other perspective projects and wasted time -resource you can never recover.
    angara has no 3 and, 7 version ,and now not even man rated version. its a fiasco.!
    simple addition of hydrogen second stage to proton- would boost its payload to 30 tons. much easier and less expensive.

    now same thing repeats with sunkar it will be delayed many people here will be dead before it flies. it will be expensive. and puting man on top of that thing to replace soyuz lLOL Laughing affraid
    they didnt put man on zenit  , but they will on its derivative -and with again modified engine with even more thrust and thus less technical margin . !!!!! pwnd
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Zenit_launches

    So much childish idiocy, so little desire to respond...

    "wasted time -resource you can never recover." rmf posts are a salient reminder of this fact...
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    kvs

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    Re: Russian Space Program: News & Discussion #2

    Post  kvs on Wed Aug 09, 2017 1:46 am

    Russia is damned if does and damned if it doesn't. The accusers, however, are the real losers.

    The Angara framework looked like the only one on the horizon several years ago. But now we have the Sunkar replacement
    for Zenit that will serve as a new modular framework. Recall that Zenit was a major satellite launch workhorse (e.g. Sea Launch).
    It look to me like there is a lull because plans and priorities are being reassigned. This why the Proton has not been retired yet
    as well.

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    PapaDragon

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    Re: Russian Space Program: News & Discussion #2

    Post  PapaDragon on Wed Aug 09, 2017 2:24 am

    Big_Gazza wrote:
    T-47 wrote:........
    He is in competition with Vann7 xD

    They need to get a room and get it out of their systems...

    Rmf is a moron who thinks that Soyuz and  Soyuz-5 are same thing because they contain same word like he just said yet again.

    He can't comprehend that completely different rocket is given familiar name due to brand recognition.

    If you ask him he will probably tell you that Ford Ka can pull the same type of trailer as Ford F-350 just because it contains word Ford in it's name.

    And he says that RD-170 engine, same one that was used on Energia/Buran project, can't be used for simple capsule. 



    Ordinarily I would be more polite but I asked him once since he whines 24/7 what would he do differently if he were in charge of space program? What would he change? 

    You know what his answer was? He had none. Nothing. He just talks out of his ass.

    Earlier he would quote Zak's whining verbatim so he sounded logical on first reading but now since Zak has choked on his own dick and had to stop whining because he has no grounds for it anymore poor Rmf is forced to use his own intellect when coming up with bullshit to whine about.

    As you can see results​ are predictably anticlimactic.
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    Re: Russian Space Program: News & Discussion #2

    Post  Big_Gazza on Wed Aug 09, 2017 11:18 am

    PapaDragon wrote:Zak has choked on his own dick...

    Laughing Thanks man, that brought me an evil chuckle at the end of a long workday.... Laughing
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    Rmf

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    Re: Russian Space Program: News & Discussion #2

    Post  Rmf on Wed Aug 09, 2017 10:41 pm

    kvs wrote:Russia is damned if does and damned if it doesn't.    The accusers, however, are the real losers.

    The Angara framework looked like the only one on the horizon several years ago.   But now we have the Sunkar replacement
    for Zenit that will serve as a new modular framework.   Recall that Zenit was a major satellite launch workhorse (e.g. Sea Launch).  
    It look to me like there is a lull because plans and priorities are being reassigned.   This why the Proton has not been retired yet
    as well.

    Ostapenko called it stupid dead end rocket long ago, he was dismissed as head of roscosmos,clans, interests, rivalries, still rock hard in Russian rocket industry.... yet we should listen to this simple maggots noobs here that dont have a clue ,  ha ha ha this ban function is great!
    i told you long ago they needed heavier 4 engined urm and here it is very fast-modified zenit.
    kbxa had methane engine in works for longer then musk ,but it didnt have funds , so they develop and tested smaller version.
    even if nk-33 cant be restarted (some say otherwise) , sure they could built new methane engine single chamber of 1.500-1700 kN thrust, and a light single engine and heavy 4 engine URM around it. that way you can have trully massive production of engines , yet again they still make mistakes with this rd-171 avcdef modification of modification....instead of 1 type of engine for all. with heavy /light urm split and modular approach you can replace all rockets , something angara could never have done on its own.
    angara destroyed enormous potential ...

    Amerikans went modular in 90s with titan ,atlas, delta , and they got expencive launchers , why russia followed is beyond me.

    Now Musk will take all that sweet money from international market ,and go even faster with his projects, while Russian play catch-up with years behind sucking hard and will fail miserably.
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    Re: Russian Space Program: News & Discussion #2

    Post  PapaDragon on Thu Aug 10, 2017 2:06 am

    Rmf wrote:
    Ostapenko called it stupid dead end rocket long ago.....

    ....instead of 1 type of engine for all. with heavy /light urm split and modular approach you can replace all rockets , something angara could never have done on its own.
    angara destroyed enormous potential ...

    Amerikans went modular in 90s with titan ,atlas, delta , and they got expencive launchers , why russia followed is beyond me.

    Now Musk will take all that sweet money from international market ,and go even faster with his projects, while Russian play catch-up with years behind sucking hard and will fail miserably.

    1) You are talking about same Ostapenko on whose watch Roskosmos  degenerated into shittier and infinitely less competent version of FedEx? Same guy who needed a decade to get construction of spaceport going before being sacked? Same guy who thought that it makes sense to keep pushing for Proton-M and sucking Kazakh dick?

    You sure that his issues with Angara had nothing to do with interest in keeping certain primitive Asian "country" in space business? 

    2) You do realize that "1 engine type" is approach used both by Angara and Soyuz-5?

    3) And finally (and this one will hurt you on a personal level) you do know that Musk is using same modular approach with Falcon series that you just took a dump on right now? Must be hard to find out that you failed your waify? lol1

    Also, thanks for not only putting me on ignore list but also for advertising it in your signature. Being on your ignore list is a badge of honor on this forum. Always love to get extra cred for free....thumbsup
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    Big_Gazza

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    Re: Russian Space Program: News & Discussion #2

    Post  Big_Gazza on Thu Aug 10, 2017 2:43 pm

    PapaDragon wrote:
    Also, thanks for not only putting me on ignore list but also for advertising it in your signature. Being on your ignore list is a badge of honor on this forum. Always love to get extra cred for free....thumbsup

    Agreed. Its a badge of honour, a bit like being a Russian politician and being targeted by Uh'murikkkan or Euro-peon sanctions over Crimea.... russia
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    George1

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    Re: Russian Space Program: News & Discussion #2

    Post  George1 on Tue Aug 15, 2017 5:25 pm

    MOSCOW, August 14. /TASS/. The launch of the Russian-German observatory-class mission Spektr-RG (Spectrum-XG, SXG) has been shifted from September to October 2018.

    More:
    http://tass.com/science/960258


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    Re: Russian Space Program: News & Discussion #2

    Post  PapaDragon on Wed Aug 16, 2017 3:55 pm


    Main Builder for 2nd Phase of Vostochny Cosmodrome to Be Named by September 16

    https://sputniknews.com/russia/201708161056498197-vostochny-cosmodrome-builder/



    Soyuz-2 Rocket to Arrive at Vostochny on September 20 for November Launch

    https://sputniknews.com/russia/201708161056498746-soyuz-2-rocket-launch/



    3rd Launch From Vostochny Cosmodrome Set for December

    https://sputniknews.com/russia/201708161056497853-vostochny-cosmodrome-launch-december/



    Equipment for Angara Heavy-Class Rocket Arrived to Russia's Vostochny Cosmodrome

    https://sputniknews.com/russia/201708161056498268-russia-vostochny-cosmodrome-angara/

    Probably referring to Angara equipment that is to be installed in assembly building
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    Big_Gazza

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    Re: Russian Space Program: News & Discussion #2

    Post  Big_Gazza on Thu Aug 17, 2017 1:01 pm

    Proton successfully launches Blagovest military communications satellite.

    A high-power Russian satellite designed to deliver broadband Internet connections and relay television and videoconferencing signals fired into orbit Wednesday from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.

    Destined to serve the Russian military and civilian customers, the first Blagovest communications satellite rode a Proton rocket into space at 2207 GMT (6:07 p.m. EDT) Wednesday, according to a statement released by ISS Reshetnev, the spacecraft’s manufacturer.

    Liftoff occurred at 4:07 a.m. local time Thursday at Baikonur, a sprawling spaceport leased by the Russian government from Kazakhstan.

    The three-stage Proton booster deployed a Breeze M upper stage shortly after liftoff to conduct multiple engine firings aimed at guiding the Blagovest No. 11L spacecraft into a high-altitude geostationary transfer orbit. After separation from the Breeze M stage several hours into the mission, the satellite’s own engine will circularize its orbit over the equator at an altitude of nearly 22,300 miles (35,800 kilometers).

    “Nine minutes into the flight the fairing enclosing the Breeze M upper stage and the Blagovest satellite successfully separated from the launch vehicle,” ISS Reshetnev said in a statement. “Now the satellite with the help of the upper stage is continuing its journey to the intended orbit.”

    At that altitude, the Blagovest satellite will remain fixed over the equator at 45 degrees east longitude, staying in view of the same part of Earth and orbiting the planet at the same rate it rotates.

    Designed for a 15-year mission, the Blagovest No. 11L satellite was built for the Russian military by ISS Reshetnev, a Russian aerospace contractor based in Zheleznogorsk, Russia. It is based on ISS Reshetnev’s Express 2000 satellite bus.

    “Blagovest is the first satellite that has a payload fully designed and manufactured by ISS Reshetnev,” the company said in a statement. “It is intended to provide high speed Internet access, communications services, television and radio broadcasting, telephony and videoconferencing.”

    The relay spacecraft will serve Russian military and civilian users with a suite of C-band and Ka-band transponders.

    While ISS Reshetnev claimed the Blagovest communications payload was fully manufactured internally, information released by Thales Alenia Space indicates the French company supplied filters, power dividers and multiplexers for Blagovest’s telecom instrumentation.

    Three more Blagovest communications satellites are planned for launch in the next couple of years.

    Russia’s Proton rocket program, managed by the Russian company Khrunichev, has two more launches on the books next month. The quicker launch pace comes after a year-long standdown from June 2016 through June 2017 to resolve engine quality concerns.

    While the mission with the Blagovest No. 11L satellite was part of Russia’s federal space program, the two Proton flights next month will be commercially managed by International Launch Services, a Virginia-based company responsible for selling Proton launches on the global market.

    The Amazonas 5 communications satellite, owned by Madrid-based Hispasat, is already at the Baikonur Cosmodrome being readied for liftoff as soon as Sept. 9 on a Proton/Breeze M.

    The AsiaSat 9 telecom craft is scheduled to blast Sept. 28 on a Proton/Breeze M.




    https://spaceflightnow.com/2017/08/17/proton-launcher-takes-off-with-dual-use-russian-communications-satellite/


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    Re: Russian Space Program: News & Discussion #2

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