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    Space surveillance network (SKKP)

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    Cyberspec
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    Re: Space surveillance network (SKKP)

    Post  Cyberspec on Fri Jan 25, 2013 1:32 am

    Very interesting...

    The MOD will in 2013 carry out trials of the upgraded "Krona" Space surveillance system. In short,

    - upgrades on the Krona have been carried out since 2010
    - a high precision 'N' radar channel has been added

    and most intersting...

    - MiG-31 interceptors will be used in the trials in conjunction with the Krona system (ASAT role?)
    - The 'Fakel' bureau is working on a successor to the Soviet era 79M6 "contact" ASAT tested on the MiG-31D

    Arrow http://lenta.ru/news/2013/01/24/krona/

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    Re: Space surveillance network (SKKP)

    Post  Mindstorm on Sat Jan 26, 2013 10:09 am


    News taken from here:

    http://izvestia.ru/news/543550





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    Re: Space surveillance network (SKKP)

    Post  GarryB on Sun Jan 27, 2013 6:58 am

    The MOD will in 2013 carry out trials of the upgraded "Krona" Space surveillance system. In short,

    - upgrades on the Krona have been carried out since 2010
    - a high precision 'N' radar channel has been added

    and most intersting...

    - MiG-31 interceptors will be used in the trials in conjunction with the Krona system (ASAT role?)

    Even more use than ASAT... the Soviet air defence system consisted on several large ground based radar stations with a few AWACS aircraft filling in the gaps... it seems the new system will likely include ground and space based radar stations, with a few AWACS aircraft filling in the gaps. The Krona offers all the advantages of AWACS in terms of look down performance, so using it in conjunction with Mig-31s should greatly improve radar coverage of Russia.

    - The 'Fakel' bureau is working on a successor to the Soviet era 79M6 "contact" ASAT tested on the MiG-31D

    Interesting that the new S-500 missiles are called 77N6...


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    Okno space surveillance system

    Post  Viktor on Sat May 31, 2014 8:29 pm

    comming online at full power

    Russia preparing to launch Okno space surveillance system at full capacity

    Stealthflanker
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    Re: Space surveillance network (SKKP)

    Post  Stealthflanker on Sat Jun 14, 2014 12:06 am

    Viktor wrote:comming online at full power

    Russia preparing to launch Okno space surveillance system at full capacity

    hmm. BTW you think Russia will built similar facility in their own territory ?

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    Re: Space surveillance network (SKKP)

    Post  SOC on Mon Jun 16, 2014 2:12 pm

    There's supposed to be a second site in the Far East somewhere around Vladivostok.

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    Re: Space surveillance network (SKKP)

    Post  George1 on Fri Sep 19, 2014 6:08 pm

    Russia Plans to Boost Space Monitoring Capability by 2018

    MOSCOW, September 19 (RIA Novosti) - Russia will build a network of advanced laser-optical and radar stations in the next four years to boost its space object recognition capability, the Defense Ministry said Friday.

    "The new network will largely improve space monitoring by Aerospace Defense Forces, expand the range of controlled orbits and decrease the size of detected objects by 2-3 times," the ministry's spokesman, Col. Alexei Zolotukhin said in a statement.

    According to Zolotukhin, the first new stations will be built in the Altai and the Primorye Territories. The network will comprise over 10 advanced space monitoring stations by 2018.

    Aerospace Defense Forces is a branch of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, responsible for providing the country’s military and political leadership with timely and accurate information on possible missile attacks and monitoring the situation in space.

    Last year, following an explosion of a meteorite over Russia’s Urals region, Aerospace Defense Forces announced its plans to develop a series of measures aimed at protecting Russia from meteorites and other space objects. The meteorite, which exploded above the Ural Mountains city of Chelyabinsk, is estimated to have weighed about 10,000 metric tons and measured about 17 meters (around 56 feet) in diameter. The blast left about 1,500 people injured, mostly by glass shattered by the shockwave.

    In September 2013, the US department for Civil Defense and Emergencies and the Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos) signed an agreement on joint efforts aimed at combating asteroid threats the Earth might face in future.

    However, in July this year, the deal was abolished over the situation in Ukraine.

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    Re: Space surveillance network (SKKP)

    Post  George1 on Tue Nov 18, 2014 10:36 am

    Russia Completes Tests of New Space Monitoring System

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    Re: Space surveillance network (SKKP)

    Post  Viktor on Wed Nov 19, 2014 7:41 pm

    Okno is expanding severely thumbsup

    Until 2018 in Russia deployed ten monitoring stations for space

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    Okno and Krona

    Post  Cyberspec on Wed Nov 19, 2014 10:16 pm

    Tests of 'Okno' complex completed

    Arrow http://en.itar-tass.com/russia/760120

    There's a bit more info on the upgrade in the Russian language reports

    "As part of the program of development of opto-electronic complex"Okno" commissioned four new optoelectronic stations of detection and collection of information on space objects. The complex is equipped with modern TV equipment for detection and computational tools of the new generation, created on the basis of domestic element base ", - said A.Zolotuhin.

    Подробнее: http://vpk-news.ru/news/22717

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    Re: Space surveillance network (SKKP)

    Post  George1 on Mon Dec 01, 2014 1:01 pm

    Russia Tests First Military Space Surveillance Complex: Defense Official

    Russia's new cutting-edge surveillance station has successfully undergone state tests. This system will join the Russian Aerospace shield capable of identifying and tracing down even small objects in space.

    Russia’s Aerospace Defense Forces are responsible for air and missile defense, as well as for launches and the control of satellites.

    MOSCOW, December 1 (Sputnik) – The first surface complex of Russia's military space surveillance system has undergone state tests, Commander of Russian Aerospace Defense Forces Lt. Gen. Alexander Golovko told reporters Monday.

    "The first new generation complex, created on the territory of Altai region, successfully underwent state tests," Golovko told journalists on Aerospace Defense Forces Day.

    The commander explained that in 2014, Aerospace Defense Forces began operation of a series of specialized surface laser-optical and radio engineering complexes for identifying objects beyond the earth's atmosphere. These complexes provide an expansion of Russian space surveillance informational gathering capability, including a greatly increased observational range for significantly smaller objects.

    Golovko also noted that tests of the Okno-M, a modernized optoelectronic space surveillance station, were completed this year. The station, located in Tajikistan, is an element of the Russian military space control system.

    The Aerospace Defense Forces were formed December 1, 2011, to monitor Russian air and space borders. The military group commands a united outer space global monitoring system, focusing on Earth satellites and surveillance of all other space objects. It is expected that in excess of ten specialized space control complexes will be deployed by 2018 in the Russian south Siberia and far-east regions.

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    Re: Space surveillance network (SKKP)

    Post  George1 on Thu Jun 18, 2015 3:41 pm

    Russia to Build New Generation Space Surveillance Systems


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    Space Monitoring System (SKKP)

    Post  George1 on Tue Jun 30, 2015 12:29 am

    The latest set of space monitoring is created in the Altai

    Within the space monitoring system (SKKP) in 2018 will be rolled out a network of more than a dozen specialized complexes, first appear in the Altai (South of Central Siberia), and in Primorye.

    Krasnogorsk (Moscow Region), June 29 - RIA Novosti. The newest complex control of outer space has been created in the Altai and passed state tests, he told reporters on Monday, the commander of the Space Forces Command Aerospace Defense of the Russian Federation, Major-General Oleg Maidanovich.

    Earlier it was reported that as part of the Space Monitoring System (SKKP) in 2018 will be rolled out a network of more than a dozen specialized complexes, first appear in the Altai (South of Central Siberia), and in Primorye. It was also noted that the construction work on the development of new radio systems SKKP in Moscow, Kaliningrad region, the Altai and Primorsky Krai is already underway.

    "To date, a complex built and implemented the state tests of the complex, and today in the area of ​​Baikonur complex we have this, which is already yielding measurements and allows us to make changes to the shared directory space control system", - said Maidanovich.

    He explained that it is a complex in the Altai Territory. The rest of the complex electronic and optoelectronic reconnaissance today are getting ready to supply them equipment for subsequent intercession on experimental combat duty.

    Russian SKKP intended to inform the decision of problems to address threats from space and in space, the smooth deployment and operation of domestic spacecraft, as well as assess other risks due to man-made space debris.

    The troops Aerospace Defense effective from 1 December 2011 and guarded frontiers of Russia from the air and in space. They have a single system of global monitoring of environment in outer space, the main element of which - space monitoring system (to monitor the satellites and other space objects).


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    Space surveillance network (SKKP)

    Post  George1 on Tue Jul 28, 2015 10:23 am

    Cutting-Edge Russian Space Surveillance System now Four Times More Capable

    A Russian-operated space surveillance system located in Tajikistan, Okno-M, has reached its full capacity, making it four times more powerful, the Russian Ministry of Defense reports.
    Surveillance Satellite

    Upgrades to Okno-M, an optoelectronic system for detecting space objects, have been completed and the system is operating at full capacity, a fresh announcement on the Russian Ministry of Defense site reveals. The Okno-M station, based in Tajikistan in Central Asia, is an integral part of the space surveillance network of the Russian Aerospace Defense Forces’ Space Command. The surveillance station successfully underwent state tests late in 2014.

    The task of the upgraded system is to automatically gather information on space objects and monitor objects in space, including those in geostationary orbit, at a distance of 120 to 40,000 km. The newly-developed system, which was designed completely in Russia, possesses increased detection capabilities, better channel capacity and a wider range of characteristics for processing data on space objects, an announcement on the MoD website reads. The capabilities of the modernized complex are four times greater than those of its predecessor.

    The optoelectronic station traces space objects solely at night. Sunlight is reflected from the objects, which provides the system with the necessary information. Okno-M is fully automated and has the ability to operate without human intervention, keeping track of both previously recorded and newly detected objects. When the system is in passive mode, its power consumption is fairly low: reportedly, it requires as much electricity as a 150-unit apartment block.

    Construction of the previous Okno (meaning 'window' in Russian) station, one of the key elements of Russian space intelligence, commenced in 1980 in the clear sky zone in the Pamir Mountains near the Afghan border at a height of 2,200 meters above sea level.

    During the final years of the Cold War era, the complex was believed to be a secret Soviet anti-satellite laser weapon rather than the optical tracking station it actually was.

    As a consequence of the civil war in Tajikistan, the construction of the site was halted from 1992, and the station became operational only in 1999 in test mode and from 2004 in combat mode.
    The development of Russia's new unified missile early warning network is proceeding on schedule, the first satellite of the space component will be launched in November 2015.

    Since 1999, Okno has detected and measured more than 10 million space objects, traced around 5,000 new high-orbital space objects, monitored 560 spacecraft orbit insertions, and recorded more than 200 maneuvers of various-purpose foreign spacecraft. Moreover, Okno-M operators participated in the evaluation of 25 foreign and domestic emergency situations.

    In addition to the upgraded Okno-M station, in the next four years a range of new laser-optical and electronic systems for detecting space objects is due to be built.

    By space objects, the military primarily means foreign military satellites, other spacecraft as well as space debris and natural astronomical objects.

    In 2014, the Aerospace Defense Forces of Russia began operating a series of specialized surface laser-optical and radio engineering units for identifying objects beyond the earth's atmosphere.

    These systems facilitated the expansion of the information gathering capabilities of Russia's space surveillance, including a 2-3-fold increase in the observational range for significantly smaller objects.

    The Aerospace Defense Forces were established on December 1, 2011, to monitor Russian airspace. The military group commands a united outer space global monitoring system which focuses on Earth satellites and the surveillance of all other space objects. It is expected that ten or more specialized space monitoring complexes will be deployed by 2018 in the Russian south, Siberia and the Russian Far East.

    Read more: http://sputniknews.com/russia/20150728/1025119227.html#ixzz3hAjroGcy


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    Re: Space surveillance network (SKKP)

    Post  George1 on Sun Oct 04, 2015 2:38 pm

    In 2018, near Moscow will be the newest space station control

    Radar appear in the Moscow Chekhov. Similar work is being done in the Far East, the chief of staff of the 15th Army videoconferencing (special purpose), Major-General Anatoly Nestechuk.

    MOSCOW, October 3 - RIA Novosti. The latest radar station to be built in the Moscow Chekhov in 2018 to monitor the outer space, said Saturday the chief of staff of the 15th Army videoconferencing (special purpose), Major-General Anatoly Nestechuk.

    "Completion of construction of the plant it, and commissioning - 2018. Similar work is being done in the Far East, and the third direction in which the developing system of space monitoring - a radio and optical means," - said Nestechuk in the "General Staff" station RSN.

    Space surveillance systems (SKKP) was established to monitor the satellites and other space objects and is the main catalog of space objects. This is a basic element of Russia's unified information system for the global monitoring of the situation in outer space. SKKP In addition, this system consists of a single early-warning system (EWS), as well as power and missile (ABM) and the defense (PVO).

    https://translate.googleusercontent.com/translate_c?depth=2&hl=en&rurl=translate.google.com&sl=auto&tl=en&u=http://ria.ru/defense_safety/20151003/1296229693.html&usg=ALkJrhizpeSpy-PWFOIebVV21fS3lzn9DQ


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    Space Surveillance Systems

    Post  kvs on Wed Oct 07, 2015 3:45 am

    George1 wrote:In 2018, near Moscow will be the newest space station control

    https://translate.googleusercontent.com/translate_c?depth=2&hl=en&rurl=translate.google.com&sl=auto&tl=en&u=http://ria.ru/defense_safety/20151003/1296229693.html&usg=ALkJrhizpeSpy-PWFOIebVV21fS3lzn9DQ

    This is good. Russia needs to build up ground station capacity to receive satellite data streams. Believe it or not this
    is not a trivial thing.

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    Re: Space surveillance network (SKKP)

    Post  George1 on Mon Nov 28, 2016 3:59 am

    Russia to place outer space control complexes in Altai, Far East, Buryatia and Crimea

    "This will be a chain of next-generation specialized radio-electronic surveillance complexes," Andrei Ivashina, a deputy chief of the space segment of the Russian Aerospace Force said

    MOSCOW, November 26. /TASS/. Novel complexes of the Russian sysem of outer space control will be placed in the Altai Mountains, in the Far East of Russia, in the East Siberian region of Buryatia and in Crimea, Col Andrei Ivashina, a deputy chief of the space segment of the Russian Aerospace Force in charge of spaceflight testing said on Saturday.

    "A chain of novel complexes of the system of outer space control will be installed in Russia in the next few years," he said on the General Staff show of the Life#Zvuk (Russian News Service) radio.

    "This will be a chain of next-generation specialized radio-electronic surveillance complexes," he said. "Apart from the Altai, complexes of this kind will be installed in other parts of Russia in the Far East, in (the East-Siberian region of) Buryatia and in Crimea."

    The main difference between the new complexes and the currently functioning instruments for outer space control is that they have new hardware components.

    "It enabled us to increase their combat capability manifold compared with the complexes of earlier generations," Col Ivashina said. "Their commissioning will make it possible for the Russian Aerospace Force to control terrestrial space at all inclination rates and in the maximum altitude range," he said.

    The outer space control system is an integral element of Russian aerospace defenses. It is a data processing system incorporating specialized interfaced components designated to do a never-stopping global assessment of the situation in outer space in times of peace and during military hostilities. To expand the zone of embrace of the system, the Aerospace Force is modernizing the instruments already in operation and creating novel specialized technologies with enhanced properties.

    Specialists of the Aerospace Force control more than 80% of the Russian orbital grouping, which numbers 150 or so space vehicles, Col Andrei Ivashina said.

    "The Russian orbital grouping has about 150 probes at present and 80% of them are under control of the Herman Titov Main Center for Spaceflight Testing," he said.


    More:
    http://tass.com/defense/914881


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