November 28, 2014 marks 85 years since the formation of the Department of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation - the leading body of military control of the Armed Forces of Russia, is responsible for addressing the formation of the basic directions of military-technical policy, the establishment, improvement and development of weapons systems. In 1929, the Red Army was established as chief arms, who was charged in charge of the development of new weapons, putting them on the production, control, order fulfillment industry and technical training industry to perform tasks in wartime.
Activities of the chief weapons defined transition from the planning of the development of arms and military equipment for certain types to comprehensive long-term plans and weapons programs, including the development, delivery and support for the operation in the military weapons, military and special equipment (AMSE), capital construction of military facilities at the optimal alignment needs of the Armed Forces with the amount of funds allocated for this purpose. Many generations of specialists of the Department of the Defense Ministry weapons and his predecessors have made and continue to make a valuable contribution to the establishment and equipping of troops to domestic first-class weapons. Results achieved - this is a logical conclusion, based on the practical experience of the personnel and the traditions that have developed in the department.
Current activities of the Department of weapons carried in a highly volatile political and military situation and the ongoing military threats to the national security of our country is practically around the perimeter of the state border of Russia. Unfortunately, to date, many remain unresolved regional conflicts, a tendency to force their resolution, including in the regions having a common border with the Russian Federation. In these circumstances, the purpose of defense and national security Russia purposefully and consistently pursuing a policy designed to deter and prevent armed conflicts, to improve its military organization, as well as forms and methods of using the Armed Forces.
Substantially change the nature of modern warfare, which became high-tech, dynamic and transient, requiring a fundamentally new approaches to their management, and military-technical support. That is why one of the most important priorities of the Russian Federation is the completion of a modern army, weapons which should make the system complex and AMSE, providing not only adequate response to the whole range of existing threats to military security, but also the likely future threats.
The solution of this priority is carried out in the framework of coherent and balanced military-technical policy, the foundations of which, for the period up to 2020 and Beyond, adopted by President of the Russian Federation 26 January 2011. The main mechanisms for the implementation of modern military-technical policy enshrined in the complex of the relevant documents, and its intent is to build on a minimally adequate nuclear deterrent and conventional forces, to carry out a qualitative re the Russian Armed Forces in accordance with the parameters of a new image.
The key document in this area is the State Armaments Program for 2011-2020, approved by the President of the Russian Federation in December 2010. The main goal of the program is the development of a comprehensive system of arms of the Russian Federation on the basis of complete deliveries of modern domestic weapons.
Based on the needs of a new image of the Armed Forces and the requirements of regulations implemented to maintain and coordinated development of potential nuclear deterrent forces, groups of troops (forces) general purpose forces and equipment for special tasks, and information management systems.
These components weapons systems primarily provide prevention against the outbreak of the Russian Federation and its allies of nuclear aggression, large-scale or local wars with the use of conventional weapons, as well as the opening and early warning of threats to national security of Russia. The basic requirement for the development of their advocates need to build weapons systems of the Armed Forces, which unites into a single loop control subsystem arms troops (forces), regardless of their deployment in strategic sectors.
In this case, acquisition of weapons and its major subsystems of the newest complexes (samples) AMSE and ensure their application is carried out by means of the criterion to maximize the effectiveness of combat operations troops (forces), regardless of the scale of armed conflict and the current military-strategic situation.
An important factor in the occurrence of neutralizing nuclear wars and military conflicts with the use of conventional weapons (large-scale war, regional war) is still the potential of the strategic nuclear forces.
Given the nature and content of the projected threats to the military security of the Russian Federation in the foreseeable future, the system focuses on strategic arms guaranteed solution to the problem of nuclear deterrence any likely aggressor in all conditions of the military-political situation, including in terms of nuclear effects on the enemy military facilities and public infrastructure .
On this basis, the main directions of development of the system are:
- Integrated development of the impactor and the information and control components;
- Further development of systems and command and control;
- Re-grouping of the strategic nuclear forces in the modern samples AMSE, the development of advanced models of intercontinental ballistic missiles and submarine launched ballistic missiles with new types of warheads have improved energomassovymi characteristics;
- Maintenance of the quantitative composition of the strategic arms at the level determined by international agreements in this area.
Implementation of these areas will help to solve the problem of guaranteed unacceptable damage to any enemy in response to the aggression they unleashed against the Russian Federation in any form responses, depending on the prevailing conditions of the military-political and operational-strategic situation.
To counter an attack from outer space
Another important tool in ensuring strategic stability system is armed troops aerospace defense intended for opening and reflection aerospace attacks on the country and grouping, as well as prompt notification of state and military control. Creating the aerospace defense of the country due to the development of aerospace and missile technology of advanced countries, the conversion of air and space into a single sphere of armed struggle.
At the moment the necessary work to refine the parameters of the weapon system Troops ASD, and we have a full understanding of what means of aerospace attack will need to counteract the foreseeable future. On this basis, the new system will be balanced in relation to the other components of the weapon system, as well as adequate emerging threats and allow under any circumstances provide a solution to the entire range of tasks, from the prevention of terrorist acts using the means of aerospace attack before the implementation mechanism of the power of strategic deterrence .
So the prospects for the development of weapons systems Troops ASD relate primarily to the following areas:
- The deployment and improve the system of missile warning based on land, air, space and maritime information tools to provide global control of air and space;
- The creation of multifunctional modern percussion missile defense systems of different bases, including through the use of kinetic, electromagnetic and laser impacts.
The targets are to ensure the dynamic development of weapons systems troops SAI, its compliance perspective challenges and threats in the aerospace field.
Development of strategic weapons systems and aerospace defense is inextricably linked to the development of weapons systems of general purpose forces as supporting their deployment, use and regroup.
In this case, the general purpose forces, which include aviation, Army and the Navy, solve problems for the protection of the territorial integrity and national interests of the Russian Federation, including in the event of a local or regional conflicts.
Create a single information space
In the interest of development of weapons systems of general purpose forces implemented the following key activities:
- The creation of a hypersonic weapon, advanced aircraft systems, including unmanned;
- Implementation of programs for the construction and repair of ships to ensure the confrontation in the near maritime zone and combat stability of nuclear deterrence sea-based;
- Development of new samples with elevated AMSE combat capabilities to defeat enemy targets in any conditions;
- The creation of types of precision weapons, implementing the principle of "fire-struck";
- Equipping the troops unmanned, robotic tools for different purposes;
- The creation of future transportation systems based on unified platforms.
In this newly developed and delivered to the troops AMSE samples should be combined into a single reconnaissance and information-fire system capable of rapidly detect, identify and destroy enemy targets.
The implementation of this approach is provided by the union of separate electronic systems multiservice combat support, such as data collection, processing and transmission of information for the planning of operations and combat operations under a single control loop of the Armed Forces.
In this case, the general direction of the development of electronic systems combat support is the creation of a common information space on the basis of distributed information networks and complex integration of electronic means of reconnaissance, communications, navigation, electronic warfare systems, automation control of troops and weapons in multifunctional systems.
Integration of diverse combat electronic systems allow real-time to ensure timely and effective use of spatially separated with the possibility of lethal concentration point striking, as well as the choice of a rational structure of weapons for the task under conditions of high dynamism of modern warfare.
The main directions of development of the system by means of electronic security include:
- Increased use of advanced information, communication technologies and the creation of geographically distributed data banks;
- The transition from a hierarchical command and control stem and arms to the distributed network-centric management;
- A comprehensive capacity building to conduct continuous exploration on a time scale close to real;
- Creation of EW equipment on new physical principles, using the "stable" means and methods of combat, the effectiveness of which is practically independent of the development of electronic means of the probable enemy.
In general, a development of the weapons systems based on timely complete deliveries to the troops advanced weapons, based on the modular approach is not inferior to foreign analogues and performance with a significant level of unification.
The development of weapons systems of the Armed Forces requires the consolidation of joint efforts of public authorities and organizations involved in the process of military development.
Given the ongoing measures in this direction, there is confidence that the plans developed in the field of military construction in a timely manner will be implemented in full, which will provide a long-term military security of the Russian Federation.
At this stage of military development department staff of the Defense Ministry weapons worthy to continue their tradition, are developing the projects the state armament program, the state defense order, confidently enforce a single military-technical policy in the field of development of weapons systems of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation and other military formations and bodies.
Yuri Ivanovich Borisov - Deputy Minister of Defence of the Russian Federation, Doctor of Technical Sciences