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    Russian MRLS: Grad, Uragan, Smerch, Tornado-G/S

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    Cyberspec

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    Re: Russian MRLS: Grad, Uragan, Smerch, Tornado-G/S

    Post  Cyberspec on Wed May 13, 2015 3:13 am

    Akula971 wrote:So that means its not air droppable like its S and U versions.

    Still the added range is amazing. 100Kms is a lot. I believe they can have the vehicles relocate before the salvo reaches its target from that distance.

    AFAIK, the max range for the Tornado-G is 90km, while some sources mention 40-50km.

    It's basically an upgraded GRAD with sat-nav, automation of the targeting process and new rockets

    some of the novelties on it (click)
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    Re: Russian MRLS: Grad, Uragan, Smerch, Tornado-G/S

    Post  George1 on Wed May 13, 2015 3:24 am

    i wonder why Russian military hasn't received yet Tornado-U or -S.
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    Re: Russian MRLS: Grad, Uragan, Smerch, Tornado-G/S

    Post  Cyberspec on Wed May 13, 2015 3:33 am

    There was a report that the Tornado-S started entering service at the end of 2014, but I haven't seen any photo evidence yet.
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    Re: Russian MRLS: Grad, Uragan, Smerch, Tornado-G/S

    Post  George1 on Thu Jun 04, 2015 4:06 pm

    Developer: newest MLRS "Tornado-G" is 15 times more effective than "Grad"
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    Re: Russian MRLS: Grad, Uragan, Smerch, Tornado-G/S

    Post  GunshipDemocracy on Fri Jun 05, 2015 12:36 am

    George1 wrote:Developer: newest MLRS "Tornado-G" is 15 times more effective than "Grad"

    Oh mama this looks good. I presume Tornado-G can be applied to existing Grads to have kinda Grad Block-G by adding computerized fire control, Glonass and new ammo pack.

    I wonder if Buyan corvettes will receive Tornado G upgrade? 90km of range sounds better then most of naval guns.
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    BM-21 Grad a worthy mention

    Post  d_taddei2 on Wed Jul 01, 2015 5:13 am

    Hi all, with the 9A52-4 Tornado now starting replace the BM-21 in Russian service i thought it would be worth a mention of the service the BM-21 has given Russia and various other countries. Although it will still be service for many years to come, with the replacement of it in Russian forces in a few years time the BM-21 will be sent into storage.

    The system yet pretty simple compaired to other systems out there the BM-21 has to be the most produced MLRS system ever(although i might be wrong please correct me if i am) and also must be the most widely used MLRS system in service today. I think reason for this must be down to its simplicity and cost, i am not sure of the exact cost but it must cheapest MLRS system on the market. The system has spawned many copies by other countries with their own various changes, but ultimately the design is the same. The cheap cost allows countries field a decent amount and the system is pretty effective and has a variety of different rockets (not sure if there ever did thermobaric anyone know if they did?). In my eyes this is up there with the likes of the T-55, T-72, BMP-1, BTR 60, Mi-8, Mi-24, Mig 21, Mig 29, which are all iconic and great pieces of equipment which made the soviet army and still to this day have a long legendary legacy. So here's to the BM-21 Grad and it entering the soviet military machine hall of fame.

    If anyone wants to put there thoughts on this it would be great.

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    Re: Russian MRLS: Grad, Uragan, Smerch, Tornado-G/S

    Post  GarryB on Wed Jul 01, 2015 10:43 am

    You know you did a good design job when the replacement looks like the article it is replacing...

    On land and at sea the Grad did an excellent job... I am a little surprised there was no air launched model 122mm rocket... well there was a 5 shot 122mm rocket pod but it used an unrelated rocket AFAIK.

    Not particularly accurate... but it didn't need to be...

    Would have been useful for blunting enemy attacks, especially with later models with anti tank submunitions.

    It had a range of payloads and in early models 20km was a decent range, while later models achieved ranges of 36-40km.

    An excellent way of getting large amounts of HE and splinters on an area target rapidly.

    The same characteristic that would have made it ideal to deliver chemical or biological weapons...
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    Post  d_taddei2 on Wed Jul 01, 2015 4:10 pm

    GarryB wrote:You know you did a good design job when the replacement looks like the article it is replacing...

    On land and at sea the Grad did an excellent job... I am a little surprised there was no air launched model 122mm rocket... well there was a 5 shot 122mm rocket pod but it used an unrelated rocket AFAIK.

    Not particularly accurate... but it didn't need to be...

    Would have been useful for blunting enemy attacks, especially with later models with anti tank submunitions.

    It had a range of payloads and in early models 20km was a decent range, while later models achieved ranges of 36-40km.

    An excellent way of getting large amounts of HE and splinters on an area target rapidly.

    The same characteristic that would have made it ideal to deliver chemical or biological weapons...

    yeah i forgot to mention its uses on navel vessels, and your right the appearance is identical. Even today 36-40km is a pretty decent range when you consider the cost of BM-21 allows you to field more and using shooting and scooting tactics becomes very effective,

    interesting your mention on air launch theory, being totally out of the box, imagine a Russian type AC-130 armed with 40 tube rack on its belly Smile
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    Re: Russian MRLS: Grad, Uragan, Smerch, Tornado-G/S

    Post  George1 on Fri Jul 03, 2015 11:25 am

    Test-launches of new MLRS to be completed by end of 2015 — manufacturer

    Multiple rocket launcher systems of 300mm caliber are at a stage of state test-launches, deputy general director of NPO said

    ST. PETERSBURG, July 3. /TASS/. Test-launches of new multiple rocket launcher systems (MLRS) of 300mm caliber will be completed by the end of 2015, deputy general director of NPO Splav Gennady Kalyuzhny told TASS on Friday.

    "They [multiple rocket launcher systems of 300mm caliber] are at a stage of state test-launches which we plan to finish this year. Test-launches of 220mm caliber systems have already been completed, and the 300mm caliber system is at the final stage of state test-launches," Kalyuzhny said at the International Maritime Defense Show in St. Petersburg.

    Kalyuzhny reminded that new Tornado-G multiple rocket launcher system was put into operation. "We launched serial production of the system," he noted, adding that it exceeds Grad MLRS in efficiency.

    Grad and Tornado-G, which represents a modernized Grad system, have 122mm caliber. They are designed to strike armored vehicles, artillery and mortars, as well as command posts. The Uragan MLRS has 220mm caliber.
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    Re: Russian MRLS: Grad, Uragan, Smerch, Tornado-G/S

    Post  franco on Fri Jul 03, 2015 1:49 pm

    Interesting to see deployment of the new "S" and the "U" MRLS. At the present time there are the following operational units;

    Smerch 300mm - 2 units with 12 each (Total = 24)
    Urgan 220mm - 4 units with 24 each plus each of the 8 Ground Forces Artillery brigades has a unit with 8 each. (Total = 160)
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    Re: Russian MRLS: Grad, Uragan, Smerch, Tornado-G/S

    Post  George1 on Wed Jul 22, 2015 4:34 pm

    Russia's Western Military District gets newest Tornado-G multiple rocket launchers

    The new 122-mm Tornado-G MRLS will replace the BM-21 Grad system

    MOSCOW, July 22. /TASS/. More than 20 units of the newest Tornado-G multiple rocket launch system (MRLS) have entered service with the Taman motorized infantry division and the Kantemirovskaya tank division of the Western Military District, stationed in the Moscow region, district spokesman Colonel Oleg Kochetkov told reporters on Wednesday.

    "The new 122-mm Tornado-G MRLS will replace the BM-21 Grad system. The Tornado-G three times surpasses the Grad MRLS in combat effectiveness by means of higher ammunition yield, and automated self-guidance, aiming, geo location and navigation system," he said.

    The new system’s combat deployment is 1.5 times shorter and its hitting range is expanded to 1 hectare, he said.

    Artillerists of the Western Military District will conduct the first life fire exercise using the Tornado-G MRLS within the coming month.
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    Re: Russian MRLS: Grad, Uragan, Smerch, Tornado-G/S

    Post  George1 on Fri Aug 21, 2015 11:35 am

    Techmash: new MLRS "Uragan-1M" to be accepted in service in Russia
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    Re: Russian MRLS: Grad, Uragan, Smerch, Tornado-G/S

    Post  franco on Sat Aug 22, 2015 2:17 am

    George1 wrote:Techmash: new MLRS "Uragan-1M" to be accepted in service in Russia

    The new multiple launch rocket system (MLRS) “Uragan-1M” of a 220 mm caliber is entering service in Russia; its features are full automation and ability to use interchangeable packets of ammunition, First Deputy Director General of “Tecmash” concern (included in “Rostec”) Vladimir Tikhonov told RIA Novosti on Friday.

    The system is being developed by the Tula-located enterprise NPO “Splav” (included in “Tehmash”).

    “The MLRS “Uragan-1M” is entering service in Russia. State tests have been successfully completed. This is a modernization of well-established multiple rocket launchers “Uragan” of the previous generation. The main essence of modernization is the use of interchangeable packages, that is, the system will be bi-caliber, it will be able to use ammunition of a larger caliber”, – said Tikhonov.

    Does "use ammunition of a larger caliber" = 300mm. If so one system could replace both. For shorter ranges 220mm and 300mm for longer ranges. Would be an interesting system if so.
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    Re: Russian MRLS: Grad, Uragan, Smerch, Tornado-G/S

    Post  PapaDragon on Sat Aug 22, 2015 4:24 am

    franco wrote:
    George1 wrote:Techmash: new MLRS "Uragan-1M" to be accepted in service in Russia

    The new multiple launch rocket system (MLRS) “Uragan-1M” of a 220 mm caliber is entering service in Russia; its features are full automation and ability to use interchangeable packets of ammunition, First Deputy Director General of “Tecmash” concern (included in “Rostec”) Vladimir Tikhonov told RIA Novosti on Friday.

    The system is being developed by the Tula-located enterprise NPO “Splav” (included in “Tehmash”).

    “The MLRS “Uragan-1M” is entering service in Russia. State tests have been successfully completed. This is a modernization of well-established multiple rocket launchers “Uragan” of the previous generation. The main essence of modernization is the use of interchangeable packages, that is, the system will be bi-caliber, it will be able to use ammunition of a larger caliber”, – said Tikhonov.

    Does "use ammunition of a larger caliber" = 300mm. If so one system could replace both. For shorter ranges 220mm and 300mm for longer ranges. Would be an interesting system if so.

    Dual launcher is seems



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    Re: Russian MRLS: Grad, Uragan, Smerch, Tornado-G/S

    Post  GarryB on Sat Aug 22, 2015 6:05 am

    So the new vehicle can use the rocket pods of the Uragan and Smerch...

    this is a good step as the Uragan had 16 tubes of 220mm calibre rockets, while Smerch had 12 tubes of 300mm calibre rockets.

    Grad has 40 tubes of 122mm rockets, while MLRS has 12 tubes of 227mm rockets.

    I suspect the future forces will combine the two heavier rocket vehicles in one vehicle that can be loaded with two pallets of either of the rocket types or combinations.

    It might even be able to carry the lighter calibre rockets too (122mm). which would make it rather more flexible.

    For situations where smaller vehicles are better then the new version of Grad could be the best option, but there was also a light version able to carry one pallet that could be used to.

    Will be interesting to see which way they go.
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    Re: Russian MRLS: Grad, Uragan, Smerch, Tornado-G/S

    Post  TheArmenian on Sat Aug 22, 2015 10:02 am

    PapaDragon wrote:
    franco wrote:
    George1 wrote:Techmash: new MLRS "Uragan-1M" to be accepted in service in Russia

    The new multiple launch rocket system (MLRS) “Uragan-1M” of a 220 mm caliber is entering service in Russia; its features are full automation and ability to use interchangeable packets of ammunition, First Deputy Director General of “Tecmash” concern (included in “Rostec”) Vladimir Tikhonov told RIA Novosti on Friday.

    The system is being developed by the Tula-located enterprise NPO “Splav” (included in “Tehmash”).

    “The MLRS “Uragan-1M” is entering service in Russia. State tests have been successfully completed. This is a modernization of well-established multiple rocket launchers “Uragan” of the previous generation. The main essence of modernization is the use of interchangeable packages, that is, the system will be bi-caliber, it will be able to use ammunition of a larger caliber”, – said Tikhonov.

    Does "use ammunition of a larger caliber" = 300mm. If so one system could replace both. For shorter ranges 220mm and 300mm for longer ranges. Would be an interesting system if so.

    Dual launcher is seems



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    Re: Russian MRLS: Grad, Uragan, Smerch, Tornado-G/S

    Post  PapaDragon on Sun Aug 23, 2015 3:16 pm

    @TheArmenian: no problem buddy, thanks thumbsup

    This would be 220 mm version




    300 mm one


    And there is a combo version also. Although, I am pretty sure they could get away with using smaller truck...

    Can't post source because OP did not bother to post one... dunno
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    Re: Russian MRLS: Grad, Uragan, Smerch, Tornado-G/S

    Post  George1 on Sun Aug 23, 2015 4:30 pm

    From what i conclude, Tornado is only modernization of older MRLSs? Not completely a new system?
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    Re: Russian MRLS: Grad, Uragan, Smerch, Tornado-G/S

    Post  franco on Sun Aug 23, 2015 4:56 pm

    George1 wrote:From what i conclude, Tornado is only modernization of older MRLSs? Not completely a new system?


    Not sure about how much the actual rockets have been modernized but the rest of the system is totally new. And would appear to also replace the Smerch by combining them into one vehicle with interchangeable rocket pods.
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    Re: Russian MRLS: Grad, Uragan, Smerch, Tornado-G/S

    Post  GarryB on Mon Aug 24, 2015 12:39 pm

    technically this is just a serious upgrade of the electronics of the Grad, Uragan, and Smerch... the main difference however is that the Uragan and Smerch seem to now have a unified platform, and they are loaded in pallets instead of individually.



    This seems to show another 122mm pallet with 3 rows of 5 rockets in each pack.

    Has anyone see the 220mm rocket pallets?

    The 300mm 6 packs are visible in the picture above too.

    I would expect a 220mm rocket pack would include about 8 tubes so it equates (with two pallets) to the 16 tubes of Uragan... the Smerch 300mm rockets have 6 tubes each which matches the original system when two pallets are used of 12 rockets. The above 15 shot pallets of Grad 122mm is just short of the original system 30 instead of 40 which perhaps explains why the Grad has been replaced with a Grad with 40 fixed tubes instead of pallets.
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    Re: Russian MRLS: Grad, Uragan, Smerch, Tornado-G/S

    Post  franco on Mon Aug 24, 2015 12:48 pm

    GarryB wrote:technically this is just a serious upgrade of the electronics of the Grad, Uragan, and Smerch... the main difference however is that the Uragan and Smerch seem to now have a unified platform, and they are loaded in pallets instead of individually.



    This seems to show another 122mm pallet with 3 rows of 5 rockets in each pack.

    Has anyone see the 220mm rocket pallets?

    The 300mm 6 packs are visible in the picture above too.

    I would expect a 220mm rocket pack would include about 8 tubes so it equates (with two pallets) to the 16 tubes of Uragan... the Smerch 300mm rockets have 6 tubes each which matches the original system when two pallets are used of 12 rockets. The above 15 shot pallets of Grad 122mm is just short of the original system 30 instead of 40 which perhaps explains why the Grad has been replaced with a Grad with 40 fixed tubes instead of pallets.

    A 12 round 220mm rocket pack (660x880) would be pretty close in size to a 6 round 300mm rocket pack (600x900) but I have not seen anything yet.

    Also those 122mm pods are 4x5 or 20 rounds each.
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    Re: Russian MRLS: Grad, Uragan, Smerch, Tornado-G/S

    Post  flamming_python on Mon Aug 24, 2015 10:07 pm

    GarryB wrote:technically this is just a serious upgrade of the electronics of the Grad, Uragan, and Smerch... the main difference however is that the Uragan and Smerch seem to now have a unified platform, and they are loaded in pallets instead of individually.



    This seems to show another 122mm pallet with 3 rows of 5 rockets in each pack.

    Has anyone see the 220mm rocket pallets?

    The 300mm 6 packs are visible in the picture above too.

    I would expect a 220mm rocket pack would include about 8 tubes so it equates (with two pallets) to the 16 tubes of Uragan... the Smerch 300mm rockets have 6 tubes each which matches the original system when two pallets are used of 12 rockets. The above 15 shot pallets of Grad 122mm is just short of the original system 30 instead of 40 which perhaps explains why the Grad has been replaced with a Grad with 40 fixed tubes instead of pallets.

    Look closer. 4x5.

    The Grad is being replaced by a Tornado-G model, but AFAIK it looks more or less the same as a normal Grad. So maybe its just a modernization, while the 122mm pallets will be used on similar size but new trucks tha might not be ready yet; which explains why we've only seen Uragan and Smersh sized trucks
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    Re: Russian MRLS: Grad, Uragan, Smerch, Tornado-G/S

    Post  GarryB on Tue Aug 25, 2015 11:58 am

    Well duh... I should look at these images at full size rather than glancing at the thumbnails.

    The Grad is being replaced by a Tornado-G model, but AFAIK it looks more or less the same as a normal Grad. So maybe its just a modernization, while the 122mm pallets will be used on similar size but new trucks tha might not be ready yet; which explains why we've only seen Uragan and Smersh sized trucks

    That is possible, but I suspect that the future plan is for the Grad lookalike Tornado-G to just replace the Grad vehicles... they seem to have fixed tubes rather than loaded pallets.

    TO me therefore I suspect the other vehicle we see with the separate pallets that seems to be a replacement for both the Uragan and Smerch that can carry two pallets so assuming 122mm, 220mm and 300mm pallets in any combination should be a useful flexible vehicle.

    On other vehicle we have seen is a light truck with a single pallet... now assuming the single pallet light truck uses standard pallets that means it could carry one 122mm, 220mm 0r 300mm pallet to support different units over different ranges of targets.

    This would mean for light units that use light rockets (122mm) they could use Tornado-G, while light mobile units might use the light truck Tornado with a single pallet capacity, while heavier units or units than need heavy fire power could use the other Tornado with the two pallets.
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    MLRS "Smerch" and "Tornado-S" will receive guided missiles

    Post  GunshipDemocracy on Sat Nov 21, 2015 3:37 pm

    MLRS "Smerch" and "Tornado-S" will receive guided missiles

    http://ria.ru/defense_safety/20151121/1325676321.html
    After Yandex translator:

    MOSCOW, 21 Nov — RIA Novosti. Guided missiles will be developed for reactive systems of volley fire (MLRS) "Smerch" and "Tornado-S", said Saturday the Deputy chief of Rocket troops and artillery (Rvia) of Russian Land forces the General-major Alexander Drahomaretskiy.
    "For "Smerch" and "Tornado-S" in the future will be developed guided missiles, which will carry out the exact defeat of the purposes",- said the General-the major in radio station interview "Russian news service".
    Earlier it was reported that MLRS "Tornado-S" will greatly enhance the capability of the troops. It will enhance the combat potential of the existing "Tornado" through the creation of a new family of rockets, new approaches and improvements that are associated with a geodetic reference guidance

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    Re: Russian MRLS: Grad, Uragan, Smerch, Tornado-G/S

    Post  George1 on Sat Jan 16, 2016 4:59 pm

    Deadly Typhoon: Russian Army to Receive Over 40 Tornado Rocket Systems

    Read more: http://sputniknews.com/military/20160116/1033232222/tornado-rocket-system-russia.html#ixzz3xQKEngJj

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    Re: Russian MRLS: Grad, Uragan, Smerch, Tornado-G/S

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