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    GRU Army Spetsnaz:

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    George1
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    Re: GRU Army Spetsnaz:

    Post  George1 on Tue May 19, 2015 2:27 am

    3rd Guards Spetsnaz Brigade on parade



    Light blue beret is also the beret of GRU Army Spetsnaz

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    25th Spetsnaz Regiment

    Post  franco on Mon Aug 03, 2015 4:04 pm

    This unit appeared in Stavropol prior to the Olympics, supposedly to provide SF support. From reading what little I have been able to find on them, beginning to wonder if they are not attached to the 322nd SOC. Perhaps the base for Operations in the Caucasus's. Anyone else have anything on this?

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    Re: GRU Army Spetsnaz:

    Post  George1 on Mon Aug 03, 2015 4:10 pm

    franco wrote:This unit appeared in Stavropol prior to the Olympics, supposedly to provide SF support. From reading what little I have been able to find on them, beginning to wonder if they are not attached to the 322nd SOC. Perhaps the base for Operations in the Caucasus's. Anyone else have anything on this?

    346th Spetsnaz Brigade was formed for Olympics, the unit in photo is 3rd spetsnaz brigade

    https://burkonews.info/a-continue-about-aliens-also-called-separatists-the-346th-spetsnaz-brigade-gru/


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    Re: GRU Army Spetsnaz:

    Post  franco on Mon Aug 03, 2015 4:27 pm

    George1 wrote:
    franco wrote:This unit appeared in Stavropol prior to the Olympics, supposedly to provide SF support. From reading what little I have been able to find on them, beginning to wonder if they are not attached to the 322nd SOC. Perhaps the base for Operations in the Caucasus's. Anyone else have anything on this?

    346th Spetsnaz Brigade was formed for Olympics, the unit in photo is 3rd spetsnaz brigade

    https://burkonews.info/a-continue-about-aliens-also-called-separatists-the-346th-spetsnaz-brigade-gru/

    And so was the 25th Regiment as mentioned in your article. The 346th seems to be your typical Spetsnaz brigade in role and structure. The 25th not so much. Very little info and of that was one ex-member describing them as the "best of the best".

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    Re: GRU Army Spetsnaz:

    Post  George1 on Wed Aug 19, 2015 4:51 pm

    Gerasimov: Army Special Forces solved the problem in Crimea in 2014


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    Re: GRU Army Spetsnaz:

    Post  George1 on Thu Oct 15, 2015 3:23 pm

    Military innovation in an authoritarian state - Russian special forces.

    Organization and principles of application of Russian special operations forces since 2008 have undergone significant changes. Reduce the number of special forces (Spetsnaz), is managed by the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) of the General Staff (GS) of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation (Russian Armed Forces), have changed their subordination and objectives. To top it all, in March 2013 was formed fundamentally new structure - the command of special operations forces (KSSO).

    Immediately after the end of August (2008), the war with Georgia, Russian Defense Minister Anatoly Serdyukov has initiated a comprehensive radical reform of the Russian Armed Forces. The reform has had a major impact on the Russian special operations forces. Transformation started at Anatoly Serdyukov, apparently, were continued under his successor, Sergei Shoigu. Meanwhile, the use of these forces in the ongoing conflict in 2014 in the south-east of Ukraine demonstrates the relevance of this kind of research.

    The Russian view on the use of special operations forces

    For obvious reasons, the principles of the use of Russian military components of their special operations forces in the public domain to date does not spell out in detail. Despite this, it is possible to get some ideas about the basic installation position on the issue of open source. Some of these sources describe the combat and numerical strength, armaments and equipment, as well as the organizational structure of the special operations forces, while others analyze their use in hostilities in the post-Soviet period. In addition, some of these sources present some theoretical positions from the scope of special operations forces.

    Military historian Simon Engle identified three based tasks to be undertaken by the majority of special forces around the world, reconnaissance and surveillance (surveillance and reconnaissance), attacks on important targets (offensive action against important targets), and support for anti-government forces and through it to influence the internal political stability (support and influence). This classification task is almost identical to that contained in the official doctrine of NATO Special Operations. Last distinguishes special intelligence (special reconnaissance), subversive action (direct action) and organization of the rebel movement (military assistance). In this case, NATO classification will help to structure the discourse of the Russian approach to the special operations, as Western countries can now be considered a world leader in the construction of these forces.


    Russian discourse theory and special operations

    Simon Engle writes, that special operations "do not have a guru or great theorist". The same conclusion come from Russian experts in the field. According to a former officer of GRU Colonel Vladimir Kvachkov, the development of the theory of special operations in Russia - it is something that remains to be done. One of the reasons for this state of affairs calls another veteran of the Special Forces, Major-General Sergei Kanchukov. According to him, in the Soviet military tradition always present a certain bias to the special operations forces, like the typical tool of Western imperialism. Since the Soviet Union condemned this very imperialism discourse on the use of special operations forces tend to limit their contribution to the territorial defense of the country, but not beyond.[2]

    Vladimir Kvachkov - one of the few Russian officers who took part in the development of the official theory of the use of special operations forces in Russia. From 2004 to 2008 Kvachkov was developing a policy document on the future of Russian SOFs. Development of the document came to nothing, but later, in a thematic collection of a group of authors, in the chapter "Use of special operations forces in the modern world", he presented a list of what, in his view, beyond the scope of the task of forming a special purpose:

    • sabotage special actions (raids and sabotage);

    • sabotage and reconnaissance special activities (special reconnaissance);

    • Special anti-sabotage activities (combating enemy SOF);

    • information-psychological special actions (psychological operations);

    • specific actions to ensure the safety of allied states (military assistance);

    • support special actions to secure their own general-purpose forces (support for one's own non-SOF forces);

    • Special search and rescue activities (search and rescue operations);

    • special actions to secure peace-keeping operations (peace support operations)


    This list of challenges is not much different from what is in front of the Western SOF. One of the few important differences - this resistance SOF opponent. Normally, such challenges to Western SOF not put. Western view is that SOF lose their advantages when used against forces similar in structure and preparation. General purpose forces often have a significant advantage in firepower, and so they are more suited for countering enemy SOF than forming its own special purpose.

    Another important difference is the western theory of special operations by the Russian is that the first is much more attention to operations at a considerable distance from their own territory. Modern Western theory of special operations, seems to be more focused on the contribution of special forces to secure action peacekeeping force to stabilize the situation in conflict zones. On the other hand, the Russian theory of special operations, the focus is the protection of its own territory. Russia also has considerable experience in combating irregular units from Afghanistan to the North Caucasus, but this experience has never prevailed in the Russian military theory of the paradigm of the Second World War. Countering threats to symmetric always dominated and continues to dominate the Russian military theory.

    Kvachkov claims that 5-7% of the armed forces are to act in special ways, behind enemy lines, enough to radically change the situation in its backyard. Output in the enemy's rear a similar amount of its forces to act in special ways to attract the enemy force to deal with them half of their forces and equipment. For Kvachkov, special forces is a tool that is able to "deprive the enemy of the concept of the boundary between the front and rear" .

    The share of the Special Forces in the 5-7% of the size of the armed forces - a higher rate than in most countries today. Stoll Loterud argues that the SOF, usually on the order of 1-3% of the total strength of the armed forces. According to rough estimates, Russian special forces now number about 14 thousand people (12 thousand - In the Spetsnaz GRU brigades of the General Staff, 1.5 thousand. - In structures KSSO, 700 - in the 45th Airborne Brigade Spetsnaz). This represents 1.9% of the current size of the Armed Forces of 766 thousand people.

    In terms of acquisition and deployment of special forces, Russia is also different from many countries. First of all, because of the large proportion of conscripts. For example, in 2011 in Tambov 16th Spetsnaz brigade had only 30% contractors. This means that 70% of the military brigade in the event of deployment of its mission to the region will be behind him only a year or even, less combat and special training. The General Staff has optimistically declared that at the end of 2014 all of the special purpose will be staffed by contract, but it remains unclear whether this goal is achieved. Despite the desire to equip special forces with contractors, said the commander of the Tambov unit, Colonel Konstantin Bushuyev did not believe that conscripts are not suitable to serve in the special forces. He argues from experience that "over the last 15 years, we have seen that recruits cope with the tasks worse than do most contractors".


    Special Intelligence

    SOF carry out intelligence gathering that can not get otherwise. There are, however, other parts and units responsible for intelligence gathering. One of the key differentiating features, which allows to distinguish between SOF and other institutions under the Ministry of Defense and involved the collection of intelligence, is the category of "customer". In the role of the last acts or other military formations or military-political leadership of the state. Parts of the division of military intelligence, as a rule, provide other military formations, SOF usually work directly in the interests of the military-political leadership of the state. Requirements intelligence of these two "customers" often differ. Veteran Special Forces Colonel Sergei Breslavskiy believes that any structure only if the structure has a right to be called "special purpose" if its "customer" serves the military and political leadership of the state. Therefore, he believes that Russia's military doctrine should more clearly articulate that the army units themselves are responsible for most of the intelligence in the interest of ensuring the performance of tasks. SOF also need to collect information for the benefit of the military-political leadership of the state. And to add to this issue final clarity Breslavskiy SOF proposes to allocate a separate unit of the Armed Forces.

    Breslavskiy, apparently based on the experience of actual use of the Russian special forces for intelligence gathering. For example, the GRU in the first Chechen campaign is often used to perform reconnaissance tasks due to the low level of training of staff intelligence units of army units. This decision, of course, improved intelligence to the military echelon, but also became scarce in the intelligence unit of the strategic because GRU could not simultaneously conduct intelligence in the interest of both rings. A similar pattern was observed in the Georgian-Ossetian conflict in August 2008.


    Sabotage

    As noted above, the actions of sabotage were originally one of the tasks of the Soviet Special Forces.
    Given that the main task of the Soviet special forces was the destruction of tactical nuclear weapons and their means of delivery, the Soviet doctrine of right and pointed to a number of other tasks of special forces - the impact on communications and communications facilities of the enemy, as well as the elimination of the individual members of its military political leadership. Because of this, the GRU special forces eliminated a large number of Soviet defectors in Europe immediately after World War II. However, over time these tasks was assigned to the KGB, and the task of eliminating the enemy representatives of the leadership has been excluded from the doctrine of the GRU.

    During the war in Afghanistan (1979-1989 years) diversionary actions were the main task of the Special Forces. Russian sources called the war in Afghanistan "finest hour special forces." The operations in Afghanistan was not only the GRU, but also two other special units of law enforcement agencies - the Interior Ministry and the KGB. However, it GRU performed mainly solved the problems associated with doing acts of sabotage, such as raids on convoys Mujahideen.

    Common to all SOF dilemma is the question of the distribution of forces and means, as well as a temporary resource in combat situations to perform tasks of special reconnaissance and sabotage actions. This is a problem for the Russian discourse. Colonel Kvachkov believes that modern Russian doctrine attaches too much importance to the detriment of intelligence 'tasks related to inflict direct damage to the increase in the efficiency of troops (forces) weapons'. According to him, priority to the tasks of exploration turns into a kind of Russian MTR usual reconnaissance. Retired Major GRU Sergei Kozlov, based on practical experience, offers a special service members pay 80% of the time solving problems of special intelligence and 20% - the implementation of the tasks of sabotage, and the newly formed KSSO - mirror (20/80) priority.

    Organization of insurgency

    As in the case of sabotage, the organization of the rebel movement was originally a Soviet special forces tasks. In the 50s of the last century, this work was known as the "organization and management of the national liberation movement". While communist ideology had a significant number of followers in many parts of the world, and the Soviet leadership expected to be able to help ideologically close political groups in foreign countries in the establishment of communist regimes. In addition, these groups can become allies, and even military allies in the event of a conflict between the West and the Soviet Union.

    A full range of activities of the special forces of the Russian military authorities in the post-Soviet era for the organization of the rebel movement beyond the borders of the country, most likely will never be known because of the secrecy of most of these problems. Nevertheless, a number of examples are described in the public domain. Three of the most important examples: (1) assistance to the Russian and Uzbek special forces to the rebels who overthrew the quasi-Islamist regime in Tajikistan in 1994; (2) Russia's assistance in the creation of the SOF in Ethiopia in 2002-2003; (3) the use of special forces of the GRU and KSSO in the ongoing conflict in Ukraine.

    According to Adam Grissom, the change in the military organization and doctrine was considered innovative, it must: (1) characterized by a change in the modus operandi of the military formations on the battlefield; (2) have extensive and serious consequences; (3) implicitly accompanied by an increase combat effectiveness in solving the problems.

    Decline of GRU

    During his stay Anatoly Serdyukov as defense minister, he had taken three fateful GRU decisions that led to their demise. Firstly, the GRU in 2009 was forced to agree to a significant reduction in the organizational structure. The number of teams was reduced from nine to seven, were cut about a thousand officers' posts in the army. According to anonymous sources in the GRU, the organization was ordered as a whole to reduce the expenditure side of the budget by 30% . GRU also felt humiliated because of the decision to equalize its nominally-job categories with those that exist in the armed forces. For the majority of the officers of the GRU, this meant that they would be demoted. Nevertheless, several sources claim that the reduced brigade were never fully completed, and that many have fallen under the knife cuts found "were employed" in other structural units of the GRU or other formations of special purpose. Therefore, it is possible retrenchment was not such a disaster as some special forces, at least in relation to the strength of the Special Forces. This last point may slightly reduce the significance of the reform on the criterion of the scale and effects, but not to the point to make it already quite low.

    Along with the reduction in staff numbers, the second serious blow to the GRU special forces was their subordination of the General Staff of the newly formed joint strategic command. As mentioned above, the structure of any special purpose to maintain its status and preserve the freedom of action it is important to act directly on behalf of the military-political leadership of the state and not on the orders of any authority of military control in the structure of the military. As a result of reforms GRU was in a position where they would have to act - at least in the case of full-scale war - on the orders of a purely military control of the military.

    The former chief of the direction of special intelligence GRU of the General Staff Lt. Gen. Dmitry Gerasimov in an interview with the Russian weekly New Times in February 2011 stated its belief that "the GRU disorganized absolutely consciously.


    http://bmpd.livejournal.com/1525523.html

    http://bmpd.livejournal.com/1525947.html


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    Re: GRU Army Spetsnaz:

    Post  Kyo on Sat Oct 24, 2015 8:28 pm

    Spetsnaz training exercise:


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    Re: GRU Army Spetsnaz:

    Post  George1 on Fri Jan 15, 2016 3:33 pm

    Russia's Special Forces Holding Airdrop Exercise With Terminators



    The military training are being held both during the day and at night, in various areas, including in remote forests and highlands.

    MOSCOW (Sputnik) — Troops of special mission brigade units of the Russian Defense Ministry's Southern Military District in the Krasnodar Territory are practicing airdrop from Mi-8AMTSh Terminator armored assault helicopters, the district's press service said in a statement on Friday.

    "In total, each soldier within a year of service is due to carry out over 15 [parachute] jumps in a range of heights from 600 meters [some 1,968 feet] to 800 meters at various sites as part of military training, including in difficult terrain," the statement reads.

    According to the statement, the military training will be held both during the day and at night, in various areas, including in remote forests and highlands. Soldiers are due to take exercise on loading equipment and special cargo on board, as well as on mounting weapons and ammunition for landing of fully equipped personnel.

    Prior to the exercise, the special forces were trained on the ground and at an airborne center to practice parachute rigging, as well as special exercises for safe landing.

    Read more: http://sputniknews.com/military/20160115/1033174190/terminator-spetsnaz-russia.html#ixzz3xK7n1sMc


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    Mountain units

    Post  George1 on Mon Jan 25, 2016 11:51 am

    Special distinctions for mountain professionals established in the Russian army

    Подробнее на ТАСС:
    https://translate.googleusercontent.com/translate_c?depth=1&hl=en&rurl=translate.google.com&sl=auto&tl=en&u=http://tass.ru/armiya-i-opk/2610892&usg=ALkJrhh087nwfiIb2ig_mwQUUBiT3jOUHg


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    Re: GRU Army Spetsnaz:

    Post  George1 on Tue Apr 05, 2016 10:23 am

    Russian Special Forces Holding Airdrop Drills Using Terminators

    Read more: http://sputniknews.com/military/20160405/1037491689/russian-spetsnaz-terminator-drills.html#ixzz44wFEAtqS


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    Re: GRU Army Spetsnaz:

    Post  franco on Sat Apr 23, 2016 2:18 pm

    Soldiers of the fourth dimension

    Russian special operations forces selected adaptive approach

    Command special operations forces remains one of the most secretive institutions in the Armed Forces. It is known that in the last six months, two soldiers were killed in Syria MTR: Fedor Zhuravlev and became a posthumous Hero of Russia Alexander Prokhorenko.

    The military special operations forces perform an important task. Suggests and corrected air strikes, including cruise missiles, on the positions of the "Islamic state" banned in Russia, saved the flight recorders of the Air Force shot down Turkish Russian Sukhoi Su-24M. This is a small part of the list.

    Charges in Solnechnogorsk

    History of Special Operations forces began in 1999 when the Training Center was established in Solnechnogorsk, but in fact the military unit of special purpose, reports directly to the chief of the Main Intelligence Directorate. Later the center was named "Senezh" and soldiers came to be called "Sunflowers". One of the founding fathers was the then Chief of the General Staff General of the Army Anatoly Kvashnin.

    Sometimes this is called the training center, but according to several interlocutors "Military-Industrial Courier", "Senezh" never wore a "prefix", and the phrase "training" rather served as a cover, as well as the special status of the emphasized.

    Initially the four areas of special operations were formed. Soldiers Airborne practiced difficult jumps - a protracted, and with the opening of the parachute immediately after separation from the side. Possession of such methods allows special forces invisible to the enemy to fly dozens of kilometers. Specialists jumping day and night, using night-vision equipment, in bad weather, with strong winds and fog.

    Soldiers mountain areas began fighting climbers learned to storm the alpine peaks, to capture and hold the passes and glaciers. Training took place in particular on the base located in the foothills of Mount Elbrus training center «Terskol». Soldiers made climbing difficult, even climbed to the top of Mount Elbrus.

    Special Forces assault directions learn not only to take the house and other buildings. Tasks were set much wider - the seizure of enemy targets in different conditions, on any terrain.

    Soldiers sea direction mastered all kinds of waters, practiced activities in the diving equipment using special towing boats and light. Studied to capture ships and offshore facilities.

    Even the experience of fighting in Chechnya, appeared in the center of the fifth area - protection of high-ranking military. Minister of Defence to protect employees FSO. But in fighting such officials as the chief of the General Staff, Commander-in-Chief, earlier accompanied at best spies or commandos. Preparation of these "guards", to put it mildly, leaves much to be desired. Therefore, the establishment of a specialized unit dealing with the protection of high-ranking representatives of the Defense Ministry, until the fifth direction was dire.

    Soldiers of the fourth dimension At the same time, according to the interlocutors "Military-Industrial Courier", in the center never existed tough fighters binding to a specific direction. All the "sunflowers" learn to skydive, go to the mountains, swim with scuba diving, storm the house. But depending on the individual preparation of task items for the soldiers were more in-depth.

    Moreover, the command tried to specialists for the service worked in several directions. To share experiences, knowledge and skills between departments. For example, a fighter who came from the Airborne directions to the sea, not only studied the peculiarities of the work on the water, but also shared with fellow skills skydiving.

    Since its formation direction staffed exclusively by officers and ensigns. Conscripts had served only economic units or drivers.

    Future "Sunflowers" were selected not only in the parts and units of Airborne and Special Forces, but also among the tankers, gunners, infantry officers, even defense and NBC. Several times a year, "buyers" from GRU visited military units, studied personal affairs soldiers and choose the right candidates.

    But this was just beginning. Officers and non-commissioned officers arrived in Solnechnogorsk, where they carried out the so-called collections, and in fact the entrance test, which tested and physical training of future fighters MTR, and personality, and most importantly - the ability to work in a team.

    Sources of "Military-Industrial Courier" emphasize that the basic principle of the center - does not prepare an individual fighter with great skills and abilities, and to build a team, acting as a single organism. This principle is strictly observed during all the years of its existence "SENEZH" always led "sunflowers" to victory.

    His way and the cars for him

    If we compare the organizational structure of training centers with performing the same tasks the US "Delta" and DEVGRU, British 22nd Regiment SAS and German the KSK, evident that the Western "squads" (analogue lines in our center) does not have the orientation under the a specific task - they are, so to speak, universal. In particular, in the 22nd regiment of four squadrons, each divided into four companies: airborne, marine, mountain and road.

    But as shown by the experience of the Russian special forces combat use, versatile system in most cases is not optimal. For example, if the unit of special operations forces has been fighting in the mountains, it is better to have in its structure more than "climbers" and attack aircraft, but less Marines and sailors. Therefore, our experts, in contrast to Western troops are consolidated, where depending on the task group are transmitted from different directions. According to the "MIC" interlocutors, it is not universal and adaptive approach.

    The forces of special operations of NATO countries consider it necessary to create a separate unit, trained to penetrate behind enemy lines, to make raids and ambushes on specialized automotive applications, such as "Land Rover - The Pink Panther" in the 22nd Regiment SAS, "Pinzgauer High-Mobility All-Terrain Vehicle" in the US "Delta ".

    Experience Russian MTR showed that the type of armored vehicles of Russian "Tiger" in most cases not suitable for the tasks facing the Special Operations Forces. Therefore, the choice fell on the high permeability buggy in "SENEZH" praised the Israeli SUVs "Zebari."

    Leaders of the Russian center from the very beginning to pay close attention not just a sniper training and the training of specialists capable of carrying out high-precision shooting and at the same time to solve a wide range of tasks. Initially, these needs were purchased Finnish high-precision systems TRG-42 firm "Sako", later appeared the AWP UK, designed by the legendary marksman Malcolm Cooper. Separately studied large-caliber sniper rifles of various companies, in particular the South African "Truvel".

    In Chechnya and cordon

    Immediately after the training centers by constructing his men were on the front line. In 1999, militants invaded Dagestan Wahhabis, but were defeated, and several months later, Russian troops launched a counter-terrorist operation in Chechnya.

    Soldiers of the fourth dimension It is noteworthy that the name "Sunflower" was assigned to the center of the fighters after their first trip to the Caucasus. In that trip servicemen wearing panama, which did not exist in other parts and units for special purposes. According to one version, hats were just appeared from summer field set of SPN-2. According to another - Panama, which the soldiers saw in one of the American fighters, have been bought in the store, which sells western form of clothing and equipment. Whatever it was, for the unusual appearance, as well as the center is located near the station of suburban trains Sunflower, his men, and received the nickname of "Sunflowers". Later pattern sun flower on a background of crossed swords and arrows hit the center of the chevron.

    Despite the fact that its activities in Chechnya is still classified as "Top Secret", according to reports, "Sunflowers" eliminated and captured high-ranking militants were found and destroyed bases and caches bandits, address other important tasks. How to recall the interlocutors "MIC" on the center of the fighters demanded not 100 percent guarantee that the task will be completed, and all 300. They simply did not have room for error.

    One event in the center do not like to remember. In the fall of 1999, captured by the Chechen fighters were Lieutenant Alexei Galkin Vladimir Pakhomov. As experienced fighters were in such a difficult situation is still unclear. But later the two officers, despite severe injuries, escaped from captivity and came to his own. Alex Galkin became the Hero of Russia.

    According to some reports, the soldiers of training centers not only fought in Chechnya, but also solved the problem abroad. In particular, it participated in operations against pirates in the Horn of Africa.

    The experience of fighting in Chechnya, and foreign operations showed that the chief of the Main Intelligence Directorate of the center of subordination is not the best solution. The head of military intelligence, for example, can not give orders to Air Force Commander to "Sunflowers" identified the aircraft or helicopters requires a fairly long procedure of preparation of the request, and then harmonize it. Meanwhile, in some cases, the operation time measured in hours and minutes.

    Two centers in a new guise

    Activities of Anatoly Serdyukov as defense minister Russia still subjected to serious criticism, but it was when it was created by the command of special operations forces. Just when you go to a new look, "Sunflowers", received the official name of the center of the Defense Ministry special "Senezh" operations, began to report directly to the Chief of the General Staff.

    Base in Solnechnogorsk Serdyukov visited more than once. several research projects have been allocated funds for the purchase of weapons and equipment, are open. In the operational control "SENEZH" helicopter squadron moved from the center of the combat use of army aviation in Torzhok. And in Tver on duty round the clock there were military transport Il-76, ready, if necessary, at any time deliver MTR fighters in the designated point.

    It is believed that during the transition to the new look "Senezh" as the Special Forces Brigade, subjected to reduction, and many of his soldiers either dismissed or withdrawn from the staff. But this is not the case. According to the "Military-Industrial Courier", the command center, taking advantage of this opportunity, conducted the certification of their fighters, to select the best.

    Soldiers of the fourth dimension At the end of the 2000s in the Russian Ministry of Defense had a second Special Operations Center, subordinate to the chief of the Main Intelligence Directorate, and the dislocation in Moscow Kubinka. His appearance new SPC, nicknamed "Zazabore" obliged who came with Anatoly Serdyukov for the post of Deputy Defense Minister, Lieutenant-General Alexander Miroshnichenko, previously headed the "A" Special Purpose Center of the FSB, to put it simply - unit "Alpha".

    Between Miroshnichenko and leadership "SENEZH" immediately formed, to put it mildly, strained relations. Former commander of the "Alpha" believed that the Ministry of Defence to create a command of special operations forces should be based only on the experience of its former management. Command "sunflowers" reasonably stated that they have their own, no less serious developments and training school, and the problem of "Alpha" and the forces of the military department of special operations differ.

    In this situation, Serdyukov has adopted a compromise solution - to create a second Special Operations Center, which is the formation and instructed Alexander Miroshnichenko, which attracted to this work of former subordinates TSSN FSB.

    Employees of "Alpha", creating "Zazabore" primarily focused on their own experience. The cornerstone of the individual training soldiers was set, great attention was paid to physical training - at the level of the sport of high achievements. A collective work, the key principle of "SENEZH" was not in the priority of the creators of the new center.

    Interlocutor "MIC" says: "The" Alpha "it's different. They were taken in a car to the site of the operation, they ran 50 meters and became heroes. No one wants to smell the foot rags and weeks to crawl on the mountains - seek militants ".

    In 2013, the SPC and the Ministry of Defence was subordinated to the command of special operations forces. Post Commander KSSO took Major General Alexey Dyumin, which, according to knowledgeable people, in many ways became a compromise figure in the background of confrontation "SENEZH" leadership and Alexander Miroshnichenko, actively continues to introduce the experience of SPC FSB.

    It is noteworthy that "Zazabore" and kept a close relationship with the "Alpha". Her former employees, as noted by many, who met with the "Military-Industrial Courier" planted soldiers of the newly established Centre desire at any price to be the best in everything.

    Note importantly - both centers fighters continued the traditions established by the founding fathers, performing the most complex tasks: to protect the Olympic Games in Sochi, conducted a brilliant operation in the Crimea, and are now working in Syria.

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    Body armor and helmets used by Spetsnaz GRU units

    Post  shrike06 on Wed Nov 02, 2016 12:05 am

    I've been looking for information about Spetsnaz GRU units and their personal kit on operations, and while I was able to find plenty about when they're on extended dismounted ops, I wasn't able to discover much about what kind of personal body armor they wore when expecting heavy fighting or in urban environments. I know that they tend to use the same kit as VDV units, but does this differ at any time? For example, during the Second Chechen War, what sort of helmets and body armor would they use--I heard there was a lot of experimentation with kit by Spetsnaz GRU units, along with everyone else. Any insight into this?

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