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    S-300V Army SAM System

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    Austin
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    Re: S-300V Army SAM System

    Post  Austin on Fri Feb 25, 2011 8:21 pm

    Please do not post this anywhere

    INFANTRY'S SKY SHIELD
    Military Parade, No. 4, 2010,
    Author: Mikhail Krush, Andrei Bochanovsky

    Mikhail Krush - chief of Land Forces' Air Defense troops, major general Andrei Bochanovsky - chief of armament service, colonel

    An analysis of the armed conflicts of recent decades, which involved the use of modern weapon systems, suggests that their most distinctive feature is the transition from contact warfare, where the major role is assigned to attacks by ground combined-arms groups, to so-called non-contact forms of warfare, where air strikes by aircraft, first of all unmanned vehicles, and precision-guided weapons of various kinds dominate.

    Air cover to Land Forces (LF) and inflicting maximum damage to enemy aerospace weapons is provided by army air defense troops. Therefore the additional requirements imposed on the performance of army air defense SAM systems -high mobility, short emplacement time on an unprepared position after a march (less than 3-5 min for theater-level systems and less than 1 min for tactical ones) and short displacement time (3 to 10 sec for operational and tactical systems), unrestricted use of means of mobility of the same type as those employed by the covered troops in any weather and physiographic conditions, protecting the crews and equipment against small arms fire -radically distinguish them from similar SAM systems intended for local (point) air defense. In addition, the combat and technical support assets can operate independently at the level of both large and small units.

    Studying and analyzing the problems, the Office of the Chief of Land Forces' army air defense takes purposeful measures to comprehensively enhance the capabilities of the combat, reconnaissance and command & control assets. Together with the LF Major Command, in close coordination with the RF MoD's Aerospace Defense Development and Procurement Department and Main Missile and Artillery Directorate, it has been pursuing a common technical re-equipment policy and has identified the specific ways to retrofit army air defense units.

    Over the past sixteen years, new armaments have been scarcely supplied to troops, so the backbone of the LF AD fleet of weapons is made up of models designed and
    manufactured in the 1980s - early 1990s. But the weapon development was going on. The existing fleet of armaments offers a significant growth potential, which, if realized, will ensure matching to modern threats and challenges. Efforts to upgrade in-service weapons and develop new advanced models have been undertaken and are under way. They are focused on providing maximum covertness of operations, reducing the direct fire preparation time, improving ECM immunity, increasing the firing capabilities, expanding the scope of targets and the engagement zone, increasing the covered areas while reducing or retaining the existing organization and establishment. As to service characteristics, much emphasis is placed on improving reliability, maintainability, extending service life, reducing the number of settings and adjustments, automating all processes, maximizing the use of common systems and devices, as well as on reducing the crew size and participation in operations and improving crew habitability conditions.

    For instance, the S-300V SAM system has been in service with air defense missile (ADM) brigades performing operational-strategic missions since 1988. The main types of targets (intermediate-range ballistic missiles, theater ballistic missiles, theater missiles and tactical missiles) as well as AWACS-type and strategic aircraft are engaged by hypersonic SAM equipped with a powerful directional HE warhead and flying at maximum (6-8M) and medium (5-6M) cruising speeds. The chassis of the system's combat assets uses the major units and components of T-80 and T-72 MBTs.

    Upgrading the SAM system to the S-300V3 configuration:

    • doubles the engagement range for aerodynamic air targets (up to 150 km for the 9M83 SAM and up to 200 km for 9M82 SAM;

    • halves the of SAM launch preparation time;

    • increases the area covered against attacks by theater and tactical missiles 2 to 3 times;

    • provides engagement of theater missiles and IRBM with a launch range of up to 1100 km;

    • offers higher reliability (2.5-fold longer MTBF).

    This year will see the completion of the next upgrade phase, which will further improve these parameters 1.5 to 2.3 times.

    The Buk-M1 SAM system has been operational with ADM brigades performing operational missions since 1983. Its feature is that a self-propelled launch vehicle encompasses target detection, missile guidance, launch preparation and launch equipment. Such a layout is unrivalled in the world among medium-range SAM systems and provides maximum covertness, survivability and minimum emplacement (displacement) time during use as part of an ADM battalion, and also enables a single self-propelled launch vehicle to independently perform a mission. The latest version, the Buk-M2, is entering the field, which, with the same number of combat assets:

    • increases the number of air targets engaged by a ADM bn at once 4 times (from 6 to 24); covered area 2.5 times, and the number of ready-to-launch SAMs 1.5 times;

    • can engage tactical missiles with a launch range of 150 to 200 km.

    The Tor-M1 SAM system has been in service with ADM battalions of motor rifle (armored) brigades since 1991. Its launch vehicle provides all-aspect engagement of air targets flying at up to 700 m/s through the use of surveillance and guidance radars and vertical launch SAMs. Such a layout makes it possible to conduct target reconnaissance (receive external target designation) when moving on any terrain and engage air targets from an unprepared position within 3 to 5 seconds after stop. In addition, the onboard computer system fully automates the target interception process and allows simultaneous engagement of up to two targets in a given sector.

    A new version, the Tor M2U, will begin to enter the filed next year. This is the sole system in its class in the world, which can simultaneously fire on up to four air targets. Moreover, compared to its predecessor, it has 1.2-1.4 times larger engagement zones in altitude, speed and course parameter. To further improve short-range SAM system capabilities, work on doubling the number of missiles carried on the launch vehicle (from 8 to 16) as well as target engagement range and speed is in the final phase.

    I'd like to dwell particularly upon man-portable air defense systems (MANPADS), because Russia is among the few countries in the world that can independently develop and manufacture such weapons. In our opinion, since this is the most popular and most effective air defense weapon on the battlefield, it offers much promise. Its maximum covertness of use, short reaction time, high accuracy, ease of training and use pose a serious problem to air threats.



    At present, the Igla MANPADS and its modern version, the Igla-S, handle their assigned missions. However, the air weapons and jammers continue to improve, both in numbers and performance. With this in mind, the following areas for MANPADS improvement are being developed: use of passive multi-band seekers, reduction in the weight-dimensional characteristics, increase in warhead performance and ECM immunity, increase in launch readiness time, capability of engaging UAV, increase in the engagement zone in range and altitude.

    Practice has shown that MANPADS' capabilities are 90% dependent on the level of gunner training. To exclude such dependence as much as possible, these systems need to be automated. To this end, they are installed on all-terrain vehicles (like the Tigr armored cars and similar vehicles) and the technical solutions enabling automatic guidance and remote launch of MANPADS, found during the development of Gibka and Strelets autonomous self-defense modules for ships, are used. Preliminary calculations suggest that such solutions increase the expected number of destroyed targets, reduce the ADM battery strength and cut the unit training and team building time.

    The experience of wars and armed conflicts shows that no matter how effective was the weapon, the realization of all its capabilities, covertness and surprise of employment, battlefield survivability are impossible without integration with reconnaissance and command & control systems. Therefore, in parallel with weapons, a work package on improving the air target reconnaissance system and automated command & control equipment is under way.

    For LF AD troops, assimilation of modern reconnaissance and command & control assets is the most serious challenge in this area. In the near future the Polyana-D4M1 automated command & control system and its modifications will successfully cope with it at the operational-strategic and operational levels.

    Today, given the dense battle dispositions of motor rifle (armored) brigades and changes in their tactics, as well as the availability of various weapons (from MANPADS and artillery systems to SAM systems), it is most difficult to organize automated control of air defense units at the tactical level - covertness of engagement operations, proper distribution of efforts, efficient target assignment and designation. Because of this, different-type automation devices tools are being routinely replaced at the tactical level with brigade command & control kits, which are part of the Barnaul-T automation equipment set (AES). In terms of its basic characteristics - the number of handled air targets, number and type of superior, subordinate and interacting objects, communication range, scope of tactical and calculation tasks - the Barnaul-T is comparable to its foreign counterparts, while surpassing them in maneuverability, protection, interoperability of control assets, and task setting time.

    The single-type Barnaul-T armored command vehicles - from a motor rifle brigade AD officer to a ADM battery commander - share common software/hardware, communications and data transfer equipment, built-in radar and radio air target reconnaissance facilities. Such a structure allows continuous reconnaissance of enemy air targets and control of weapons and AD units of the motor rifle brigade in all kinds of operations (including during the march). In addition, complete automated interaction with the covered troops and senior army commanders drastically reduces the time to plan, prepare operations and recover battle readiness. In terms of its characteristics, the Barnaul-T is suitable for use by the Marine AD and Airborne units.

    In conclusion, it may be said that the role and importance of Land Forces' AD troops is steadily growing as the Armed Forces are being reformed. That is why the state armament program, which is being prepared, provides for measures to develop their armaments system. As RF First Deputy Defense Minister V.A. Popovkin noted, the Armed Forces in general, and Land Forces' Air Defense troops in particular, will be radically re-equipped in the coming years, both quantitatively and qualitatively.

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    Re: S-300V Army SAM System

    Post  GarryB on Sat Feb 26, 2011 1:19 am

    Thanks for posting that.

    So the Barnaul system is more than just a suit... a bulky ugly suit at the moment.

    I think after studying FELIN that they might integrate the features and capabilities of the Barnaul suit into an air defence FELIN suit for airborne and navy AD units.

    The article also explains what S-300V4 is too.

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    Re: S-300V Army SAM System

    Post  Austin on Sat Feb 26, 2011 9:52 am

    GarryB wrote:The article also explains what S-300V4 is too.

    So the S-300V4 performance will be 1.5 to 2.3 times of V3 making it roughly as good as Atney-2500.

    http://milparade.udm.ru/25/030.htm

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    Re: S-300V Army SAM System

    Post  GarryB on Sat Feb 26, 2011 12:19 pm

    Actually I am guessing the S-300VM or Antei-2500 is actually the S-300V2.

    The first version was the S-300V, and the upgrade of that was the S-300VM.

    This article is talking about a further upgrade of S-300VM called S-300V3.

    The system that will actually enter production and service will be the S-300V4.

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    Re: S-300V Army SAM System

    Post  Austin on Sat Feb 26, 2011 6:19 pm

    I dont think they ever developed the VM or Antei-2500 from S-300V since they were targetted at export market Antei-2500 for India and no one ever bought the S-300V system , compared to S-300PMU which enjoyed great export success.

    So either these system didnt move beyond prototype state due to lack of funds and export customer or they simply did not get created.

    Lately I read Venezuela will be first export customer for Antei-2500 and S-300V4 will enter Russian army.

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    Re: S-300V Army SAM System

    Post  GarryB on Sun Feb 27, 2011 1:30 am

    Didn't you read the article you posted?

    The S-300V is the SA-12 system and entered Russian service in 1988. In the 1990s the Russians sold some components of the S-300V to the US and used the money to totally upgrade the system to S-300VM. I don't know if they upgraded their own systems... but I would guess they replaced most of the compromised components as quickly as they could.

    S-300 is an airforce/PVO system... the S-300V is the army system though there was some speculation that S-400 would merge the two it seems they like the S-300V series for the Army.

    The primary difference apart from completely different missiles is that the S-300V series is on all tracked vehicles based on the T-72 and presumably now the T-90. Even the radar vehicles.

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    Re: S-300V Army SAM System

    Post  Austin on Sun Feb 27, 2011 6:34 am

    GarryB wrote:Didn't you read the article you posted?

    Which one ?

    The S-300V is the SA-12 system and entered Russian service in 1988. In the 1990s the Russians sold some components of the S-300V to the US and used the money to totally upgrade the system to S-300VM. I don't know if they upgraded their own systems... but I would guess they replaced most of the compromised components as quickly as they could.


    just because you export/sell stuff does not mean you compromise it else no one would be selling , you sell downgrades stuff and incase of radars you hide some ECM features and frequencies and reduce performance of exported system.

    I dont think VM was ever operational , it was the same V with some incremental backend improvements , infact S-300VM suffered the most in S-300 series due to lack of export potential.

    S-300 is an airforce/PVO system... the S-300V is the army system though there was some speculation that S-400 would merge the two it seems they like the S-300V series for the Army.

    yes but S-300V missile have better performance then S-300 basic missile and has ATBM capability from scratch in case of S-300V


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    Re: S-300V Army SAM System

    Post  medo on Sun Feb 27, 2011 11:15 am

    Are MANPADs also part of air force air defense (PVO VVS) or just in ground forces units (PVO SV). With Barnaul, they could be integrated in IADS and cover tho holes and shadows of larger SAMs.

    [img][/img]




    In those two pictures is interesting optical device/station. Maybe it is for testing measurements, but something similar could be used for visual observation posts in air defense for searching and tracking air targets and sending data of them to IADS centers, which compare their data with radar pictures and than deliver targets to SAM units.

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    Re: S-300V Army SAM System

    Post  GarryB on Mon Feb 28, 2011 4:51 am

    Which one ?

    Your post no 47 above.

    just because you export/sell stuff does not mean you compromise it else
    no one would be selling , you sell downgrades stuff and incase of radars
    you hide some ECM features and frequencies and reduce performance of
    exported system.

    The only paying export customer for S-300V... some of the ex soviet republics might have gotten a few units in the breakup.
    They sold a unit with a few secret vehicles/components missing in the 1990s and developed the S-300VM in the late 1990s... and in that time no other S-300V systems were exported AFAIK.

    I dont think VM was ever operational , it was the same V with some
    incremental backend improvements , infact S-300VM suffered the most in
    S-300 series due to lack of export potential.

    The V series remained in operation and likely a few bits of the VM system might have entered service as replacement bits, and the improved missiles and systems were there if the Russian Army bought anything that is what they would have bought.
    The VM was designed at a time when the Army wasn't buying very much at all and the fact that it wasn't bought in numbers doesn't matter much because S-300V3 is actually VM2 and the S-300VM4 they will start producing is actually S-300VM3 so the effort and time and money was not wasted because it was just part of the development chain.

    It is the same with the T-95... it might have lost its funding, but something will be needed to replace the T-90 eventually and a few years of further development of the technologies developed for the T-95 will result in the T-95v3 or 4 or even 10, but the work on the T-95 will be of benefit.

    yes but S-300V missile have better performance then S-300 basic missile and has ATBM capability from scratch in case of S-300V

    Yes, the Army wanted to protect itself from weapons like Lance II and late model Pershings, for which the S-300V is ideal. For the PVO however they want to clear the skies of all sorts of targets so the S-300 has capabilities against all sorts of high and low flying fast and slow threats.

    Are MANPADs also part of air force air defense (PVO VVS) or just in
    ground forces units (PVO SV). With Barnaul, they could be integrated in
    IADS and cover tho holes and shadows of larger SAMs.

    All BMP-2 and BMP-3 APCs have 1 or two gripstocks for MANPADS, and they also have specialist air defence units as well. I would suspect the PVO also has battalions equipped with them as well that might be deployed to likely approaches. For instance if a target is located on a completely flat open plain with a single hill located 6-8km from the target in a sensible defensive system you would want a radar and SAMs on top of that hill as well as SAMs near the target so there are no blind spots for radars or SAMs.
    There was a vehicle they displayed a while back that was a Vodnik chassis with a small turret on top with 4 or 8 MANPADS with totally passive IR sensors to find targets. The above MTLB chassis with 8 MANPADs on it would be equally as good for such a role as it has mobility and an all weather quality to it.
    I agree that using this Barnaul system individuals with MANPADs can cover blind spots and even boost the defences in some areas most likely to be attacked... you could deploy them in the path of a likely attack and give them advanced warning of approaching threats... from the targets perspective they will be flying along a path between hills to evade radar thinking about the target area ahead and all of a sudden lights go off and missiles start climbing up at them.
    Dropping flares and chaff and taking evasive actions like manouvering will put them on edge, use up some of their disposable ESM material and also put them on edge... and perhaps take out parts of the flight... all this makes the job for them harder and the job for the defence easier.

    In those two pictures is interesting optical device/station. Maybe it is
    for testing measurements, but something similar could be used for
    visual observation posts in air defense for searching and tracking air
    targets and sending data of them to IADS centers, which compare their
    data with radar pictures and than deliver targets to SAM units.

    Don't underestimate the performance of optical tracking systems... the Soviets and now Russians have optical tracking stations that can track paintchips in orbit at ranges of 8,000km more accurately than any radar.

    For the purpose of tracking a radar will take an average position for a target, which is often an average central point. From some angles for some shapes that central point isn't even inside the aircraft. As an example if you look at a doughnut shape from side on so you can see the hole the central point of the shape is in the centre of the hole and therefore not even inside the doughnut.

    More and more assets in the Russian military will have all weather day night optics and they will all be able to contribute information on the air situation, though most information will come from radar... radar that are turned on and radar that are turned of but just listening. A radar reflection from an object in the sky that is captured by a radar on the ground can give a precise direction and if several other radars get similar reflections you can line up the reflections and get a source even if the target is a stealth target and is redirecting its radar emissions away from the radar emitting the signal the radars that are just listening can detect the target... an optical system can confirm as the dark target covers stars as it flys past them.

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    Re: S-300V Army SAM System

    Post  medo on Mon Feb 28, 2011 7:18 pm

    The V series remained in operation and likely a few bits of the VM system might have entered service as replacement bits, and the improved missiles and systems were there if the Russian Army bought anything that is what they would have bought.
    The VM was designed at a time when the Army wasn't buying very much at all and the fact that it wasn't bought in numbers doesn't matter much because S-300V3 is actually VM2 and the S-300VM4 they will start producing is actually S-300VM3 so the effort and time and money was not wasted because it was just part of the development chain.
    [quote]

    I don't think S-300V, S-300VM or S-300V4 will be very different in their outside, but very much inside, specially radar electronics, missile guidance electronics, missile homing heads, etc. Will S-300V4 get missiles with ARH, or they will use older way of missile guidance? Any new units of S-300V4 will be great improvement for ground forces air defense.


    More and more assets in the Russian military will have all weather day night optics and they will all be able to contribute information on the air situation, though most information will come from radar... radar that are turned on and radar that are turned of but just listening. A radar reflection from an object in the sky that is captured by a radar on the ground can give a precise direction and if several other radars get similar reflections you can line up the reflections and get a source even if the target is a stealth target and is redirecting its radar emissions away from the radar emitting the signal the radars that are just listening can detect the target... an optical system can confirm as the dark target covers stars as it flys past them.

    True. But is a big difference if you have good working network of visual observation posts and if you don't have it. If you have that network, than you could turn off all your radars and you will still have a clear control of your air space. If you don't have it, turn off all radars and air defense is blind.

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    Re: S-300V Army SAM System

    Post  Russian Patriot on Tue Mar 01, 2011 1:50 am


    Russian army to receive advanced weaponry in 2011

    RIA Novosti

    12:59 28/02/2011 MOSCOW, February 28 (RIA Novosti) - The Russian Ground Forces will start receiving a number of advanced weapons in 2011, including modernized S-300V4 air defense missile systems, the Defense Ministry said on Monday.

    "Starting in 2011, the Ground Forces will receive modernized S-300V4 and Buk-M2 medium-range air defense systems, Tor-M2 short-range air defense systems, and portable air defense systems," the ministry said in a statement.

    The Russian military plans to buy only advanced and highly-effective weaponry in the future to meet the challenges of modern warfare, the ministry says.

    The Ground Forces will continue to receive Iskander-M [SS-26 Stone] tactical ballistic missiles, new multiple-launch rocket systems, self-propelled guns, BTR-82A armored personnel carriers, and anti-tank missile systems.

    Information on the advanced S-300V4 system remains classified. According to some sources, it may be based on the S-300VM (SA-23 Gladiator) mobile air defense system.


    http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/library/news/russia/2011/russia-110228-rianovosti01.htm

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    Re: S-300V Army SAM System

    Post  GarryB on Tue Mar 01, 2011 2:19 am

    I don't think S-300V, S-300VM or S-300V4 will be very different in their
    outside, but very much inside, specially radar electronics, missile
    guidance electronics, missile homing heads, etc.

    The S-300V entered service in 1988 so we are talking about 286 computers being state of the art as well as Amiga 500s and Apple IIe's. The improvements in hardware, electronics, and even software would be mind blowing.

    You should also add improved warhead design and fusing and new rocket fuels offering higher performance too.

    Will S-300V4 get missiles with ARH, or they will use older way of
    missile guidance? Any new units of S-300V4 will be great improvement for
    ground forces air defense.

    Hard to say... adding ARH would make targets that duck below the horizon and are not line of sight for the SAM system able to be hit... and that might include cruise missile threats, but I would expect the radars for the system to be radically upgraded and perhaps include new AESA antennas of significant power and performance to be used. With a two missile system they might choose to fit one type of missile with ARH for performance reasons in some situations and the other missile can use TVM or some other cheaper method so that mass production of the system is not too expensive and can be produced in large enough numbers to be useful. They produced over 100,000 SA-1 missiles during the cold war and are still using them as target missiles today...

    True. But is a big difference if you have good working network of visual
    observation posts and if you don't have it. If you have that network,
    than you could turn off all your radars and you will still have a clear
    control of your air space. If you don't have it, turn off all radars and
    air defense is blind.

    I think you are missing the point. Russia doesn't need a network of radars. What they need is an air defence network that sensors of all types including both passive and active sensors that can plug in to the network to share data with all other assets connected to the network. The network will be built like the internet which has lots of hubs all over the place with multiple connections both wired and wireless so that if a hub is brought down everything has multiple connections and data can be rerouted so the system continues to communicate despite the damage.
    In such a setup you would never just turn off all your radars it makes more sense to keep many of your radars on but also a few will be listening rather than emitting. There are all sorts of things the Russians have developed to defend their radars and they include S-300 and Pantsir and SA-3 and TOR, but they also have decoy systems that transmit on the same frequencies as the main radar and take power from the main radar but are situated 400m or more away, so any ARMs detected can be distracted by stopping emissions from the main radar and emitting from the decoys, or a pantsir could simply shoot down the HARM and the radar being protected can continue to broadcast. If the ARM hits the antenna will likely be damaged or destroyed so the unit will move everything that survived and a replacement components brought in to replace the lost parts and it can start up a few hours later.
    Of course the airforce will not be sitting idly by watching an opponent flying in and launching ARMs either...

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    Re: S-300V Army SAM System

    Post  medo on Tue Mar 01, 2011 6:43 pm

    I think you are missing the point. Russia doesn't need a network of radars. What they need is an air defence network that sensors of all types including both passive and active sensors that can plug in to the network to share data with all other assets connected to the network. The network will be built like the internet which has lots of hubs all over the place with multiple connections both wired and wireless so that if a hub is brought down everything has multiple connections and data can be rerouted so the system continues to communicate despite the damage.
    In such a setup you would never just turn off all your radars it makes more sense to keep many of your radars on but also a few will be listening rather than emitting. There are all sorts of things the Russians have developed to defend their radars and they include S-300 and Pantsir and SA-3 and TOR, but they also have decoy systems that transmit on the same frequencies as the main radar and take power from the main radar but are situated 400m or more away, so any ARMs detected can be distracted by stopping emissions from the main radar and emitting from the decoys, or a pantsir could simply shoot down the HARM and the radar being protected can continue to broadcast. If the ARM hits the antenna will likely be damaged or destroyed so the unit will move everything that survived and a replacement components brought in to replace the lost parts and it can start up a few hours later.
    Of course the airforce will not be sitting idly by watching an opponent flying in and launching ARMs either...

    Radar network and also visual observation network is not only a part of air defense, but also is part of early warning system, air space control, etc and it must cover the whole country's air space. in peaceful time to monitor air traffic and in war time to support air force and air defense. If you have long range SAM around 200 km away from the border and you have good visual network, you will have data of target even in heavy jamming to your maximum range of missiles and could engage those targets.

    I know Russian air defense is one of the best equipped with all those passive detectors, jammers, decoys, chaffes and flares, etc, and they still have strong air force, so attacking Russian air space is not very smart idea. The point is, that with air defense with all needed components and excellent integration and network is very hard nut even for air force with stealth technology and PGMs. Also that kind of air defense together with capable air force will force enemy air force to fly low to avoid long range SAMs and fighters, with what could become easy targets for SHORADs, MANPADs and AA guns.

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    Re: S-300V Army SAM System

    Post  medo on Tue Mar 01, 2011 7:09 pm

    Will S-300V4 be new build systems or just modernized existing S-300V?

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    Re: S-300V Army SAM System

    Post  Austin on Tue Mar 01, 2011 7:12 pm

    medo wrote:Will S-300V4 be new build systems or just modernized existing S-300V?

    New built for sure.

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    S-300V Army SAM System

    Post  GarryB on Wed Mar 02, 2011 12:15 am

    I suspect, but have not proof or evidence, that they will likely be new builds that will replace the older S-300V systems in service.
    Considering these first S-300V systems entered service in 1988 I rather doubt they had the money to buy all the systems they needed to fill the role, or the time to produce that many.

    With reduced forces size I suspect the first systems might simply fill out the force requirements with further production replacing the oldest systems in service.

    To spread the money further however I would expect some existing systems might get an upgrade or a few vehicles or radars from the new system to improve performance and I think that perhaps the production of the older missiles will reduce to zero with upgrades of older systems to allow them to fire the newer missiles and over time electronic upgrades to reduce maintainence costs and enable newer missiles to be used.

    Again, just my opinion.

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    S-300V Army SAM System

    Post  victor7 on Mon Mar 12, 2012 4:45 pm

    http://www.en.ria.ru/mlitary_news/20120312/172109752.html

    Does this mean S-300 is back in production and upgraded to defend itself from BAE Suter type attacks.  Very much hope so!   Very Happy  Very Happy



    """""""""""Russia's Defense Ministry has signed a three-year deal with air-defense missile systems manufacturer Almaz-Antei for delivery of S-300V4 (SA-12 Giant/Gladiator) air defense missile systems, the ministry said on Monday."""""""""

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    Re: S-300V Army SAM System

    Post  medo on Mon Mar 12, 2012 4:53 pm

    This are good news for ground forces air defense, which will get S-300V4 divisions. But be careful not to mix S-300P series with S-300V. They have the same name S-300, but are totally different systems and have nothing in common.

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    Re: S-300V Army SAM System

    Post  victor7 on Mon Mar 12, 2012 5:07 pm

    That's fine, S-300s are too good a system to shut the production on. Atleast 100 more should be sold around globally. Just like Mig-21s, 40 years after introductions, mere upgrades have pitted it as good as F-16s and Mig-29s for fraction of a cost.

    Mig-21 Bis and Mig-21-98s are HOT again! Very Happy

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    Re: S-300V Army SAM System

    Post  GarryB on Mon Mar 12, 2012 11:09 pm

    Answers another question we have discussed earlier on a different thread... it sounds like these are new build systems rather than upgraded, which I think is good news.

    As pointed out the S-300V is known in the west as SA-12 and has two different missile TELs with a smaller four tube launcher and a larger two tube launcher with both missiles being two stage weapons.

    The S-300P is largely designed for the Air Force and all of its vehicles are wheeled truck chassis. The S-300V are for the Army and need to be able to operate across rough country and all of its vehicles are tracked.

    BTW Suter is like a virus and effects the entire air defence network. If Israeli experience in Syria is anything to go by it allows them to manipulate the radars so they look in sectors where there are no threats.

    The point is that if there are any SAMs of air defence systems that are not connected to the AD network then they can present a serious threat to a force using Suter to hide an attack.

    As shown with computers and computer networks, connecting computers and other hardware like printers and scanners and an internet connection can make an individual computer a very powerful and useful thing, and it is the same for SAMs because the shared information gives each component or node of the network a much better picture of what is happening around them than if they had to rely on their own sensors alone.

    The S-300V might benefit from ADN information from all over the country, but it has the radars and passive sensors as well as the jammers and decoys to do its job on its own, which makes it rather less vulnerable to an ADN (Air Defence Network) Virus like Suter.

    Against a small fry like Syria it worked very well, but there is no reason to believe it would catch the Russians by surprise, and indeed the connection created by the Virus could be exploited by the Russians to infect an attackers systems with their own virus, so they might find it doesn't work out the way they expect...

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    Re: S-300V Army SAM System

    Post  victor7 on Mon Mar 12, 2012 11:30 pm

    Against a small fry like Syria it worked very well, but there is no reason to believe it would catch the Russians by surprise, and indeed the connection created by the Virus could be exploited by the Russians to infect an attackers systems with their own virus, so they might find it doesn't work out the way they expect...

    That is true. However, what are the chances of Russia fighting the US/NATO.....very very slim. What are the chances of US/NATO fighting Syria or Iran......like 50%+ which is beyond dangerous limits.

    If I were a third world country, then to be able to defeat or insulate from Suter and cousins, would be my among top 3 requirements before buying a SAM system. I bet Russians can offer additional training to the client states on how to get around this problem. The real battle is in the ability to sell high profit margin weapons all round the globe.

    Btw, at what distance can FA-18 Growler type planes start to successfully jam the radars of SAM and IADs.

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    Re: S-300V Army SAM System

    Post  GarryB on Tue Mar 13, 2012 1:13 am

    That is true. However, what are the chances of Russia fighting the US/NATO.....very very slim. What are the chances of US/NATO fighting Syria or Iran......like 50%+ which is beyond dangerous limits.

    And do you think that is an accident of nature?

    Or the fact that the Russians have a strong air defence network plus nuclear weapons is the main reason that the likelyhood of a NATO strike on Russia is very low to non existent.

    The NATO attack system designed to operate around the world against little weak countries does what they have paid for, but I rather think a fight against Syria and Iran is a serious step up from most of there previous adventures except Vietnam and Korea... Of course in Korea it was pure numbers of Chinese that caused the stalemate, and in Vietnam it was basically the willingness of the people to endure hell to get foreign powers out of their country... first France, then for a short period during WWII Japan and then France again and then the US... and then even the Chinese took on the Vietnamese and lost.

    If I were a third world country, then to be able to defeat or insulate from Suter and cousins, would be my among top 3 requirements before buying a SAM system. I bet Russians can offer additional training to the client states on how to get around this problem. The real battle is in the ability to sell high profit margin weapons all round the globe.

    Any network manager will be interested in keeping out trojan horses and viruses and worms, and they will know that one fix is not enough, you need to use local network experts and security experts trying full time to hack your system, because they will eventually find weaknesses that you can close and make your system more secure.

    Just as no air defence system is 100% perfect and it needs continual work to keep up to date and effective and air defence network is the same.

    Encryption and protocols to ensure keys are secure is critical, but measures to deal with successful hacks are also necessary so you can deal with it when it happens to minimise the damage.

    Regarding your Growler question, it is hard to say and will be different for different target radar types.

    Most ESA type radars are resistant to jamming and support systems including decoys and ground based jammers have a part to play as well.

    For instance you might have two S-400 batteries located close together with one batteries radars operating looking for threats while the radars of the other battery are listening but not transmitting.
    A jammer that is not a dumb noise jammer will try to mimic the signal it receives with a delay and a boosted signal so the delay will make the return signal appear to have been from a target further away than the Growler actually is and the boosted return signal in addition to the extra range to the target will make the radar think there is a very big radar return from a greater distance than the Growler actually is.

    From the other radar silent site however it will detect the signal from the growler as coming from a slightly different angle so when the data from both batteries is sent up the ADN chain they each wont see the target the other sees except the actual growler... the information from both systems will cancel out and only the Growler will be plotted. The false targets will be checked based on the other listening radars in the region will will all show the large false target but all in different locations so the false targets will be flagged as false targets and ignored.

    Vehicles closer to the location of the Growler could be directed to confirm, so a Pantsir-S1 operating directly below the Growler with its radar turned off could use its EOs to find the Growler and also look for the huge false target. It will of course find the Growler but come up empty with the false targets, but if it is listening with its radar then it might detect the false signal too, which will further confirm it is a false signal.

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    Re: S-300V Army SAM System

    Post  Hachimoto on Fri Aug 22, 2014 1:28 pm

    higurashihougi wrote:http://en.itar-tass.com/russia/746166

    Production of S-300 is going to be stopped in 2015 in favour of S-400. Nonetheless, the sub-components of S-300 will be still manufactured for export. Export of S-400 will begin from 2016.

    What about S-300V4 ?

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    Re: S-300V Army SAM System

    Post  Viktor on Fri Aug 22, 2014 2:36 pm

    Hachimoto wrote:
    higurashihougi wrote:http://en.itar-tass.com/russia/746166

    Production of S-300 is going to be stopped in 2015 in favour of S-400. Nonetheless, the sub-components of S-300 will be still manufactured for export. Export of S-400 will begin from 2016.

    What about S-300V4 ?

    First regiment of brand new S-300V4 should be delivered to Russian Army during this year. Up to 2020 Russian Army PVO will get 9 S-300V4 system of which 4 or 5 brigades will be

    brand new and the rest modernized to V4 lvl.

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    Re: S-300V Army SAM System

    Post  Viktor on Tue Aug 26, 2014 4:43 am

    So, finally some numbers behind S-300V4. By the end of 2014, Russia will have 6 new regiments of S-300V4 (each regiment consists of 3 -4 (in newer versions like this one) batteries which

    are btw non-operational units in Army PVO - smallest ones are regiments) and many more upgraded ones.


    C-300V4 has increased combat capabilities, achieved through the introduction of new components, the use of advanced components and computing facilities. Last year, the Russian Army had three divisions of S-300V4. Another three battalions to be delivered until next year. In addition, all S-300B were upgraded to C-300V4.


    LINK


    Modernization of existing S-300V to S-300V4 has been done by 2013

    12.04.2012

    "During the development of weapons systems of air defense forces of the Land Forces in the current year it is planned to complete the modernization of the system S-300V to the P-300V4, - he said. - Also signed a government contract to supply new air defense missile systems S-300V4."

    In Defense of the Land Forces of Russia has received new versions of anti-aircraft missile system S-300V




    "Ground forces will get the updated S-300 systems. Long-term contract has been entered into in accordance with it Concern "Almaz-Antey" by 2019 will deliver 24 combat divisions of S-300. The first three divisions missile systems S-300 will go on part of the Southern Military District. Production and delivery of these complexes to the troops made the first time after a long break, "- said the channel" Star "on the new C-300V4.


    6 full new S-300V4 brigades will be delivered by 2019 + 3 modernized to S-300V4 standard = 9 planned S-300V4 brigades (able to shoot at 864

    aerodynamic targets simultaneously or 576 ballistic targets at once russia )


    LINK


    about its efficiency a real breakthrough

    (ZRS) S-300V4, tactical and technical characteristics are in 1.5-2.3 times higher than the capabilities of the previous modification (S-300V3) .

    LINK

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