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    Russian Naval Construction Plans and Update

    Isos
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    Post  Isos on Mon Apr 29, 2019 4:33 pm

    What does that have to do with what Moskva did in Syria? First it provided AAW coverage for the northern half of our forces, second it provided 16 "carrier-killing" missiles to keep NATO at bay, and lastly it made sure to keep Turkish air power on their side of the border.

    Your nuks kept NATO at bay. Not 16 old missiles. Aster proved to be able to deal with mach 3 antiship missiles since long ago.

    Coverage was made by s-400. Moskva couldn't do anything with 90km missiles. Only protects itself.

    1 ship in the middle of Mediteraneab with all nato navies and airforces around her won't affraid anyone. Neither won't last in a battle more than 1/2 a day.

    I'm not saying it is a bad ship.


    None of our "stealth" ships are actually stealthy. There are far too many accouterments on it much less keeping up with the RAM coat before it rusts and peels. 12 redut doesn't equal 64 5V55RM. When you can buy two Gorshkovs for the price of four Steregushchiy, corvettes looks like a huge waste.

    Well compare to a slava or a kirov they are stealth. RAM can be applied when tension appear.

    Since we aren't getting any cruisers then that is the best we can get.

    ....

    Your problem is you don't understand how much Steregushchiy costs, fully armed it is 10 billion RUB.


    If a steregouchshy is too expensive, just forget the cruisers. They use the same weapons but in bigger number, they are bigger, they have much bigger and more powerfull radars, engines are much bigger. And the price too.

    For the same price you will have either (randome numbers but should match the reality):

    4 gorshkov or 2 supergorshkov or 12 steregouchshy.

    I would chosse a mix anyday.


    I don't know what you are arguing, of course Moskva is out of date and headed for scrap, but it is what we had. The ship we have worth buying are Gorshkovs.

    I'm saying that a mixed force of some lighter ships with medium ships in bigger number is better than a force of only "some" big ships. Just like I think two smaller carriers is better than one big. UK think the same as they could have bought a nimitz to US directly for the same price as the two QE.

    "Some" meaning that you can get much more smaller ships for one big ship but with same weapons.

    With more ships you control more space. That's what russia needs as no one can't even attack you while you have a rusted navy.

    If you need a supercarrier to defend Venezuela then send two smaller carrier. That's the same but with more flexibility and more survavibility than only one.

    Numbers have always played a big role in military doctrines. Very big ships are expensive to buy and to maintain (just look at yours).


    Vladimir79
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    Post  Vladimir79 on Mon Apr 29, 2019 10:29 pm

    Isos wrote:
    Your nuks kept NATO at bay. Not 16 old missiles. Aster proved to be able to deal with mach 3 antiship missiles since long ago.

    Coverage was made by s-400. Moskva couldn't do anything with 90km missiles. Only protects itself.

    1 ship in the middle of Mediteraneab with all nato navies and airforces around her won't affraid anyone. Neither won't last in a battle more than 1/2 a day.

    I'm not saying it is a bad ship.

    At the time, Turkey was not so friendly just having shot down one of our planes. Moskva was there to keep Turkey in check.  

    S-400 did not have its 400km missile, it was just an S-300PMU2.  

    It was more than enough to scare Turkey off.  


    Well compare to a slava or a kirov they are stealth. RAM can be applied when tension appear..

    Even a true stealth ship like a La Fayette still have the RCS of a fishing trawler.  They will be picked up but you want to ID them before you start shooting at ghosts.


    If a steregouchshy is too expensive, just forget the cruisers. They use the same weapons but in bigger number, they are bigger, they have much bigger and more powerfull radars, engines are much bigger. And the price too.

    For the same price you will have either (randome numbers but should match the reality):

    4 gorshkov or 2 supergorshkov or 12 steregouchshy.

    I would chosse a mix anyday.

    The bigger the hull the bigger the cost savings per tonne.  The cost is in the sensors and weapon systems.  Putting high end weapons and sensors on a little ship that can't carry very much or go very far is not economical.  That is why we need more Gorshkovs and far fewer corvettes.      


    I'm saying that a mixed force of some lighter ships with medium ships in bigger number is better than a force of only "some" big ships. Just like I think two smaller carriers is better than one big. UK think the same as they could have bought a nimitz to US directly for the same price as the two QE.

    "Some" meaning that you can get much more smaller ships for one big ship but with same weapons.

    With more ships you control more space. That's what russia needs as no one can't even attack you while you have a rusted navy.

    If you need a supercarrier to defend Venezuela then send two smaller carrier. That's the same but with more flexibility and more survavibility than only one.

    Numbers have always played a big role in military doctrines. Very big ships are expensive to buy and to maintain (just look at yours).

    You get more bang for buck with Gorshkovs.  I care less about having hull numbers as opposed to actual combat capabilities of the ships.  Without a carrier they would still be formed up into a surface action group to protect one another.    Two Gorshkovs could handle themselves better than one frigate and three corvettes and still costs less money to build, operate and maintain.  Not to mention that is two blue water vessels opposed to one with three useless corvettes in open ocean.  

    The space they control is based on the capabilities of the ships.  A Gorshkov can control more space than two corvettes of the same cost.  They have higher end radar, better sonars making their radius of control bigger than two smaller circles of control that would have gaps in them.  The Gorshkov can handle higher threat levels thanks to its larger VLS count.

    As I was stating before, smaller doesn't mean cheaper.  Having a small carrier is not cheaper and the cost efficiency is in making the larger carrier with more carrying capability.  You would still have to put the same equipment on both hulls, and making a bigger hull is not the expensive part.  

    Cost efficiency and logistics are what enables a military to operate.  If you can't afford to operate it then it sits rusting away.
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    Tingsay

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    Post  Tingsay on Tue Apr 30, 2019 3:43 am

    Vladimir79 wrote:

    You get more bang for buck with Gorshkovs.  I care less about having hull numbers as opposed to actual combat capabilities of the ships.  Without a carrier they would still be formed up into a surface action group to protect one another.    Two Gorshkovs could handle themselves better than one frigate and three corvettes and still costs less money to build, operate and maintain.  Not to mention that is two blue water vessels opposed to one with three useless corvettes in open ocean.  

    The space they control is based on the capabilities of the ships.  A Gorshkov can control more space than two corvettes of the same cost.  They have higher end radar, better sonars making their radius of control bigger than two smaller circles of control that would have gaps in them.  The Gorshkov can handle higher threat levels thanks to its larger VLS count.

    As I was stating before, smaller doesn't mean cheaper.  Having a small carrier is not cheaper and the cost efficiency is in making the larger carrier with more carrying capability.  You would still have to put the same equipment on both hulls, and making a bigger hull is not the expensive part.  

    Cost efficiency and logistics are what enables a military to operate.  If you can't afford to operate it then it sits rusting away.

    Why compare 3 Steregs to 1 Gorshkovs? You forget that Grishas, Parchims and Neustrashimy need  replacements. Karakurts and Buyans cant be that as they are helpless against submarines.
    Steregs and Grems are supposed to be mulitirole but primarily anti-sub  ships near the shores basically replacements for the large numbers of Soviet legacy corvettes.
    What corvette you should be comparing 1 Gorshkov to is 2 or 3 Derzkys.
    I think these 2 have the same rangeand endurance iirc. Derzks are supposed to be a compromise between true frigates and true corvettes. A ship that is primarily near shore missions while having the ability to join missions on the high seas. Steregs travelled to the English channel to the Med and then to the Gulf not because it's supposed to but because it was forced to. Derzky should do that just fine.


    Russia still needs to prioritize subs,frigates and corvettes. Blue waters can wait till 2030s. You need at least 2-3 carriers (1 operational while one in maintenance). Thats 2-3 super carriers, ugh.
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    Post  GarryB on Tue Apr 30, 2019 4:51 am

    Your nuks kept NATO at bay. Not 16 old missiles. Aster proved to be able to deal with mach 3 antiship missiles since long ago.

    Hahaha... yeah... funny thing isn't it... the Mach 3 SR-71 was safe and invincible, but mach 2.5 anti ship missiles are easy targets...

    Coverage was made by s-400. Moskva couldn't do anything with 90km missiles. Only protects itself.

    That is a circle 180kms across...

    And that is how IADS work... each node adds depth, information, and capability to the whole.

    I'm not saying it is a bad ship.

    She might not last a day, but how many NATO ships and towns will she take with her?

    If you need a supercarrier to defend Venezuela then send two smaller carrier. That's the same but with more flexibility and more survavibility than only one.

    Bigger ships are more survivable... no big ship is invincible, but smaller ships are easier to destroy than a bigger ship even if they have the same weapons... simply having bigger sensors on the bigger ship makes it better able to use its weapons than the smaller ship...

    BTW look forward to you using the same argument in other threads regarding MiG-35s being smaller and cheaper than Su-35s so they can have more of them that will offer better coverage and they use the same weapons so performance of two MiG-35s and one Su-35 is the same... right?

    Numbers have always played a big role in military doctrines. Very big ships are expensive to buy and to maintain (just look at yours).

    How many corvettes does the US use in the Middle East?

    The space they control is based on the capabilities of the ships. A Gorshkov can control more space than two corvettes of the same cost. They have higher end radar, better sonars making their radius of control bigger than two smaller circles of control that would have gaps in them. The Gorshkov can handle higher threat levels thanks to its larger VLS count.

    Corvettes can perform the roles of Frigates and destroyers inside and near Russian waters, but if you want to move beyond Russian waters and trade globally you need bigger ships with more endurance and more weapons to support operations for longer periods and of course bigger better sensors.

    If things go to plan they will have AWACS support so air coverage will be handled by other platforms, but AWACS is not 24/7... sometimes they have to land or rotate them, meaning gaps in coverage... but other aircraft like fighters in the air can also detect low flying threats... or helicopters for that matter.

    The Russian Navy of the future wont be huge but will need some big ships to make it a global force... opening up the North Sea Route means transits from teh Northern Fleet to the Pacific fleet will become routine, so access down through into the pacific and atlantic will become normal and easy.

    If Russia has a Moskva class ship in the Med and it is threatened by NATO forces then subs and air launched missiles like Kinzhal can support its defensive retreat back to safer waters... it might make it or it might not... if it does not then I would expect WWIII has just started so it does not really matter for the region...

    Russia still needs to prioritize subs,frigates and corvettes. Blue waters can wait till 2030s. You need at least 2-3 carriers (1 operational while one in maintenance). Thats 2-3 super carriers, ugh.

    The critical thing is that Russia wants multirole ships and it is much easier to make a bigger ship Effectively multirole than a smaller ship.

    With smaller ships you can group them together in groups of 4 or more and they become effective in a range of roles, while a much bigger ships can be effective in a range of roles on its own... with its capability expanded as you add more ships of any size... bigger ships are better, but small ships are useful too... some roles don't need a big ship so having small ships frees up the bigger ships for tasks that require more capability.
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    Post  Rodion_Romanovic on Tue Apr 30, 2019 9:43 am

    Tingsay wrote:

    Why compare 3 Steregs to 1 Gorshkovs? You forget that Grishas, Parchims and Neustrashimy need  replacements. Karakurts and Buyans cant be that as they are helpless against submarines.
    Steregs and Grems are supposed to be mulitirole but primarily anti-sub  ships near the shores basically replacements for the large numbers of Soviet legacy corvettes.
    What corvette you should be comparing 1 Gorshkov to is 2 or 3 Derzkys.
    I think these 2 have the same rangeand endurance iirc. Derzks are supposed to be a compromise between true frigates and true corvettes. A ship that is primarily near shore missions while having the ability to join missions on the high seas. Steregs travelled to the English channel to , ugh.

    Grisha were nice small antisub corvettes. Parchim were much less capable ships and bought only to.subsidize eastern Germany. Stereg are multirole vessel (quite adapt for antisub role) about 2.5 times the size of the grisha and much more expensive. I do not believe it is possibile to replace all of the grisha and parchim 1by 1 with steregs.


    Maybe they could develop a.modern antisub corvette on the basis of karakurt corvette or 22160 patrol ship, with a towed.array sonar and packet antitorpedo/antisub torpedoes.
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    Post  GarryB on Wed May 01, 2019 3:42 am

    Well they have small shipyards that can't make anything bigger than a corvette, so it they do make a few it is not the end of the world... in many ways their current corvette designs have the fire power of cold war destroyers... remember Krivak class Frigates had quad launchers for missiles on the front and 100mm calibre guns... destroyers like Sovremmeny and Udaloy had 8 ready to fire main missiles and 100mm and 130mm guns, so a corvette with a single UKSK launch system can carry the equivalent main missile load to either destroyer and twice the load of the Krivak class frigate... more importantly that load of 8 missiles is much more flexible... it can carry any combination of anti ship, anti sub, and land attack missiles, and the new weapons are significantly more powerful and effective... Onyx is much faster and much longer ranged than Moskit on the Sovs, and the 91RE1 is much faster and more effective than the SS-N-14 of the Udaloy and Krivak... and the 2,500km range calibr has no cold war equivalent... and pretty soon 4,500km range land attack missiles, and 1,000km plus range mach 9 Zircon missiles are going to be an option...

    But Corvettes lack range and capacity to operate for long periods or sustained combat anywhere except close to base with reloads... new frigates and destroyers will expand this improvement in performance and capability to the point where perhaps cruisers as such are not even needed... 20K ton destroyers with nuke propulsion and massive weapon capacity makes them almost arsenal ships on their own...
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    Post  Rodion_Romanovic on Wed May 01, 2019 1:26 pm

    GarryB wrote:Well they have small shipyards that can't make anything bigger than a corvette, so it they do make a few it is not the end of the world... in many ways their current corvette designs have the fire power of cold war destroyers... remember Krivak class Frigates had quad launchers for missiles on the front and 100mm calibre guns... destroyers like Sovremmeny and Udaloy had 8 ready to fire main missiles and 100mm and 130mm guns, so a corvette with a single UKSK launch system can carry the equivalent main missile load to either destroyer and twice the load of the Krivak class frigate... more importantly that load of 8 missiles is much more flexible... it can carry any combination of anti ship, anti sub, and land attack missiles, and the new weapons are significantly more powerful and effective... Onyx is much faster and much longer ranged than Moskit on the Sovs, and the 91RE1 is much faster and more effective than the SS-N-14 of the Udaloy and Krivak... and the 2,500km range calibr has no cold war equivalent... and pretty soon 4,500km range land attack missiles, and 1,000km plus range mach 9 Zircon missiles are going to be an option...

    But Corvettes lack range and capacity to operate for long periods or sustained combat anywhere except close to base with reloads... new frigates and destroyers will expand this improvement in performance and capability to the point where perhaps cruisers as such are not even needed... 20K ton destroyers with nuke propulsion and massive weapon capacity makes them almost arsenal ships on their own...

    Exactly, and apparently the middle neva shipyard that is building the Alexandrit class minesweepers (800) has been upgraded and should be now capable of building larger corvettes.


    https://ru.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Средне-Невский_судостроительный_завод wrote:

    Since 2016, the plant has been carrying out works on the reconstruction of the slip - a structure used for raising and launching ships and vessels; the reconstruction is scheduled for March 2018 [3] . After the completion of the reconstruction, the plant will have a closed shed with slipways, which allow to place ships and ships with a maximum length of 80 meters (open up to 100 meters) and a launching complex, which allows the ship to be delivered with a launch weight of up to 2,700 tons to any free position as a slipway, and open stocks .

    There are several small shipyards that need also orders.
    And they should be capable to help rebuild Russia's mosquito fleet. I like that they are distributing the orders for the 22800 missile ship to 4 or 5 shipyards. They could do the same for a new modern antisub corvette.

    For this reason I would like to see the larger shipyards (like Zaliv in Kerch and Amur shipyard busy with frigates and destroyers (Gorshkov-m) instead of corvettes and patrol ships.

    Possibiy it was also an issue of rebuilding the shipyards' own capabilities with smaller projects after years of neglect, before being "promoted" to larger ships...
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    Post  GarryB on Wed May 01, 2019 3:05 pm

    Well when they haven't made much of anything for some time making corvettes will allow them to get their skill set up... the larger vessels use much the same elements but in larger numbers and the main sensors and propulsion is scaled up... which is not to say the transition from working on smaller ships to bigger ships will be easy, it should be achievable, and once the process is started it should get much faster pretty quickly.

    Ironically it is the really big boats with nuclear propulsion that should be easier as that is an area they don't have a lot of problems regarding AFAIK...
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    Post  Rodion_Romanovic on Wed May 01, 2019 5:02 pm

    GarryB wrote:
    Ironically it is the really big boats with nuclear propulsion that should be easier as that is an area they don't have a lot of problems regarding AFAIK...
    Well, the Kirov battlecruisers were all built at the Baltic shipyard in Saint Petersburg, the same shipyard that is building the large nuclear Icebreakers.

    I do not know if the plan is to build the new nuclear powered destroyers there or in Severnaya Verf (that should already have its hands full with Gorshkov class, gorshkov M and with the plans for the Priboy amphibious ship).

    Another place that could build them is Zvezda, that has also already an order for the huge nuclear icebreaker lider class.
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    Post  Isos on Wed May 01, 2019 6:33 pm

    USSR with its huge resources managed to produce only 4 kirov. When they saw how costly they were they started Slavas.

    Hope for them they won't make the same mistake. If they want arsenal ships with hundreds of VLS go for sub. They don't need helicopters and air def systems.

    Anything more than 200m is waste of time.
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    Post  Vladimir79 on Wed May 01, 2019 9:19 pm

    Isos wrote:USSR with its huge resources managed to produce only 4 kirov. When they saw how costly they were they started Slavas.

    Hope for them they won't make the same mistake. If they want arsenal ships with hundreds of VLS go for sub. They don't need helicopters and air def systems.

    Anything more than 200m is waste of time.

    One only has to look at where the modernisation efforts are going to know the priority.  It is not to Slava cruisers. With the 3S14 universal VLS the Admiral Nakhimov will be the most powerful vessel in the fleet.  The Slavas just get an engine cleaning and a new coat of paint.  It is Peter the Great that goes on six month deployments all over the world.  
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    Post  verkhoturye51 on Wed May 01, 2019 9:27 pm

    Decision for 19k ton Lider over 14k ton one also indicates this.
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    Post  Hole on Wed May 01, 2019 9:47 pm

    Isos wrote:USSR with its huge resources managed to produce only 4 kirov. When they saw how costly they were they started Slavas.

    Hope for them they won't make the same mistake. If they want arsenal ships with hundreds of VLS go for sub. They don't need helicopters and air def systems.

    Anything more than 200m is waste of time.

    Slavas were built at the same time as the Kirovs.
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    Post  Isos on Wed May 01, 2019 10:14 pm

    Why did they build Slavas then ? Kirov is much better.

    One only has to look at where the modernisation efforts are going to know the priority.  It is not to Slava cruisers. With the 3S14 universal VLS the Admiral Nakhimov will be the most powerful vessel in the fleet.  The Slavas just get an engine cleaning and a new coat of paint.  It is Peter the Great that goes on six month deployments all over the world.  

    I'm not talking about capicities of the ship but capacities to get new ships.

    You also need to look how your new ships are financed. There are always delays because they can't give the money at time. And most of the time it is more expensive than they think.

    Nakhimov needs 10 years for an upgrade and it was a new and unused ship. PtG will need even more.

    Decision for 19k ton Lider over 14k ton one also indicates this

    As long as they don't start building them, it's only words and drawings.
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    Post  verkhoturye51 on Wed May 01, 2019 10:42 pm

    As long as they don't start building them, it's only words and drawings.

    Putin has repeatedly stated that Russia needs a blue water navy, most recently in his annual nation address in February. For Liders, time schedule was given. Construction has to start in early 2020s with commissioning in the late 2020s. Next stage is technical design. Deputy Navy commander Bursuk said that it will begin in 2019-2020 and will be finished by 2022. Every normal person would expect delays and timelines shifted right, but the project is overall progressing.
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    Post  MiamiMachineShop on Wed May 01, 2019 10:54 pm

    Isn't the replacement of Sov/Udaloy a bigger priority now? The replacement of such ships is bigger priority right now. Out of 15 Udaloys that served Soviets, 9 remain and will be upgraded to modern level (potentially). This leaves 6 ships to be filled with Gorshkov-m. Of the Sovremmeny there were 17 of this class active. Virtually none are left of them. Means they need roughly 17 Gorshkov type ships to replace these guys. So roughly about 20-25 ships need replacing, with 9 upgraded Udaloys.

    There were 40 Krivak built which also need to be replaced by Grigorivich/Gorshkov.

    As you can see 20+40=60 ships that will need to be replaced of decent tonnage. 7 Arsenal ships can be made later after this priority is met. Meantime having 2 Kirov and 2 Slava and 1 carrier is not bad until Lider + Shtorm comes online.

    11356 played bigger role in Syria than Slava, who liquidated the C-2 of enemy? Who provided near shore security?  24 x 3S90M1 also provided additional AD to Slava S-300. Just 2 of these guys made a huge difference, having 20-30 is another realm. Also 8 oniks is not less deadly than the  Bazalt/vulcan. 2 11356 carrying 16 oniks is more dangerous than one slava with 20 bazalts/vulcans so the priority for MOD and from what they are doing seems to be focusing on Gorshkov and Gorshkov-M. They will also contribute to blue water ability.

    As for Lider, I would say even next SAP is possible. How many Liders will they actually build? 2 Kirovs basically need to be replaced and Slava they made 3. So basically 7 Liders. 60 Gorshkov > 7 Lider right now. Especially since they will have Ustinov, Varyag, Nakhimov, and Peter Velikiy
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    Post  Isos on Wed May 01, 2019 11:11 pm

    The thing is that they are not replacing 1 old for 1 new.

    Sov were meant to be replace by gorshkov but now it seems Liders will replace them.

    Grigorovitch were bought because Gorshkov were not coming as quickly as they wanted. But it is a pretty good ship that even indian orders in big numbers.

    In terms of number, they wants 30 Gorshkovs and 12 Liders.

    But now they have Gorshkov-M in their plans which no one knows what it will be.


    Putin has repeatedly stated that Russia needs a blue water navy, most recently in his annual nation address in February. For Liders, time schedule was given. Construction has to start in early 2020s with commissioning in the late 2020s. Next stage is technical design. Deputy Navy commander Bursuk said that it will begin in 2019-2020 and will be finished by 2022. Every normal person would expect delays and timelines shifted right, but the project is overall progressing.

    Russians and timelines never agree unfortunatly. Most of the time there is like 7 or 8 years of delays.
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    Post  Rodion_Romanovic on Wed May 01, 2019 11:15 pm

    Isos wrote:USSR with its huge resources managed to produce only 4 kirov. When they saw how costly they were they started Slavas.

    Hope for them they won't make the same mistake. If they want arsenal ships with hundreds of VLS go for sub. They don't need helicopters and air def systems.


    The scope of a sub is to travel undetected, while a capital ship like a carrier or a battle cruiser have to show that is the biggest and the meaniest in the area. Also for port visits to foreign countries a sub is not the ideal ship.
    And finally (but one of the more important points) I believe the more important characteristic of both Slavas and Kirovs is their multilayered air defence system. Air defence for a large area, protecting the rest of the fleet is not something that a Ohio class submarine, converted in cruise missile carrier, can provide.
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    Post  Rodion_Romanovic on Wed May 01, 2019 11:44 pm

    Isos wrote:The thing is that they are not replacing 1 old for 1 new.

    Sov were meant to be replace by gorshkov but now it seems Liders will replace them.

    Grigorovitch were bought because Gorshkov were not coming as quickly as they wanted. But it is a pretty good ship that even indian orders in big numbers.

    In terms of number, they wants 30 Gorshkovs and 12 Liders.

    But now they have Gorshkov-M in their plans which no one knows what it will be.


    Putin has repeatedly stated that Russia needs a blue water navy, most recently in his annual nation address in February. For Liders, time schedule was given. Construction has to start in early 2020s with commissioning in the late 2020s. Next stage is technical design. Deputy Navy commander Bursuk said that it will begin in 2019-2020 and will be finished by 2022. Every normal person would expect delays and timelines shifted right, but the project is overall progressing.

    Russians and timelines never agree unfortunatly. Most of the time there is like 7 or 8 years of delays.
    they need capital ships (leader class cruiser/destroyers) and they need also other blue water ships. Those latter could be a mix of destroyers and or frigates. The navy apparently is very happy of the first Gorshkov class frigate, so I can imagine that they will want to build at the same time both Gorshkov and Gorshkov-M. In addition the frigates and light destroyers will be build in different shipyards than those that will build the Leader class battlecruisers. The problem could only be on the availability of proper funding for the projects, but apparently there is.support from the president.

    Furthermore, the difference to the soviet times is that all kind of ships will get a similar armament (slava, kirovs and sovs had all.different.weapons instead) the difference will be instead the quantity of the VLS cells.
    verkhoturye51
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    Post  verkhoturye51 on Wed May 01, 2019 11:59 pm

    Isn't the replacement of Sov/Udaloy a bigger priority now?

    There are many priority projects in the Russian navy. Improved Gorshkov class is currently in the technical design phase, with the laying down of the first ship scheduled for 2020 as per Northern Design Bureau.

    Russians and timelines never agree unfortunatly. Most of the time there is like 7 or 8 years of delays.

    Don't exaggerate. This happened with Gorshkov and Gren. Those projects were complex and faced big financial and supply issues. Now all of this is over. Russia is producing domestic diesel engines and other equipment. Besides, Lider is to have a nuclear power plant. So there is no reason for any significant delays from now on.
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    Post  Hole on Thu May 02, 2019 10:34 am

    Belt and braces.

    Kirov was large, nuclear powered and fitted with new electronics and weapons.

    Slava was based on the Kresta II class, slightly enlarged, with some new and some old equipment as backup for the Kirovs if they run into some development problems.
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    Post  GarryB on Thu May 02, 2019 1:06 pm

    The Kirov was a very ambitious class of ship... they are the biggest non carrier military ship even today, they didn't have custom designed nuclear reactors to propel them so they went for a complicated combined propulsion system... it was also the first navy ship to use vertical launch missiles... there was lots that was brand new and risky and it was being built at a time when the money was spread very thin, so as a precaution they also built what the west called the Krasina class, which was later called the Slava class when the name of the first vessel was revealed... it had a much reduced weapon load because its conventional power plant was not the same and not as powerful.

    It had Rif and Klinok vertical launch SAMs but otherwise it was much smaller and lighter and while heavily armed with 16 Vulkan supersonic anti ship missiles, it didn't really have the same presence that the Kirov did with its enormous size but strangely for a Soviet vessel decks that appeared empty with no missile tubes or arm launchers.

    The Kirovs were the new powerful ships that would support carriers, and the Slavas were a backup cheaper safer option.

    With new and much more powerful nuclear reactors a Kirov of today could be a much more powerful vessel... it just really depends on how much they want to spend.... but even just taking out the Granits and Rifs and replacing them with UKSK launchers and Redut launchers (note even the 9M96 50km and 150km range missiles would be a huge improvement over the 90km range Rif, let alone a 200km range S-300 variant or 400km range S-400 variant), plus replacing Kashtan-M with Pantsir, and of course the old TOR with the new TOR with twice as many missiles fitting in to the same space... so 192 missiles replaced with 384 missiles, with their range extended from 12km to about 20km and much better accuracy... and you could probably replace the 130mm gun mount on the rear for a 152mm gun mount they developed with the Army in the Coalition programme.

    These changes are not ground breaking and offer a chance to get new systems into service so they can be tested with other systems and the bugs can be worked out... and of course major radar and sensors elements and ESM equipment upgraded... these ships were command centres and battle management vessels so there will be an enormous volume and mass of old electrionics that can be taken out and replaced with much more modern and more powerful and capable electronics that will probably be cheaper and more energy efficient and lighter and will take up a fraction of the space the old stuff took up.

    It would actually be an interesting job just looking at the original components and systems of the Kirov and the new replacement systems and components and working out the best way to upgrade them.

    Just as an example you could take a computer from the 1970s... a Spectrum ZX81, and pretty much replace the insides with a tablet computer and make it a touchscreen portable system that is battery powered. With a mini computer... the size of a small room you could use modern components and make a rack mount system that is easy to maintain and manage and vastly more powerful and capable and perhaps a fraction of the size... what do you do with the extra room?

    Well there are probably other things nearby that could be expanded and use the extra room... ie more 152mm shell storage for example, or more fresh water stores or food stores, or a LAN games room for the crew to relax... a bit of counterstrike.
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    Post  Isos on Thu May 02, 2019 2:05 pm

    launchers and Redut launchers (note even the 9M96 50km and 150km range missiles would be a huge improvement over the 90km range Rif, let alone a 200km range S-300 variant or 400km range S-400 variant),

    Half of PtG S-300 are Rif the other half are rif-M which is naval PMU2 standard and uses 48N6E2 missiles with 250km range. You can see that the front radar is the one from ground s-300 (rif-M) and the one in the back is a big round radar for rif that you can also see on slavas.

    Gorshkov could have had the rif-M too just like chinese frigate that have it. The VLS just like Redut launcher is not universal so that change nothing apart missile types being carried.
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    Post  Rodion_Romanovic on Thu May 02, 2019 3:28 pm

    Isos wrote:
    launchers and Redut launchers (note even the 9M96 50km and 150km range missiles would be a huge improvement over the 90km range Rif, let alone a 200km range S-300 variant or 400km range S-400 variant),

    Half of PtG S-300 are Rif the other half are rif-M which is naval PMU2 standard and uses 48N6E2 missiles with 250km range. You can see that the front radar is the one from ground s-300 (rif-M) and the one in the back is a big round radar for rif that you can also see on slavas.

    Gorshkov could have had the rif-M too just like chinese frigate that have it. The VLS just like Redut launcher is not universal so that change nothing apart missile types being carried.

    They are planning to uniform the launchers in the future, so maybe the upgraded PTG could have 176 UKSK-M instead of 80 UKSK +48 Fort + 48 Fort-M as in Nakhimov (80 UKSK as replacement for the 20 Granit cells).

    The S400 missiles should be not too different.in size from onyx anyway...

    As discussed before, instead the redut cells in Gorshkov class are not optimized for the missile size, so they maybe plan to substitute them anyway.

    From what I was able to.find online the longer range (120km) S350 missiles (9M96E2) have a diameter of 240mm, against a 519 mm diameter of.the 48N6 S400 missile, the about 430mm diameter of the kalibr and the about 700mm diameter of.the onyx.

    The redut VLS cell is however not that small compared with the UKSK from what we can see in gorshkov. As Garry already posted, 4 quad packed 9m96E2 could fit inside a UKSK-m.

    The only "waste" could be in vertical space (as the shorter range.missile are also shorter), unless they decide to have some of the VLS launcher shorter (as it is the case for the french VLS, that exists in different lenghts but with the same horizontal area), maybe be able to install them in other part if the ships with less vertical space available.

    and/or they could maybe develop smaller redut VLS, optimized for the size of their missiles.
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    Post  Isos on Thu May 02, 2019 4:08 pm

    The only "waste" could be in vertical space (as the shorter range.missile are also shorter), unless they decide to have some of the VLS launcher shorter (as it is the case for the french VLS, that exists in different lenghts but with the same horizontal area), maybe be able to install them in other part if the ships with less vertical space available

    Just keep the redut then . Because a universal VLS that is too short for most of missiles is no longer universal.


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