In Kyrgyzstan, a Joint Russian military base created
January 29, 2017 in Kyrgyzstan there was a united Russian military base
On that day came into force an agreement between the Russian Federation and the Kyrgyz Republic, according to which Russian military facilities are already in the country, have been merged into a single entity.
Aims and objectives of the Russian military presence remained. The agreement re-prescribed order and conditions of the presence of Russian objects, the rules stay the personnel and their families in the country, taking into account the peculiarities of its legislation. The document does not provide any qualitative or quantitative changes. Four Russian military facilities - the air base, testing base on Lake Issyk-Kul, seismic and long-distance communication unit of the Navy of the Russian Federation remain in their original locations.
Consolidation into a single structure should allow to organize a common management point for centralized management and more efficient command.
The agreement is valid for 15 years and be automatically renewed for five-year periods, unless one of the parties decides to terminate its operation. However, no less than one year before the expiration of the document corresponding to the notice must be sent to the other side.
The document was signed in September 2012, when the existing heads of military departments of the two countries Taalaibek Omuraliev and Anatoly Serdyukov in Bishkek during Vladimir Putin's visit to the Kyrgyz capital.
The composition of the joint Russian military base in Kyrgyzstan includes four sites:
999th air base "Kant" (the city of Kant, Chui oblast) is part of the 2 Command of the Air Force and Air Defence the Armed Forces of the Central Military District (Amendment - in the 14th Smolensk the Red Army Air Force and Air Defense) is the aviation component of the Collective Rapid deployment. Task base - air support actions of military units of the Collective Security Treaty Organization and security of territory and airspace of the countries - participants of the CSTO. Armed with Su-25 and Mi-8 MTV.
Military airport with a runway more than 2500 meters in length capable of receiving all types of aircraft, including AN-124 "Ruslan".
Pilots base regularly participate in various international anti-terrorist exercises.
954th anti-submarine weapons testing base of the Navy of the Russian Federation (Karakol, cape "Koy-Sary", Issyk-Kul region). The task of forming - the testing of military equipment of the Russian Navy, in particular, elements torpedoes without combat equipment and diving apparatus. In addition, the base is responsible for the search and rescue support aircraft base ships "Kant" the lake of Issyk-Kul.
338th Russian naval long-distance unit (p. Chaldovar, Chui oblast) provides connection of the Main Staff of the Navy with ships in the Pacific and Indian Oceans, conducts radio intelligence.
The object is equipped with super-long radio station, transmitting and receiving radio centers, the central point of unified time system and antenna mast device up to 312 meters.
17th radio-seismic Laboratory Seismic Service of the RF Ministry of Defense (Maili-Suu, Jalal-Abad region) conducts monitoring of nuclear tests.
And what in return?
As the rent for use of land that hosts the Independent seismic point, the authorized body for Emergency Situations and the Institute of Seismology of the National Academy of Sciences of Kyrgyzstan provided timely information about the coordinates, strength and time of earthquakes in the country.
As for the conditions of stay of units of the Russian Navy, then for the land connection node (811.2 hectares), testing base (55 hectares) of land and waters, sea area of 0.5 square miles (171.53 hectare) annual rent is the amount more than $ 4.5 million will be charged in US dollars and is made in two equal installments annually.
The document stresses that the Russian military formations are defensive in nature and are not directed against third parties. In addition to providing the Russian interests, it is also designed in cooperation with the Armed Forces of Kyrgyzstan to protect the sovereignty and security of the host country, including to counter armed attacks by international terrorist organizations.
Military object enjoys complete immunity from civil and administrative jurisdiction of Kyrgyzstan and is exempt from all kinds of local taxes, fees, duties and other similar mandatory payments.
Leaders of military formations of the right to hire Kyrgyz citizens to work as attendants. In this case, labor relations are governed by Russian law. Russian base makes contributions to the social fund in accordance with the Kyrgyz legislation.
Rumors about the withdrawal somewhat exaggerated
At the beginning of December 2016 zapestrili media headlines that the head of Kyrgyzstan Almazbek Atambayev is going to expel the Russian military base. The reason so count gave the president during his annual press conference.
"Kyrgyzstan in the future must rely only on themselves. This also applies to the Russian base. That's all I accused - Atambayev put a US base, and Russia left. Keep in mind that on the Russian base was a contract signed from our side Bakiyev (Kurmanbek Bakiyev, President of Kyrgyzstan from 2005 to 2010 - ed. IA REGNUM), it says, with this year expires, then a military base was stay for 49 years and then be extended to 25. We have left only 15 years ", - said Atambayev, answering journalists' questions.
These words in the media were seen as a threat to the withdrawal of Russian troops from the territory of Kyrgyzstan. However, the same day the head of the press service of the head of state said that "President Almazbek Atambayev is going to close the Russian airbase in Kyrgyzstan."
By the possibility of forced withdrawal of the Russian military unit from the territory of the Kyrgyz experts were skeptical. Reportedly stated such an intention Kyrgyz leader today can hardly be confident in the fact that after 15 years of operation of the agreement, he will be authorized to decide such questions.
"If we assume that in 2032 Kyrgyzstan decides to specify the CSTO airbase on the door - it is unlikely that this decision will somehow depend on the opinion of Atambayev. His term of office expires at the end of next year. Will he once again come to power - a big question ", - says chief editor of news agency REGNUM in Bishkek Grigory Mikhailov.
It is worth noting that the presence of Russian troops largely strengthens the defenses of Kyrgyzstan, not outstanding achievements in equipping military equipment, and the training of personnel. Recall that in the ranking of the military power of Global Firepower Kyrgyzstan entered the last twenty countries, ranking 110 out of 126. According to the publication, in Kyrgyzstan there are 3 million able-bodied citizens, of which are suitable for military service only 2.7 million. Military action in the country .. about 16 thousand, and the military budget is $ 249 million rated authors counted 150 tanks in Kyrgyzstan, 30 self-propelled guns, 21 reactive volley-fire system, 159 artillery pieces and 6 helicopters, only two of which - drums.