Interiew with Deputy Defence Minister Deputy Defense Minister Yuri BORISOV
Many new details on the new system
On Avantgrad Hypersonic Glide Vehical:
There are so-called laws of Keppler, discovered in the XVI century. All the celestial bodies move along them, and, in fact, these laws are applicable to the description of the ballistic trajectory of the movement of missiles. That is, you can predict where the next moment will be the body moving along the ballistic trajectory. On this, in fact, built all the information tools that allow you to determine the distance to the target and its location at a certain point in time. The next mark from the target is predicted depending on the possible speed characteristics of this goal, which are also potentially known. After confirming its location in the predicted location, a chain of expected next marks is built. When the trajectory is actually known, it is possible to determine the launching point of the rocket and the point of its fall.
With hypersonic objects, things are much more complicated because they move at speeds that are almost the same as ballistic targets, but they also maneuver both in height and course. Therefore, to predict the finding of this goal at the next moment of time is very difficult. All this makes the problem of detection, trajectory tying, detection of the meeting point and the defeat of the missile by anti-missile means an order of magnitude more complicated.
The system "Avangard", about which the president spoke, is well tested. Not without difficulty, it was created, because the temperature on the surface of the combat unit reaches two thousand degrees. It really flies in the plasma. Therefore, the problem of managing this object and protection issues were very acute, but solutions were found. Practical tests of this system have confirmed the feasibility of the chosen approach. I will say more, we have a contract for the mass production of these systems. So this is no bluff, but real things.
Dagger Hypersonic Air Launched Missile/Mig-31 : The main first feature and complexity - it was necessary to reach the speeds of hypersonic, that is, about ten mach. This allows you to quickly approach the object, in contrast, say, from cruise missiles that fly at average cruising speeds of about 850-900 km / h. That is, the first feature is first of all speed.
The second feature of the system is that it can maneuver during its flight with the help of aerodynamic steering wheels and bypass all dangerous zones. These are zones of anti-aircraft or anti-missile defense. As our Minister of Defense put it, an anti-missile umbrella becomes leaky in this situation. It is the possibility of maneuvering in hypersonic flight that makes it possible to ensure invulnerability of this product and guaranteed hit in the target.
Here we have moved far enough, since December of last year the first products have been taken into experimental combat operation, they are already on duty. So this is far from fantastic. Moreover, it is a class of high-precision weapons that has a multi-functional warhead that allows to work both for stationary and moving targets. In particular, aircraft carriers and ships of the class of a cruiser, destroyer, frigate are potential targets for this weapon.
Nuclear Cruise Missile/UUV:in order to bring the reactor of an atomic submarine to a given capacity, it takes several hours. And here it all happens in a matter of seconds. And the overall dimensions of this installation are such that they allow to really create a torpedo with quite acceptable overall and weight characteristics - they are the record, we can say. This is the uniqueness of the new weapon.
The uniqueness of this rocket is that it may be slower than the hypersonic "Dagger", but it flies along a given trajectory, skirting the folds of the terrain at a low altitude, which makes it difficult to detect it. Practically it can be found on the very approach to the goal, and the possibilities of its maneuver make the cruise missile also invulnerable. She can carry cargo at any distance. Day can fly. This is another of its uniqueness.
laser weapons : Since last year, laser systems have been put into service, which make it possible to disarm a potential enemy and to hit all those objects that serve as the target for the laser beam of this system.
Our nuclear scientists learned how to concentrate the energy necessary to defeat the corresponding weapons of the enemy in practically a few moments, in a matter of a fraction of a second. I think that the dynamics of achievements, especially in the field of weapons on new physical principles, gained corresponding rates.